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Fischbach im Taunus Overview
Fischbach (English: fish creek) is one of six quarters of Kelkheim (Kelkheim vacation rentals | Kelkheim travel guide), Main-Taunus County of Germany and is situated at the western border of Frankfurt (Frankfurt vacation rentals | Frankfurt travel guide) am Main in the Taunus mountain range. Fischbach is a middle-class affected town and has about 5.900 inhabitants.
The town is situated in the valley of a creek with the same name in the Taunus mountain range. Neighbor towns are Hornau in the east, Kelkheim-Mitte in the southeast and Ruppertshain in the northwest as well as the cities of Eppstein in the west and Königstein im Taunus (Königstein im Taunus vacation rentals | Königstein im Taunus travel guide) in the northeast. The eponymous creek has its source below Ruppertshain, flows through Fischbach and the tight Fischbachtal (fish creek valley), until the creek reaches the Schwarzbach (black creek) in Eppstein. Fischbach is surrounded of three mountains, Fischbacher Kopf, Staufen and Rossert. Despite of the idyllic location, Fischbach is mainly a suburb of Frankfurt Rhein-Main Region.
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Bundesstraße 455 (federal highway 455) heads from Königstein via Fischbach to Eppstein and Wiesbaden (Wiesbaden vacation rentals | Wiesbaden travel guide). The former through road was substituted by a bypass in the early 80s. The new road does not bypass Fischbach but crosses the town on an artificial embankment which destroyed the meadows of the creek. The town center at Langstraße is crossed by a bridge. Three bus routes connect Fischbach with Frankfurt (Frankfurt vacation rentals | Frankfurt travel guide) Transit system - mainly Kelkheim (Kelkheim vacation rentals | Kelkheim travel guide) railway station.
Structure of the town
The old town center is situated at the intersection of the main roads KelkheimRuppertshain and KönigsteinEppstein. The first road, Langstraße, is the main road of the old part of the village. The town was protected by the creek and a trench. In the 19th century Fischbach grew along both streets, especially Kelkheimer Straße and Eppsteiner Straße. After World War II, Fischbach grew due to settlements of refugees. Street names like Egerländer Straße and Königsberger Straße reminded old homes of new Fischbach residents. The residential areas were built, on both sides of Kelkheimer Straße and on the south-side of the town, around Staufenstraße and Sodener Straße. In the north, only a small residential estate was built on a former brickyard area (An der Ziegelei). Out of the village at the street to Königstein, summer cottages were built in the 70s. Nowadays people are living there all the time.
Things to See
Church Saint Trinity
In 1781, church Saint Trinity substituted an older church which was built in 1686. The building contains some extravaganza of this time and provides an impressive view from the lower meadows nearby. The church contains the so called Roteltisstein, a Christian tombstone from the 7th century. It was transferred to Fischbach in 1868 from a demolished pilgrim chapel nearby (Gimbach). The stone proves the early Christianisation in this region.
Church Saint John
Like everywhere in the former area of Archbishopric of Mainz (Mainz vacation rentals | Mainz travel guide), inhabitants of Fischbach were traditionally catholic. The result of the large number of Protestants immigrated after World War 2, was a growing demand for a Protestant church. A community was founded in the 60s and is named after John the Baptist. The church has a modern style and has big, coloured windows.
Rettershof, northeast of Fischbach, was founded in 1186 as a premonstratensian convent. During the reformation, the land lord closed the convent in 1559 and converted it to a manor. The church of the convent was destroyed during the Thirty Years war. In 1884 an English man bought the manor and built a new mansion in Tudor Style architecture. His successors built a restaurant in 1938, which offered products of the manor. The city of Kelkheim bought Rettershof in 1980 and renovated it. Today, Rettershof consists of three parts: the historically styled yard of the manor, the former mansion and the restaurant. Nearby is a horse-riding range. In the 80s, the mansion was the European headquarters of Hare Krishna-sect for a short time. Today it has been extended to a high-priced hotel.
Though Hofgut Gimbach can only reached by car via Kelkheim, it belongs to Fischbach. The way from Fischbach to Gimbacher Hof is only for pedestrians and bikes. The way leads through a protected landscape with fruit grasslands. Until 1868, Gimbach was the location of a pilgrim chapel. After their demolition, the altar was transferred to Saint Trinity in Fischbach. The Gimbach pilgrimageexists even today. The manor runs horse breeding; ciders press (Apfelwein) and a campground as well as a popular restaurant which offers self-made Apfelwein.
The bronze fountain in the village center was created in 1987 by Johannes Norbert Klarmann. It shows a craftsman, who drinks water from the fountain. Hanseklinger is a nickname for residents of Fischbach. The derivation of the term has not been clarified.
[ source: Wikipedia ]
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- Homepage of Fischbach im Taunus: Fischbach im Taunus (official home page)
- Wikipedia: Fischbach im Taunus
More about the History of Fischbach im Taunus
Fischbach was founded by Franks. The first document which proves the existence of Fischbach (gift to Fulda (Fulda vacation rentals | Fulda travel guide) convent), is dated in the year 780 . In the 13th century the Lords of Eppstein became the new rulers. In 1581 Fischbach became part of Archbishopric of Mainz (Mainz vacation rentals | Mainz travel guide) and was governed from Königstein. After Napoleon split the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, Fischbach and the vicinity was part of Duchy of Nassau (Nassau vacation rentals | Nassau travel guide). Nassau was annexed by Prussia in 1866 degraded to Wiesbaden (Wiesbaden vacation rentals | Wiesbaden travel guide) district of the Prussian province Hessen-Nassau. Fischbach attended to this administration till the foundation of Hesse in 1946. After being integrated to Prussia, Fischbach belonged to the upper Taunus County. Since 1928 it was part of the newly founded Main-Taunus County. In 1977 Fischbach was incorporated to the city of Kelkheim (Kelkheim vacation rentals | Kelkheim travel guide), together with the former community Rossert (Ruppertshain and Eppenhain).
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