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Travel Insider Tips for Helgoland
Heligoland is a small German archipelago in the North Sea. Formerly Danish and British possessions, the islands (population 1,650) are located in the Heligoland Bight (part of the German Bight) in the southeastern corner of the North Sea. They are the only German islands not in the immediate vicinity of the mainland and are approximately three hours' sailing time from Cuxhaven (Cuxhaven vacation rentals | Cuxhaven travel guide) at the mouth of the River Elbe.
In addition to German, the local population, who are ethnic Frisians, speak the Heligolandic dialect of the North Frisian language called Halunder. Heligoland was formerly called Heyligeland, or "holy land," possibly due to the island's long association with the god Forseti. Although culturally closer to North Frisia in the German district of Nordfriesland, the two islands are part of the district of Pinneberg (Pinneberg vacation rentals | Pinneberg travel guide) in the state of Schleswig-Holstein. The main island has a good harbour and is frequented mostly by sailing yachts.
Things to See in Heligoland
Lange Anna, a 47 m high freestanding rock, and populated by thousands of seabirds
Museum Helgoland mit James-Krüss-Museum
[ source: wikipedia ]
More about the History of Helgoland
n 1807, Heligoland was seized by the British during the Napoleonic Wars. It became a centre of smuggling and espionage against Napoleon. Thousands of Germans fled to Britain and to the King's German Legion via Heligoland. In 1826, Heligoland became a seaside spa and soon it turned into a popular tourist resort for upper-class people. The island also attracted artists and writers, especially from Germany and even Austria who enjoyed the freedom of the benignly ruled (British) island, including Heinrich Heine and August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben. It was a refuge for revolutionaries of the 1830 and 1848 German revolutions.
Helgoland has an important place in the history of the study of ornithology, and especially the understanding of migration. The book Heligoland, an Ornithological Observatory by Heinrich Gätke, published in German in 1890 and in English in 1895, described an astonishing array of vagrant birds on the island and was a major influence on the future studies of bird migration, in Britain in particular.
Heligoland is now a holiday resort and enjoys a tax-exempt status, as it is part of the EU but excluded from the EU VAT area and customs union, and consequently, much of the economy is founded on sales of cigarettes, alcoholic beverages and perfumes to tourists who visit the islands.
[ source: wikipedia ]
Helgoland is a small German archipelago in the North Sea. Formerly Danish and British possessions, the islands (population 1,650) are located in the Heligoland Bight in the southeastern corner of the North Sea. These islands are approximately three hours' sailing time from the city of Cuxhaven at the mouth of the River Elbe. In addition to German, the local population, who are ethnic Frisians, speak the Heligolandic dialect of the North Frisian language called Halunder. The main Helgoland island has a good harbor and is frequented mostly by sailing yachts. When in Helgoland, be sure to visit the lighthouse and Lange Anna, a 47-m high freestanding rock that is populated by thousands of seabirds.
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