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- Cultural & History
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- Getting Around
- Local Events
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- Points of Interest
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Where can one get a great breakfast in the morning?
Are there any cultural highlights, museums?
Ideas for 2-3 activities and daytrips?
Good restaurants for dinner?
Typical tourist activities or places that one should NOT do, as they are not worthwhile doing.
Things can do to make it a fun and memorable evening?
How to get around and find best means of local transportation?
Where to find good quality groceries?"Hi! Where can I buy relatively cheap food (supermarkets or food shops) in Rumphorstweg or nearby?" (posted 06/01/2014)
Are there any special local events?
Are there any local food specialties one should try out?
What makes this destination special? Why should one spend some time here during vacation?"Good and bad places to live in Münster for a family with little children, aged 3 and 4. We are staying from August to November and are searching for a house for rental, please, any advice?" (posted 06/28/2014)
Is there a good local deli or restaurant with lunch menu?
Are there any points of interest or local attractions?
What are good places to go for shopping?
Any sporting activites and recommendations to stay active?
Questions around the weather, different seasons, ...
Popular Points of Interest in and near Münster
LWL Westphalian Museum of Natural History
The Museum of Natural History in Münster, which covers an area of approx. 4,000m², offers an insight into the world of stars, dinosaurs, Native Americans, mammoths, mammoth hunters and the history of mankind. Travel back in time to the Mesozoic era in the blink of an eye. Giant dinosaurs are on display, including the 16-metre-long skeleton of a Tyrannosaurus rex and the remains of dinosaurs that lived here 100 million years ago. In addition to important fossil finds, the museum also houses a number of impressive special exhibitions. The museum's planetarium takes visitors on a journey to the stars with a beautiful simulation of the night sky (separate admission).
Hours: Open Tuesday - Sunday 9am - 6pm.
Admission: Adults 3 €, Children 6-17 years 2 €, Children under 6 years free. Family ticket 8 €.
LWL Landesmuseum for Art and Cultural History
Since the founding of the museum in 1908, the atrium of the old building in the neo-Renaissance style is the aesthetic crown jewel of the house. The collections and special exhibitions of the Landesmuseum range widely, from medieval art to contemporary avant-garde. The Museum includes in its important historic collections of art from the early Middle Ages, medieval glass, baroque art, coin collections, and more.
Hours: Open Tuesday - Sunday 10am - 6pm, Thursday until 9pm.
Admission: Adults 2 € Children under 17 years free. Special exhibitions are an additional fee.
Münster CastleOn the west side of the old town of Münster is the palace of the Prince-Bishops built during 1767-73 and restored after destruction during the Second World War, which now houses the University of Westphalia. Beyond it lies the Schlossgarten, with the Botanical Garden. The castle is only viewable on the exterior.
[ source: Zoo website ]
All-Weather (Allwetter) Zoo
Over 3,300 animals and birds, including a walk-in aviary, white rhinoceros, elephants, African panorama, aquarium, and a freely accessible dolphinarium. There is also a Horse Museum, Hippomaxx.
Hours: Open daily from 9am; April - September until 6pm, October and March until 5pm, and November - February until 4pm.
Admission: Adults 12.50 €, Children and youths aged from 3 to 17 years 6.30 €, admission to the dolphinarium and the horse museum is extra.
Cathedral (Dom) of St Paul
To the west of Münster's Prinzipalmarkt, in the spacious Domplatz, is the Cathedral (Dom) of St Paul, the largest church in Westphalia. Built between 1225 and 1265, it is in a style transitional between Romanesque and Gothic. On the south side, in the porch (Paradies) of the west transept, are 13th C. figures of apostles and saints. Notable features of the interior, which is of impressive spatial effect, are the numerous tombs of bishops and canons (including Cardinal von Galen, d. 1946) and an astronomical clock (1540) on the wall of the choir. The chapterhouse has fine paneling. In the Domkammer are displayed a variety of objects from the diocese's thousand years of history.
The Leprosy Museum is located in Kinderhaus, just outside Münster. It is Germany's only museum documenting the history of the disease, how it is spread, and how it can be fought. Leprosy is one of the oldest and most horrendous afflictions known to man. With more than one million sufferers, mainly in Africa, Asia and Latin America, it remains a significant global health problem. The museum, itself a former leper house, is a window into the history of the disease in Münster. Alongside the exhibitions, you can see the workhouse, the provisor's house, the surrounding wall with hatch and the specially built Lazarus house, which contains stone sculptures of Lazarus, Gertrude of Nivelles (the patron saint of leprosy) and the Church of Saint Joseph. Only open on Sundays or by appointment, guided tours available.
Museum of Lacquer Art
The Museum of Lacquer Art was established by BASF Coatings AG in 1993. Housed in Münster's Gerling Villa, this unique collection boasts around 1,000 exhibits from more than two millennia, including works from East Asia, Europe and the Islamic World. The oldest items originate from China and Korea, where resin from the indigenous lacquer tree was used for decorative purposes as early as the 4th and 5th century BC. Later works on display include pieces from the 14th and 15th century AD. The museum also documents how the art form spread across the globe, with evidence provided by exhibits from 15th century Persia, which found their way to Europe via the Middle East.
Hours: • Tuesday 12 – 8pm, Wednesday - Sunday and on national holidays: 12 – 6pm.
Admission: Adults 3 €, Concession 2 €, Tuesdays are free for everyone.
Botanical GardenThe Botanischer Garten Münster (4.6 hectares) is a botanical garden maintained by the University of Münster. It is located directly behind the Prince Bishop's Castle, within the castle grounds and is open daily without charge. There are over 8,000 species and features include an artificial stream, meadow, and moor, an alpine garden, arboretum, orangerie, and medicinal garden.
Pinkus Müller is a German brewery based in the Northern Germany town of Münster. The Pinkus-Müller brewery traces its origins to the arrival of Johannes Müller (1792–1870) in Münster from his home town of Hildebrandshausen in 1816. After marrying Friederika Cramer they opened a bakery and a brewery. In 1866 the bakery was closed and a malthouse was opened instead. In the following hundred years the brewery and the pub were expanded. In 1993 a bottling plant was opened in the neighbouring city of Laer. It is the only brewery left in Münster from original 150 breweries.
Today, the fifth and sixth generation of the family operate the famous Pinkus-Müller Pub/Brewery. So dedicated to quality is Pinkus, that they are the world’s first brewery to brew with only organically grown barley malt and whole hop blossoms. Pinkus Brewery is certified organic by USDA-accredited ABCERT GmbH.
West German Audio Book Library for the Blind
The West German Audio Book Library for the Blind (German: Westdeutsche Blindenhörbücherei e. V.), abbreviated WBH, is a specialist library which produces and distributes audio books and periodicals for blind and partially sighted persons. It is the largest library of its kind in the German speaking world. The WBH supplies a nationwide network of libraries for the visually impaired, primarily in the western German states of North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate and the Saarland, but also to other states and abroad.
The WBH was founded in 1955 at the Public Library of Münster, Germany. Actors from the municipal theater recorded the first audio books in an improvised studio lined with egg cartons. Because trams rattled past during the day, these first productions took place at night. Later, texts were recorded by trained speakers, processed by the library, then distributed to users by mail. Until the 1970s recordings were on tape reels, then later compact tape cassettes. Since 2004, the offerings have been recorded in the DAISY Digital Talking Book MP3 standard, which allows visually impaired users to both listen and navigate written material. In 2009 the library's collection became exclusively digital as cassette tapes were no longer made available.
Today about 24,500 titles from the classics, mystery, biographies, nonfiction, plays and popular novels are available to users. Thirty professional freelance speakers record 350 new titles annually in the library’s own studio, which are then digitally mastered and cataloged. The WBH is legally permitted to record any book published in Germany for free, including such popular titles as Harry Potter. The library loans audio books on CD at no charge, while audio magazines and newspapers are made available on a subscription basis. Proof of visual impairment is required to access the library's services. In many places in Germany the local blind association helps users register.
Pablo Picasso Museum of Graphic Art
With about 800 of Pablo Picasso's lithographs, the Münster museum has one of the largest collections of Picasso's graphic art in the world. Since it opened in the year 2000, the museum has expanded its unique collection to include many prominent additions, among them works by Marc Chagall, Georges Braque and Henri Matisse.
Hours: Tuesday - Friday 11am - 6pm. Saturday, Sunday and holidays 10am - 6pm.
Admission: Adults 6 €, Concessions 4 €.
Botanischer Garten Münster
The Botanischer Garten Münster (4.6 hectares) is a botanical garden maintained by the University of Münster (Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster). It is located directly behind the Prince Bishop's Castle, within the castle grounds at 3 Schloßgarten, Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, and open daily without charge.
The garden was begun in 1803 by Freiherr vom Stein for the university's medical faculty, with first greenhouses built in 1804. From 1806-1815, during the occupation of Westphalia by French troops and the Congress of Vienna, its emphasis changed from medicinal plants to a primary focus on indigenous plants. Its first seed catalog issued in 1827, and its orangery was constructed in 1840. Noted botanist Carl Correns (1864-1933) directed the garden from 1909-1915, with the first tropical greenhouse built in 1935. The garden was severely damaged during World War II, with all its greenhouses destroyed. By 1952, however, the garden was partially restored and five greenhouses had been rebuilt. An artificial stream, meadow, and moor were created during the 1990s, and in 2005 a new medicinal garden added.
[ source: Münster Tourism Bureau ]
The Prinzipalmarkt is the oldest shopping street in Münster and is the center of the Old City. The tall, narrow houses with their steep gables and arched arcades on massive columns were originally built by wealthy investors. Generations of merchants have established their businesses along this remarkable street since the late 12th century. Even during the Middle Ages, the arcades made shopping possible in any weather condition. Destroyed in a bombing raid in 1943, the houses along the Prinzipalmarkt were rebuilt in the old style reflecting the street's quaint, old architecture and historic atmosphere. The Gothic gables of the City Hall and the Renaissance façade of the Stadtweinhaus (City Wine House) are almost exactly as they were during medieval times.
Westphalian State Museum of Art and Cultural History
The Westphalian State Museum of Art and Cultural History (LWL-Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte) is an arts and cultural museum in Münster, Germany.
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Travel Insider Tips for Münster
Münster is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the state and is considered to be the cultural centre of the Westphalia region and it is also capital of the government region Regierungsbezirk Münster. It is most well known as the location of the Anabaptist rebellion during the Protestant Reformation, as the site of the signing of the Treaty of Westphalia ending the Thirty Years' War in 1648 and as bicycle capital of Germany.
Münster gained the status of a Großstadt (major city) with more than 100,000 inhabitants in 1915. Currently there are around 270,000 people living in the city, with about 48,500 students of whom only a part are reflected by the official population statistics having their primary residence in Münster.
Münster's economy is mainly based on service companies and public administrations. Additionally, Münster is seat of eight universities and colleges as well as important courts such as the constitutional court and the higher administrative court for North Rhine-Westphalia.
Founded in 793 by Frisian Ludger, who gained episcopal consecration as the first bishop of the diocese Münster in 805. His successors held power over the largest clerical territory within the Holy Roman Empire until 1803.
Things to See
- St. Paul's Cathedral, built in the 13th century in a mixture of late Romanesque and early Gothic styles. It has been completely restored after WWII damage. It includes an astronomical clock of 1540, adorned with hand-painted zodiac symbols, which traces the movement of the planets, and plays a Glockenspiel tune every noon.
- The Prinzipalmarkt, the marketplace in the city centre with the Gothic town hall (14th century) in which the Peace of Westphalia treaty which put an end to the Thirty Years' War was signed in 1648.
- St Lambert's Church (1375), with three cages hanging from its tower above the clock face. In 1535 these cages were used to display the corpses of Jan van Leiden and other leaders of the Münster Rebellion, who promoted polygamy and renunciation of all property.
- The Schloss (palace), built 1767-87 as residence for the prince-bishops by the Baroque architect Johann Conrad Schlaun and Wilhelm Ferdinand Lipper. Now the administrative centre for the University.
- "Münster Arkaden" (2006), new shopping centre between Prinzipalmarkt and the Pablo Picasso Museum of Graphic Art.
- The fortress "Zwinger", build 1528. Used from the 18th to the 20th century as a prison. During World War II, the Gestapo used the "Zwinger" also for executions.
- "Krameramtshaus" (1589), an old guild house, which housed the delegation from the Netherlands during the signing of the Peace of Westphalia.
- Signal-Iduna Building (1961), the first high-rise building in Münster.
- LVM-Building, high-rise building near the Aasee.
- LBS-Building, location of Münsters first zoo. Some old structures of the former zoo can be found in the park around the office building. Also the "Tuckesburg", the strange looking house of the zoo-founder, is still intact.
- "Cavete", the oldest academic pub in Münster
- Haus Rüschhaus (1743-49), a country estate situated in Nienberge, built by Johann Conrad Schlaun for himself
- Stadthaus (1773)
- Erbdrostenhof (1749-53), a Baroque palace, also built by Schlaun
- Clemenskirche (1745-53), a Baroque church, also built by Schlaun
- Westphalian State Museum of Art and Cultural History
- University bible museum
- City Museum ("Stadtmuseum"), exhibition of a large collection showing the political and cultural history of the city from its beginning up to present, housed by a converted former department store
- University Mineralogical Museum
- Westphalian Horse Museum ("Hippomax")
- Mühlenhof open-air museum, depicting a typical Westphalian village as it looked centuries ago
- Westphalian Museum for Natural History, state museum and planetarium
- West Prussian State Museum ("Drostenhof Wolbeck")
- Museum of Lacquer Art (founded and operated by the company BASF Coatings)
- Pablo Picasso Museum of Graphic Art, the only museum devoted exclusively to the graphic works of Pablo Picasso
[ source: wikipedia ]
More about the History of Münster
In 793 Charlemagne sent out as missionary the Frisian Liudger (later canonized) to convert the Saxons with whom he had been battling, offering as headquarters his recently demolished Frankish stronghold of Mimigernaford ("ford over the Aa river"), at the crossroads of the road from Cologne (Cologne vacation rentals | Cologne travel guide) and the road to Frisia. Liudger was a product of Utrecht and the York school of Ethelbert, which produced many of the clerics who served in Charlemagne's chancelry. He built his church and cloister on the right bank of the Aa, on the height called the Horsteberg: it was the monastery ("monasterium") from which Münster derives its name. In 805 Liudger travelled to Rome to be ordained the first bishop of Münster, and soon founded a school (The Gymnasium Paulinum is believed to have been founded as the monastery school in 797). The combination of ford and crossroad, marketplace, episcopal administration center, library and school, established Münster as an important center.
In 1534 the Anabaptists (specifically the Melchiorites), led by John of Leiden, took power in the Münster Rebellion and founded a democratic proto-socialistic state. They claimed all property, burned all books except the Bible, and called it the "New Jerusalem". John of Leiden believed he would lead the elect from Münster to capture the entire world and purify it of evil with the sword in preparation of Jesus's Second Coming and the beginnings of a New Age. However, the town was recaptured in 1535; the Anabaptists were tortured to death, their corpses were exhibited in cages, which can still be seen hanging on the Tower of St. Lamberti's steeple.
The signing of the Peace of Westphalia of 1648 at Münster and Osnabrück (Osnabrück vacation rentals | Osnabrück travel guide) ended the Thirty Years' War and Eighty Years' War and was one of the foundations upon which modern Europe was built. It also guaranteed the future of the prince-bishop and the diocese; the area was to be exclusively Roman Catholic.
In 1780 the University of Münster (today called "Westphalian Wilhelms-University", WWU) was established, now a major European centre for excellence in education and research with large faculties in the arts, humanities, theology, sciences, business and law. Currently there are about 40,000 undergraduate and postgraduate students enrolled. In 1802 Münster was conquered by Prussia during the Napoleonic Wars. It became the capital of the Prussian province of Westphalia. A century later in 1899 the city's harbour started operations when the city was linked to the Dortmund-Ems Canal. With the spread of radio technology, in 1924 the radio and television organisation Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR) was set up in Münster's harbour area.
[ source: wikipedia ]
Münster is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the state and is considered to be the cultural centre of the Westphalia region. The city is most well known as the location of the Anabaptist Rebellion during the Protestant Reformation, as the site of the signing of the Treaty of Westphalia ending the Thirty Years' War in 1648, and as the bicycle "capital" of Germany. Münster's economy is mainly based on service companies and public administrations. Additionally, Münster is seat of eight universities and colleges as well as important courts such as the constitutional court and the higher administrative court for North Rhine-Westphalia. Sites to visit in Münster include the Pablo Picasso Museum of Graphic Art, the Prinzipalmarkt, St. Paul's Cathedral, St. Lambert's Church, and the Castle.
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