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Where can one get a great breakfast in the morning?
Are there any cultural highlights, museums?
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Typical tourist activities or places that one should NOT do, as they are not worthwhile doing.
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What makes this destination special? Why should one spend some time here during vacation?"We will be in Bochum next weekend with three teenagers (14, 16 and 16 years old); do you have a few good tipps as to what we could do?" (posted 06/12/2014)
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Popular Points of Interest in and near Bochum
German Mining Museum
The German Mining Museum in Bochum (German: Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum) or DBM is one of the most visited museums in Germany with around 400,000 visitors per year. It is one of the most important mining museums in the world and a renowned research establishment for mining history.
Above-ground exhibitions and a faithfully reconstructed show mine below the museum terrain give visitors insights into the world of mining. The main areas of research by the scientists are the History and Technology of Mining (Geschichte und Technik des Montanwesens) and the Documentation and Conservation of Cultural Artefacts (Dokumentation und Schutz von Kulturgut). As a research institute, the museum is a member of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Scientific Community.
Bochum Dahlhausen Railway Museum
The Eisenbahnmuseum Bochum-Dahlhausen is a railway museum situated south of the city of Bochum in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It was founded by DGEG, the German Railway History Company in 1977 and is based in a locomotive depot that was built between 1916 and 1918 and ceased operation in 1969. Then DGEG took over the whole area of 46,000 square metres and built up the biggest railway museum in Germany. In the middle of the museum, there is an engine shed with fourteen tracks. A preserved turntable, coaling, watering, and sanding facilities are still in operation. This museum is integrated into The Industrial Heritage Trail (Route der Industriekultur) a route of monuments from the history of the industry.
Botanischer Garten der Ruhr-Universität Bochum
The Botanischer Garten der Ruhr-Universität Bochum (13 hectares), also known as the Botanischer Garten Bochum, is a botanical garden maintained by the Ruhr University Bochum. It is located at Universitätsstraße 150, Bochum, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, and open daily without charge.
The garden was founded in 1968 and subsequently has been continuously expanded and improved. It opened to the public in 1971, with later developments as follows: tropical house, 1976; desert house, 1988; Chinese garden, 1990; savannah houses, 2000.
The garden's fenced, outdoors area (13,000 m²) cultivates plants organized into geobotanical regions, including forests, coasts, meadows, prairies, and marshes from the Americas, Asia, and Europe. It also contains an alpine garden and succulent garden.
Its Chinese garden (1000 m²) was created from 1986-1990, and renovated in 2001, by skilled gardeners donated by the Tongji University in Shanghai as a sign of friendship. It is named Qian Yuan (Qian Garden), reflecting a memory of poet Tao Qian (365-427 AD), and laid out in the southern Chinese style. A pond covers half its area.
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Travel Insider Tips for Bochum
Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, western Germany. It is located in the Ruhr area and surrounded by the cities of Essen (Essen vacation rentals | Essen travel guide), Gelsenkirchen (Gelsenkirchen vacation rentals | Gelsenkirchen travel guide), Herne (Herne vacation rentals | Herne travel guide), Castrop-Rauxel (Castrop-Rauxel vacation rentals | Castrop-Rauxel travel guide), Dortmund (Dortmund vacation rentals | Dortmund travel guide), Witten (Witten vacation rentals | Witten travel guide) and Hattingen (Hattingen vacation rentals | Hattingen travel guide).
A thriving metropolis, the city boasts many buildings and sights to take in. Surrounded by several major cities, it is a good central point for things to do.
Things to See in Bochum
- The City Hall was opened in 1931. The planes were made by the architekt Prof. Karl Roth. The layout is strictly symmetric, the facade is plain. The hall divides the atrium in two parts, where fountains made by travertine and bronze are situated - left hand the fountain of beauty, right hand the fountain of happiness. Thea were designed by Professor Vogel from Berlin (Berlin vacation rentals | Berlin travel guide).
- Brewing House Rietkötter, probably the oldest residential building in Bochum, dates from 1756. It is a witness of times were Bochum was an agricultural small town. Today it houses a restaurant.
- Warehouse Kortum dates from 1913, build as a bruch of the warehouse-group Alsberg from Cologne (Cologne vacation rentals | Cologne travel guide). Its facade still shows the charme of the beginning of the 20th century. As a result of the decentralization process in the nineties the warehouse was closed down and the building was unused for years. Today it houses an electronic warehouse.
- Lueg-House/Union cinema, opened in 1924, was the first house in a municipal style in Bochum. It was ordered by the Lueg-company and realised by the architect Emil Pohle as a brickstone-house according to the office buildings of the Hanseatic League.
- Restaurant Mutter Wittig is a baroque-style house downtown opend in 1870.
- Propsteikirche St. Peter und Paul, the most ancient church of the city, built in 785-800 by Charlemagne. It was rebuilt in the 11th century but after a fire in 1517 had to be reconstructed, starting from 1547, in late-Gothic style. The 68 m-high bell tower is one of the landmarks of Bochum. The interior includes an 1175 baptismal font, the relic shrine of St. Perpetua and her slave Felicitas, and a high altar with a 1352 Crucifix.
- Pauluskirche, the main Protestant church of the city. It was built in the 1650s with donations from across Northern Europe.
- The Christuskirche, opened in 1879 in a neo-Gothic style, was among the most beautiful churches in Europe. In 1931 the room in the steeple was extended to a cenotaph for the killed of wwI. During an air attack in 1943 the church was nearly destroyed, only the steeple was left. After the war the ruin was integrated in the reconstruction planes and the steeple became a memorial dedicated to peace and understanding among the nations and it will be main part of the Platz des Europäischen Versprechens (Square of the European Promise), which is under construction in front of the steeple.
- Neo-Gothic Marienkirche (1868-1872). (Slated for demolition as of 2008.)
- The German Mining Museum is among the leading of its kind worldwide. Whatever you want to know about mining, here you can experience it. Address: Am Bergbaumuseum 28
- Railway Museum and Station Dahlhausen in the borough of Dahlhausen. Dr.-C.-Otto-Straße 191
- Zeiss Planetary
- At the city's borderline to Herne-(Röhlinghausen) is located the former mine Zeche Hannover (Hannover vacation rentals | Hannover travel guide) with the Malakow-Tower and the engine hall. Here you will find the steam-powered winding-engine, which will be operated at events.
[ source: wikipedia ]
More about the History of Bochum
The foundations of Bochum were started in the 9th century when Charlemagne set up a royal court at the junction of two important trade routes and it was first officially mentioned in 1041 by the name Cofbuokheim in a document of the archbishops of Cologne (Cologne vacation rentals | Cologne travel guide). Originally it may have meant "Brookhome" or "Bacheim" later it seems to have gained the notorious reputation of "Bookhorn" or "Horn" "Book". In 1321 Count Engelbert II von der Marck granted Bochum a town charter, but the town remained insignificant until the 19th century, when coal mining and steel industry emerged in the Ruhr area, leading to the growth of the entire region. The population of Bochum increased from about 4,500 in 1850 to 100,000 in 1904 and Bochum acquires city status. The increase based on immigration, mainly from East-Europe, and on incorporation of surrounding towns and villages.
As a strategic bombing target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, nearly the whole inner circle of the city was destroyed and many thousands of citizens were killed. After the war the new state North Rhine-Westphalia was established on the area the regions of Rhinelands and Westphalia and Bochum as a part of the state.
All the coal mines went out of business between 1960 and 1980. Other industries, such as car making, compensated for the loss of jobs. The Opel Astra is assembled by General Motors at their plant here; however, by 2009, the Opel factory was in serious financial trouble. In 1965 the Ruhr University was opened, the first university in the Ruhr area and the first to be founded in Germany since World War II. Since the seventies Bochum's industry is running through a structural transformation: from heavy industry to service sector.
In the course of a comprehensive community reform in 1975, Wattenscheid, a formerly independent city, was integrated into the urban area of Bochum. An exerted local referendum against the integration failed. In 2007 the new synagoge of the Jewish community of Bochum, Herne (Herne vacation rentals | Herne travel guide) und Hattingen (Hattingen vacation rentals | Hattingen travel guide) was opened. In 2008 Nokia planned on closing down its production plant. The plans met heavy opposition and 20,000 people showed up for the protests. But they couldn't prevent the closing down at least.
[ source: wikipedia ]
Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, western Germany. It is located in the Ruhr area and surrounded by the cities of Essen, Gelsenkirchen, Herne, Castrop-Rauxel, Dortmund, Witten and Hattingen.
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