[ source: Wikipedia ]

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Bergen auf Rügen is the capital of the former district of Rügen in the middle of the island of Rügen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Since 1 January 2005, Bergen has moreover been the administrative seat of the Amt of Bergen auf Rügen, which with a population of over 23,000 is Mecklenburg-Vorpommern's most populous Amt.

Bergen auf Rügen is the capital of the former district of Rügen in the middle of the island of Rügen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Since 1 January 2005, Bergen has moreover been the administrative seat of the Amt of Bergen auf Rügen, which with a population of over 23,000 is Mecklenburg-Vorpommern's most populous Amt.

Bergen is in the middle of Germany's biggest island, Rügen, on the Baltic Sea coast. The city lies in a hilly area, with the Rugard woods on the city's northeast outskirts reaching a height of 91 m above sea level. The area around Bergen is predominantly agricultural. The town itself is built on a glacial moraine deposited when the ice sheets retreated during the last ice age. Not far from central Bergen, to the northeast, is the Kleiner Jasmunder Bodden, a shallow bay, and to the southeast lies another bay, the Greifswalder Bodden, and with the town of Putbus.

[ source: wikipedia ]

More about the History of Bergen auf Rügen

The name's origins stretch back to 1232 when there was a place on Rügen called Gora, a Slavic word for "mountain" ("Berg" in German) which came from the Polabian language spoken by the Rani (Rujani), a Slavic people who once inhabited the area. When the tribe was subdued by the Danes, who erected the Principality of Rügen ruled by a local dynasty, the Rugard burgh became an administrative center. With the Danish rule, the principality became Christian and subject to German immigration in the course of the Ostsiedlung, and a nuns' abbey was founded near the Rugard with St Mary's church south of the currentmarketplace. While the Rugard stronghold included a suburbium already, the town of Bergen was erected on the neighboring hilltop and not within the Rugard walls, that today are preserved in a park north of the city center.

Already by 1185, work had begun on St Mary's, commissioned by the Prince of Rügen Jaromar I (1170–1218). In 1193 it was completed and then consecrated as the monastery church. Even today, the church still bears an odd curiosity: the dial on the big tower clock shows 61 minutes. Encouraged by the founding of the monastery, the first inn opened in 1232.

In 1314, Bergen itself was first mentioned in a document under the name villa montis. In 1325, Bergen along with the principality of Rügen became part of the Duchy of Pomerania by inheritance. Until the 15th century, Bergen was under the monastery's leadership. In 1534, after a decree by the Pomeranian Landtag in Treptow an der Rega (today Trzebiatów), the Protestant Reformation was introduced to Pomerania. Ownership of the monastery was transferred to the Pomeranian dukes.

[ source: wikipedia ]

Bergen auf Rügen is the capital of the former district of Rügen in the middle of the island of Rügen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Since 1 January 2005, Bergen has moreover been the administrative seat of the Amt of Bergen auf Rügen, which with a population of over 23,000 is Mecklenburg-Vorpommern's most populous Amt.

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