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What makes this destination special? Why should one spend some time here during vacation?"What is the nearest international airport? What is the nearest large city? thank you" (posted 04/17/2014)
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Travel Insider Tips for Deidesheim
Deidesheim is a small town (population approx 4000) and municipality in the district of Bad Dürkheim (Bad Dürkheim vacation rentals | Bad Dürkheim travel guide), in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, located on the German Wine Route east of the outskirts of the Palatinate forest. Many Deidesheimers work in viticulture: others are engaged in tourism related businesses or use the recently improved road links to commute to work in one or other of the larger towns and cities nearby. Deidesheim is the seat of the Verbandsgemeinde ("collective municipality") Deidesheim.
Deidesheim is situated in the district of Bad Dürkheim, approximately 8 km north of Neustadt an der Weinstraße and 20 km to the south-west of Ludwigshafen (Ludwigshafen vacation rentals | Ludwigshafen travel guide). Deidesheim's location in relation to Ludwigshafen (LU), Speyer (Speyer vacation rentals | Speyer travel guide) (SP) and Neustadt (NW).
The area surrounding Deidesheim extends over the three landscape types of (1) the Palatinate forest, (2) the Haardt Mountains and (3) the alluvial flat land alongside the River Rhine. The town itself is sheltered in the lee of high ground, approximately 1 kilometer to the east of the wooded lower slopes of the Haardt Mountains: the woods can be reached from the west of the town by means of a ten minute walk between the vineyards.
Deidesheim is in the heart of the Palatinate wine region and is itself crossed by the German Wine Route (Deutsche Weinstraße).
Things to See
The surrounding countryside has a natural year-round beauty: at the start of the summer the blossom on the fruit trees is considered a particularly attractive feature of the district, and one which appears to have been enhanced in recent decades through the planting of additional fruit trees near to the roadside along the German Wine Route (Deutsche Weinstraße) - a designated Tourist Route) running northwards towards Bad Dürkheim (Bad Dürkheim vacation rentals | Bad Dürkheim travel guide). The recent opening of a relief road to the east of the little town has reduced pressure from through traffic on the Weinstraße, which here follows the main north-south street through the town. Deidesheim has since 1865 been linked by railway to Neustadt an der Weinstraße, and the line continues northwards to Bad Dürkheim and Grünstadt (Grünstadt vacation rentals | Grünstadt travel guide). To the west, once you pass through the belt of vineyards, the Palatinate forest offers excellent walks.
The most obvious manifestations of tourism, especially during summer evenings and at weekends, involve short term visitors from the nearby cities such as Ludwigshafen (Ludwigshafen vacation rentals | Ludwigshafen travel guide), Mannheim (Mannheim vacation rentals | Mannheim travel guide), Karlsruhe (Karlsruhe vacation rentals | Karlsruhe travel guide) and Frankfurt (Frankfurt vacation rentals | Frankfurt travel guide). Deidesheim boasts a wider range of restaurants than is normal for this size of town, supplemented by a range of refreshment booths during the annual Weinfest each August and the "Deidesheimer Advent" (pre-Christmas Market) each December. The best known of Deidesheim's restaurants is The Schwarzer Hahn (Black Rooster), located in the Deidesheimerhof Hotel and regularly featured on television news reports during the chancellorship of Dr Helmut Kohl.
The approach road along the German Wine Route from Neustadt has since the end of the twentieth century been dominated by a large low lying international style hotel, with its own 'Tiefgarage' parking, but for carless visitors (and for those content to fight it out for a parking slot in the narrow streets) the center of Deidesheim features several smaller traditional hotels.
[ source: wikipedia ]
More about the History of Deidesheim
The first identified reference to Deidesheim occurs in 699, in the records of the monastery at Wissembourg. Subsequent mentions are found in the records of the monasteries at Fulda (Fulda vacation rentals | Fulda travel guide) in 770/771 and Lorsch (Lorsch vacation rentals | Lorsch travel guide) in 791: in the latter it is apparent that Deidesheim was already known for viticulture. However, it is now thought that these early references concern not the present site of the town, but an earlier settlement two kilometres to the east, and today the location of the village of Niederkirchen.
Just when Deidesheim was established, as a subsidiary settlement to Niederkirchen, remains unclear. By the late thirteenth century there is evidence for a clear distinction between Niederdeidesheim (modern day Niederkirchen) and Oberdeidesheim (todays Deidesheim). In 1292 we have the first reference to the Castle at Deidesheim, (das fürstbischöfliche Deidesheimer Schloss) which is the kernel around which the town has grown up.
Deidesheim's former town hall, built in 1532, now houses a small museum devoted primarily to viticulture. A part of the south tower of the late medieval church of St Ulrich can be glimpsed in the background.
In 1100, Johann Count of Kraichgau, a nephew to Henry IV and from 1090 1104 Prince Bishop of Speyer (Speyer vacation rentals | Speyer travel guide), donated his lands in this area (which included Deidesheim) to the Prince-Bishopric of Speyer. It is clear from the Speyer monastic records that Deidesheim now grew rapidly in economic importance, well supported financially by an active Jewish community which until 1349, and the pogroms that accompanied the Black Death, had its own synagogue in Deidesheim.
During the traumatic decade that followed the arrival of the plague, its flourishing economy rendered Deidesheim increasingly vulnerable to attack: in 1360 the citizens received from the Bishop of Speyer, Gerhard von Ehrenberg, the right to fortify the town (Befestigungsrechte). Eventually, on St Valentines Day 1395, the Holy Roman Emperor,King Wenceslas of Bohemia, granted Town Privileges to Deidesheim. Following the custom of that time, Town Privileges were conferred not on the town itself but on the Prince Bishop of Speyer, in his capacity as lord of the town.
In wartime the town walls proved of only limited effectiveness. Deidesheim was conquered in 1396, 1460, 1525, 1552, repeatedly during the Thirty Years War and again, during the predations in the Palatinate of Louis XIVs armies, in 1689 and 1693 . Through the late Medieval and Early Modern periods parts of Deidesheim thereby suffered from bouts of plunder and of fire damage. The castle was destroyed by French troops in 1689 and probably had still not been fully restored in 1794 when the French army destroyed it again.
The Napoleonic Occupation and its aftermath
With the invasion of the Revolutionary Army, Deidesheim fell to the French in 1794. Recaptured by Imperial forces in 1795, it reverted to France in 1797 and remained within Napoléons empire until 1814. The redrawing of maps that took place in 1816 at the Congress of Vienna saw the entire Mont-Tonnerre region passing to the kingdom of Bavaria as the core of the Rheinkreis ("Bavarian Rhine District"), known after 1838 as the "Palatinate". Confusion has persisted ever since, both for English and German speakers, since on the eastern side of Bavaria is to be found another region also known as the Palatinate/Pfalz (or sometimes, only slightly less confusing, Upper Palatinate/OberPfalz), with its capital at Regensburg (Regensburg vacation rentals | Regensburg travel guide).
In 1819 neighbouring Niederkirchen became administratively independent of Deidesheim.
The Napoleonic period was a permanently secularising experience, and one which imposed on Germany many of the aspects of the "modern state" in terms of the relationship between the citizen and the individual. The French occupation also provided evidence that some sort of a unified nation-state would be a much more robust entity than the fragmented patchwork of semi-autonomous territories that had been comprised by eighteenth century Germany: the decades that led to German unification witnessed a growth in political awareness and the development of various strands of liberal nationalism in this part of the Bavarian kingdom. In 1871 Bavaria was finally subsumed into the newly unified German empire, dominated by Prussia, following the Franco-Prussian war, though the Prussian triumph was arguably as much the outcome of Bismarck's diplomatic skill and consistency, as of his vaunted "blood and iron" strategy. After 1871 Germanys political centre moved away, far to the east of the Rhineland.
In 1865 a station was built at Deidesheim on the railway line linking Neustadt to Bad Dürkheim (Bad Dürkheim vacation rentals | Bad Dürkheim travel guide), and as the end of the century approached the town was connected to other networks that would transform life during the twentieth century. A gas company appeared in 1894. 1896 saw the introduction of electric lighting to Deidesheim, with a local electricity power network established the following year. The town was connected to a mains water supply in 1898, and by the end of the century all the principal businesses had telephone connections.
The Twentieth Century
French troops returned to the Rhineland in 1918, following the end of the First World War, and some were quartered in Deidesheim. This time they stayed till July 1930.
Meanwhile, in August 1921, about 3 square kilometres of the woodland on the western edge of the town were destroyed in a forest fire. Memorably, all male inhabitants aged 18 or above were recruited to fight the fire: extinguishing it took three days and three nights.
At the town hall, the Nazi seizure of power occurred during the evening of 15 March 1933, when more than a hundred demonstrators turned up outside the home of Deidesheim's long standing Burgermeister (town major), Arnold Siben. The crowd threatened to storm Siben's house unless he agreed to resign his office. Siben reluctantly acceded to the crowd's demands, and mayoral office passed to his deputy, Friedrich Schreck. Schreck had twice been arrested in connection with resistance to the NSDAP (Nazi Party), however: his appointment was totally unacceptable to the new political establishment. The Neustadt based regional authorities therefore appointed a local landowner Friedrich Eckel-Sellmayr as Burgermeister. Eckel-Sellmayr who had held a seat on the town council since 1924, would retain his mayoral office till 1945. For most of the Second World War, Deidesheim remained free from direct damage, but on 9 March 1945 a bomb hit the local hospital, leading to nine deaths. Just over a week later an American military unit was installed, on 17 March 1945, which concluded the war for Deidesheim.
With the establishment of the Federal Republic of Germany, Deidesheim found itself within Rhineland-Palatinate (Rhineland-Palatinate) in 1947, but cultural echoes of Bavaria endure. Local butchers and many of the eating establishments will still serve you Munich (Munich vacation rentals | Munich travel guide) style Weißwurst or Leberknödel (Liver Dumplings). In 1968 Deidesheim was officially granted the status of a Luftkurort (climatic health resort). 1972 saw a local government reorganisation whereby Deidesheim, Forst, Ruppertsberg, Niederkirchen and Meckenheim were grouped together into the Deidesheim combined municipality.
[ source: wikipedia ]
Deidesheim is a small town (population approx 4000) and municipality in the district of Bad Dürkheim, in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, located on the German Wine Route east of the outskirts of the Palatinate forest. Many Deidesheimers work in viticulture: others are engaged in tourism related businesses or use the recently improved road links to commute to work in one or other of the larger towns and cities nearby. Deidesheim is the seat of the Verbandsgemeinde ("collective municipality") Deidesheim.
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