[ source: Wikipedia ]

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Travel Insider Tips for Brake

Brake Overview

Brake lies in the centre of the square formed by Bremerhaven (Bremerhaven vacation rentals | Bremerhaven travel guide), Bremen (Bremen vacation rentals | Bremen travel guide), Oldenburg (Oldenburg vacation rentals | Oldenburg travel guide) and Wilhelmshaven (Wilhelmshaven vacation rentals | Wilhelmshaven travel guide). With its position up from the North Sea on the lower Weser, which can accommodate ocean-going ships, its proximity to Autobahnen A29 and A27 as well as to Bremen Airport, this port city has a favourable infrastructure supporting land, sea, and air travel. Moreover, railway lines leading to Nordenham (Nordenham vacation rentals | Nordenham travel guide) and Oldenburg/Bremen fill out the city's transport connections.

With the Weser tunnel to the north, which was opened to road traffic in January 2004, Brake was given even better connections to the region's Autobahn network. However, since cyclists and pedestrians may not use the tunnel, and since the ferry service across the river Weser was cut back after the tunnel's opening, those on bicycles or on foot suffer a distinct disadvantage to their mobility in the region.

Things to See in Brake

Brake's landmark is the "Telegraph", built in 1846 under the Oldenburg (Oldenburg vacation rentals | Oldenburg travel guide) Grand Duke Paul Friedrich August as an integral part of an optical telegraph line between Bremen (Bremen vacation rentals | Bremen travel guide) and Bremerhaven (Bremerhaven vacation rentals | Bremerhaven travel guide).

Since 1960 the headquarters of the Shipping Museum of the Oldenburg Weser ports has housed exhibition pieces of the "Telegraph" on seven floors in all, which stand as a valuable document in the shipping history of Oldenburg's Lower Weser area.

Ship portraits, ship models, figureheads, sea charts, nautical instruments, and souvenirs brought from overseas are interesting witnesses to a long bygone time, and bring the epoch of the windjammer captains back to life. Bits of the Pamir shipwreck recall the time when that ship capsized and sank in a hurricane.

In an old salesman's and shipowner's house built in 1808, right near the "Telegraph", the second part of the Shipping Museum's collection has been housed. Here the visitor will find a complete shipping supply shop from the turn of the 20th century, a sailmaker's workshop, an old shipping company branch office, and Admiral Rudolf Brommy's livingroom. Those interested in shipping and nautical history will find in these two buildings a collection such as is seldom brought together.

[ source: wikipedia ]

More about the History of Brake

The term "Brake" first cropped up in the 14th century when an unsealed break in a dike led to flooding in the Harrier area. The actual documentary mention, dating from 25–30 May 1384, says "brake to Harghen (Harrien)". By the 17th century, "Brake" was ever more often being used not simply as the word for the old dikeburst, but as the community's name. From that time come the names Braksiel and Harrierbrake.

In 1731, the old Fischerhaus, Brake's oldest maintained house, was built. In 1756 came Brake's first documentary mention as a port city. During the 19th century, Brake became an important industrial centre for shipping, and the port facilities along the Weser were further expanded. In 1814, Brake set up its first council, Amt Brake. In 1835, Brake was declared a free port. In 1846, the telegraph was set up to relay shipping news between Bremen (Bremen vacation rentals | Bremen travel guide) and Bremerhaven (Bremerhaven vacation rentals | Bremerhaven travel guide). In 1848-52 Brake was the first base of the German Imperial Fleet under Admiral Karl Rudolf Brommy, the first ever commander of a unified German fleet.

On 1 May 1856, Brake was raised to city, and furthermore Golzwarden and Hammelwarden were becoming established as communities (from 1913 onwards becoming parts of the City of Brake). In 1861, the river port was brought into operation. In 1873 came Brake's connection to the railway network. In 1892, the pier was built. In 1936 – the National Socialists had taken power in Germany by this time – the Admiral Brommy Barracks were built for the German Navy. The barracks were not destroyed in World War II, so the buildings could be used as home for refugees from the former Eastern provinces of Germany.

In 1960, the Shipping Museum was dedicated. In 1972 the Culture and Sport Centre with its city swimming pool and great sports hall came into service. In 1974, building began on the District Professional School Centre (Kreisberufsschulzentrum), and the communities of Golzwarden and Schmalenfleth were amalgamated into Brake.

In 1996, the Admiral Brommy Barracks were closed and most buildings were broke down to get a new area for the harbour expansion.

In 2006, Brake celebrated 150 years as a city.

[ source: wikipedia ]

Brake is the district seat of Wesermarsch district in the administrative region (Regierungsbezirk) of Weser-Ems in Lower Saxony in northern Germany.

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