[ source: Wikipedia ]

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  • Maulbronn Monastery UNESCO World Heritage Site
    [ source: Wikimedia ]

    Maulbronn Monastery UNESCO World Heritage Site

    Kloster Maulbronn Monastery is one of the best preserved medieval monastery monuments north of the Alps. It is situated on the outskirts of Maulbronn and is separated from the town by fortifications. All schools of architecture and periods of development, from the Romanesque to Late Gothic periods, are found under one roof. It features prominently in Hermann Hesse's novel Beneath the Wheel. Kloster Maulbronn Monastery has been registered as a UNESCO's World Cultural Heritage site since December 1993. The justification for the inscription was as follows: The Maulbronn complex is the most complete survival of a Cistercian monastic establishment in Europe, in particular because of the survival of its extensive water-management system of reservoirs and channels.

    History

    Kloster Maulbronn monastery was founded in 1147 under the auspices of the first Cistercian pope, Eugenius III. The main church, built in a style transitional from Romanesque to Gothic, was consecrated in 1178 by Arnold, Bishop of Speyer. A number of other buildings — infirmary, refectory, cellar, auditorium, porch, south cloister, hall, another refectory, forge, inn, cooperage, mill, and chapel — followed in the course of the 13th century. The west, east and north cloisters date back to the 14th century, as do most fortifications and the fountain house or lavatorium.

    After the Reformation broke out, Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg, seized the monastery in 1504,[dubious – discuss] later building his hunting lodge and stables there. The monastery was pillaged repeatedly: first by the knights under Franz von Sickingen in 1519, then again during the German Peasants' War six years later. In 1534, Duke Ulrich secularised the monastery, but the Cistercians regained control — and Imperial recognition — under Charles V's Augsburg Interim. In 1556, Christoph, Duke of Württemberg, built a Protestant seminary, with Valentin Vannius becoming the first abbot two years later; Johannes Kepler studied there 1586–89.

    In 1630, the abbey was returned to the Cistercians by force of arms, with Christoph Schaller von Sennheim becoming abbot. This restoration was short-lived, however, as Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden forced the monks to leave again two years later, with a Protestant abbot returning in 1633; the seminary reopened the following year, however the Cistercians under Schaller also returned in 1634. Under the Peace of Westphalia, in 1648, the confession of the monastery was settled in favour of Protestantism; with abbot Buchinger withdrawing in process. A Protestant abbacy was re-established in 1651, with the seminary reopening five years later. In 1692, the seminarians were removed to safety when Ezéchiel du Mas, Comte de Mélac, torched the school, which remained closed for a decade.

    Hours: You can visit the Kloster Maulbronn Monastery from March 1 to October 31, daily from 9am - 5:30pm. November 1 to February 28, Tuesday to Sunday from 9:30am - 5pm.

    Admission: Adults 5 €, Concessions 2.50 €.



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Maulbronn Overview

Maulbronn is a city in the district of Enz in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.

The city consists of three districts: Maulbronn, Schmie, and Zaisersweiher. The districts are geographically identical with the former municipalities of the same name,that being a form of Maulbronn

Things to See in Maulbronn

Cistercian monastery Maulbronn

Various vineyards in the city

Stadtbahnhof Maulbronn

[ source: wikipedia ]

More about the History of Maulbronn

Founded in 1838, it emerged from a settlement, built about a monastery, which belonged to the Neckar Community in the Kingdom of Württemberg. In 1886, Maulbronn officially became a city and was an administrative center until 1938. The return of many displaced persons following the Second World War significantly raised the city's population.

Of particular note is the city's monastery, Maulbronn Abbey, which features prominently in Hermann Hesse's novel, Beneath the Wheel. The formerly Cistercian monastery has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1993.

Legend has it that the city was founded by monks who followed a mule to valley with a source of clean water. The valley was also blessed with large deposits of soft sandstone for building. The monks built the original abbey and erected a fountain to honor the mule. The cities name means mule fountain.

[ source: wikipedia ]

Maulbronn is a city in the district of Enz in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.

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