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Where can one get a great breakfast in the morning?"Where in Halle an der Saale can I buy fresh rolls in the morning or get a nice breakfast with coffee?" (posted 09/03/2014)
Are there any cultural highlights, museums?
Ideas for 2-3 activities and daytrips?
Good restaurants for dinner?
Typical tourist activities or places that one should NOT do, as they are not worthwhile doing.
Things can do to make it a fun and memorable evening?
How to get around and find best means of local transportation?
Where to find good quality groceries?
Are there any special local events?
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What makes this destination special? Why should one spend some time here during vacation?"Why should someone do a vacation in Halle an der Saale? Can you possibly tell me 2-3 popular travel tips for Halle an der Saale, which everyone visiting Halle an der Saale should see? Also let me know 2-3 special insider travel tips for Halle an der Saale that a typical tourist may not know about, but that you can highly recommend. Thanks!" (posted 07/02/2014)
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Are there any points of interest or local attractions?"is the Market Church an active place of worship? If so, for what denomination?" (posted 07/20/2014)
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Popular Points of Interest in and near Halle an der Saale
[ source: Wikimedia ]
Handel's Birth House: Händel-Haus
The global renaissance of George Frideric Handel music began in the composer's native town of Halle an der Saale in the early 19th century. This is the town where he was born in 1685 and received a lasting impression due to the town's atmosphere and a sound education. His most important pieces have been regularly performed here since 1803 in uninterrupted tradition. A monument was erected at the market square in his honor in 1895 and the first major Handel Festival was held in 1922. In the birthplace of Halle's most famous resident, the present-day Handel House, the town constructed a memorial and music museum that has staged the annual Handel Festival since 1952. The building is also home to the German Handel Society's home office (international coalition) and the editorial staff for Halle's Handel edition (Handel's complete works).
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday, 10 am to 6 pm.
Admission: Adults 4.50 €, Concessions 2.50 €.
[ source: Museum website ]
Museum of Protohistoric Archaeology (Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archäologie/Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte)
Halle's state museum has become world famous as the home to the Nebra Sky Disk; it also lives up to its international reputation of housing important collections with a special exhibition on Martin Luther's life. Housing over 10 million objects, the first museum for prehistoric archaeology in Germany is home to one of the largest and most significant collections on Central Europe's prehistoric and protohistoric archaeology. Topics include the roots of European human history, including Central Germany's oldest known prehistoric man find. Exactly 50 years after its discovery, the Pfännerhall mammoth, the emblem of the former exhibition, can be seen once again. Visitors can experience 400,000 years of the exciting and often dangerous history of their hunter-gatherer ancestors while strolling past cave lions and mammoths, through settlement sites and hunting grounds.
Hours: Tuesday: 9 am to 7.30 pm, Wednesday to Friday: 9 am to 5 pm, Friday to Sunday, holidays: 10 am to 6 pm.
Admission: Adults: 4 €, Concessions 2 €.
The Moritzburg Foundation/Moritzburg Castle
The Moritzburg Foundation and its many collections is one of the leading museums in Saxony-Anhalt. Named after the structure in which it is located, the Late Medieval Moritzburg was built between 1484 and 1513 as a residence for the Archbishops of Magdeburg. Cardinal Albrecht von Brandenburg, Prince Elector, Archbishop of Magdeburg and Mainz, lived here for three centuries (1514 - 1541) as the highest prince of the church and sovereign prince. During his reign, the town of Halle became the one of the most important centers of the Early Renaissance in Germany with the Moritzburg as the residence of choice for many. Since 1904, the Moritzburg has housed the Municipal Museum of Fine and Applied Arts, founded in 1885, with its valuable collections from the Middle Ages to today.
Opening hours: Tuesday 10 am to 7 pm, Wednesday to Sunday, holidays 10 am to 6 pm.
Admission: Adults 5 €, Concessions 3 €, Children under 18 free.
King Heinrich I extended the Givich hilltop (from the Germanic Gott Givich, the giving one) into a fortress around the year 930. The Giebichenstein Castle served as a part of the border castle system to provide protection from attacks from the east. The Giebichenstein Castle became the main residence for the Archbishops of Magdeburg, the lords of Halle, in 1382. The stately castle became less important when the archbishops moved their residence to the Moritzburg, built in 1503. Today, Giebichenstein houses an art and design college and a city museum, and one can climb extensively around the rocky exterior of the castle in summer months.
Opening hours: April to Octobe, Tuesday to Friday, 9 am to 6 pm. Saturday and Sunday, 9 am to 6.30 pm. Closed November to March.
Halle Opera House
The Halle Opera House (German: Opernhaus Halle) is an opera house in Halle, Saxony-Anhalt. Originally named the Halle Town Theatre (German: Stadttheater von Halle), the theatre was built in 1886. A bomb attack on 31 March 1945 destroyed much of the original building. Restorative work ensued a few years later, and the theatre reopened in 1951 under the name Landestheater Halle. In January 1992 it was renamed to its current title. The theatre is currently used for performances of opera, ballet, plays, and orchestral concerts. It is also the main performance venue for the annual summer Handel Festival held in the city.
Halle State Museum of Prehistory
The State Museum of Prehistory (Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte) in Halle (Saale) is the archaeological museum of the German state of Saxony-Anhalt. Founded in Naumburg in 1819, it was moved to Halle in 1825, and within Halle to its present location in 1918.
Its collection, comprising more than 15 million items, is among the most extensive and important in Germany. Among its most famous exhibits are the Nebra sky disk (Unetice culture), the Eulau family graves (Corded Ware culture) and the Hornhausen rider stele (Francia).
Handel House Museum
The Handel House Museum is a museum in Mayfair, London dedicated to the life and works of the German-born baroque composer George Frideric Handel, who made his home in London in 1712 and eventually became a British citizen in 1727. Handel was the first occupant of 25 Brook Street, which he rented from 1723 until his death there in 1759. Almost all his works after 1723, amongst them many of his best-known operas, oratorios and ceremonial music, were composed and partially rehearsed in the house, which contained a variety of keyboard instruments, including harpsichords, a clavichord and a small chamber organ.
The museum was opened in 2001 by the Handel House Trust as the result of an initiative of the musicologist and Handelian Stanley Sadie in 1959. It comprises a carefully restored set of period rooms on the first and second floors of 25 Brook Street together with exhibition rooms in number 23, the adjacent house on the terrace.
Marktkirche Unser Lieben Frauen
The Marktkirche Unser Lieben Frauen ("Market Church of Our Dear Lady") in the city of Halle, Saxony-Anhalt was built between 1529 and 1554 and is the most recent of its medieval churches. In German, its official name is shortened to Liebfrauenkirche but it is also referred to as Marienkirche (St. Mary's Church) and the Marktkirche (Market Church).
The church was built between 1529 and 1554, replacing two former churches but keeping their towers. It is one of the most important buildings of the late Gothic period in central Germany. Its four towers, together with the Red Tower of the city hall, are the landmark of the city, hence its nickname "Stadt der fünf Türme" (City of the Five Towers).
Justus Jonas introduced the Reformation into Halle, and his friend Martin Luther preached. George Frideric Handel was baptized in the church and received his first organ lessons. Johann Sebastian Bach inspected the new organ, and his son Wilhelm Friedemann Bach was an organist. The important beginnings of both pietism and Enlightenment were connected to the church in Halle. Severely damaged in World War II, it was restored and is a historic monument.
The Moritzburg is a fortified castle in Halle (Saale), Germany. The cornerstone of what would later become the residence of the Archbishops of Magdeburg was laid in 1484; the castle was built in the style of the Early Renaissance and is one of the most imposing buildings of Halle today. Since the end of the 19th century it has housed an arts museum which is recognised of being of national importance.
The history of the Moritzburg is closely connected to that of Halle. Already in the 13th century powerful aristocrats could, by buying privileges, reduce the influence of the sovereign, the Archbishop of Magdeburg, on the town. Thus, Halle had practically reached a state of political autonomy in 1263.
In the 15th century a group of the important guilds formed an opposition and demanded representation in the city council, which was until then dominated by the urban aristocrats. In 1479, the opposition conspired with the sovereign and opened the gates of the city for the Archbishop's troops. After sparse resistance, Archbishop Ernest II. of Saxony, who was only 14 years of age at the time, moved into the town. As a consequence, the town lost its earlier gained freedoms and it was determined ein festes Schloss zu erbauen, um die Stadt besser in Gehorsam, Unterwürfigkeit und Ruhe zu erhalten: to build a castle in order to gain better control over the town and keep it obedient and quiet.
Botanische Garten der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg
The Botanische Garten der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg (4.5 hectares) is an arboretum and botanical garden maintained by the University of Halle-Wittenberg. It is located at Am Kirchtor 3 in the city of Halle, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, and open daily in the warmer months. An admission fee is charged.
The garden's origins can be traced back to 1698 when Frederick III, Prince Elector of Brandenburg donated parts of his hortus medicus to the university in Halle. By 1749 the garden contained 191 plants species. In 1787 it was enlarged to its present size by Karl Christoph von Hoffmann (1735-1801), university chancellor, in response to activities of garden directors Johann Reinhold Forster (1729-1798), who participated in Captain James Cook's second world expedition, and Philipp Jung Hans Caspar (1736-1798). Towards the end of the 18th century many greenhouses were constructed, and by 1825 the garden contained some 7,000 species. Its tropical greenhouse was built in 1872 with the Victoria greenhouse following in 1902. During the 20th century, additional modern green houses were built and old ones renovated, including the 1994 reconstruction of the Victoria greenhouse. The garden grounds also contain the former university observatory, designed by Carl Gotthard Langhans (1732-1808).
Today the garden contains about 12,000 species, including systematic collections of orchids, bromeliads, carnivorous plants, grass species (especially from the tribe Aveneae), Mammillaria (Cactaceae), Echinodorus (Alismataceae), and Cryptocoryne (Araceae). It also contains an important collection of Central Asian plants, especially from Mongolia, which is believed to be one of the largest such collections outside Russia and Mongolia, and preserves some rare and extinct plants with emphasis on the local region of Saxony-Anhalt, including Artemisia rupestris, as well as exotics such as Carlina diae (Asteraceae) from Crete and Sophora toromiro from the Easter Islands.
What is your insider travel tip for Halle an der Saale?
Travel Insider Tips for Halle an der Saale
Halle is the largest city in the German State of Saxony-Anhalt. It is also called Halle (Halle vacation rentals | Halle travel guide) an der Saale (literally Halle on the Saale river, and in some historic references simply Saale after the river) in order to distinguish it from Halle in North Rhine-Westphalia. The current official name of the city is Halle (Saale).
It is situated in the southern part of the state, along the river Saale which drains the surrounding plains and the greater part of the neighboring Free State of Thuringia located just to its south, and the Thuringian basin, northwards from the Thuringian Forest. Leipzig (Leipzig vacation rentals | Leipzig travel guide), one of the other major cities of eastern Germany, is only 40 km away.
Main Sights in Halle
- Giebichenstein Castle, first mentioned in 961, is west of the city centre on a hill above the Saale river.
- Moritzburg (Moritzburg vacation rentals | Moritzburg travel guide), a newer palace, was built in 1503. It was the residence of the archbishops of Magdeburg (Magdeburg vacation rentals | Magdeburg travel guide), was destroyed in the Thirty Years' War, and was then a ruin for centuries; rebuilt in 1904. Today it is an Art Gallery.
- The Cathedral, a steepleless building, was originally a church within a Dominican monastery (1271).
- Halle-Neustadt, most of it built in the 1960s, is situated in the west of Halle (Halle vacation rentals | Halle travel guide). The complex is an example of GDR socialist housing development, as well as an example of successful growth.
The Halloren-Werke, the oldest chocolate factory in Germany, was founded in 1804. Old documents are on display and a chocolate room can be visited at Delitzscher Street 70. The original "Halloren-Kugeln" are sold in a box of eighteen little pralines.
Salt, also known as White Gold, was extracted from four "Borns" (well-like structures). The four Borns/brine named Gutjahrwell, Meteritzwell, German Borne and Hackeborn, are located around the Hallmarket (or "Under Market"), now a market square with a fountain, just across from the TV station, MDR. The brine was highly concentrated and boiled in Koten, simple structured houses made from reed and clay. Salters, who wore a unique uniform with eighteen golden buttons, were known as Halloren.
Within East Germany, Halle's chemical industry, now mainly shut down, was of great importance. The two main companies were Buna and Leuna, and Halle-Neustadt (Halle Newtown) was built in the 1960s to accommodate the employees of these two factories.
Science and Culture
The University of Halle was founded here in 1694. It is now combined with the University of Wittenberg (Wittenberg vacation rentals | Wittenberg travel guide) and is called the Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg. The medical school there was founded by Friedrich Hoffmann (16601742), Hoffmann's anogyne or Hoffmanns Tropfen.
The famous Baroque composer Georg Friedrich Händel was born in Halle in 1685, where he spent the first 17 years of his life. The house where he lived is now a museum and houses an exhibition about his life. To celebrate the composer, Halle stages an annual Handel festival every June.
The German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina is one of the oldest and most respective scientific societies in Germany.
Halle accommodates Germany's oldest Evangelic Bible college, known as Marien Bibliothek, with 27,000 titles.
In the past Halle was a centre of German Pietism and played an important role in establishing the Lutheran church in North America, when Henry Muhlenberg and others were sent as missionaries to Pennsylvania in the mid 18th century. Henry Muhlenberg's son, Frederick Muhlenberg, who was the first Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, was a graduate of Halle University.
The Silver Treasure of the Halloren is displayed occasionally at the Technical Museum Saline, Mansfelder Street 52. It is a unique collection of silver and gold goblets dating back to 1266. The ancient craft of "Schausieden"( boiling of the brine) can be observed there too.
The Beatles Museum, Exhibition Beatles until 1970, is open from WedSun 10 AM 8 PM at Alter Markt 12.
The Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte houses the Nebra sky disk, a significant (though unproven) Bronze-age find with astrological significance.
Halle Zoo contributes to the EAZA breeding programme, in particular for the Angolan Lion and the Malaysian Tiger. Halle is also known for its thriving coypu (or nutria) population, which is native to South America.
Weather: according to Eurostat (Statistics in Focus 82/2008), Halle is the rainiest city in Europe with 266 rainy days per year.
[ source: Wikipedia ]
More about the History of Halle an der Saale
Halle's early history is connected with harvesting of salt. In fact the name Halle (Halle vacation rentals | Halle travel guide) may be derived from a Pre-Germanic word for salt. The name of the river Saale also contains the Germanic root for salt and salt-harvesting has taken place in Halle at least since the time of the Bronze Age.
The town was first mentioned in 806. It became a part of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg (Magdeburg vacation rentals | Magdeburg travel guide) in the 10th century and remained so until 1680, when Brandenburg-Prussia annexed it together with Magdeburg as the Duchy of Magdeburg. In 1815 it became part of the Prussian Province of Saxony.
After World War II Halle served as the capital of the short-lived administrative region of Saxony-Anhalt, this was until 1952 when the East German government abolished its "Länder" (States). As a part of East Germany (until 1990), it functioned as the capital of the administrative district ("Bezirk") of Halle. When Saxony-Anhalt was re-established as a Bundesland, Magdeburg became the capital.
Halle is the largest city in the German State of Saxony-Anhalt. It is also called Halle an der Saale (literally Halle on the Saale river, and in some historic references simply Saale after the river) in order to distinguish it from Halle in North Rhine-Westphalia. The current official name of the city is Halle (Saale).
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