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Popular Points of Interest in and near Harzgerode
[ source: Wikipedia ]
Anhalt Castle (German: Burg Anhalt) is a ruined medieval fortification near Harzgerode, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It stands on the Großer Hausberg, a hill situated between Meisdorf and Mägdesprung above the Selke valley in the Harz Mountains. It was built in around 1123 by Otto the Rich of nearby Ballenstedt. In 1140, the first castle was destroyed during a feud between the Archbishop of Magdeburg and Margrave Conrad of Meissen. The name of the state of Anhalt is derived from this castle.
After 1147, the Ascanian margrave, Albert the Bear, had the castle rebuilt. The new castle was one of the mightiest fortifications in the Harz region and remained occupied until about 1300. The scale of the castle was comparable to that of the Wartburg in Thuringia. The dry moat with its outer rampart (the Vorwall) that surrounded the castle, had a length of 543 metres. Architecturally it is interesting that this castle was built of brick, a material uncharacteristic of its time and the area.
From 1901 to 1907 excavations were carried out on the site of the ruins under the direction of the Brunswick surveyor, Brinckmann. All that remains of the castle today are a few wall sections from the chapel, living quarters and outbuildings, and the base of the bergfried, which is about three metres high.
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Travel Insider Tips for Harzgerode
Harzgerode's localities include: Alexisbad, Dankerode, Güntersberge, Königerode, Mägdesprung, Neudorf, Schielo, Silberhütte, Siptenfelde, and Straßberg.
Things to See in Harzgerode
Technisches Museum Carlswerk
Bergwerksmuseum "Grube Glasebach"
Evangelische Kirche St. Petrus and Paulus
[ source: wikipedia ]
More about the History of Harzgerode
The settlement was built in connexion with the Benedictine abbey of Hagenrode in the Selke valley, to which King Otto III granted market, minting and customs rights in 993. The following year the place was mentioned as Hazacanroth. It lost its minting rights by the 11th century, but its town rights were renewed in 1338.
With the renewed establishment Anhalt sovereignty in 1535, the town became the administrative centre of the double Amt for Harzgerode and Güntersberge. Around the same time Anhalt was split up again into separate principalities by the sons of Prince Joachim Ernest of Anhalt. As a result, the territory of the Ämter of Harzgerode / Güntersberge became the sixth Anhalt principality and Harzgerode became a residenz town. The seat of the princes was the Harzgerode castle, built in the middle of the 16th century. The town was the residence of the principality of Anhalt-Bernburg-Harzgerode from 1635 to 1709.
Heinrichsberg Castle is located near the town quarter of Mägdesprung, as are the ruins of Anhalt Castle which gave the entire state its name.
On 1 August 2009 the towns of Güntersberge and Harzgerode (with their villages of Alexisbad, Mägdesprung (Harzgerode)| and Silberhütte) together with the municipalities of Dankerode, Königerode, Schielo, Siptenfelde and Straßberg became part of the new borough of Harzgerode. On 1 September 2010 Neudorf (Harz) was also incorporated.
[ source: wikipedia ]
Harzgerode is a town in the district of Harz in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
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