[ source: Wikipedia ]

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Travel Insider Tips for Neuss

Neuss Overview

Neuss is located on the west bank of the Rhine opposite Düsseldorf (Düsseldorf vacation rentals | Düsseldorf travel guide), and owes its success to its location at the crossing of historic and modern trade routes.

Things to See in Neuss

Botanischer Garten der Stadt Neuss, the city's botanical garden

Theater

  • Rheinisches Landestheater Neuss
  • Globe-Theater
  • Theaterkeller
  • Theater am Schlachthof

Museums

  • Clemens-Sels-Museum
  • Museum Insel Hombroich
  • Haus Rottels
  • „Historischer Rundgang“
  • Botanischer Garten
  • Kunst auf Selikum

Buildings

  • Quirinus-Münster
  • Marienkirche
  • Obertor
  • Blutturm
  • Römischer Wachturm am Reckberg
  • Kybele-Kultstätte
  • Nordkanal
  • Zum „Schwatte Päd“
  • Vogthaus „Haus zu den Hl. Drei Königen“
  • „Alte Kaffeehaus“
  • Marien-Kapelle
  • St. Sebastianus Kirche
  • Christuskirche

Regular Events

  • Neusser Bürger-Schützenfest
  • Hansefest
  • Internationale Neusser Sommernachtslauf
  • Neusser Karneval
  • Equitana Open Air

[ source: wikipedia ]

More about the History of Neuss

Neuss was founded by the Romans in 16 BC as a military fortification (castra) with the current city to the north of the castra, on the confluence of the rivers Rhine and Erft, with the name of Novaesium. Later a civil settlement was founded in the area of today's center of the town during the 1st century AD. Novaesium, together with Augsburg (Augsburg vacation rentals | Augsburg travel guide) (Augusta Vindelicorum) and Trier (Trier vacation rentals | Trier travel guide) (Augusta Treverorum), is one of the three oldest Roman settlements in Germany. 451 settled by Huns.

Neuss grew during the Middle Ages because of its prime location on several routes, by the crossing of the great Rhine valley, and with its harbour and ferry. During the 10th century, the remains of the martyr and tribune Saint Quirinus, not to be confused with the Roman god Quirinus, had been relocated to Neuss. This resulted in pilgrimage to the shrine of St. Quirinus even from countries beyond the borders of the Holy Roman Empire. Neuss was first documented as a town in 1138.

One of the main events in the town's history is the siege of the town in 1474–75 by Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, that lasted for nearly a year. The citizens of Neuss withstood the siege and were therefore rewarded by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III. The town was granted the right to mint its own coins and to carry the imperial coat of arms, the imperial eagle and the crown, in the town's own coat of arms. Neuss became a member of the Hanseatic League, although it was never accepted by the other members of the League.

Neuss regained its economic power in the 19th century, with expansion of the harbour in 1835, and increasing industrial activity. The city's boundaries were expanded in 1881. Neuss became part of the new state of North Rhine-Westphalia in 1946.

In 1968 the city's name was changed from Neuß to Neuss. In 1975 the town of Neuss and the district of Grevenbroich (Grevenbroich vacation rentals | Grevenbroich travel guide) were joined to form the district of Rhein-Kreis Neuss with a population of 440,000 and its seat of government in Neuss.

[ source: wikipedia ]

Neuss is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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