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Popular Points of Interest in and near Magdeburg
Roman Catholic Diocese of Magdeburg
The Diocese of Magdeburg is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church located in the Germany. Its seat is Magdeburg; it is suffragan to the Archdiocese of Paderborn.
The Diocese was erected in 1994 out of territories belonging to the Archdiocese of Paderborn.
The Gruson-Gewächshäuser, more formally known as the Gruson-Gewächshäuser Magdeburg Exotische Pflanzensammlung, is a botanical garden located in greenhouses at Schönebecker Strasse 129 b, Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. They are open daily except Monday.
The garden was created by industrialist and plant collector Hermann Gruson, who upon his death in 1895 bequeathed his extensive succulent collection and 100,000 Marks to the city of Magdeburg. The greenhouses opened to the public in 1896, with a Victoria house added in 1910. The garden suffered severe damage in World War II, with virtually all glass broken, and the palm house completely destroyed. By the summer of 1945, however, its cactus and succulent house reopened, as did the tropical house. Other houses were gradually restored, with the palm house rebuilt in 1986.
Magdeburg Cathedral is the first Gothic-style cathedral on German soil and one of the largest church buildings in Germany. The origin of the cathedral can be traced back to 937 when Emperor Otto the First founded a monastery and dedicated it to St. Maurice. Today’s visitors of the Cathedral are usually impressed by the monumental, surprisingly light-flooded and stone-coloured interior which is almost completely devoid of colours. And yet the inner hall has many unique and internationally renowned original exhibits and pieces from nearly all eras of art. Spoils from the Ottonian predecessor, the tomb of Emperor Otto I, precious bronze grave markers, early Gothic sandstone sculptures including the famous figures of the Clever and Stupid Virgins, the beautifully crafted choir stalls of the canons dating back to the 14th century, Renaissance paintings of a rare quality as well as 20th-century art such as the famous war memorial designed by Ernst Barlach can be all admired in the Cathedral, to name just a few.
Hours: May - September: 10am to 6pm, April - October: 10am to 5pm, November - March: 10am to 4pm, Sunday: 11.30am to 6pm. Guided tours daily at 2pm and Sundays, Bank Holidays at 11:30am and 2pm.
Monastery of Our Lady (Unser Lieben Frauen Monastery)
The Monastery of Our Lady is considered the oldest surviving building in Magdeburg. The unique well-house, magnificent barrel-vaults and sublime monastery church with its slender towers all make up an architectural marvel which is the rightful centerpiece of all Romanesque buildings in Saxony-Anhalt. The Romanesque building hosts both the Magdeburg Art Museum and the Georg Philipp Telemann concert hall, cultural highlights that are always worth a visit. The surrounding area includes a sculpture park created in 1989.
Hours: Tuesday - Sunday 10am to 5pm. Guided tours on Saturday at 2:30pm.
The water-saving lock Rothensee and the longest canal bridge in Europe (918m) which spans the river Elbe, the double ship lift Hohenwarthe and the connecting canals are all part of a gigantic building project to connect the waterways of Hanover, Magdeburg and Berlin. Take advantage of a tour to the Waterway Junction to marvel at the many technical attractions. Open all year, free admission.
Millennium Tower in Elbauenpark
The Elbauenpark was created in the east of Magdeburg in 1999 in order to host the 25th Federal Garden Show. It has become one of the most beautiful and popular destinations within the region offering many attractions to its visitors. Visitors flock to the large park to enjoy the tropical butterfly house as well as the beautifully located Seebühne, a stage surrounded by a lake, and finally take a ride on the Panorama Railway to look at the park from above.
However, the ultimate highlight of the Park is the Millennium Tower which soars to 60m. It houses a unique exhibition which leads the visitors through 6000 years of history of human science and research. The tower, one of the highest wooden constructions in the world, has become one of the new landmarks of the city.
The annual main attractions include the Elbauennacht, a gigantic multimedia night-time event, the popular magic hot air balloon festival and a wide variety of open air events.
Hours: Elbauenpark: Summer 9am to 8pm, Winter: 10am to 4pm. Millennium Tower: April 22 - October 31, Tue-Sun, 10am to 6pm.
The Karst Trail (German: Karstwanderweg) is a marked and signed footpath that runs for over 250 kilometres between Förste in Lower Saxony and Pölsfeld in Saxony-Anhalt through the karst landscape of the South Harz in Germany.
The path runs past many areas of natural beauty, including caves like the Heimkehle and the Barbarossa Cave, sinkholes like the Juessee and the Schwimmende Insel, depressions, moor landscapes like the Teufelsbäder, karst springs like the Rhumequelle and the Teufelsloch, disappearing streams and subterranean rivers like the Bauerngraben and gypsum rocks.
Cathedral of Magdeburg
The Protestant Cathedral of Magdeburg (German: Magdeburger Dom), officially called the Cathedral of Saints Catherine and Maurice (German: Dom zu Magdeburg St. Mauritius und Katharina), is the oldest Gothic cathedral in Germany. It is the proto-cathedral of the former Prince-Archbishopric of Magdeburg. Today it's the principal church of the Evangelical Church in Central Germany. One of its steeples is 99.25 m (325 ft 7 in) tall, and the other is 100.98 m (331 ft 4 in), making it one of the tallest cathedrals in eastern Germany. The cathedral is likewise the landmark of Magdeburg, the capital city of the Bundesland of Saxony-Anhalt, and is also home to the grave of Emperor Otto I the Great.
The first church built in 937 at the location of the current cathedral was an abbey called St. Maurice, dedicated to Saint Maurice. The current cathedral was constructed over the period of 300 years starting from 1209, and the completion of the steeples took place only in 1520. Despite being repeatedly looted, the Cathedral of Magdeburg is rich in art, ranging from antiques to modern art.
The GETEC Arena (until 2011: "Bördelandhalle") is an indoor sporting arena located in Magdeburg, Germany. The capacity of the arena is 8,000 people. It is currently home to the SC Magdeburg handball team.
MDCC-Arena is a multi-purpose stadium in Magdeburg, Germany. It has been completed and opened to the public in December 2006, replacing the old Ernst-Grube-Stadion. It is mostly used for football matches and hosts the home matches of 1. FC Magdeburg.
The stadium is a fully covered football-only stadium, i.e. without an athletics track. It has a capacity of 27,250 people; of these a capacity of 4,800 is standing room. For all-seater matches the standing room can be converted to 2,650 seats, creating a capacity of 25,000. In addition, there are 15 boxes with a total of 180 seats as well as 430 business seats. The stadium also has 64 seats for persons with disabilities. Furthermore, 40 press seats are available. The maximum distance from the pitch is 32 meters. The floodlight is attached to the stadium's roof, as well as the two 30m2 screens. The pitch is 105 meters (115 yards) long and 68 meters (75 yards) wide, it has under-soil heating. Total cost of construction was 31 million Euros.
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Travel Insider Tips for Magdeburg
Magdeburg, the capital city of the Bundesland of Saxony-Anhalt, lies on the Elbe River and was one of the most important medieval cities of Europe. Emperor Otto I, the first Holy Roman Emperor, lived during most of his reign in the town and was buried in the cathedral after his death. Magdeburg's version of German town law, known as Magdeburg rights, spread throughout Central and Eastern Europe. The city is also well-known for the 1631 Sack of Magdeburg, which hardened Protestant resistance during the Thirty Years' War.
Things to See
- Magdeburg Cathedral
- Unser Lieben Frauen Monastery (Our Beloved Lady), 11th century, containing the church of St. Mary. Now a museum for Modern Art. Home of the National Collection of Small Art Statues of the GDR (Nationale Sammlung Kleinkunstplastiken der DDR).
- The Magdeburger Reiter ("Magdeburg equestrian", 1240), the first equestrian sculpture north of the alps. It probably shows Emperor Otto I.
- Town hall (1698). This building stood on the marketplace since the 13th century, but was destroyed in the Thirty Years' War; the new town hall was built in a Renaissance style influenced by Dutch architecture. It has been renovated and reopened in October 2005.
- Landtag; the seat of the government of Saxony-Anhalt with its Baroque facade built in 1724.
- Monuments depicting Otto von Guericke (1907), Eike von Repkow and Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben.
- Ruins of the greatest stronghold of the former Kingdom of Prussia.
- Elbauenpark containing the highest wooden structure in Germany.
- St. John Church (Johanniskirche)
- The Magdeburg Water Bridge, Europe's longest water bridge
- "Die Grüne Zitadelle" or The Green Citadel of Magdeburg, a large, pink building of modern architecture designed by Friedensreich Hundertwasser and completed in 2005.
- Jerusalem Bridge.
[ source: wikipedia ]
More about the History of Magdeburg
Founded by Charlemagne in 805 as Magadoburg (probably from Old High German magad 'maid, virgin']), the town was fortified in 919 by King Henry I the Fowler against the Magyars and Slavs. In 929 the city went to Edward the Elder's daughter Edith, through her marriage with Henry's son Otto I, as a Morgengabe a Germanic customary gift received by the new bride from the groom and his family after the wedding night. Edith loved the town and often lived there; at her death she was buried in the crypt of the Benedictine abbey of Saint Maurice, later rebuilt as the cathedral. In 937, Magdeburg was the seat of a royal assembly. Otto I also continually returned to it and was also buried in the cathedral. He granted the abbey the right to income from various tithes and to corvée labor from the surrounding countryside.
The Archbishopric of Magdeburg was founded in 968 at the synod of Ravenna; Adalbert of Magdeburg was consecrated as its first archbishop. The archbishopric under Tilly included the bishoprics of Havelberg, Brandenburg, Merseburg (Merseburg vacation rentals | Merseburg travel guide), Meissen (Meissen vacation rentals | Meissen travel guide), and Zeitz-Naumburg. The archbishops played a prominent role in the German colonization of the Slavic lands east of the Elbe river.
In 1035 Magdeburg received a patent giving the city the right to hold trade exhibits and conventions, the basis of the later family of city laws known as Magdeburg rights. These laws were adopted and modified throughout Central and Eastern Europe. Visitors from many countries begin to trade in Magdeburg. In 1118 a fire almost destroyed it. Magdeburger Reiter, 1240, the first equestrian statue north of the Alps
In the 13th century, Magdeburg became a member of the Hanseatic League. With more than 20,000 inhabitants Magdeburg was one of the largest cities in the Holy Roman Empire. The town had an active maritime commerce on the west (towards Flanders), with the countries of the North Sea, and maintained traffic and communication with the interior (for example Brunswick). The citizens constantly struggled against the archbishop, becoming nearly independent from him by the end of the 15th century.
In 1524 Martin Luther was called to Magdeburg, where he preached and caused the city's defection from Catholicism. The Protestant Reformation had quickly found adherents in the city, where Luther had been a schoolboy. Emperor Charles V repeatedly outlawed the unruly town, which had joined the Alliance of Torgau (Torgau vacation rentals | Torgau travel guide) and the Schmalkaldic League. Because it had not accepted the "Interim" (1548), the city, by the emperor's commands, was besieged (1550-1551) by Maurice, Elector of Saxony, but it retained its independence. The rule of the archbishop was replaced by that of various administrators belonging to Protestant dynasties. In the following years Magdeburg gained a reputation as a stronghold of Protestantism and became the first major city to publish the writings of Luther. In Magdeburg, Matthias Flacius and his companions wrote their anti-Catholic pamphlets and the Magdeburg Centuries, in which they argued that the Roman Catholic Church had become the kingdom of the Anti-Christ.
In 1631, during the Thirty Years' War, imperial troops under Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly, stormed the city and committed a massacre, killing about 20,000 inhabitants and burning the town in the sack of Magdeburg. The city had withstood a first siege in 1629 by Albrecht von Wallenstein. After the war, a population of only 400 remained. According to the Peace of Westphalia (1648), Magdeburg was assigned to Brandenburg-Prussia after the death of the current administrator, August of Saxe-Weissenfels, as the semi-autonomous Duchy of Magdeburg; this occurred in 1680.
In the course of the Napoleonic Wars, the fortress surrendered to French troops in 1806. The city was annexed to the French-controlled Kingdom of Westphalia in the 1807 Treaty of Tilsit. King Jérôme appointed Count Heinrich von Blumenthal as mayor. In 1815, after the Napoleonic Wars, Magdeburg was made the capital of the new Prussian Province of Saxony. In 1912, the old fortress was dismantled.
The city became capital of the Province of Magdeburg near the end of World War II. Magdeburg, then a city of about 340,000 inhabitants, suffered near total destruction from Allied firebombing. The impressive Gründerzeit suburbs north of the city, called the Nordfront, were destroyed as well as the city's main street with its Baroque buildings. It was the second most devastated city in Germany; only Dresden (Dresden vacation rentals | Dresden travel guide) suffered more. American and Soviet troops occupied the city; however, the Americans soon left, leaving the city under Soviet stewardship.
In the postwar years, many of the remaining pre-World War II city buildings were destroyed, with only a few buildings near the cathedral restored to their pre-war state. Prior to the reunification of Germany, many surviving Gründerzeit buildings were left uninhabited and, after years of degradation, waiting for demolition. From 1949 on until German reunification on 3 October 1990, Magdeburg belonged to the German Democratic Republic.
In 1990 Magdeburg became the capital of the new state of Saxony-Anhalt within reunified Germany. The city center was rebuilt almost exclusively in a modern style. In recent years, a community currency, the Urstromtaler, has gone into circulation alongside the euro.
[ source: wikipedia ]
Magdeburg, the capital city of the Bundesland of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, lies on the Elbe River and was one of the most important medieval cities of Europe. Emperor Otto I, the first Holy Roman Emperor, lived during most of his reign in the town and was buried in the cathedral after his death. Magdeburg's version of German town law, known as Magdeburg rights, spread throughout Central and Eastern Europe. The city is also well-known for the 1631 Sack of Magdeburg, which hardened Protestant resistance during the Thirty Years' War.
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