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Popular Points of Interest in and near Frankfurt
Eschenheimer Turm (Eschenheim Tower) was a city gate part of the late-medieval fortifications of Frankfurt am Main and is a landmark of the city. The tower, which was erected at the beginning of the fifteenth century, is at once the oldest and most unaltered building in the largely reconstructed Frankfurter Neustadt (new town), now better known as the Frankfurt-Innenstadt (city center).
In 1400 the carpenter Klaus Mengoz began construction of a replacement for the first gate tower. The architect of the Frankfurt Cathedral, Madern Gerthener, completed the new Eschenheimer Turm in 1426–1428. In 1806–1812 the old city walls were replaced with new fortifications at the command of the Prussian government, and Eschenheimer Turm, along with all the other historic gates and towers, was slated for demolition. At the objection of the ambassador of the French occupying forces, Count d'Hédouville, Eschenheimer Turm was allowed to remain as a monument. Besides Eschenheimer Turm (the most famous of the ca. 60 towers that comprised the city's fortifications), only two other towers—the Rententurm on the Römerberg (Frankfurt's main city square) and Kuhhirtenturm in Alt-Sachsenhausen—were spared demolition.
The Europaturm ("Tower of Europe") is a 337.5 metre (1,107.3 ft) high telecommunications tower in Frankfurt, Germany.
Designed by architect Erwin Heinle, the tower's construction began in 1974. At its completion five years later, it became the tallest free-standing structure in the Federal Republic of Germany at 331 metres (1,086 ft). Even without the height of the antenna at its top, the building is over 295 metres (968 ft) high, which still makes it Germany's second tallest structure, after the Fernsehturm Berlin (368 metres/1,207 feet). Its base, at 59 metres (194 ft) thick, is the widest of any similar structure in the world.
The top of the tower can turn and provides a panoramic view of the Rhine Main area. For a number of years, the upper part of the structure housed a restaurant and discothèque, but since 1999, the Europaturm has been closed to the public.
In September, 2004, the antenna at the top of the tower was replaced, increasing the total height to 337.5 metres (1,107.3 ft). The six-ton antenna was lifted to the top in two parts by helicopter.
Eurotower (Frankfurt am Main)
Eurotower is a 40-storey, 148 m (486 ft) skyscraper in the Innenstadt district of Frankfurt, Germany. The building serves as the seat of the European Central Bank (ECB) which occupies most of its 78,000 m2 (840,000 sq ft) of office space.
The tower was designed by architect Richard Heil and was built between 1971 and 1977. The first main tenant was the Bank für Gemeinwirtschaft. The building was later used by the European Monetary Institute which was the forerunner of the European Central Bank that was established in 1998.
The building is located at Willy-Brandt-Platz in Frankfurts central business district, the Bankenviertel, vis-à-vis to the Opern- und Schauspielhaus Frankfurt. There is a Euro Information Center of the ECB on the first floor open to the public and a club/restaurant called Living XXL in the basement. Right next to the building is an underground U-Bahn station and an aboveground tram station.
The personnel of the ECB are also distributed to two other skyscrapers in the Bankenviertel, the Eurotheum and Neue Mainzer Straße 32-36, because of limited space in the Eurotower. The ECB is currently building new headquarters in the eastern part of Frankfurt to bring together all personnel in one place. Construction of the new tower started in 2008 with a completion date for 2014.
The Festhalle Frankfurt in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, built from 1907 to 1909, is a multi-purpose hall at the Frankfurter Messegelände. The interior of about 40 metres high dome provides an area of 5,646 square metres up to 4,880 seats. Together with the two tiers up to 9,843 people will in the banquet hall space, unseated at the interior than 13,500.
Frankfurt Cathedral (German: Frankfurter Dom, officially Kaiserdom Sankt Bartholomäus) is a Gothic church located in the centre of Frankfurt am Main, Germany. It is dedicated to Saint Bartholomew.
Frankfurt Cathedral was an imperial collegiate church, termed Dom in German - a synecdoche for all collegiate churches used totum pro parte also for cathedrals -, and thus translated as cathedral in English. St. Bartholomew's is the main church of Frankfurt and was constructed in the 14th and 15th centuries on the foundation of an earlier church from the Merovingian time.
From 1356 onwards, emperors of the Holy Roman Empire were elected in this collegiate church as kings in Germany, and from 1562 to 1792, emperors-elect were crowned here. The imperial elections were held in the Wahlkapelle, a chapel on the south side of the choir (Hochchor) built for this purpose in 1425 (See the Plan to the right) and the anointing and crowning of the emperors-elect as kings in Germany took place before the central altar–believed to enshrine part of the head of St. Bartholomew – in the crossing of the church, at the entrance to the choir (See the Plan to the right).
Frankfurt Central Station
Frankfurt Central Station (Frankfurt am Main Hauptbahnhof) is the busiest railway station in Frankfurt, Germany. In terms of railway traffic, it is the busiest railway station in Germany. With about 350,000 passengers per day the station is the second most frequented railway station in Germany and one of the most frequented in Europe.
This situation was considered impracticable due to rising passenger figures in the 19th century, so plans were laid out as early as 1866. At first, a large scale station with up to 34 platforms was considered, then the number got reduced to 18. Post and baggage handlings had their own underground facilities, and the city council demanded the station to be moved further away from the city. In the end, in 1881, the German architect Hermann Eggert won the design contest for the station hall, his runner-up in the contest, Johann Wilhelm Schwedler was made chief engineer for the steel-related works. The new station was placed about 1 km to the west of the first three stations. The platforms were covered by three iron-and-glass halls.
Frankfurter Büro Center
Frankfurter Büro Center (English: Frankfurt Office Centre), also known as FBC, is a 40-storey, 142 m (466 ft) skyscraper in the Westend-Süd district of Frankfurt, Germany.
The construction of the skyscraper was stuck in 1975 through the oil crisis in the shell. Until 1979 there was significant because of the construction cost and risk letting a buyer. The ECE project development company reached an agreement with owners and artisans, and developed a construction program for completion and technical improvement as well as a rental concept. In 1981 the tower was approximately 52,000 m (171,000 ft) of gross floor area (40 upper and 2 underground levels) is finally finished.
Richard Heil from Frankfurt is the architect. The building was owned from 1985 to 2007 the basic value fund, an open real estate of the Dresdner Bank subsidiary DEGI. Zum 30. April 2007 were from a total of approximately 47,600 m (156,200 ft) of office space to around 17,000 m (56,000 ft) in the EC - 19 OG nicht vermietet. OG is not rented out. Thus, the occupancy rate was approximately 65 percent. The building's anchor tenant is main German offices of the international law firm, Clifford Chance.
On the square in front of the tower was set up in 1997 a 21 m (69 ft) sculpture of the artist Claus Bury. With the renovation of the lobby (Just.Burgeff. Architects) in the first quarter of 2007 was connected with the cultivation of coffee, "Face to Face", which is simultaneously also a bar and lounge. The lobby, the adjoining cafe and the exterior is completely redesigned and are the motto of "Modern Classics" embody. The new architecture, FBC has, like many of his kindred building in Manhattan, as a porch entrance, the building both visually and functionally more open to the public space out.
The Frankfurter Judengasse (from German: “Jews' Alley”) was the Jewish ghetto of Frankfurt and one of the earliest ghettos in Germany. It existed from 1462 until 1796 and was home to Germany's largest Jewish community in early modern times.
At the end of the 19th century, most of the buildings in the Judengasse were demolished. The area suffered major destruction during World War II and reconstruction left no visible signs of the ghetto in today's townscape of Frankfurt. Post-war usage of the area included a car park, a petrol station and a wholesale flower market. The decision to build an administrative complex triggered a public discussion as to what should be done with the archaeological remains uncovered during the excavation in 1977. The foundations of 19 buildings were found and five of these can be seen at the "Museum Judengasse" which was incorporated into the new building.
The Frauenfriedenskirche (German for Our Lady's Peace Church) is a Roman Catholic church in Bockenheim (Frankfurt am Main) (Germany). It was built by Hans Herkommer from 1927 to 1929, on a rise then known as Ginnheimer Höhe. The church is an unusual example of interwar modernist church architecture, combining elements of expressionism with the "New Objectivity" of Bauhaus architecture, and using monumental mosaics for external and internal decoration.
The plan to build such a church was developed in 1916 by Hedwig Dransfeld, then chairperson of the Katholischer Deutscher Frauenbund (Catholic German Women's Organisation). The church was meant to represent a prayer for peace in stone and also serve as a memorial for the fallen of the First World War. The foundation money initially collected for the project was lost due to the 1914-1923 German hyperinflation.
The church was finally completed on 5 May 1929 and handed to the Catholic congregation of Bockenheim. It was badly damaged in the Second World War, and afterwards rebuilt with money donated for the purpose. The names of any German soldiers killed or missing in either World War were displayed in the church in return for a donation.
Gallileo is a 38-storey 136 m (446 ft) skyscraper in the Bahnhofsviertel district of Frankfurt, Germany. It was built from 1999 to 2003.
The towers architecture is made up of two towers linked by a connecting central core. The north tower is 136 m (446 ft) with 38 storeys, and the south tower is 114 m (374 ft). The core is the building's full height. Together with its 49,000 m2 (530,000 sq ft) floor space, it is the 14th tallest building in the city. Its name is an intentional misspelling of the scientist Galileo's name; the extra l comes from the building's other namesake, the nearby park Gallusanlage. Along with the nearby Silberturm, it served as the corporate headquarters of Dresdner Bank since 2008. A year later, after the takeover of Dresdner Bank by Commerzbank, the new owner plans to use only the Gallileo.
Gallileo has a glass facade with 400 individual windows forming an approximately 22,000 m2 (240,000 sq ft) large transparent outer skin. In the glass floors were the American artist James Turrell, integrated lighting, which make the building at night from the inside out glowing. These are not architecturally visible. The undersides of the floor slabs serve as reflective surfaces.
Shops, a bar, and the English Theatre Frankfurt are located on the ground floor.
[ source: Goethe Haus Frankfurt website ]
Goethe House and Museum
Visit the birthplace and childhood home of Germany's most important writer, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832). With its period furniture and old paintings, the late Baroque bourgeois house still harbors the spirit of this period. Goethe’s parent’s house is one of the oldest and most interesting memorials in Germany.
The museum next door is the only picture gallery exclusively dedicated to the Age of Goethe. Here you will find pictures by important artists of the German-speaking lands, from Late Baroque through Sturm und Drang, Classicism and Romanticism to the Biedermeier period. It is not a literary museum in the usual sense of the term – instead, the fourteen rooms offer you a journey through the art of the Age of Goethe. Goethe, himself an artist and collector, attaches great importance to fine art throughout his life.
Hours: Monday -Saturday 10am-6pm; Sunday and public holidays 10am-5:30pm.
Admission: Adults 5 €, Reduced 3 €, Students 2.50 €, Children (7-18 years) 1.50 €, Children 6 & under Free, Family card 8 Euro.
The Römerberg historic Square
The Römerberg (
Roman Mountain) is the historic heart of Frankfurt and home to its City Hall (Haus Römer), which dates back to 1405. Flanked by half-timbered houses, this historic square used to be the place for Frankfurt's first trade fairs in the 13th century.
The Römer is not a museum and is actually used by the city for various purposes, for example, the wedding rooms are located in the first and second floor of the Haus Löwenstein. Perhaps the best-known room of the Römer, the Kaisersaal, or Emperor Hall, is located above the Römerhalle on the second floor and is a major tourist attraction. During the Holy Roman Empire, coronation banquets took place there. Today, the Kaisersaal is well-known for its unique and unparalleled collection of 19th century portraits of all of the emperors, including works by Eduard Von Steinle of Albert I and Ferdinand III.
The Senckenberg Museum is the largest museum of natural history in Germany. It is particularly popular with children, who enjoy the extensive collection of dinosaur skeletons; Senckenberg boasts the largest exhibition of large dinosaurs in Europe. One particular treasure is a dinosaur fossil with unique, preserved scaled skin. The museum also contains the world's largest and most diverse collection of stuffed birds with about 2000 specimens.
Hours: Daily 9am - 5pm, Wednesday 9am - 8pm, Saturday, Sunday and public holidays 9am - 6pm.
Admission: Adults 6 €, Reduced 5 €, Children (6-15 years) 3 €, Children 5 & under Free, Family card 15 €.
Botanical Gardens (Palmengarten)
The Palmengarten is the largest garden of its kind in Germany. On 50 acres, the gardens display numerous beautiful and interesting plants throughout the year. In addition, the Palmengarten offers a variety of recreational activities including guided tours, summer concerts, evening festivals and exhibitions. The Palmengarten is worth a visit at any time of the year.
Hours: November through January, 9am - 4pm (Gate Siesmayerstraße 63: until 6:00 pm) March through October 9:00 am - 6:00 pm (Gate Siesmayerstraße 63: until 8:00 pm). On weekends and public holidays, the entrance at Zeppelinallee is open from 10:00 am to 4:00 pm.
Admission: Adults 5 €, Children aged 6 to 17 and students 2 Euro, Families 9.50 €.
Museum of Modern Art (MMK)
The Modern Art Museum (Museum für Moderne Kunst or MMK) is not only famous for its extensive art collection, which includes artists like Roy Lichtenstein, Joseph Beuys, Andy Warhol, and Gerhardt Richter, but also for its bold architecture. Designed by the Viennese architect Hans Hollering, the museum has a triangular shape and is called
the slice of cakeby locals.p>
Hours: Tue. & Thurs. – Sun. 10am – 6 pm, Wed. 10am – 8pm, Closed on Monday.
Admission: 8 €, 4 € concessions and children.
Admission is free on the last Saturday of each month.
The Goethe Tower (German: Goetheturm) is a 43-metre high tower built entirely out of wood on the northern edge of the woods of Sachsenhausen near Frankfurt am Main. After the Jahrtausendturm, the two towers of the Brück aerial testing facility, the Blumenthal Observation Tower, and the Linsen Tower. It is the fifth tallest wooden construction in Germany, due to the addition of two antenna measuring stations.
Fine Art Museum (The Städel)
The Städel, officially the Städelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie, is an art museum with one of the most important collections in Germany. The Städel owns 2,700 paintings (of which 600 are displayed) from seven centuries, beginning with the early 14th century, moving into Late Gothic, the Renaissance, Baroque, and into the 19th and 20th centuries. There is also a graphical collection of 100,000 drawings and prints as well as 600 sculptures.
Hours: Tuesday, Friday - Sunday 10am to 6pm, Wednesday and Thursday 10am to 9pm. closed on Monday.
Admission: Adults 10 €, Reduced 8 €, Family ticket (two adults and at least one child) 18 €. Children under 12 are free.
Goethe University Frankfurt
The Goethe University Frankfurt (full German name: Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main) is a university which was founded in 1914 as a Citizens' University, which means that, while it was a State university of Prussia, it had been founded and financed by the wealthy and active liberal citizenry of Frankfurt am Main, a unique feature in German university history. It was named in 1932 after one of the most famous natives of Frankfurt, the poet and writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Today, the university has 38,000 students, on 4 major campuses.
Until now Goethe University Frankfurt has produced 14 Nobel Prize winners, including 8 graduates. Being research focused, the university is an affiliate of 11 academics, who have been awarded the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize, the highest research prize in Germany.
The Jewish Quarter (Judengasse)
The Jewish Quarter (Judengasse), established in 1462 in front of Frankfurt’s city wall, existed until the 19th century. Inside the museum, archaeological remains from the 15th to the 18th century can be seen. Exhibits include the excavations (i.e. foundation walls from five residential homes and two ritual baths), history and architecture of the ghetto, a historical model with more than 1,000 houses, an interactive Jewish Quarter database with information on houses, inhabitants, and history, and photographic and written documents, films and audio productions.
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday 10am – 5pm, Wednesday 10am – 8pm. Closed on Monday.
Admission: 2 € Adults, 1 € Children and Concessions.
The Großmarkthalle (Wholesale Market Hall), located in the Ostend of Frankfurt am Main, was the city's main wholesale market, especially for fruit and vegetables. It was closed on June 4, 2004. It is considered a major example of expressionist architecture.
Hauptwache (Frankfurt am Main)
The Hauptwache is a central point of Frankfurt am Main and is one of the most famous plazas in the city. The original name Schillerplatz was superseded in the early 1900s.
The plaza has been reformed several times. Its current appearance is marked by a sunken terrace leading down to underground pedestrian area with shops and the public transport station. Frankfurters call the sunken area "the Hole" (das Loch).
The plaza contains a number of different architectural styles. Apart from the baroque Hauptwache itself, the surrounding buildings are mostly new architecture because of the damage from the war.
Henninger Turm (English: Henninger Tower) is a grain storage silo located in the Sachsenhausen-Süd district of Frankfurt, Germany. It was built by Henninger Brewery (now part of the Binding Brewery/Radeberger Group) and has a storage capacity of 16,000 tons of barley. The 120 m (390 ft), 33-storey, reinforced concrete tower was designed by Karl Lieser and was built from 1959 to 1961. It was inaugurated on 18 May 1961.
Since 31 October 2002, the tower has been closed to the public while plans to destroy the tower and replace it with a new one were abandoned.
From 1961 to 2008, the annual professional cycling race Rund um den Henninger-Turm was held on 1 May, the course circling the tower multiple times.
German National Library
The German National Library (German: Deutsche Nationalbibliothek or DNB) is the central archival library and national bibliographic centre for the Federal Republic of Germany. Its task, unique in Germany, is to collect, permanently archive, comprehensively document and record bibliographically all German and German-language publications from 1913 on, foreign publications about Germany, translations of German works, and the works of German-speaking emigrants published abroad between 1933 and 1945, and to make them available to the public. The German National Library maintains co-operative external relations on the national and international level. For example, it is the leading partner in developing and maintaining bibliographic rules and standards in Germany and plays a significant role in the development of international library standards. The cooperation with publishers is regulated by law since 1935 for the Deutsche Bücherei Leipzig, since 1969 for the Deutsche Bibliothek Frankfurt. Duties are shared between the facilities in Leipzig and Frankfurt am Main, with each center focusing its work in specific specialty areas. A third facility, the Deutsches Musikarchiv Berlin (founded 1970), deals with all music-related archiving (both printed and recorded materials).
Holy Cross Church, Frankfurt-Bornheim
The Holy Cross Church (German: Heilig-Kreuz-Kirche) is a Roman Catholic church in the district Bornheim of Frankfurt am Main (Germany). It was built by Martin Weber from 1928 to 1929, on a rise then known as Bornheimer Hang. The church is an unusual example of interwar modernist as sacred architecture of Bauhaus architecture.
The church was finally completed on 25 August 1929 and handed to the Catholic congregation of Bornheim. It was damaged in the Second World War, and afterwards rebuilt with money donated for the purpose.
It is branch church of the parish St. Josef and lies in the Diocese Limburg. The diocese gave a new regulation to the church from 1 August 2007 and settled in it the center for Christian meditation and spirituality. During the period of renovation of the St. Leonhard's Church in the city center it is also home of the St. Leonhard's International English-Speaking Catholic Parish since May, 7th 2012.
IG Farben Building
The IG Farben Building or the Poelzig Building was built from 1928 to 1930 as the corporate headquarters of the IG Farben conglomerate in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. It is also known as the Poelzig Ensemble or Poelzig Complex, and previously as the IG Farben Complex, and the General Creighton W. Abrams Building. The building's original design was the subject of a competition which was eventually won by the architect Hans Poelzig.
On its completion, the complex was the largest office building in Europe and remained so until the 1950s. The IG Farben Building's six square wings retain a modern, spare elegance, despite its mammoth size. It is also notable for its paternoster elevators.
Japan Center (Frankfurt)
Japan Center is a high-rise building in the Innenstadt district of Frankfurt, Germany. The 115 meter high office tower with 27 floors was completed in 1996.
The building was designed by Berlin architect Joachim Ganz and cost approximately 200 million Euros. The strict geometric forms based on the measure of a Japanese tatami mat (0.9 m × 1.8 m) and terra cotta stone cladding correspond to classical Japanese design. Its wide roof reminisces the shape of a Japanese stone lantern.
The building outline is square (36.9 m × 36.9 m). Its central core houses nine elevators, two emergency staircases and utility shafts. The facade features large and small square windows housing open plan and single offices respectively.
The ground floor is an arcade with shops and a Japanese restaurant. The 1st floor holds a multi-room conference center for up to 360 people. Utilities are housed in the 2nd floor followed by 21 office floors with a total area of 26,000 square meters. In the 25th floor, close to the roof, is another restaurant, which serves as a cafeteria and is used by a catering service as a venue. The topmost floors hold additional offices and utilities for the upper half of the building.
The Japan Center office rooms are used by the corporate finance advisory firm Accuracy, the consulting firm McKinsey, the corporate finance boutique First Capital Partners and the law firm Allen & Overy in Frankfurt. The McKinsey offices also accommodate the German branch of the Ashoka organization.
The MyZeil is a shopping mall in the city center of Frankfurt, designed by Roman architect Massimiliano Fuksas. It is part of the building ensembles PalaisQuartier and forms its access to the Zeil shopping street. It was officially opened on 26 February 2009, during a public presentation of Frankfurt's Mayor Petra Roth and recorded 120,000 visitors on the first day, according to press reports. Because of massive interest, visitors had to be admitted in phases; after two weeks, visitors exceeded the one million mark.
The MyZeil has six floors, with one of the longest escalators in Germany (46 m). The gross floor under the vaulted, with about 3,200 triangular glass-based structure is 77,000 square metres, to retail in the bottom three floors account for about 52,000 square metres. Anchor tenant in the basement are bullet is a Rewe-Markt (food), Anson's (menswear with many leading fashion labels) to three Part bullets and (in the third / fourth floor Saturn electronics and home appliances market) to 7500 square meters. In the upper floors there is a 'gastro-boulevard "with restaurants, a fitness club (Fitness First), with height and a spacious pool games and care for children. The total of nearly 100 shops were rented out to open about 97 percent, however, not all related. The square metre price expected to amount to a record high of up to 485 euros.
The structural design of the imposing steel and glass construction is by Knippers Helbig from Stuttgart. Rainwater from the nearly 6000 square meters large roof areas is collected, cleaned and returned to the water cycle of the house. Early 2008, the shell of the shopping center was completed and started the interior work. The name of the investor MyZeil presented on 10 November 2008 in the presence of the Frankfurt Mayor Petra Roth to the public. The name emphasized the historical roots of the site, and be also of Frankfort, as Englishmen like to express. The mayor described the name as "absolutely brilliant". After a wave of some heavy criticism, expressed inter alia, the letters in the local press, said the investor on November 24, again with explicitly that he was adhering to the naming.
Kastor und Pollux
Kastor und Pollux, also known as Forum Frankfurt, are two high rise buildings in the Gallus district of Frankfurt, Germany. The unequal twin towers were named after the Dioscuri in Greek mythology, Castor and Pollux.
The towers are located at Friedrich-Ebert-Anlage next to the Frankfurt Trade Fair grounds, between the Messeturm and the Tower 185. The towers were consructed between 1994 and 1997. Before that the site had been the headquarters of Deutsche Bahn.
The taller tower, named after the semi-god Pollux, rises to a height of 120 metres and has 33 storeys and comprises approximately 31,500 m² of space. The main tenant, Commerzbank, occupies 24 floors. The shorter tower named after the mortal Kastor measures 95 meters over 22 floors and offers 28,800 sqm of office space. The Consulate General of Malaysia is one of Kastor's tenants.
The towers are separated by a small park with a light sculpture by the Swiss artist Christian Herdeg, about 70 meters apart on the square of the unit.
It was designed by New York architects Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates. The towers' construction cost was approximately 850,000,000 Deutsche Marks.
Main Tower is a 56-storey, 200 m (656 ft) skyscraper in the Innenstadt district of Frankfurt, Germany. It is named after the nearby Main river. The building is 240 m (787 ft) when its antenna spire is included.
The tower has five underground floors and two public viewing platforms. It is the only skyscraper in Frankfurt with a public viewing observatory. It is the 4th tallest building in Frankfurt and the 4th tallest in Germany, tied with Tower 185. The structure was built between 1996 and 1999, and serves as headquarters for Landesbank Hessen-Thüringen (Helaba). Other tenants are the German Offices of Merrill Lynch and Standard & Poor's and a television studio of the Hessischer Rundfunk. The first tenants moved in on 5 November 1999, and the official inauguration was 28 January 2000. During weather reports by the television station, the weather reporter stands on the top of the building.
The foyer of the building has two art pieces accessible to the public: the video installation by Bill Viola "The World of Appearances" and the wall mosaic by Stephan Huber "Frankfurter Treppe / XX. Jahrhundert" (English: "Frankfurt's Steps/20th century").
The tower's design features what appears to be two connected towers. The smaller of the two is of a cuboid shape and a design common to 1970s architecture. The second and taller of the two towers is a circular tower with an entire blue glass exterior which features the transmission tower on top.
The MesseTurm (English: Trade Fair Tower) is a 63-storey, 257 m (843 ft) skyscraper in the Westend-Süd district of Frankfurt, Germany. It is the second tallest building in Frankfurt, the second tallest building in Germany and the third tallest building in the European Union. It was the tallest building in Europe from its completion in 1991 until 1997 when it was surpassed by the Commerzbank Tower, which is also located in Frankfurt.
The Messeturm is directly located near the Frankfurt Trade Fair grounds. Helmut Jahn designed the Messeturm in a Postmodern architectural style. Despite its name, the Messeturm is not used for trade fair exhibitions but as an office building.
Museum für Moderne Kunst
The Museum für Moderne Kunst (English: Museum of Modern Art), or short MMK, in Frankfurt, Germany, was founded in 1981. The museum was designed by the Viennese architect Hans Hollein. Because of its triangular shape, it is called "piece of cake".
The museum and its director, Susanne Gaensheimer, were commissioned to curate the German Pavilion at the Venice Biennale in 2011 and 2013.
The Naturmuseum Senckenberg in Frankfurt am Main is the second largest museum of natural history in Germany. It is particularly popular with children, who enjoy the extensive collection of dinosaur skeletons: Senckenberg boasts the largest exhibition of large dinosaurs in Europe. One particular treasure is a dinosaur fossil with unique, preserved scaled skin. The museum contains the world's largest and most diverse collection of stuffed birds with about 2000 specimens. In 2010, almost 517,000 people visited the museum.
The building housing the Senckenberg Museum was erected between 1904 and 1907 outside of the center of Frankfurt in the same area as the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, which was founded in 1914. The museum is owned and operated by the Senckenberg Nature Research Society, which began with an endowment by Johann Christian Senckenberg.
Today, visitors are greeted outside the building by large, life-size recreations of dinosaurs, which are based on the latest scientific theories on dinosaur appearance. Inside, one can follow the tracks of a Titanosaurus, which have been impressed into the floor, towards its impressive skeleton on a sheltered patio.
Attractions include a Parasaurolophus with its crest, a fossilized Psittacosaurus with clear bristles around its tail and visible fossilized stomach contents, and an Oviraptor. Big public attractions also include the Tyrannosaurus rex, an original of an Iguanodon, and the museum's mascot, the Triceratops.
Opern- und Schauspielhaus Frankfurt
Opern- und Schauspielhaus Frankfurt is the official name of the municipal theaters of Frankfurt am Main for opera and play. The Oper Frankfurt (Frankfurt Opera) is an important European opera house and company. In 1995, 1996 and 2003 it received the title "Opera house of the year".
Frankfurt's first opera was Johann Theile's Adam und Eva, presented in 1698 by Johann Velten's touring company. The young Goethe first experienced opera in his native Frankfurt in productions by Theobold Marchand's company.
OpernTurm (English: Opera Tower) is a 43-storey 170 m (560 ft) skyscraper in the Westend-Süd district of Frankfurt, Germany. The property is situated opposite Alte Oper on the corner of Bockenheimer Landstraße and Bockenheimer Anlage. The building was designed by Christoph Mäckler. The project developer was Tishman Speyer, a US firm that previously built the Sony Center in Berlin and the Messeturm in Frankfurt.
The Opernturm consists of a 42-storey, 170 m (560 ft) tower, a 7-storey, 26 m (85 ft) podium building facing towards Alte Oper. Access is through an 18 m (59 ft) high lobby. The yellow-beige stone cladding of the facades was designed to fit in with the existing buildings surrounding Opernplatz. Designed to consume 23 percent less energy than stipulated by Germany's 2007 EnEV Energy Regulation, the Opernturm was one of the first office buildings in Europe to be certified to the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Gold standard.
The site was occupied by one of Frankfurt's first high-rise buildings, the 68 m (223 ft) Zürich-Haus built in 1962. In 1998 the owner of the building, Zürich Versicherung, commissioned Christoph Mäckler's firm to design a new building that would be 22 m (72 ft) taller in order to maximize land use. When the initially proposed building was felt to be rather bulky, Zürich Versicherung suggested to the local government to build the new tower up to a height of 160 m (520 ft) and to compensate for the added height by making available company-owned land to extend the adjacent Rothschildpark down to Bockenheimer Landstrasse. The local government eventually agreed but Zürich Versicherung did not go ahead with the development and sold empty site - the old tower was demolished in 2002 - to project developer Tishman Speyer in July 2004.
Palais Thurn und Taxis
The Palais Thurn und Taxis in Frankfurt, Germany was built from 1731 to 1739 by Robert de Cotte commissioned by the Prince Reichserbgeneralpostmeisters Anselm Franz von Thurn und Taxis. The palace has a very checkered history: 1748 was the seat of the Imperial Headquarters of Thurn and Taxis post, from 1805 to 1813 the residence of the Primate and the Grand Duke of Frankfurt, Karl Theodor von Dalberg. After the restoration of the Free City of Frankfurt was held here from 1816 to 1866 the Bundestag, the German Confederation.
In 1895 Prince Albert I von Thurn und Taxis Palais sold to the imperial post, after he had the interior in his Emmeram Castle in Regensburg to spend, where she is today. In 1905 the city of Frankfurt took over the palace and sent to one in 1908 the Museum of Ethnology for the collections of the Africa explorer Leo Frobenius. During 1943 and 1944 the palace was badly damaged in several bomb attacks and a good part of the substance, however, was preserved, for example, Remains of ceiling paintings and stucco. Although a reconstruction would have been possible, the building was demolished in 1951, including the Portalbauten for construction of a telecommunications tower block. The Portalbauten were then rebuilt during the construction of telecommunications including high-rise building with modern reinforced concrete, but without using the previously backed mansard sandstone parts.
From 2004 to 2010 the palais has been reconstructed as part of the Palais Quartier development.
Park Tower (Frankfurt)
Park Tower, formerly known as SGZ-Hochhaus, is a high-rise building in the Westend-Süd district of Frankfurt, Germany. It was built in 1972 as the administrative headquarters of the Südwestdeutschen Genossenschafts-Zentralbank (since 2001 DZ Bank). The then 96-metre high building with a black and silver facade was briefly the tallest skyscraper in Frankfurt. It is located in Reuterweg near the Opernplatz.
Between July 2005 and autumn 2007, the building was gutted completely and radically restructured. Since then, the 115 metre high building offers approximately 24,000 square metres of gross floor area.
The slightly oblique to the old opera house standing building was increased to plans by the architect Albert Speer & Partner, at three levels and supplemented with a second block, which lies down like a stone buckle around the shaft of the tower. The new building is bright with natural stone dressed, the old building completely glazed. The main tenant of the building is the internationally active law firm Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer, which has leased almost the entire building.
The owner of the property is a property company of Dietz AG, Bensheim.
The Römer (German surname, "Roman") is a medieval building in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, and one of the city's most important landmarks. It has been the city hall (Rathaus) for 600 years. The Römer merchant family sold it together with a second building, the Goldener Schwan (Golden Swan), to the city council on March 11, 1405 and it was converted for use as the city hall. The Haus Römer is actually the middle building of a set of three located in the Römerberg (a plaza).
The Römer is not a museum as it is actually used by the city for various purposes, for example as a Standesamt or civil registration office; the wedding rooms are located in the first and second floor of the Haus Löwenstein.
Silberturm (English: Silver Tower), formerly known as Dresdner-Bank-Hochhaus and Jürgen-Ponto-Hochhaus, is a 32-storey, 166.3 m (546 ft) skyscraper in the Bahnhofsviertel district of Frankfurt, Germany. It had been the tallest building in Germany from 1978 until 1990. Until 2009 it had been part of the headquarters of Dresdner Bank, one of Germany's largest banks until its merger with Commerzbank in 2009. As of 2012 the main tenant is Deutsche Bahn.
Built by Bilfinger Berger, the Silberturm is located at Jürgen-Ponto-Platz, which opens onto Kaiserstrasse. The square is named after Jürgen Ponto, the former CEO of Dresdner Bank who was murdered in 1977 by members of the Red Army Faction (RAF). The Silberturm, along with the seven-story building Gallusanlage 8, formed the Dresdner Bank Headquarters from 1978 to 2008. In 2003, a new tower (Gallileo) was built.
After the takeover of Dresdner Bank by Commerzbank in early 2009, the new owner planned to sell the Silberturm because the office space was no longer needed. But since a sale of the building, which is worth approximately 200 million euros, was no longer deemed possible in the wake of the financial crisis, the complete high-rise and also the Gallusanlage 8 building were leased on long term to Deutsche Bahn in the summer of 2009. The Gallileo highrise will continue to be used by Commerzbank.
Skyper is a building complex in the Bahnhofsviertel district of Frankfurt, Germany. The tallest of the three buildings is a 38-storey, 154 m (505 ft) skyscraper. Its quadrant-shaped silhouette is a distinctive part of the Frankfurt cityscape.
Completed in 2004, the tower is linked by a 9 m (30 ft) glass atrium to a neo-classical villa dating from 1915. The villa is listed as a building of historical importance and once belonged, along with the site as a whole, to the Philipp Holzmann construction group, which used the property as its corporate head office. A residential and commercial building with 52 one- to three-room apartments and ground-floor retail space completes the ensemble.
The plans for the €480 million project originated from Frankfurt architects JSK, who were commissioned by Holzmann AG. With building approval granted, the architects subsequently realised their plans on behalf of general contractors ABG and the new owner, DekaBank, which had purchased the building for an open real estate fund of its real estate subsidiary, Deka Immobilien. Following completion in 2005, DekaBank moved into offices on the lower floors as the main tenant. The higher floors of the building are occupied by well-known names such as HSBC and Houlihan Lokey.
Skyper has been owned since 2006 by an investment company belonging to the Swiss banking group UBS.
Botanischer Garten der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
The Botanischer Garten der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main (7 hectares), also known as the Botanischer Garten Frankfurt am Main, is a botanical garden and arboretum maintained by the Goethe University. It is located at Siesmayerstraße 72, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, and opens daily in the warmer months.
First Garden: near the Eschenheimer Tor (1767-1907). Frankfurt's first botanical garden was created in the years 1763-1774 by Johann Christian Senckenberg (1707-1772), and was operated by the Senckenberg Foundation as a hortus medicus for the cultivation of medicinal herbs for the foundation's public hospital and medical institute. Its site, about 1 hectare in size, was patterned on Carl Linnaeus' garden in Uppsala. Until 1867 every director was a physician. By 1903, the garden cultivated more than 4,000 species but its extent had been gradually reduced by hospital expansion until just 7,000 m² remained.
Second Garden: adjacent to the Palmengarten (1907-1958). After lengthy negotiations between the city and foundation, a new, 1.4-hectare site was found just east of the Palmengarten. The move took place in 1907-1908. When the university was founded in 1914, the garden became a research facility. In the 1930s it was improved by an arboretum, alpine garden, and sand dunes. (The Palmengarten was restored in the 1960s and serves as Frankfurt's other major botanical garden.)Third Garden: Siesmayerstraße (since 1931). From 1931-1937, the garden again began relocation to today's site on Siesmayerstraße in the northwestern Grüneburgpark. This move was delayed by World War II and the subsequent American occupation, and relocation was finally completed in 1958. A laboratory building and large greenhouse were added in the years 1961-63.
St. Catherine's Church, Frankfurt
St. Catherine's Church (German: Katharinenkirche) is the largest Lutheran church in Frankfurt am Main, dedicated to the martyred early Christian saint, Catherine of Alexandria. It is located in the old city centre near one of the most famous plazas in the city, the Hauptwache (Main Guard).
The current church building, built between 1678 and 1681 replaced the Ss. Catherine's and Barbara Capel from the late 14th century. With the adoption of Lutheran Reformation by the Free Imperial City of Frankfurt in 1533 the city unilaterally appropriated all religious buildings within its old city centre. This status was statutorily fixed in 1830 by the deeds of dotation, which is why St. Catherine's is one of the city's dotation churches left for eternal usage by a Lutheran congregation. The German writer, artist, and politician Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749–1832) was baptized in this church in 1749.
This church is built in the baroque style and stands 54 meters in height. St. Catherine's was destroyed in 1944 by the Allied bombing of Frankfurt am Main during the Second World War. The city reconstructed its church between 1950 and 1954. The Lutheran congregation enjoying usufruct of the St. Catherine's church building is a member of the Protestant Church in Hesse and Nassau.
St. Paul's Church, Frankfurt am Main
St Paul's Church (German: Paulskirche) in Frankfurt am Main is a church with important political symbolism in Germany. It was started as a Lutheran church in 1789—coincidentally the same year as the French Revolution. By 1849, it had become the seat of the Frankfurt Parliament, the first publicly and freely-elected German legislative body.
Today St. Paul's is no longer used as a church, instead it became a venue used for various displays and events. The most well-known is the annual awarding of the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade during the Frankfurt Book Fair.
In 1963, US President John F. Kennedy gave a major speech in the Paulskirche during his visit to the country.
For the 150th birthday of the German democratic experience in 1998, St Paul's once again attracted public interest.
The Squaire is an office building in Frankfurt, Germany. It was built between 2006 and 2011 on top of an existing train station (Frankfurt Airport long-distance station) near Frankfurt Airport. The building has has a length of 660 m, a width of 65 m, and a height of 45 m with nine floors. With a total floor area of 140,000 m2 (1,506,900 sq ft) it is considered to be the largest office building in Germany. The Squaire is directly connected to Terminal 1 of Frankfurt Airport through a connecting corridor for pedestrians. It is one of three buildings in Frankfurt to have its own postal code (60600), the others being the Messeturm and the Opernturm.
The term Squaire is a portmanteau of the words square and air. The name was announced in June 2010. The project's original name was Airrail Center Frankfurt. The term Airrail is also a portmanteau, comprising the words air and rail.
Tower 185 is a 55-storey, 200 m (660 ft) skyscraper in the Gallus district of Frankfurt, Germany. It is the 4th tallest building in Frankfurt and the 4th tallest in Germany, tied with Main Tower. The anchor tenant of the tower is the German branch office of PricewaterhouseCoopers, which has leased 60,000 m2 (650,000 sq ft).
The tower was initially planned to be 185 m (607 ft) with 50 stories, however, when plans changed to increase the height by an additional five floors, its name was not changed.
The Frankfurt Art Association (German: Frankfurter Kunstverein) is an art museum founded in 1829 by a group of influential citizen of the city of Frankfurt, Germany. The aim of the institution is to support the arts in the city, which was an important center of trade and business. Works of art were bought and exhibitions organized in order to open an access to art and culture for the public.
The museum in the "Stone Building" Among the founders were Johann Gerhard Christian Thomas, a senator and later mayor of the city, historian Johann Friedrich Böhmer, and art historian Johann David Passavant. Soon after the establishment of the museum, many important and influential citizens and artists became members.
Today, the museum is situated in the center of Frankfurt, in a gothic building from 1464 called the Steinernes Haus ('Stone Building'), near the city's town hall. There are around 1,700 members who support the activities and enable the museum to reach its aim today, more than 150 years after its establishment. Although the museum has no permanent collection, as art is not purchased any more, its exhibitions of contemporary art are internationally renowned. Furthermore, guided tours, symposia, film programs, and excursions are organized. So even in the neighbourhood of important museums, such as the Museum of Modern Art (Museum für Moderne Kunst) and Schirn Gallery (Schirn Kunsthalle), the museum manages to assert itself as an important meeting point not only for Frankfurt's art scene. Especially young artists of the state-run art school (Städelschule ) and the well-known design school HFG are closely connected with the museum and cooperation is common.
German Architecture Museum
The German Architecture Museum (Deutsches Architekturmuseum) (DAM) is located on the Museumsufer in Frankfurt, Germany. Housed in an 18th-century building, the interior has been re-designed by Oswald Mathias Ungers in 1984 as a set of "elemental Platonic buildings within elemental Platonic buildings".
The museum organises several temporary exhibitions every year, as well as conferences, symposia and lectures. It has a collection of ca. 180,000 architectural drawings and 600 models, including works by modern and contemporary classics like Erich Mendelsohn, Mies van der Rohe, Archigram and Frank O. Gehry. It also includes a reference library with approximately 25,000 books and magazines.
Historic Railway, Frankfurt
The Historic Railway, Frankfurt (Historische Eisenbahn Frankfurt) or HEF is a German museum railway in Frankfurt am Main. The society was founded in 1978 and its aim is the preservation of historic, valuable railway materiel in working order, especially steam locomotives, as technical and cultural monuments.
Since 1979 there has been a regular museum service several weekends a year on the tracks of the Frankfurt Harbour Railway (Frankfurter Hafenbahn) between the halts of Mainkur, Eiserner Steg and Frankfurt-Griesheim. Since 1981 the society has organised the Königstein railway festival (Bahnhofsfest Königstein) every year at Whitsun, when the Königsteiner Bahn between Frankfurt-Höchst and Königstein im Taunus is operated. In addition vehicles of the Historic Railway, Frankfurt are used in special services throughout Germany.
Trianon (Frankfurt am Main)
Trianon is a 45-storey, 186 m (610 ft) skyscraper in the Westend-Süd district of Frankfurt, Germany completed in 1993. It serves as the company headquarters for DekaBank, other tenants are Linklaters and Franklin Templeton. Atop the building is an upside-down pyramid suspended from the three corners.
The building was sold by DekaBank to Morgan Stanley in 2007, the building was acquired by the Morgan Stanley European Office Fund (MSEOF). A 57% interest was later passed on to the real estate investment fund Morgan Stanley P2 value.
Historical Museum, Frankfurt
The Historical Museum (German: Historisches Museum) in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, was founded in 1878, and includes cultural and historical objects relating to the city's history. It moved into the Saalhof in 1955, and a new extension was opened in 1972.
The museum's collection is displayed in several permanent chronological exhibitions: Mediaeval Frankfurt, the Late Middle Ages, the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries, the nineteenth-century city, and its history as a metropolis from 1866 to 2001. Special exhibitions are also on display.
Jewish Museum Frankfurt
The Jewish Museum Frankfurt am Main covers the history and culture of the Jewish communities in Frankfurt, Germany, from the 12th to the 20th centuries. There is another branch of the museum, the Museum Judengasse, in a different part of town.
The Museum Judengasse, located at Börneplatz, was built on the foundations of several houses in the Judengasse (the Jewish ghetto, dating from 1462) that had been excavated in 1987. The museum documents the history of the Judengasse up to its abolition in 1796. Remnants from the walls of the Börneplatz synagogue are integrated into the museum.
To commemorate the 650th anniversary of the Golden Bull of 1356, four museums in Frankfurt organised an exhibition called Die Kaisermacher ("The Emperor-Makers") from 2006 to 2007. The Museum Judengasse contributed archaeological findings, documenting in particular the role played by the Jews of Frankfurt as the Emperor's servi camerae regis.
Post Tower is the headquarters of the logistic company Deutsche Post DHL with the two brands postal services for Germany Deutsche Post and the worldwide logistic company DHL. The Post Tower is a 162.5-metre, 41-storey office building in Bonn, Germany. It was designed by German-American architect Helmut Jahn and won the 2002 Silver Emporis Skyscraper Award.
It is the ninth tallest skyscraper in Germany, and the tallest in Germany outside of Frankfurt am Main.
The building is located at the river Rhine and in the center of the old parliament area of Bonn near the Deutsche Welle and has about 55,000 m² office surface. Construction phase was May 2000 to December 2002, 80,000 m³ of concrete and 16,000 tons of structural steel were used in the building shell. The building dimensions are; height: 162.5 m, width: 41.0 m, length: 81.1 m (with ring walls 86.55 m), weight: 300,000 t. The building has the ground floor, 40 upper floors and 5 underground levels. The Tower has a surface area of 7,000 m². The Tower is constructed as a steel-glass-building. The base of the Post Tower has the shape of two staggered semi-ellipses of two shifted circle segments. Most office walls, doors and the floors of skygardens and elevators are therefore made of 93,000 m² glass used.
The Liebieghaus is a late 19th-century villa in Frankfurt, Germany. It contains a sculpture museum, the Städtische Galerie Liebieghaus, which is part of the Museumsufer on the Sachsenhausen bank of the River Main.
The Liebieghaus was built in 1896, in a palatial, Historicist style, as a retirement home for the Bohemian textile manufacturer Baron Heinrich von Liebieg (1839–1904). The city of Frankfurt acquired the building in 1908 and devoted it to the sculpture collection.
A renovation was completed in October 2009. This included adding a publicly accessible "Open Depot", making it possible for the first time to view certain parts of the collection that are not in the permanent exhibition.
Museum für angewandte Kunst Frankfurt
The Museum of Applied Art Frankfurt or just MAK, a short version of its German name Museum für Angewandte Kunst Frankfurt is located in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, and exhibits more than 30,000 objects representing European and Asian decorative arts. The new building of the museum was designed by the American architect Richard Meier in the garden of Villa Metzler. The collection of furniture, glassware, and porcelain has expanded and includes now also product design and information design.
The building was designed as a craft museum, designed to house objects from the upper levels of the applied arts, distinguished from fine art only by having a utilitarian purpose. The general approach to the solution was taken form Louis Khan's precedent, the Yale Centre for British Art, where natural lighting was brought in through palazzo interior courtyards, illuminating non critical parts of the gallery. Meier based his concept on this, using side lighting (not top lighting like in the Clore Gallery) reflected into the exhibits off the bright white walls, so as not to cause damage from the ultraviolet rays (which are not reflected off the walls), and the lighting becomes inhabited and part of the circulation. The whole building is about creating the feeling of the domestic interior. Meier set out not to make a house, but to create a domestic space; perceptually a series of smaller spaces that you encounter. The brief required this (small spaces).
Meier based the organisation grid and module on the cube like dimensions of the 19th century neoclassical palazzo and linked it by a second story bridge to the new building. A secondary grid parallels the angle of the nearby riverbank. The dynamic of these overlapping grids, rotated 3.5 degrees, creates a visceral sensation as the perspectives unfold. Pathways pass crosswise through the plan, bringing pedestrians and cyclists through the building and adjacent. The lighting becomes inhabited and part of the circulation. The plan geometrically allows the programme to be developed. The spaces are all practically the same size. The side lighting wall becomes part of the plan (trying to do the same job as the clore gallery roof). It has onion form-layers wrapped around characterising the plan. The spaces are not much bigger than domestic ones in existing the building. Ramps figure prominently in the plan, initiating a fixed procession that takes the visitor alternately through galleries and around green courtyards as the history of decorative arts is traversed-a circulation strategy that Meier returned to for the Getty Museum.
Meier creates interiors that look like they are side lit, but overcomes the problems of shadowing by the creation of diffused light via reflecting light off of bright white walls. Interior showcases are designed to look like walls. They are naturally lit and lit from the side, like houses (very few houses are top lit). Geometrically simple and act as reflectors, reducing sharp shadows and uniformity of light. Most of the exhibits are lit electronically using tungsten bulbs (tungsten bulbs are often found in domestic interiors). The whole building is about creating the feeling of the domestic interior.
The Museum Giersch is an art gallery in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, on the Museumsufer.
The museum opened in 2000. It hosts a changing series of exhibitions displaying the art and cultural history of the Rhine-Main area, with the aim of promoting the regions's cultural identity.
The Museum Giersch displays works on loan from public and private collections. The range of exhibits covers all areas of painting, photography, sculpture and graphic art, as well as architecture and applied art.
The gallery is situated in a neoclassical villa on the Schaumainkai, built around 1910 for the Philipp Holzmann company and now one of the few surviving riverside villas in Sachsenhausen. The renovation of the villa and its conversion into an exhibition venue were carried out by the Giersch Foundation (Stiftung Giersch), which was founded in 1994 and is the museum's sole operator.
Museum für Kommunikation Frankfurt
The Museum für Kommunikation is a telecommunications museum in Frankfurt, Germany.
Museum der Weltkulturen
The Museum of World Cultures (German: Museum der Weltkulturen) is an ethnological museum in Frankfurt, Germany. Until 2001 it was called the Museum of Ethnology (Museum für Völkerkunde).
It was founded in 1904, as a civic institution, to bring together the ethnographic collections of the city of Frankfurt. In 1908 the museum moved into the Palais Thurn und Taxis in the city centre. In 1925 the city acquired the collections of the Institute of Cultural Morphology (today the Frobenius Institute), founded by the ethnologist Leo Frobenius. He relocated to Frankfurt along with the institute and become an honorary professor of the University of Frankfurt. In 1934 he became the director of the museum. The roles of museum director and institute director continued to be occupied by the same person (including Frobenius's successors) until 1966, when the university became state-run, since when the museum has again been run by the city.
Significant parts of the collection were lost when the Palais was destroyed by bombs in World War II. However, some items had already been evacuated from the Palais – these survived the war, and in 1973 they were put on display in an old villa on the banks of the Main, where they have been ever since. The Museum of World Cultures therefore counts as one of the earliest museums on what is now the Museumsufer.
Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt
The Schirn Kunsthalle is an art gallery in Frankfurt, Germany, located in the old city between the Römer and the Frankfurt Cathedral. The Schirn exhibits both modern and contemporary art. It is the main venue for temporary art exhibitions in Frankfurt. Exhibitions in recent years included retrospectives of Wassily Kandinsky, Marc Chagall, Frida Kahlo, Alberto Giacometti, Bill Viola, and Yves Klein. The Kunsthalle opened in 1986 and is financially supported by the city and province. Historically, the German term "Schirn" denotes an open-air stall for the sale of goods, and such stalls were located here until the 19th century. The area was destroyed in 1944 during the Second World War and was not redeveloped until the building of the Kunsthalle.
The Schirn Kunsthalle has 2,000 square meters of exhibition space. It was designed by the architectural firm of Bangert, Jansen, Scholz & Schultes.
The Alte Oper (Old Opera) is a concert hall and former opera house in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. It was inaugurated in 1880, bombed in 1944, and rebuilt slowly in the 1970s, reopening only in 1981. The city's opera company operates now at a nearby modern building while the Alte Oper serves as home to the Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra. Important works have been premiered at the Alte Oper, including Carl Orff's Carmina Burana in 1937.
The square in front of the building is known as Opernplatz (Opera Square). The Alte Oper is located in the district of Innenstadt and within the unofficial area known as the Bankenviertel.
Westend Gate, formerly known as Plaza Büro Center and commonly referred to as The Marriott, is a 47-storey, 159 m (522 ft) skyscraper in the Westend-Süd district of Frankfurt, Germany. It had been the tallest building in Germany from 1976 until 1978 when it was surpassed by the Silberturm, which is also located in Frankfurt.
The Westend Gate is located just across the street from the Frankfurt Trade Fair grounds and near the Naturmuseum Senckenberg and the Bockenheim Campus of the Goethe University Frankfurt. The main tenant is a Marriott hotel which oppucies 19 floors (26 to 44) and offers 588 rooms.
The structure consists of 2 slabs plus a narrow wing attached to the east side. It was renamed Westend Gate in 2011, when it was completely renovated as a green building.
Westendstraße 1 is a 53-storey, 208 m (682 ft) skyscraper in the Westend-Süd district of Frankfurt, Germany. The structure was completed in 1993 and together with the near-by City-Haus, forms the headquarters of DZ Bank. In 1995 it won the "Best Building of the Year" award by the American Chamber of Architects in the multifunctional skyscraper category. The tower is the third tallest skyscraper in Frankfurt and also in Germany. The facade consists of fine, golden granite, giving it a white and bright appearance from afar. The building was designed by architect William Pedersen. The characteristic ring beam at the top of the tower (known commonly as the crown) is a reminiscent of the Statue of Liberty, but is also intended as a reminder to Frankfurt's history as the city where German emperors were crowned. The crown faces towards the old part of Frankfurt where the coronations were held at the Frankfurt Cathedral. The 95 tonne steel crown is heated in winter to prevent the forming of icicles which could potentially endanger pedestrians or cars on the street below.
City-Haus is a 42-storey 142 m (466 ft) skyscraper in the Westend-Süd district of Frankfurt, Germany. It was constructed from 1971 to 1974 and designed by architects Johannes Krahn and Richard Heil. Today it is part of the headquarters of DZ Bank.
From October 2007 to December 2008, City-Haus was redesigned by Christoph Mäckler fully rehabilitated and was thereby a new facade and an overall brighter appearance. During the conversion time could damage the renter will be minimized because the new facade was suspended during the week from outside the Altfassade and Altfassade was just on the weekends. The new facade of the building, reducing energy consumption by around 35 percent. The cost of the renovation were US$53 million.
Portikus is an exhibition hall for contemporary art in Frankfurt am Main, originally founded in 1987 through the initiation of Kasper König, one of the most influential living curators of contemporary art. Its name derives from the surviving portico of the Stadtbibliothek (public library) from 1825 that was destroyed during World War II. In 1987, the vestige of this classical building once again fulfilled its architectural function as a facade when the Frankfurt-based architects Marie-Theres Deutsch and Klaus Dreißigacker built a simple white cube out of shipping containers. Portikus presents the work of internationally renowned artists, along with exhibiting younger, emerging artists. Almost always, art work is commissioned for the gallery space.
The city government decided to rebuild the destroyed library, however, awarding the contract to local architect Christoph Mäckler. In 2003, therefore, after 16 years and more than 100 exhibitions, Portikus moved into the ground floor of the historical building known as the Leinwandhaus. This temporary location was designed with the artist Tobias Rehberger (*1964). Rehberger developed a spatial concept that, through the introduction of various modular elements such as platforms and boxes, allowed the integration of the gallery, office, reading area, and storage spaces into a large and rustic hall. In collaboration with the Zumtobel Staff, the artist Olafur Eliasson (*1967) designed the lighting of the exhibition space. Until the beginning of 2006, the exhibition program operated in this space under the name “Portikus im Leinwandhaus”.
Commerzbank Tower is a 56-storey, 259 m (850 ft) skyscraper in the Innenstadt district of Frankfurt, Germany. An antenna spire with a signal light on top gives the tower a total height of 300 m (980 ft). It is the tallest building in Frankfurt, the tallest building in Germany and the second tallest building in the European Union. It had been the tallest building in Europe from its completion in 1997 until 2005 when it was surpassed by the Triumph-Palace in Moscow. The Commerzbank Tower is only two metres taller than the Messeturm, which is also located in Frankfurt. The Messeturm had been the tallest building in Europe before the construction of the Commerzbank Tower.
Commerzbank Tower was designed by Foster & Partners, with Arup and Krebs & Kiefer (structural engineering), J. Roger Preston with P&A Petterson Ahrens (mechanical engineering), Schad & Hölzel (electrical engineering). Construction of the building began in 1994 and took three years to complete. The building provides 121,000 m2 (1,300,000 sq ft) of office space for the Commerzbank headquarters, including winter gardens and natural lighting and air circulation. The building is lighted at night with a yellow lighting scheme that was designed by Asadullah Aftab who was allowed to display this sequence as a result of a competition.
In its immediate neighbourhood are other skyscrapers including the Eurotower (home of the European Central Bank), the Main Tower, the Silberturm, the Japan Center and the Gallileo, the latter being also owned and used by Commerzbank. The area forms Frankfurts central business district, commonly known as Bankenviertel.
The Commerzbank-Arena is a sports stadium in Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany. Commonly known by its original name, Waldstadion ("Forest Stadium"), the stadium opened in 1925. The stadium has been upgraded several times since then; the most recent remodelling was its redevelopment as a football-only stadium in preparation for the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup and 2006 FIFA World Cup. With a capacity of 51,500 spectators, it is among the ten largest football stadiums in Germany. The stadium was one of the nine venues of 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, and hosted four matches including the final.
The sports complex, which is owned by the city of Frankfurt, includes the actual stadium and other sports facilities, including a swimming pool, a tennis complex, a beach volleyball court and a winter sports hall. The arena has its own railway station, Frankfurt Stadion, on the national rail network.
The Commerzbank-Arena is home stadium of football club Eintracht Frankfurt whose offices are also located on the premises.
Deutsche Bank Twin Towers
The Deutsche Bank Twin Towers, also known as Deutsche Bank Headquarters (German: Zwillingstürme der Deutschen Bank or Hauptverwaltung Deutsche Bank AG), is a twin tower skyscraper complex in the Westend-Süd district of Frankfurt, Germany. Both towers rise to 155 m (509 ft) and serve as headquarters for Deutsche Bank, the largest bank in Germany. The twin towers are sometimes nicknamed debit and credit (German: Soll und Haben), the two aspects of every financial transaction.
What is your insider travel tip for Frankfurt?
Travel Insider Tips for Frankfurt
Frankfurt is the largest city in the state of Hesse, known for its futuristic skyline and international airport. A number of family outings make this an efficient, and unforgettable, vacation experience: Treat yourself to a spa-treatment at the nearby Bad Homburg (Bad Homburg vacation rentals | Bad Homburg travel guide), take a leisurely canoe-trip down the romantic Lahn river, or visit the Hessenpark—an open-air museum that takes you through more than 400 years of history in Central Europe.
Located on the river Main, Frankfurt is the financial capital of Europe and the transportation centre of Germany. Frankfurt is the place of residence of the European Central Bank and the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. Furthermore, it hosts some of the world's most important trade shows, such as the Frankfurt Auto Show and the Frankfurt Book Fair. It is also birthplace of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
Frankfurt is a city of contrasts. Wealthy bankers, students, and granola drop-outs coexist in a city that has some of the highest, most avant-garde skyscrapers of Europe next to well maintained old buildings. The downtown area, especially Römer square and the museums at the River Main, draw millions of tourists every year. On the other hand, many off the beaten track neighborhoods, such as Bockenheim, Bornheim (Bornheim vacation rentals | Bornheim travel guide), Nordend and Sachsenhausen (Sachsenhausen vacation rentals | Sachsenhausen travel guide), with their intact beautiful 19th century streets and parks, are mostly neglected by tourism and lesser visited by tourists.
Frankfurt is the largest traffic hub & banking capital in Germany. This is the place where Germany's major Autobahns and railway-connections intersect. About 650,000 people commute to the city each day, not counting the 660,000 people who really live here. With a huge airport - the second-largest in Europe - it is the gateway to Germany and for many people also the first point of arrival in Europe. Further, it is a prime hub for interconnections within Europe and for intercontinental flights.
These prime traffic connections have made Frankfurt the city with the highest percentage of immigrants in Germany: about 25% of Frankfurt's 660,000 people have no German passport and another 10% are naturalized German citizens. With about 35% immigrants, Frankfurt is the most diverse of German cities.
Frankfurt is home to many museums, theaters (among them the first-class "English Theater"), and a world-class opera. While Frankfurt is not the size of London, it will not keep you wanting in terms of cultural activities.
When to visit
The best times for Frankfurt are late spring to early autumn. The summers tend to be sunny and warm around 25 degrees Celsius. Be prepared, however, for very hot summer days around 35 degrees as well as for light rain. The winters can be cold and rainy (usually not lower than -10° C), but there is hardly any snow inside Frankfurt itself.
If you plan to stay overnight, you may wish to avoid times when trade fairs are held, as this will make finding affordable accommodations a challenging task. The biggest are the Frankfurt Motor Show (Automobil-Ausstellung) in every two years in mid-September (next in 2009) and the Book Fair (Buchmesse) yearly in mid-October; see Fairs for details. If accommodation is tight in Frankfurt we can help you find a good vacation rental nearby. There are excellent public transportation options available to make this worthwhile.
Frankfurt has some of the tallest buildings in Europe (the Commerzbank tower is the highest office building of Europe), and the tallest in Germany. Its skyline is unique for the country as the high-rises are concentrated in a relatively small downtown area, giving Frankfurt the looks of a metropolis. The skyline is the reason why Frankfurt is sometimes called by the nickname Mainhattan.
- For a view of the skyline try the Main river bridges. The eastern bridges offer the best view. Also, when you approach the city from the airport via the subway, stay to the right side of the train. Just before the train approaches the Frankfurt central station it enters a big curve, and from here you will have a nice first glance of the skyline.
- Take a walk from Schweizer Platz northwards for another good view of the skyscrapers.
- The Main Tower (Subway station Willy-Brandt-Platz or S-Bahn-station Taunusanlage) building is special as it is the only Frankfurt high-rise that is open to the public. For 4.60 Euro (price for one adult as of Nov 2008) you can take the elevator to the viewing platform at a height of 200 meters. From here, you will have a good view of Frankfurt and the surrounding area. Make sure to go on a clear day, and if you're in Frankfurt in Fall or Spring you might wish to try to go up a short while before sunset. That way, you can witness how the city changes from day to nightlife. The Main Tower is something that you should not miss during your stay. The viewing platform will be closed during severe weather.
- The European Central Bank in downtown Frankfurt (Subway station Willy-Brandt-Platz) - easily recognized by its hexagonal layout and the big neon color - statue in front of the entrance - might be of some special interest as this is the seat of European financial power and decisions. It's not open to the public, although a small gift shop downstairs will sell you all the Euro-related memorabilia you want.
- Römerberg is a central, old place in downtown Frankfurt. It features various buildings and a church from the 14th and 15th century (in theory; the buildings were mostly destroyed during World War II but completely rebuilt afterwards). The Römer itself is the town hall of Frankfurt. Cafés and shops can be found at the square itself and in the vicinity. A definite tourist attraction. Within walking distance of the Zeil shopping area and the Main river, it is located just north of the Eiserner Steg bridge.
- Zoo, Alfred-Brehm-Platz 16 (take subway U6 or U7, get off a Zoo station), tel. +49 69 21233735. Winter: Daily 9AM - 5PM, Summer: Daily 9AM - 7PM. 8€ adults, 4 € children.
- Palmengarten ("palm garden") botanic gardens. Siesmayerstraße 61 (Entrance Palmengartenstraße: subway U4, U6, U7 Station Bockenheimer Warte; Entrance Siesmayerstraße: U6, U7 Station Westend), tel. +49 69 212-33939 (fax: +49 69 212-37856). Nov-Jan: Daily 9AM-4PM; Feb-Oct: Daily 9AM-6PM. The Palmengarten is Frankfurt's botanic garden. There are special exhibitions and events throughout the much of the year. € 5.00 adults, € 2.00 children. Prices during special events & exhibitions: € 7.00 adults, € 2.50 children. (German language part of the website has a lot more information than the English part)
- Grüneburgpark - This is Frankfurt's largest public park. Even though there are many parks in Frankfurt, the Grüneburgpark is probably the most liked. Located close to two campuses of the university, many young people meet there, and many business people jog there after work.
- Frankfurt Airport has a public viewing platform. Bus tours of the airport are available. Take S8/S9 direction Wiesbaden (Wiesbaden vacation rentals | Wiesbaden travel guide).
- The Turmpalast (Kino am Turm) shows movies in English.
- The Eiserner Steg (Iron bridge) - Relatively well-known bridge for pedestrians, built in 1869. Good view of the skyline.
- The RMV offers a tour of the city in the so-called Ebbelwei Express, a special tram that offers music, apple wine, and pretzels. Probably very stereotypical and more suited for people who do not mind "tacky" tourist traps.
- About once a month, an old steam engine train rides along tracks on the northern riverbank of the Main. Prices vary, starting at 4€ for an adult.
- Alte Oper (Old Opera) - Renaissance Opera Building in the center of the city (take U6 or U7 station Alte Oper, or any line to Hauptwache and walk a few minutes); a busy square with fountains can be found in front of it. Originally opened in 1880, it is not used for operas any more since the rebuilding after the war, but for concerts, congresses, and similar "fancy" events.
- Oper Frankfurt (Opera) - this modern building is where to go to see an opera performance. State subsidized performances make this a relatively affordable place to see high quality productions
- Paulskirche (St. Paul's Church) was the seat of the first democratically elected parliament in Germany in 1848. It is located directly next to the Römer.
- There are a number of trade fairs held in Frankfurt every year. From the central station take S-Bahn lines S3, S4, S5 or S6 on platform 104 (underground) to station Messe or subway lines U4/U5 to station Messe/Torhaus; trains to the trade fairs will be announced in English.
- Bornheim - A nice residential quarter with a lively market and beautiful medieval houses which survived the war intact (unlike the city centre). The most important and lively street is the Berger Straße, which runs from downtown all the way to the oldest parts of Bornheim (Bornheim vacation rentals | Bornheim travel guide). The more central downtown part of the Berger Straße (actually in the Nordend district) features a variety of small and often trendy little stores, cafés, and restaurants, whereas the older parts of Bornheim are famous for its historic Ebbelwoi (a local cider) taverns.
The Messe Frankfurt is one of the world's largest exhibition centers, hosting a continuous stream of exhibitions small, large and gargantuan the Motor Show draws almost a million visitors. Most fairs are open to the public for at least part of the time, and can be a fascinating if somewhat overwhelming experience if you're interested in the theme. The Messe has its own train station, Messe, two stops away from the Central Railway Station on S 3/4/5/6, and it's also on the U4 subway line. Advance tickets for fairs often allow free use of all RMV public transport.
- Frankfurt Book Fair (Frankfurt Buchmesse) - The largest event of the world's publishing industry, held yearly in mid-October. The last two days (always Sat-Sun) are open to the public, with book sales allowed on Sunday only. In recent years, the public days of the Book Fair have also drawn a vast contingent of manga/anime fans, many of whom dress up as their favorite characters! Photography is allowed, but only after asking permission. Day ticket 12.
- Frankfurt Motor Show (Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung) - The world's largest motor show and Frankfurt's biggest event, held every two years, next on Sept. 17-27, 2009. (In even-numbered years, the show is held in Hannover (Hannover vacation rentals | Hannover travel guide).) Day tickets 11-18.
[ source: Wikipedia ]
More about the History of Frankfurt
In the area of the Römer, Roman settlements were established, probably in the 1st century; some artifacts from that era are found even to this day. The city district Bonames has a name probably dating back to Roman times - it is thought to be derived from bona me(n)sa. Nida (Heddernheim) was also a Roman civitas capital.
The name of Frankfurt on Main is derived from the Franconofurd of the Germanic tribe of the Franks; Furt (cf. English ford) where the river was shallow enough to be crossed by wading. Alemanni and Franks lived there and by 794 Charlemagne presided over an imperial assembly and church synod, at which Franconofurd (-furt -vurd) was first mentioned.
Frankfurt was one of the most important cities in the Holy Roman Empire. From 855 the German kings and emperors were elected in Frankfurt and crowned in Aachen (Aachen vacation rentals | Aachen travel guide). From 1562 the kings/emperors were also crowned in Frankfurt, Maximilian II being the first. This tradition ended in 1792, when Franz II was elected. His coronation was deliberately held on Bastille Day, 14 July, the anniversary of the storming of the Bastille. The elections and coronations took place in St. Bartholomäus cathedral, known as the Kaiserdom (en: Emperor's Cathedral), or in its predecessors.
The Frankfurter Messe (Frankfurt Trade Fair) was first mentioned in 1150. In 1240, Emperor Friedrich II granted an Imperial privilege to its visitors, meaning they would be protected by the Empire. Book trade fairs have been held in Frankfurt since 1478.
In 1372 Frankfurt became a Reichsstadt (en:Imperial city), i.e. directly subordinate to the Holy Roman Emperor and not to a regional ruler or a local nobleman.
Frankfurt managed to remain neutral during the Thirty Years' War, but suffered from the bubonic plague that was brought to the city by refugees. After the end of the war, Frankfurt regained its wealth.
In the Napoleonic Wars Frankfurt was occupied or bombarded several times by French troops. It nevertheless still remained a free city until the total collapse of the Holy Roman Empire in 1805/6. In 1806 it become part of the principality of Aschaffenburg (Aschaffenburg vacation rentals | Aschaffenburg travel guide) under the Fürstprimas (Prince-Primate), Karl Theodor Anton Maria von Dalberg. This also meant that Frankfurt was incorporated into the confederation of the Rhine. In 1810 Dalberg adopted the title of a Grand Duke of Frankfurt. Napoleon intended to make his adopted son Eugène de Beauharnais, already Prince de Venise ("prince of Venice", a newly established primogeniture in Italy), Grand Duke of Frankfurt after Dalberg's death (since the latter as a Catholic bishop had no legitimate heirs). The Grand Duchy remained a short episode lasting from 1810 to 1813, when the military tide turned in favor of the Anglo-Prussian lead allies, which overturned the Napoleonic order of central Europe. Dalberg abdicated in favor of Eugène de Beauharnais, which of course was only a symbolic action, as the latter effectively never did rule after the ruin of the French armies and Frankfurt being taken by the allies.
After Napoleon's final defeat and abdication, the Congress of Vienna (18121815, redrawing the map of Europe) dissolved the grand-duchy, and Frankfurt entered the newly founded German Confederation (till 1866) as a free city, becoming the seat of its Bundestag, the confederal parliament where the nominally presiding Habsburg Emperor of Austria was represented by an Austrian "presidential envoy". The Frankfurt Parliament at St. Paul's Church in 1848
After the ill-fated revolution of 1848, Frankfurt was the seat of the first democratically elected German parliament, the Frankfurt Parliament, which met in the Frankfurter Paulskirche (St. Paul's Church) and was opened on 18 May 1848. The institution failed in 1849 when the Prussian king declared that he would not accept "a crown from the gutter". In the year of its existence, the assembly developed a common constitution for a unified Germany, with the Prussian king as its monarch.
Frankfurt lost its independence after the Austro-Prussian War as Prussia in 1866 annexed several smaller states, among them the free city of Frankfurt. The Prussian administration incorporated Frankfurt into its province of Hesse-Nassau. The formerly independent towns of Bornheim (Bornheim vacation rentals | Bornheim travel guide) and Bockenheim were incorporated in 1890.
In 1914 the citizens of Frankfurt founded the University of Frankfurt, later called Johann Wolfgang Goethe University. This is the only civic foundation of a university in Germany; today it is one of Germany's largest universities.
After World War I, Frankfurt was occupied by French troops in reprisal for having violated, from the French viewpoint, some details of the peace treaty of Versailles concerning the demilitarisation of the Rhineland.[Need quotation on talk to verify] In 1924 Ludwig Landmann became the first Jewish Mayor of the city, and led a significant expansion during the following years. However, during the Nazi era, the synagogues of Frankfurt were destroyed.
The city of Frankfurt was severely bombed in World War II (19391945). About 5,500 residents were killed during the raids, and the once famous medieval city centre, by that time the largest in Germany, was destroyed. Post-war reconstruction took place in a sometimes simple modern style, thus irrevocably changing the architectural face of Frankfurt. Only very few landmark buildings have been reconstructed historically, albeit in a simplified manner.
After the end of the war, Frankfurt became a part of the newly founded state of Hesse, consisting of the old Hesse-(Darmstadt) and the Prussian Hesse provinces. The city was part of the American Zone of Occupation of Germany. The Military Governor for the United States Zone (19451949) and the United States High Commissioner for Germany (HICOG) (19491952) had their headquarters in the IG Farben Building, intentionally left undamaged by the Allies' wartime bombardment. Frankfurt was the original choice for the provisional capital of West Germanythey even went as far as constructing a new parliament building that has never been used for its intended purpose. Since 1949 it is used to house the radio studios of Hessische Rundfunk. In the end, Konrad Adenauer (the first post-war Chancellor) preferred the tiny city of Bonn (Bonn vacation rentals | Bonn travel guide), for the most part because it was close to his hometown, but also for another reason; many other prominent politicians opposed the choice of Frankfurt out of concern that Frankfurt, one of the largest German cities and a former centre of the old German-dominated Holy Roman Empire, would be accepted as a "permanent" capital of Germany, thereby weakening the West German population's support for reunification and the eventual return of the Government to Berlin (Berlin vacation rentals | Berlin travel guide). Reconstruction (19811984) of six houses at the east side of the Römerberg that were destroyed in World War II
During the 1970s, the city created one of Europe's most efficient underground transportation systems. That system includes a suburban rail system (S-Bahn) capable of reaching outlying communities as well as the city centre, and a deep underground light rail system with smaller coaches (U-Bahn) also capable of travelling above ground on street rails.
Since the postwar period Frankfurt has emerged once again as the financial and transportation centre of Germany.
[ source: Wikipedia ]
Located on the river Main, Frankfurt is the financial capital of Europe and the transportation center of Germany. Frankfurt is the place of residence of the European Central Bank and the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. Furthermore, it hosts some of the world's most important trade shows, such as the Frankfurt Auto Show and the Frankfurt Book Fair. It is also birthplace of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Frankfurt is a city of contrasts. Wealthy bankers, students, and granola drop-outs coexist in a city that has some of the highest, most avant-garde skyscrapers of Europe next to well maintained old buildings. The downtown area, especially Römer square and the museums at the River Main, draw millions of tourists every year. On the other hand, many off the beaten track neighborhoods, such as Bockenheim, Bornheim, Nordend, and Sachsenhausen, with their intact beautiful 19th century streets and parks, are mostly neglected by tourism and lesser visited by tourists.
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