[ source: Wikipedia ]

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Hamm Overview

Hamm is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), Germany. It is located in the northeastern part of the Ruhr area. As of December 2003 its population was 180,849. The city is situated between the A1 motorway and A2 motorway. Hamm railway station is an important hub for rail transport and renowned for its distinctive station building.

The name Ham means corner in the old Low German dialect spoken at that time. In the old times the name thom Hamme would be used, which evolved slowly into its modern form Hamm. The name derives from the description of the Hamm's location in the corner of the Lippe river and the narrow Ahse affluent, where it was founded on Ash Wednesday in March 1226 by Count Adolf I of the Mark.

In 2006 Hamm was the first city to accomplish a Ratsbürgerentscheid (citizens decision). Subject of the plebiscite was a plan to build a 43 ha city lake (2007-2010) near the city centre. 136,521 citizens were entitled to vote, 57,563 used that possibility and 56.9% refused their approbation for the project. As minimal vote 20% (of the total 136,521 voters) had to decide between one of the possibilities (20% for Yes or 20% for NO). The city council accepted the voting and stopped the plans. This procedure is planned for future projects in NRW. Also in Hamm established was the Baugerichtstag e. V. a society organizing a congress about the German building law. The congress is held in a two years term. Major industrial branches are the coal-mining industry, steel industry, chemical industry and the car component supplier industry.

Transportation

Hamm is linked to three motorways. The Bundesautobahn 1 (BAB 1 or A1, Puttgarden-Saarbrücken) named Hansaline with two connections No.81 and 82., the (BAB 2 or A2, Oberhausen-Berlin) with three connctions No.17,18 and 19 and the A445 (Hamm-Arnsberg) which is connected by the B63 until the planned construction between Hamm and Werl is completed. The Kamener Kreuz is situated in the southwest of Hamm. Two federal roads (Bundesstrassen) the B61 and B63 intersect in the city centre. Several state roads (Landesstrassen) are connecting Hamm with its neighbouring towns and municipalities.

Hamm has three stations, the main railway station Hamm (Westfalen) and two minor stations, one in Bockum-Hövel and the other one in Heessen. The main station is one of the biggest railway hubs in Germany, and connected with one of the greatest marshalling yards of Europe, the latter now only partly operating. Notable is the railway station for its Art deco and Gründerzeit inspired building styles. Hamm is connected to the rail since May 2, 1847.

The city bus net Hamm is served by the Stadtwerke Hamm, with 65 buses, and the Verkehrsgesellschaft Breitenbach. A regional bus service is served by different companies and both nets serve the central bus station, which is situated in front of the main railway station in the centre of Hamm. Hamm is part of the Verkehrsgemeinschaft Ruhr-Lippe. About 12 million people are using the bus net every year, transported by 50 bus lines with 500 bus stops within the city.

Hamm is the end of the Datteln-Hamm-Kanal, three ports are situated in the urban district. The city port, the canal end port Uentrop, and the port of Gersteinwerk. The ports of Hamm are the second biggest canal port by freight transact, 1,4 millions tons a year by ships and 0,5 million tons by train. The city port allows for ships up to 110 meters length 11,45 meters width and 2,7 meters draft. It is linked with the railway by a track to the near main railway station and the marshaling yard.

Near city centre, in the meadows of the River Lippe, the sport airfield Hamm is situated. Its runway is 900 m long and 30 m wide. The airfield is operated by the Luftsportclub Hamm e. V.. Hamm is situated in the middle of a triangle of three smaller International Airports, in the north the Münster (Münster vacation rentals | Münster travel guide) Osnabrück (Osnabrück vacation rentals | Osnabrück travel guide) International Airport (FMO) in the south-west Dortmund (Dortmund vacation rentals | Dortmund travel guide) Airport and in the east Paderborn (Paderborn vacation rentals | Paderborn travel guide) Lippstadt (Lippstadt vacation rentals | Lippstadt travel guide) Airport. The nearest greater International Airport is Düsseldorf (Düsseldorf vacation rentals | Düsseldorf travel guide) International Airport.

[ source: wikipedia ]

More about the History of Hamm

  • 1350 The Black death killed nearly all of the citizens. Only seven families survived.
  • 1469 Hamm became a member of the Hanseatic League. It was one of the most powerful towns in the region, while the large cities of the today's Ruhr area still were only tiny villages.
  • 1614 The Treaty of Xanten (Xanten vacation rentals | Xanten travel guide) ends the conflict about the heritage of Cleve-Mark, the Electorate Brandenburg (later Prussia) inherited the Ducal Cleve and the counties Ravensburg (Ravensburg vacation rentals | Ravensburg travel guide) and Mark (with Hamm)
  • 1618-1648 Thirty Years' War, Hamm was taken several times by different armed forces and had to endure changing garrisons. Almost all buildings were destroyed, except for the main church St. Georg (today: Pauluskirche) and St. Agnes church.
  • 1657 Establishment of the Gynasium illustre (later named Gymnasium Hammonense) with three faculties (theology, jurisprudence and philosophy).
  • 1753 Establishment of the regional court (Landgericht)
  • 1767 Märkische Kammerdeputation established
  • 1769 Brewery Isenbeck founded
  • 1787 Changing of the Märkische Kammerdeputation into the Märkische Kriegs- und Domänenkammer by the Prussian Generaldirektorium.
  • 1818 Hamm has 4,688 inhabitants.
  • 1820 The regional appeal court moves from Cleve to Hamm.
  • 1847 First train stops at the main station Hamm
  • 1853 Westfälische Union (later Thyssen Draht AG) was founded
  • 1856 Westfälische Draht Industrie was founded (later Klöckner Draht GmbH, today Westfälische Draht Industrie (WDI))
  • 1901 30,000 inhabitants, the district Hamm is split up into the urban district of Hamm (City) and the district of Unna (Unna vacation rentals | Unna travel guide).
  • 1901 Coal-mine de Wendel in Herringen starts mining (later Heinrich-Robert, now Bergwerk Ost) (first coal output 1904)
  • 1902 Coal-mine Maximilian in Werries/Ostwennemar starts mining (first coal output 1907)
  • 1905 Coal-mine Radbod in Bockum-Hövel starts mining (first coal output 1905)
  • 1912 Coal-mine Sachsen in Heessen starts mining (first coal output 1914)
  • 1914 Datteln-Hamm-Canal is completed including the new city port
  • 1938 The A2(motorway)reaches Hamm
  • 1939-1945 55 air raids destroy nearly 60% of the old city and leave only a few historical buildings.
  • 1944 Coal-mine Maximillian closes after several problems with water drainage of the hole mine (completely flooded in 1914).
  • 1945 First meeting of the city council after the war
  • 1946 Establishment of the industrial court and the industrial court of appeal by the Allied Control Council.
  • 1956 Sport airfield founded in the Lippe meadows.
  • 1965 A1(motorway)reaches Hamm.
  • 1976 Coal-mine Sachsen closes
  • 1984 First Landesgartenschau (horticultural show of the federal state) of North Rhine-Westphalia is held in Hamm. The old area of the coal-mine Maximillian was used for this purpose. The world greatest Glasselefant is built as main attraction and until today is one of the major landmarks of the city.
  • 1990 Coal-mine Radbod closes.
  • 2002 Consecration of the Sri Kamadchi Ampal-Temple
  • 2005 Establishment of the university of applied sciences "SRH Fachhochschule Hamm"

[ source: wikipedia ]

Hamm is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), Germany. It is located in the northeastern part of the Ruhr area. As of December 2003 its population was 180,849. The city is situated between the A1 motorway and A2 motorway. Hamm railway station is an important hub for rail transport and renowned for its distinctive station building.

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