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Popular Points of Interest in and near Königstein (Saxony)
[ source: Fortress website ]
Königstein Fortress (German: Festung Königstein), the
Saxon Bastille, is a famous historic mountaintop fortress near the town of Königstein. The fortress, which for centuries was used as a state prison and which is still intact, is one of Saxony's foremost tourist attractions, with 700,000 visitors per year. A castle since the mid-13th century situated on a prominent isolated rock, it originally belonged to the Kings of Bohemia, passing in 1408 to the Dukes of Saxony. Between 1516 and 1524, it included a monastery (Celestines), but it always remained a stronghold and a fortress with its own garrison; the fortifications were always updated and enlarged to meet the latest requirements of arms technology.
Because Königstein Fortress was regarded as unconquerable, the Saxon monarchs retreated to it from Wittenberg and later Dresden during times of crisis and also deposited the state treasure and many works of art from the famous Zwinger here; it was also used as a country retreat due to its lovely surroundings.
The imposing mountain fortress is not only a magnet for people interested in military history, but also for nature-lovers, who have a fantastic view of the picturesque Elbsandsteingebirge (Elbe Sandstone Mountains) and the foothills of the Osterzgebirge (East Ore Mountains) from the mile-and-a-half long fortified walls.
Hours: Open daily, April - September 9am - 8pm. October 9am - 6pm. November - March 9am - 5pm.
Admission: (including use of the lift and entrance to all exhibitions) Adults 6 €, Concessions 4 €. Guided tours are available.
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Königstein (Saxony) Overview
Königstein is a town in the Free State of Saxony in Germany. Königstein lies in the Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge District and has a population of 2,898 as of 2005. Near Königstein is the Festung Königstein fortress.
Königstein is located in the geographic region known as the Saxon Switzerland. The town lies in between Pirna (Pirna vacation rentals | Pirna travel guide) and the Czech border at the confluence of the Biela with the Elbe. Königstein was damaged during the flooding of the Elbe in 2002.
Things to See in Königstein (Saxony)
The four Steine of Königstein: Königstein, Lilienstein, Pfaffenstein, and Whorl
[ source: wikipedia ]
More about the History of Königstein (Saxony)
The town of Königstein was first mentioned in 1379 as a settlement near the castle of Königstein. It was named after a King of Bohemia, but eventually passed to the Saxon Margraves of Meißen. However, Königstein still retains the double-tailed lion of Bohemia in its coat of arms. During World War II the prisoner-of-war camp for Allied officers, Oflag IV-B, was located in the castle.
[ source: wikipedia ]
Located in the state of Saxony, Königstein lies in the Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge District and has a population of about 3,000 residents. This area is famous for its spectacular rock formations and its resemblance to the Swiss Alpine region. Near Königstein is the Königstein Fortress, a major destination for hikers and other tourists. The town is situated between Pirna and the Czech border at the confluence of the Biela River with the Elbe River. Königstein was damaged during the flooding of the Elbe in 2002.
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