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Travel Insider Tips for Freital
Freital lies south-west of Dresden (Dresden vacation rentals | Dresden travel guide) in the Döhlen basin, in which the river Weißeritz flows from south-west to north-east. The Windberg rises about 100 meters above the valley. The lowest point in the town is about 195 m above sea level, at the point where the Weißeritz enters the city of Dresden (Plauen district).
The two rivers Rote Weißeritz and Wilde Weißeritz unite in Hainsberg, a district of Freital. Other tributaries of the united Weißeritz in the territory of Freital are the Wiederitz, Poisenbach and smaller, mostly channeled waters like the Vorholzbach, Burgker Bach, the Birkigter Bach, the Somsdorfer Bach and the Weißiger Bach. There are no natural lakes, the mud pond near the garbage heap and the retention basin Zauckerode were constructed in the 20th century.
Geologically, the Döhlen basin is a Rotliegend depression that was formed at the end of the Carboniferous period. It is located between the Elbe zone and the Erzgebirge Gneiss massif.
Things to See in Freital
- Christuskirche Deuben
- Emmauskirche Potschappel
- Georgenkirche Somsdorf
- Hoffnungskirche Hainsberg
- Lutherkirche Döhlen
- St. Jakobuskirche Pesterwitz
- Freie evangelische Gemeinde in Freital
- Römisch-katholische Pfarrgemeinde St. Joachim
Platz der Jugend
Platz des Friedens
Platz des Handwerks
[ source: wikipedia ]
More about the History of Freital
Documented history begins with the familiar Dresdner document from 1206 in which noblemen appear to be governed by Potschappel, Döhlen and Wurgwitz. These initial choices arise tradition of pure coincidence, just Potschappel and Wurgwitz expected at the time already existed for centuries, perhaps since the 9th Century. Potschappler Adel then dips until 1309, while the Döhlener probably 1228 as Arnold "de Zukerade" (first naming of Zauckerode) again. The Potschappler could in the lords of Sürßen risen, in the Oberlausitz moved. Many districts are only in the 14th Century erstgenannt.
The history of free valley is closely linked with the history of coal mining in Döhlener pool, the current open-Valley area.
First mentions There were 1549. The Elector mint Hans Biener Moritz received by the Duke of Saxony the privilege reduce coal. It is said that the coal discoveries have been more had known, but only a few farmers schürften just below the Earth's surface, to fuel for his own needs. The year 1571 was the first time in Burgk and 1574 in Potschappel coal dismantled. When the stocks were tilting, the shafts came into oblivion.
The year 1743 was a so-called coal mandate issued to the landowner rights to all of his land to schürfenden coal existed. Until the mid-18th Century founded approximately 30 small businesses, by their small size and experience despite great pressure of competition were performing.
This changed with the onset of industrialization. The Kingdom of Saxony wanted his share of it, and bought up 1822 all companies left the White Ritz. In the year 1799 the Leopold-Erbstolln, 1806 the Knights goods Zauckerode and Döhlen including the privilege to Potschappler coal fields. For the many small businesses has now created a large, the "Royal Saxon coal plant Zauckerode".
On the right side Weisseritzstrasse began the concentration of holdings until 1819, when Carl Friedrich August Krebß (later Freiherr von Burgk Dathe) new knights on Burgk landowners. He inherited five pits and bought surrounding coal fields. This, he founded the "Free Herrlich of Burgker coal and iron smelting works."
While this concentration continued rapid development of technology and the industry. The upswing was so enormous that the coal-mining of Plauen's plea for several decades, until about the 1870s, the technical and organizational terms at the head in Germany could stand. This led many technical innovations, such as the 1810 introduced "wet sieving Set" and 1820, the first steam engines.
1823 began in Burgk with the coking of the hitherto untapped coal, and from 1828 was the first gas produced. The year 1842 was the first high-Saxon coke oven in the Burgker ferrous metallurgical plants in operation. To the technically conditional large quantities of water from the pits out, water had to be Structures, said the Tiefe-Weißeritz-Stolln (1800-1838) and the depth Elbstolln (1817-1836).
On 2 August 1869 occurred in Neuhoffnungschacht the Burgker coal plants a firedamp explosion in which 276 miners died. At the blessing of God shaft near the mountain wind recalled a monument.
On 1 In October 1921, the places Deuben (Deuben vacation rentals | Deuben travel guide), Döhlen and Potschappel to a joint city together. Since no name of a community foundation for the city name was called, was a competition for the best name of the new town tendered. There were suggestions of names like "Deupodö-Stadt" (by Deuben, Potschappel and Döhlen), or "Dreistadt". Finally, the Döhlener community representatives Hermann Henker executioner named "Freital" (Free Valley), and this finally sat down.
[ source: wikipedia ]
Freital is the biggest town in the Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It is situated on the small river Weißeritz, 8 km southwest of Dresden.
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