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- Cultural & History
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Where can one get a great breakfast in the morning?"Where in Freiburg im Breisgau can I buy fresh rolls in the morning or get a nice breakfast with coffee?" (posted 05/31/2014)
Are there any cultural highlights, museums?"I'm very interested in the history and culture of Freiburg im Breisgau. Are there any cultural highlights or museums in Freiburg im Breisgau that you can recommend?" (posted 06/04/2014)
Ideas for 2-3 activities and daytrips?"Can you recommend 2-3 ideas for day trips with interesting targets near Freiburg im Breisgau? As we do not want to travel more than 2 hours (one way) we are looking for nearby attractions or points of interests that are worthwhile to visit. What is the best way to get there (car, bus, train?)" (posted 06/01/2014)
Good restaurants for dinner?"Can you recommend me 2-3 good local restaurants in Freiburg im Breisgau where I can get a nice and tasty dinner?" (posted 05/31/2014)
Typical tourist activities or places that one should NOT do, as they are not worthwhile doing.
Things can do to make it a fun and memorable evening?
How to get around and find best means of local transportation?"How to get there by public transport? I'm coming from Utrecht, Netherlands. And how long is the travelling time ?" (posted 09/04/2014)
Where to find good quality groceries?"Hi there! I'm visiting Freiburg soon. I would like to know where is the closest supermarket (from the City Hotel) and whether I can get there on foot. Also, I would like to know if there is any close shop for shopping (clothes) etc. Thank you, Christiana" (posted 06/06/2014)
Are there any special local events?"Are there any special local or traditional events in Freiburg im Breisgau that one should visit? When are those happening?" (posted 06/12/2014)
Are there any local food specialties one should try out?"Are there any local food specialties in Freiburg im Breisgau one should try out?" (posted 05/31/2014)
What makes this destination special? Why should one spend some time here during vacation?"Hi im an foreign graduate and will stay in University of Freiburg in January. Is there a grocery, fast-food or laundry near the university? Thanks so much" (posted 08/15/2014)
Is there a good local deli or restaurant with lunch menu?"Is there a good local deli or restaurant in Freiburg im Breisgau where they serve a good lunch?" (posted 05/31/2014)
Are there any points of interest or local attractions?"Are there any special points of interests or local attractions in Freiburg im Breisgau that you can recommend that are worthwhile visiting?" (posted 06/07/2014)
What are good places to go for shopping?
Any sporting activites and recommendations to stay active?"Any sporting activites and recommendations in Freiburg im Breisgau to stay active?" (posted 06/02/2014)
Questions around the weather, different seasons, ...
Popular Points of Interest in and near Freiburg im Breisgau
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Freiburg
The Archdiocese of Freiburg im Breisgau (Latin Archidioecesis Friburgensis) is a Roman Catholic diocese in Baden-Württemberg comprising the former states of Baden and Hohenzollern. The Archdiocese of Freiburg is led by an archbishop, Robert Zollitsch, who also serves as the metropolitan bishop of the Upper-Rhine ecclesiastical province for the suffragan dioceses of Mainz and Rottenburg-Stuttgart. Its seat is Freiburg im Breisgau.
In 1821 the Archdiocese of Freiburg was founded out of the Diocese of Constance as well as parts of the Mainz, Straßburg, Worms and Würzburg dioceses. Freiburg pastor Bernhard Boll became the first bishop in 1827. Well known successors were Conrad Gröber and Hermann Schäufele.
Today, church closures are not seen in the archdiocese of Freiburg. The same goes for the consolidation of parishes. The Archdiocese of Freiburg exercises the concept of “unions of pastoral guidance”.
On November 1, 2005 the archbishop Dr. Robert Zollitsch enacted “Pastoral Guidelines” for the first time in the history of the Archdiocese. These guidelines are given the title “Shaping the awakening”.
Feldberg (Black Forest)
Not to be confused with the two smaller hills in Hochtaunuskreis district some 300 km to the North, Kleiner Feldberg (826 m) and Großer Feldberg (878 m) in the Taunus.
The Feldberg is the highest mountain in the Black Forest and also of Germany outside the Alps; with an elevation of 1,493 metres. The local municipality was named after the mountain. Freiburg im Breisgau is the closest city.
The bedrock of gneiss is around one billion years old. The Feldberg region was lifted up three times and then washed away by erosion. What exists today can be called the "third Feldberg". The "first Feldberg" arose in the Precambrian and was washed away completely. The "second Feldberg" arose during the Devonian and Carboniferous, as part of the Variscan orogeny. It was washed away once again during the Mesozoic and Early Triassic; Muschelkalk, Keuper, Lias, Dogger and malm were deposited. Some of these sediments are maritime deposits from intercontinental oceans; the others are of continental source. The "third" and current Feldberg arose during the Alpine orogeny in the Tertiary. Since then these sediments have been steadily washed away, and today little but the bedrock remains.
Freiburg Botanical Garden
Freiburg Botanical Garden (German: Botanischer Garten Freiburg or Botanischer Garten der Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg) is a botanical garden in the Herdern district at Schänzlestraße 1, Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Württemberg, Germany and is associated with the University of Freiburg as the "Forschungs- und Lehrgarten der Universität Freiburg" (Garden for research and teaching of the University of Freiburg) of the Faculty of Biology. The current director of the garden is Professor Dr. Thomas Speck.
The garden was founded in 1620 by the University of Freiburg. A building on the same property was rebuilt as a hospital for members of the university, which also served for anatomy training. It was one of the first botanical gardens in Germany. The garden was originally part of the University of Freiburg Faculty of Medicine. The first director of the garden was Jacobus Walter (born 1655), a professor of medicine who was also responsible for botany. During the Thirty Years' War, the garden was destroyed.
The garden was rebuilt in 1766, but was forced to relocate to make room for the fortifications built by the Marquis de Vauban to protect the city after Freiburg had been annexed by France in 1677. The botanic garden was laid out near the river Dreisam. Its design was heavily influenced by the onset of the Age of Enlightenment and by the increased interest in botany during the second half of the 18th century. Again part of the Faculty of Medicine, the garden measured approximately 6.6 acres (27,000 m2) in area. Despite damage from floods and the Napoleonic Wars, the garden included an impressive 3,000 plants by 1829, as well as greenhouses built in 1827 and 1828. Directors of the botanical garden from this period included Karl Julius Perleb, Fridolin Karl Leopold Spenner, Alexander Braun, Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli, Heinrich Anton de Bary and Julius von Sachs.
Every visitor who comes to Freiburg always heads straight to the cathedral as soon as he catches a glimpse of the open-worked pyramids of the slender tower over the rooftops of the old town. Then they will stand, astonished, in front of the most beautiful tower in Christian architecture, just as the famous historian and author from Baden, Carl Jakob Burckhardt had referred to the tower. While many churches from the middle ages were completed only in following centuries, the tower, which is 116 meters high, was already completed by 1330.
The tower has 16 bells, the oldest being the
Hosannabell from 1258, which weighs 3,290 kg. This bell can be heard on Thursday evening after the Angelus, on Friday at 11:00 am (a time consequently known as
Spätzleglocke), on Saturday evenings, and each year on 27 November in remembrance of the air raid in 1944.
[ source: Schauinslandbahn website ]
Schauinslandbahn cable car
With the longest circulating cable car in Germany, you will soar 3.6 km upwards to 1,220m in 20 minutes, covering an elevation gain of almost 750 m. Enjoy the most comfortable and environmentally friendly way of climbing Freiburg's landmark mountain (1,284m) and the magnificent panoramic views of Freiburg and the Rhine valley across to the blue band of the Vosges at any time of the year. Your individual Bergwelt day of recreation or relaxation starts from the upper station. The Schauinsland cable car operates continuously as required – so one of the 37 cabins will be waiting when you want to climb aboard.
It was opened on 17 July 1930, as the first large-cabin circulating cable car in the world, and reconstructed in 1987/88 as Germany's first automatic cable car with no conductors and space for more than four people in each cabin.
Hours: October - June 9am - 5pm, July - September 9am - 6pm.
Prices: Rountrip 11.50 € Adults 10.50 €, Concessions, 7 &euro for children ages 6-14, family fares from 16.50 €.
[ source: Freiburg Tourist Office ]
Schlossberg and Funicular Railway
Fortified structures had been built on the Schlossberg (roughly translated: The Castle Hill) since the 11th century. Remains of some of them are still visible today. For a few years now the board of trustees has tried to make the historical past of the Schlossberg in Freiburg more visible. To achieve this, the remains of the old, overgrown fortifications are being carefully uncovered so that they are available to interested visitors. The tower located on the hill (Schloßbergturm) from which one has a unique panoramic view over the whole town and its vicinity was built in 2002 and was a project of the board of trustees as well. Extensive hiking trails offer a panoramic view of the town and vicinity.
The top of this hill can be reached in 3 mintues via Schlossbergbahn, a funicular railway.
Hours: Daily from 9am until 10pm (Tuesdays until 6pm).
Admission: Round trip fares range from 2.50 € for Children ages 6-14 to 5 € for Adults.
Zum roten Bären - Oldest Hotel in Germany
Zum roten Bären (translation: to the red bear) is the oldest hotel in Germany. The foundations of the hotel predate the founding of the town of Freiburg by the dukes of the House of Zähringen in 1120.
The first written documentation was in the land register document of the nearby monestary from the year 1311 listing the landlord as Hanmann Bienger the elder. Many of the landlords were also court and councilmen of the city of Freiburg and often also guild masters. For some time, the guild hall of the shoemakers was located at Zum Roten Bären, as can be seen in one of the windows of Freiburg Cathedral.
Archaeological Museum Colombischlössle
Female statuettes from the Paleolithic Age, Celtic princely tombs, Roman gods, Alemanni jewelry - the Museum of Prehistory and Early results illustrate the historical periods of the Upper and Upper Rhine. Powerful testimonies offer insights into the culture, religion and everyday life.
Hours: Tuesday - Sunday 10am - 5pm.
Primarily, the museum specializes in Middle Age artifacts from the Upper Rhine region, but it also has works by Lucas Cranach and Matthias Grünewald. And nowhere else is it possible to inspect the sculptures from the Freiburg Münster as closely as in the cellar of the former cloister. Also discover tapestries, paintings and goldsmiths' work documenting medieval symbolism and faith. furniture, clocks, stoves and pottery illustrating lifestyles of the 18th century. Paintings of the 19th century and 20 Century show the Black Forest in its picturesque beauty.
Please note that the museum will be closed until the beginning of 2010 due to renovation.
What is your insider travel tip for Freiburg im Breisgau?
Travel Insider Tips for Freiburg im Breisgau
Freiburg im Breisgau is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, in the Breisgau region on the western edge of the Black Forest. It straddles the Dreisam river, on the foothills of the Schlossberg. The city is bordered by the Black Forest mountains Rosskopf and Bromberg to the east and Schönberg, Tuniberg to the south. The Kaiserstuhl hill region lies to the west.
Sightseeing and Culture in Freiburg
Because of its scenic beauty, relatively warm and sunny climate and easy access to the Black Forest, Freiburg is a hub for regional tourism. The longest cable car run in Germany, which is 3.6 km, or about 2.25 miles (3.62 km) long runs from Günterstal up to a nearby mountain called Schauinsland. The city has an unusual system of gutters (called Bächle) that run throughout its centre. These Bächle, once used to provide water to fight fires and feed livestock, are constantly flowing with water diverted from the Dreisam. These Bächle were never used for sewage, as such usage could lead to harsh penalties, even in the Middle Ages. During the summer, the running water provides natural cooling of the air, and offers a pleasant, gurgling sound. It is said that if you fall or step accidentally into a Bächle, you will marry a Freiburger, or 'Bobbele'.
The Augustinerplatz is one of the central squares in the old city. Formerly the location of an Augustine monastery which became the Augustinermuseum in 1921, it is now a popular social space for Freiburg's younger residents. It has a number of restaurants and bars, including the local brewery 'Feierling', which has a Biergarten. On warm summer nights, hundreds of students gather here.
At the centre of the old city is the Münsterplatz, its largest square. A farmers' market takes place here every day except Sundays. This is the site of Freiburg's Münster (Münster vacation rentals | Münster travel guide), a gothic minster cathedral constructed of red sandstone, built between 1200 and 1530. The Freiburg Münster is noted for its towering spire.
The Historisches Kaufhaus, or historical marketplace, is a Renaissance building constructed between 1520 and 1530 which was once the center of the financial life of the region. Its façade is decorated with the coat of arms of the Habsburgs.
The Altes Rathaus, or old city hall, was completed in 1559 and has a painted façade.
The Platz der alten Synagoge "Old Synagogue Square" is one of the more important squares on the outskirts of the historic old city. The square was the location of a synagogue until it was destroyed on the Night of Broken Glass in 1938.
[ source: Wikipedia ]
More about the History of Freiburg im Breisgau
Freiburg was founded by Konrad and Duke Bertold III of Zähringen in 1120 as a free market town; hence its name, which translates to "free (or independent) town" – the word "frei" meaning "free" and Burg, like the modern English word borough, was used in those days for an incorporated city or town, usually one with some degree of autonomy. However, the German word "Burg" also means "a fortified town" as in Hamburg (Hamburg vacation rentals | Hamburg travel guide). Thus, it is likely that the name of this place means a "fortified town of free citizens". Look further for a description of Freiburg as a town with a wall around it.
Freiburg was heavily bombed during World War II. First, in May 1940, Luftwaffe airplanes mistakenly dropped approximately 60 bombs on Freiburg near the train station, killing fifty-seven. Later on, a raid by more than 300 bombers of the Royal Air Force Bomber Command on 27 November 1944 destroyed a large portion of the city center, with the notable exception of the Münster (Münster vacation rentals | Münster travel guide), which was only lightly damaged. After the war, the city was rebuilt on its medieval plan. It became for a short time the site of government for the German state Badenia, which was merged into Baden-Württemberg soon thereafter. It was occupied by the French Army in 1945, and Freiburg was soon alloted to the French Zone of Occupation. The French Army maintained a presence in Freiburg until 1991, when the last French Army division left the city, and left Germany. On the site of the former French Army base, a new neighborhood for 5,000 people, Vauban, was begun in the late 1990s as a "sustainable model district". Solar power is used to power many of the households in this small community.
Freiburg im Breisgau is a city in Baden-Württemberg, on the western edge of the Black Forest. It straddles the Dreisam river, on the foothills of the Schlossberg. Because of its scenic beauty, relatively warm and sunny climate, and easy access to the Black Forest, Freiburg is a hub for regional tourism. Notable features of Freiburg include the Augustinerplatz, one of the central squares in the old city. Once an Augustinian monastery, it is now a popular social space for Freiburg's younger residents. The Historisches Kaufhaus, or historical marketplace, is a Renaissance building constructed between 1520 and 1530, and was once the center of the financial life of the region. The Platz der alten Synagoge ("Old Synagogue Square") is one of the more important squares on the outskirts of the historic old city. The square was the location of a synagogue until it was destroyed on the Night of Broken Glass in 1938.
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