[ source: Wikipedia ]

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Popular Points of Interest in and near Burghausen (Altötting)

  • Burghausen Castle

    The longest castle in Europe (1,043 meters) and one of Germany's largest, it perches high above the small baroque town of Burghausen in Upper Bavaria on the Austrian border, just like in a fairytale. Its many towers have seen more than a thousand years of history. This monument to late-medieval fortress architecture is laid out like a vast picture spread. The castle's present appearance with its fortified towers, walls which are five metres thick in places, outer wards, keep, ditches, banqueting halls and drawbridges dates from the 13th to 15th centuries. It also has dark chapters in its history, as evidenced by the witches' tower and torture tower (now a museum), the Spinnhäusl for female prisoners and the Prechtl Tower, in which the executioner lived in the 18th century.

    Hours: April - September: 9am - 6pm. October - March: 10am - 4pm.

    Admission: Adults 3 €, Concessions 2 €.



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Burghausen (Altötting) Overview

Burghausen is the largest city in the Altötting (Altötting vacation rentals | Altötting travel guide) district of Oberbayern in Bavaria. It is situated on the Salzach river, near the border with Austria. Its castle, atop a ridge, is the longest castle in Europe (1,043 m).

Things to See in Burghausen (Altötting)

Burghausen is the largest city in the Altötting (Altötting vacation rentals | Altötting travel guide) district of Oberbayern in Bavaria. It is situated on the Salzach river, near the border with Austria. Its castle, atop a ridge, is the longest castle in Europe (1,043 m).

The main sight of Burghausen next to the castle is the picturesque Old Town in southern Inn-Salzach style. The parish church St. Jakob was consecrated in 1140, reconstructed after a fire in 1353 but the dome of the spire was created only in 1778-81. The ancient Regierungsgebäude (former Government Building) was built in the 16th century with three decorative Renaissance-turrets. The Townhall with its Classicistic facade originates already from the 14th and 15th century.

These buildings are all situated at Burghausen's grand central square Stadtplatz. To the north of this square is the former Jesuit church St. Joseph (1630-31), to the south the Holy Spirit Church (1325-30) which was altered during the Baroque. Upside the Old Town sprawls the gothic Burghausen Castle.

[ source: wikipedia ]

More about the History of Burghausen (Altötting)

The oldest mention of Burghausen is documented in the year 1025 as Imperial real property. Emperor Conrad II would later appoint the Counts of Burghausen as the financial administrators of the locality. But, as latest excavations have shown, the area around the main court of Burghausen's castle has at least been inhabited since the Bronze Age. With Archaeologists finding as well remnants of the Iron Age, Celtic and Roman Times, it is hard to pinpoint a "founding" date. The town has obviously developed over thousands of years, but it is not possible to say if there has been a permanent settlement. In 1164, Duke Henry the Lion took possession of the castle. The Wittelsbachs took possession of the castle in 1180 and the surrounding valley settlements in 1229. The conferral of town status was presumed at some point, but is not supported by sources. Starting in 1255, after the first division of Bavaria, Burghausen gained political and economic prominence as the second residence of the Lower Bavarian dukes. Burghausen's main source of income was the trade in salt from Hallein, (modern-day Austria). The salt was brought ashore in Burghausen and transported further overland. The landing spot was at the Mautner castle, which now houses the city's education and cultural centre, hosting adult education classes in photography and jazz as well as crafts and jazz events.

In 1307, the pre-existing local law was codified as municipal law, and in the first half of the 14th century, Emperor Louis IV granted the town further important privileges. By the end of the 14th century, Burghausen had become an administrative center as the site of the area's revenue office.

Under the last three Lower Bavarian dukes, Henry XVI the Rich (1393-1450), Louis IX the Rich (1450-1479) and George the Rich, (1479-1503), Burghausen experienced an expansion and golden age as the second capital of the duchy Bavaria-Landshut. In 1505, after the Landshut (Landshut vacation rentals | Landshut travel guide) War of Succession, Burghausen was one of the four revenue offices in reorganized Bavaria.

His income from the salt trade was lost in 1594 because of the establishment of the ducal salt monopoly.

Following this, Burghausen experienced more than 300 years of administrative and commercial decline:

  • Heavy casualties and losses in the Thirty Years' War (1618-48), the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14) and the War of the Bavarian Succession (1778-79).
  • The transfer of the Innviertel in the Treaty of Teschen at the end of the War of the Bavarian Succession, and the consequent loss of business from the border region.
  • The crisis caused by the French Revolutionary Wars and dissolution of government in 1802.
  • In 1807, the loss of the title of "capital" which had been granted in 1688. The establishment of river shipping and the loss of the garrison in 1891.

By the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th, Burghausen had become an impoverished provincial town with barely 2,500 inhabitants. However, an economic upturn began in 1915 with the establishment of Wacker Chemical Enterprises, Inc: The new city has developed alongside the old town, with a coherence of design, reorganization and increased security from the construction of the flood control dam and the Uferstraße from 1969-71.

Expansion of Wacker Chemical Enterprises, Inc. In 1966, the then Deutsche Marathon built a refinery (now OMV). The population has increased from 2,500 in 1910 and 5,000 in 1946 to 19,000 (2005). Burghausen gained regional fame through the SV Wacker Burghausen Soccer Sports Association and the annual international jazz festival. In 2004, the National Horticultural Show received approximately one million visitors. In the winter of 2005-2006, the town gave Christmas benefits to all of its unemployment benefit recipients, gaining nationwide attention in all news media, including the Bild tabloid newspaper.

[ source: wikipedia ]

Burghausen is the largest city in the Altötting district of Oberbayern in Bavaria near the border with Austria. Its castle, atop a ridge, is the longest castle in Europe.

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