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Where can one get a great breakfast in the morning?"Where in Nuremberg can I buy fresh rolls in the morning or get a nice breakfast with coffee?" (posted 05/31/2014)
Are there any cultural highlights, museums?"I'm very interested in the history and culture of Nuremberg. Are there any cultural highlights or museums in Nuremberg that you can recommend?" (posted 06/04/2014)
Ideas for 2-3 activities and daytrips?"Can you recommend 2-3 ideas for day trips with interesting targets near Nuremberg? As we do not want to travel more than 2 hours (one way) we are looking for nearby attractions or points of interests that are worthwhile to visit. What is the best way to get there (car, bus, train?)" (posted 06/02/2014)
Good restaurants for dinner?"Can you recommend me 2-3 good local restaurants in Nuremberg where I can get a nice and tasty dinner?" (posted 06/01/2014)
Typical tourist activities or places that one should NOT do, as they are not worthwhile doing.
Things can do to make it a fun and memorable evening?
How to get around and find best means of local transportation?"How can I get around in Nuremberg and find the best means of local transportation? Is a car required?" (posted 07/01/2014)
Where to find good quality groceries?"Where can I shop for good quality groceries in Nuremberg? Do they also carry organic foods?" (posted 07/01/2014)
Are there any special local events?"Are there any special local or traditional events in Nuremberg that one should visit? When are those happening?" (posted 06/12/2014)
Are there any local food specialties one should try out?"Are there any local food specialties in Nuremberg one should try out?" (posted 05/31/2014)
What makes this destination special? Why should one spend some time here during vacation?"Why should someone do a vacation in Nuremberg? Can you possibly tell me 2-3 popular travel tips for Nuremberg, which everyone visiting Nuremberg should see? Also let me know 2-3 special insider travel tips for Nuremberg that a typical tourist may not know about, but that you can highly recommend. Thanks!" (posted 05/31/2014)
Is there a good local deli or restaurant with lunch menu?"Is there a good local deli or restaurant in Nuremberg where they serve a good lunch?" (posted 05/31/2014)
Are there any points of interest or local attractions?"Are there any special points of interests or local attractions in Nuremberg that you can recommend that are worthwhile visiting?" (posted 06/07/2014)
What are good places to go for shopping?"Where can I buy paintings from local artist in Nuremberg" (posted 04/06/2015)
Any sporting activites and recommendations to stay active?
Questions around the weather, different seasons, ...
Popular Points of Interest in and near Nuremberg
Nuremberg Toy Museum
The Toy Museum is a museum in Nuremberg, Bavaria. Located in a city famous for its toy-makers, it was founded in 1971, and is based on the toy collection of Lydia and Paul Bayer.
It is housed in a medieval building on four floors and shows toys reaching back to the Middle Ages.
Nuremberg Transport Museum
The Nuremberg Transport Museum (Verkehrsmuseum Nürnberg) is based in Nuremberg, Germany, and consists of the Deutsche Bahn's own DB Museum and the Museum of Communications (Museum für Kommunikation). It also has two satellite museums at Koblenz-Lützel (the DB Museum Koblenz) and Halle (DB Museum Halle). The Nuremberg Transport Museum is one of the oldest technical history museums in Europe.
In February 2007 the official name of the DB Museum became the Company Museum of the Deutsche Bahn AG (Firmenmuseum der Deutschen Bahn AG). It is a milestone on the European Route of Industrial Heritage (ERIH).
The Imperial Castle, symbol of Nuremberg, rises high above the city. The castle, where between 1050 and 1571 all Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation were in residence at least for some time, is one of the most important imperial palaces of the Middle Ages. The Palas (main building) with its sumptuously furnished Emperor's rooms, the Roman double chapel, the deep well, and the Sinwell Tower, as well as a comprehensive collection of weapons and utensils can be visited today.
Hours: Open daily April to September: 9am - 6pm, October to March: 10am - 4pm.
Admission: Combination ticket 6 €, concessions 5 €, free for children up to 18 years. Deep Well plus Sinwell Tower 3 €, concessions 2 Euros. Regular tours through the Museum every 1st Saturday of the month at 2:30pm for 1 €.
Craftsmen Courtyard (Handwerkerhof)
Right in the middle of Nuremberg's city, surrounded by the towers and walls of the medieval city fortification, the Crafts Yard (Handwerkerhof) invites Nuremberg' guests on an exciting stroll. This
little town near the Königstor, opposite the Main Railway Station offers traditional crafts and Franconian hospitality in a charming atmosphere. It is quite astonishing what you can discover in those little workshops, shops and lanes: craftsmen such as pewterers, bag-makers, glass engravers, potters, wax artists, gold and silversmiths, glass painters, gingerbread bakers and doll makers have set up their workshops and show their skills in pretty half-timbered houses.
Hospitality and cosy Franconian atmosphere can also be found in the Crafts Yard: the famous Nuremberg roast sausages and other savoury Franconian specialities are best washed down with a tankard of fresh Nuremberg beer or a glass of Franconian wine.
Hours: Shops: Monday to Friday 10am - 6pm, Saturday 10am - 4pm. Taverns: Monday to Saturday 10:30am - 10pm. Closed on Sundays and on public holidays. Open during the Christmas Market daily from 10am - 6pm. Please note that the area is closed from January until March 13.
Documentation Centre Party Rally Grounds
In 1933, the National Socialists decided that Nuremberg was to be the
City of the Party Rallies. They created a link between the Nazi movement and Nuremberg's glorious past as Free City of the Empire. This is why they staged the annual NSDAP party rallies here ever year in September, up until 1938. Designed by Albert Speer, in the city's southern districts, the
Party Rally Groundswere erected as a huge parade ground on an area of 24.5 hectares. Zeppelin Field and Zeppelin Grandstand, the unfinished Congress Hall and a large excavation intended for the planned German Stadium are what remains in the city, as the monstrous stone legacy left behind by this regime of terror.
The Documentation Centre Party Rally Grounds, includes the permanent exhibition
Fascination and Terrorwhich deals with the causes, contexts and consequences of the National Socialist rule of terror. The focus of the 19 exhibition areas is on topics which relate directly to Nuremberg, arranged in chronological order. Topics include the history of the party rallies, the buildings on the Party Rally Grounds, the
Nuremberg Racial Lawsof 1935, the
Nuremberg Trialof the main war criminals responsible for Nazi crimes in 1945 and the twelve follow-up trials.
A information system with 23 units gives on-the-spot information about the historical grounds, making individual tours of the former Party Rally Grounds possible.
Hours: Monday to Friday: 9 am - 6pm, Saturday and Sunday: 10am - 6pm, last admission 5pm.
Admission: Adults 5 €, Concessions 2.50 €, Families 5.50 € - 10.50 €.
Germanische Nationalmuseum (GNM)
The museum's collection comprises over 1.2 million objects, making it Germany's largest museum of cultural history, as well as the National Museum of the Federal Republic. A Carthusian monastry with cloister, church and monks' dwellings forms the architectural core of today's museum. The magnificent Schüsselfelder Ship, the sculpture of Veit Stoss and Tilman Riemenschneider and the only seven paintings by Albrecht Dürer still to be found in Nuremberg are stunning highlights of the art of the German world circa 1500.
Of particular appeal to visitors of all ages are the imposing suits of armor in the collection of historical weapons and armor, the toy collection with its rare and wonderful doll houses and one of the world's foremost collections of historical musical instruments.
Hours: Tuesday - Sunday: 10am - 6pm, Wednesday: 10am - 9pm.
Admission: Adults 6 € Concessions 4 €, Families 9 €.
[ source: Museum website ]
German Railway Museum (DB Museum im Verkehrsmuseum)
The DB Museum, opened in 1899 as Royal Bavarian Railway Museum, is Germany's oldest railway museum. Today, as museum of the Deutsche Bahn AG, together with the Museum of Communication, it forms the Nuremberg Traffic Museum. Exhibits include about 40 historic rail vehicles, among them the legendary Adler (Eagle) locomotive. In addition to numerous special exhibitions and events, the museum's main attraction is the
Experience Areaof 1,000 square metres.
Hours: Tuesday - Friday: 9am - 5pm, Saturday and Sunday: 10am - 6pm. During the Christmas Market and Toy Fair also open on Mondays from 9am - 5pm.
Admission: Adults 4 €, Concessions 3 €, Children (6-14) 2 €, Families (2 adults + 4 children) 8 €.
Albrecht Dürer's House
This house presents the residence and workplace of Germany's most famous artist Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528). Special attractions include a painting and printing workshop from Dürer's time, where various artistic techniques are demonstrated. The lady of the house herself, Agnes Dürer, guides visitors through her house by audio-guide (in five languages), telling them much about the everyday life in this artist's household. By special request, she even appears in person (played by an actress) to guide grown-ups or children through the house.
Hours: Tuesday - Sunday: 10 am - 5pm, Thursday: 10am - 8pm, July to September and during the Christmas Market also Monday: 10am - 5pm.
Admission: Adults 5 €, Concessions 2.50 €, Families 5.50 € - 10.50 €.
Nuremberg Zoo, with its craggy sandstone and century-old trees, surrounded by idyllic marsh and meadow landscapes, is one of Europe's largest and most beautiful zoos. About 2000 animals from 300 species are presented in near-natural surroundings. In addition, Nuremberg Zoo can boast the only Dolphin House in Southern Germany. Seven dolphins and five sea lions can be seen here at close quarters.
Hours: Mid March to early October: 8am - 7:30 pm. Early October to mid March: 9am - 5pm.
Admission: Adults 8.50 €, Concessions 7 €, Children 4.20 €, Family card 20 €. Extra fees for entrance to the Dophinarium.
St. Lorenz Church
St. Lorenz is one of the most important medieval churches of the former free imperial city of Nuremberg. It is dedicated to Saint Lawrence. The building of this basilica in high gothic style started between 1243 and 1315. The western façade between the two steeples is decorated with a rosette window and can be dated via the joint coats of arms of Charles IV and his third wife Anna von Schweidnitz who were married in 1353. It was badly damaged during the Second World War and later rebuilt. The interior contains important works of art, including numerous epitaphs, stone and wooden sculptures, and most remarkably the tabernacle by Adam Kraft (1493/96), the Annunciation with corresponding chandelier by Veit Stoß (1517/18), the Deocarus Altar (1437) and the Krell Altar (1483). The choir of the church, which is also called
St. Laurentiusin texts on Gothic Architecture, was started in 1445 by medieval master mason Konrad Roriczer.
Hours: Monday - Saturday: 9am - 5pm, Sunday: 1pm - 4pm.
St. Sebaldus Church
Along with Frauenkirche (Our Lady's Church) and St. Lorenz, St. Sebaldus Church (St. Sebald, Sebalduskirche) is one of the most important churches of the city, and also one of the oldest. It is located at the Albrecht-Dürer-Platz, in front of the old city hall. It takes its name from Sebaldus, an 8th century hermit and missionary and patron saint of Nuremberg. It has been a Lutheran parish church since the Reformation.
Building work for the first late Romanesque pillared basilica started in 1230/40. The church was awarded the title of
Parish Churchas early as in 1255. It can be assumed that the church was completed by 1274/75. In the mid 17th century, the church interior was re-styled in the Baroque manner and galleries were added. After comprehensive damage during World War II, reconstruction started and in some sections is still continuing today. The exterior is richly decorated with sculptures. The most remarkable pieces are the Schreyer-Landauer epitaph by Adam Kraft (1490/92) and the various portals.
The rich interior dates back to the 14th to 16th century, including the Shrine of St. Sebaldus, works by Veit Stoß and the glass painting on the windows. Most works of art were endowed by Nuremberg Patrician families.
Hours: January - March 9am - 4:30pm. April and May: 9:30am - 6pm. June - September 15: 9:30am - 8pm. September 16 - December: 9:30am - 6pm.
Frauenkirche (Our Lady's Church)
Emperor Charles IV had the Church of Our Lady (Frauenkirche) built here between 1355 and 1358 on the site of the destroyed synagogue of the former Jewish quarter (pogrom in 1349). It was the first Gothic hall church in Franconia, constructed as an Imperial court chapel with three aisles. Its builder was presumably Peter Parler, the master builder of the Prague St Vitus' Cathedral. In 1361, on the occasion of the baptism of the heir to the throne, the Imperial Crown Jewels were displayed here for the first time. The
Running Menclockworks (daily at noon), created in 1509 by Sebastian Lindenast and Georg Heuß, is reminiscent of the proclamation of the Golden Bull of 1356: seven electors pay homage to Emperor Charles IV sitting on the throne.
The main altar is the
Tucher Altarwhich was the high altar in the Augustine Church up until 1487. The epitaphs, most of which are from the Dominican's and the Augustine's churches, include works by Adam Kraft (Peringsdörfer epitaph) and by Michael Wolgemut. In 1816, the Church of Our Lady's was given to Nuremberg's Catholic congregation.
Hours: Monday to Thursday and Saturday: 9am - 6pm. Friday: 9am - 5pm. Sunday and holidays: 12:30 - 6:30pm.
The Germanisches Nationalmuseum is a museum in Nuremberg, Germany. Founded in 1852, it houses a large collection of items relating to German culture and art extending from prehistoric times through to the present day. With current holdings of about 1.2 million objects, the Germanisches Nationalmuseum is Germany's largest museum of cultural history.
Formerly the Germanisches Museum, it was founded by a group of individuals led by the Franconian baron, Hans von und zu Aufsess, whose goal was to assemble a "well-ordered compendium of all available source material for German history, literature and art".
The buildings incorporate the remaining structures of the former Nuremberg Charterhouse, dissolved in 1525 and used for a variety of secular purposes until in 1857 what was left of the premises, by then badly dilapidated, was given to the Museum.
City walls of Nuremberg
The Nürnberg City walls surrounding the old town of Nuremberg in Bavaria, Germany. Built between 12th and 16th centuries they run for 5 kilometers (about 4 kilometers still standing) around the old town.
German Steam Locomotive Museum
The German Steam Locomotive Museum (Deutsches Dampflokomotiv-Museum) or DDM is located at the foot of the famous Schiefe Ebene ramp on the Ludwig South-North Railway in Neuenmarkt, Upper Franconia. This region is in northern Bavaria, Germany. The DDM was founded in 1977.
The museum is in the former locomotive shed (Bahnbetriebswerk) at Neuenmarkt-Wirsberg station. It comprises a 15-road roundhouse, a turntable, water cranes, a coaling facility and a Ruge coal crane in a newly built 'old fashioned' working coal yard.
Documentation Center Nazi Party Rally Grounds
The Documentation Center Nazi Party Rallying Grounds (German: Dokumentationszentrum Reichsparteitagsgelände) is a museum in Nuremberg. It is in the north wing of the unfinished remains of the Congress Hall of the former Nazi party rallies. Its permanent exhibition "Fascination and Terror" is concerned with the causes, connections, and consequences of Nazi Germany. Topics that have a direct reference to Nuremberg are especially taken into account. Attached to the museum is an education forum.
The Kunsthalle Nürnberg is an art centre founded in 1967, near the city centre. It organizes exhibitions by contemporary international artists in its galleries in Nuremberg. The Kunsthalle commissions new work by a majority of the artists it works with.
Neues Museum Nürnberg
Neues Museum Nürnberg is a museum for modern and contemporary art and design in Nuremberg, Germany. It was opened in April 2000.
What is your insider travel tip for Nuremberg?
Travel Insider Tips for Nuremberg
Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. It is situated on the Pegnitz river and the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal and is Franconia's largest city. It is located about 170 kilometers north of Munich (Munich vacation rentals | Munich travel guide).
Things to See
The southern part of the old town, known as Lorenzer Seite, is separated from the north by the river Pegnitz and encircled to the south by the city walls.
- Nuremberg Castle: three castles tower over the city, including the central burgraves' castle, with Free Reich's buildings to the east and the Imperial castle to the west.
- Heilig-Geist-Spital. In the center of the city, on the bank of the river Pegnitz, stands the Hospital of the Holy Spirit. Founded in 1332, this is one of the largest hospitals of the Middle Ages. Lepers were kept here at some distance from the other patients. It now houses elderly persons and a restaurant.
- Hauptmarkt, which provides a picturesque setting and famous market for gingerbread. Nuremberg's star attraction is the Gothic Schöner Brunnen (Beautiful Fountain) which was erected around 1385 but subsequently replaced with a replica (the original fountain is kept in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum). The unchanged Renaissance bridge Fleischbrücke crosses the Pegnitz nearby.
- The following churches are located inside the city walls: St. Sebaldus Church, St. Lorenz, Frauenkirche (Our Lady's Church), Saint Klara, Saint Martha, Saint Jakob, Saint Egidien, and Saint Elisabeth.
- Gothic St Lorenz-Kirche (St. Lorenz church, St. Lorenz), one of the most important buildings in Nuremberg. The main body was built around 1270-1350.
- The church of the former Katharinenkloster is preserved as a ruin, the Cartause is integrated into the building of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum and the choir of the former Franzikanerkirche is part of a modern building.
- The Walburga Chapel and the Romanesque Doppelkapelle (Chapel with two floors) are part of Nuremberg Castle.
- The Johannisfriedhof is a medieval cemetery, containing many old graves (Albrecht Dürer, Willibald Pirckheimer, and others). The Rochusfriedhof or the Wöhrder Kirchhof are near the Old Town.
- The Tiergarten Nürnberg is a zoo stretching over more than 60 ha in the Nürnberger Reichswald. It is the home of Flocke, an orphan polar bear cub who in 2008 became a major attraction and a figure of a large publicity campaign for Nuremberg's metropolitan region.
- There is also a medieval market just inside the city walls, selling handcrafted goods.
- The German National Railways Museum (an Anchor Point of ERIH, The European Route of Industrial Heritage) is located in Nuremberg.
- The Nuremberg Ring (now welded within an iron fence) is said to bring good luck to those that touch it.
[ source: wikipedia ]
More about the History of Nuremberg
From 1050 to 1571, the city expanded and rose dramatically in importance due to its location on key trade routes. It is often referred to as having been the 'unofficial capital' of the Holy Roman Emperor, particularly because Reichstage (Imperial Diets) and courts met at Nuremberg Castle. The Diets of Nuremberg were an important part of the administrative structure of the empire. In 1219 Nuremberg became an Imperial Free City under Emperor Frederick II. Nuremberg soon became, with Augsburg, one of the two great trade centers on the route from Italy to Northern Europe.
In 1298, the Jews of the town were accused of having desecrated the host and 698 were slain in one of the many Rintfleisch Massacres. Behind the massacre in 1298 was also the desire to combine the northern and southern parts of the city, which were divided by the Pegnitz River. Jews had been settled in that flood-prone area, but as the city leaders realized, this center of town was crucial to its future development. Hence, the Jewish population had to be removed. This area is now the place of the City Market, Frauenkirche and Rathaus (City Hall).
Early modern age
The cultural flowering of Nuremberg, in the 15th and 16th centuries, made it the center of the German Renaissance.
In 1525, Nuremberg accepted the Protestant Reformation, and in 1532, the religious Peace of Nuremberg, by which the Lutherans gained important concessions, was signed there. In 1632 during the Thirty Years' War, the city, occupied by the forces of Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, was besieged by the army of Imperial general Albrecht von Wallenstein. The city declined after the war and recovered its importance only in the nineteenth century, when it grew as an industrial center.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century Nuremberg was practically bankrupt. In 1806 with the Holy Roman Empire formally being dissolved, Nuremberg passed to Bavaria. The Bavarian state took over the city's debts and guaranteed their amortization.
The first German railway, from Nuremberg to nearby Fürth, was opened in 1835.
Nuremberg held great significance during the Nazi Germany era. Because of the city's relevance to the Holy Roman Empire and its position in the centre of Germany, the Nazi Party chose the city to be the site of huge Nazi Party conventionsthe Nuremberg rallies. The rallies were held annually from 1927 to 1938 in Nuremberg. After Hitler's rise to power in 1933 the Nuremberg rallies became huge state propaganda events, a center of Nazi ideals. At the 1935 rally, Hitler specifically ordered the Reichstag to convene at Nuremberg to pass the anti-Semitic Nuremberg Laws which revoked German citizenship for all Jews. A number of premises were constructed solely for these assemblies, some of which were not finished. Today many examples of Nazi architecture can still be seen in the city. The city was also the home of the Nazi propagandist Julius Streicher, the publisher of Der Stürmer.
During World War II, Nuremberg was the headquarters of Wehrkreis (military district) XIII, and an important site for military production, including airplanes, submarines, and tank engines. A subcamp of Flossenbürg concentration camp was located here. Extensive use was made of slave labour. The city was severely damaged in Allied strategic bombing from 1943-1945. On January 2, 1945, the medieval city centre was systematically bombed by the Royal Air Force and the U.S. Army Air Forces and about ninety percent of it was destroyed in only one hour, with 1,800 residents killed and roughly 100,000 displaced. In February 1945, additional attacks followed. In total, about 6,000 Nuremberg residents are estimated to have been killed in air raids. Despite this, the city was rebuilt after the war and was to some extent, restored to its pre-war appearance including the reconstruction of some of its medieval buildings.
Between 1945 and 1946, German officials involved in the Holocaust and other war crimes were brought before an international tribunal in the Nuremberg Trials. The Soviet Union had wanted these trials to take place in Berlin, but Nuremberg was chosen as the site for the trials for specific reasons:
- It was located in the American occupation zone
- The Palace of Justice was spacious and largely undamaged (one of the few that had remained largely intact despite extensive Allied bombing of Germany). The already large courtroom was reasonably easily expanded by the removal of the wall at the end opposite the bench, thereby incorporating the adjoining room. A large prison was also part of the complex.
- The city had been the location of the Nazi Party's Nuremberg rallies and the laws stripping Jews of their citizenship were passed there. There was symbolic value in making it the place of Nazi demise.
- As a compromise, it was agreed that Berlin would become the permanent seat of the International Military Tribunal and that the first trial (several were planned) would take place in Nuremberg. Due to the Cold War, subsequent trials never took place.
The same courtroom in Nuremberg was the venue of the Nuremberg Military Tribunals, organized by the United States as occupying power in the area.
[ source: wikipedia ]
About 170 kilometers north of Munich, Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg), Bavaria, is located in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. Nuremberg is situated on the Pegnitz River and the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal, and is Franconia's largest city with more than 500,000 residents. The Nuremberg city walls, built between the 12th and 16th centuries, surround the old town of Nuremberg. Given its age, it is no surprise that Nuremberg is rich with historical, cultural, and other attractions. Key points of interest include the world famous Nuremberg Castle, Nuremberg Zoo, Germany’s largest museum of cultural history (Germanische Nationalmuseum), Albrecht Durer’s house, Nuremberg Toy Museum, one of the largest hospitals of the Middle Ages (the Heilig-Geist-Spital), the Craft Yard, Nuremberg State Theatre, Nuremberg Symphony Orchestra, the Documentation Center, Nazi Party Rallying Grounds, and several very important churches, including the Frauenkirche and St. Lorenz and St. Sebaldus churches.
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