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Popular Points of Interest in and near Dachau
[ source: Wikipedia ]
Dachau concentration camp
Dachau concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager (KZ) Dachau, IPA: [ˈdaxaʊ]) was the first of the Nazi concentration camps opened in Germany. It is located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (9.9 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, in southern Germany. Opened 22 March 1933 (51 days after Hitler took power), it was the first regular concentration camp established by the coalition government of the National Socialist Party (Nazi Party) and the German Nationalist People's Party (dissolved on 6 July 1933). Heinrich Himmler, then Chief of Police of Munich, officially described the camp as "the first concentration camp for political prisoners."
[ source: Dachau Palace ]
Dachau Palace originated as an early medieval castle belonging to the Counts of Dachau. Under Duke Wilhelm IV and his son Duke Albrecht V it was transformed into a massive four-winged complex by the Munich court architects Heinrich Schöttl and Wilhelm Egkl (1546 to 1577). The magnificent wooden Renaissance ceiling, one of the most important in Southern Germany, dates from this time. At the beginning of the 19th century, three-quarters of the complex was demolished, leaving only the hall section facing the garden, which had been redesigned in the previous century in the Baroque style. From the garden's attractive ridge location there is a panoramic view extending to the Alps.
Hours: April-September: 9 am-6 pm, October-March: 10 am-4 pm. Closed Mondays.
Admission: Adults 2 €, Concessions 1 €.
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Travel Insider Tips for Dachau
Dachau is a town in Upper Bavaria, in the southern part of Germany. It is a major district town - a Große Kreisstadt - of the administrative region of Upper Bavaria, about 20 km north-west of Munich (Munich vacation rentals | Munich travel guide). It is now a popular residential area for people working in Munich with roughly 40,000 inhabitants. The town contains a historic town center with a 18th century castle.
Dachau was founded in the 8th century. It was home to many artists during the late 19th and early 20th century; for instance, Ludwig Thoma was born here.
The city is served by Munich S-Bahn (S2) and Deutsche Bahn via Dachau railway station located in the South of the town. The station is also annexed to the central bus terminal. The town is also served by Dachau Stadt Railway Station which serves the local A line with the rural vicinity. There are five bus lines which are operated by Stadtwerke Dachau: 719, 720, 722, 724 and 726. There is no tramway transport.
Dachau has a well developed road infrastructure for regional transportation. The city is connected to Bundesautobahn 8 (via Fürstenfeldbruck) with Munich-Pasing southbound, and westbound terminating in Karlsruhe (Karlsruhe vacation rentals | Karlsruhe travel guide). Dachau is connected to Bundesautobahn 92 via Oberschleißheim connector which is located east of Dachau. Bundesautobahn 99 is connected with Dachau via Karlsfeld which is located south of Dachau. Bundesstraße No. 471 (via Rothschwaige) connects eastbound towns such as the neighboring city Fürstenfeldbruck (Fürstenfeldbruck vacation rentals | Fürstenfeldbruck travel guide) and westbound towns such as Oberschleißheim. Bundesstraße No. 304 starts in the south of the city and connects southbound towns until the German-Austrian border. Additionally, several Staatsstraßen connect Dachau with surrounding towns and villages.
Sightseeing in Dachau
- Dachau Palace: A medieval castle which became the favorite residence of the Bavarian dukes in the 16th century. It was renovated into an enormous four-wing complex. Only one wing exists today.
- Palace garden: a landscape garden.
- Church of St Jakob (St James), built in the 17th century (Stadtpfarrkirche)
- Old town
- Town hall
- Dachauer Moos: a wetland area.
- Church of St Nicolas, Mitterndorf (1496)
- Dachau Concentration Camp memorial Site: Dachau is best known for its proximity to the relatively well-preserved site of the infamous Dachau concentration camp, the first large-scale concentration camp in Germany, converted from an old gunpowder factory by the Nazi regime in 1933.
[ source: Wikipedia ]
More about the History of Dachau
There are signs of settlement as far back as the Stone Age. The earliest known reference to Dahauua dates back to 805 AD: on August 15, on the Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, during Charlemagne's reign, the lady Erchana of the Aribons bequeathed all her landed property in "Dahauua", consisting of 5 Colonenhöfe and some serfs, to the Diocese of Freising upon her death. The deed on which this is recorded represents the earliest known reference to Dachau. 2005 was the 1200th anniversary of this occasion.
In 1933, the Dachau concentration camp was built east of the city by the German government and was operated until 1945. It became the prototype for all other camps. 190,591 prisoners died or were exterminated.
The name Dachau is synonymous with Nazi atrocities, but few travelers may know that Dachau is actually a small city of about 40,000 residents located in southern Bavaria, about 12 miles north of Munich. The city was founded in the 9th century, and it has a charming Altstadt area and a popular palace, which once was a residence of the Bavarian royal family. Today, Dachau attracts tourists from around Germany and the world to its summer music programs. For example, the Dachau Musiksommer features jazz weeks, pop musicians, and an outdoor picnic and concert at the Dachau Palace. Another popular recurring event is the Dachau Palace Concerts, which are performed by internationally acclaimed musicians in the Dachau Palace garden. If your interest runs more to the visual arts, be sure to take the time to visit the Dachau Painting Gallery. It exhibits many notable modern works from the 19th and 20th centuries, reflecting the town's historical significance as a former artists' colony. Regardless of Dachau's contemporary arts focus, most tourists will travel to this town to visit the concentration camp memorial that is located here. The Dachau camp was the first concentration camp built by the Nazis in 1933, and this site with its intact buildings is an important stop for those interested in Holocaust history. With its proximity to Munich, a logical day trip from Dachau is into Munich itself, which can be easily reached by S-Bahn. Alternatively, if you are in the mood for physical activity, rent a bike and ride out into the romantic heath and river landscape that surrounds the city.
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