[ source: Wikipedia ]

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Previously asked Oppenheim questions and answers:

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"Hello ~ how close are you to heidelburg and other castles? My daughter and I have friends in Oppenheim and three days to spend between time in Paris and time in Milan with family. Would it be worth it to travel from Paris (and should we fly or train?) to Oppenheim to stay with the friends and then what is the best route by train to get to Milan (or should we fly to Milan?). My daughter of course would love to see the big beautiful castles -- but I know she'd love heidelburg too. " (posted 05/15/2015)

Hello! Heidelberg and other castles are about 100km away from us. Heidelberg lies on the river Neckar and we at the beautiful Rhine. Distance is but very high for a short stay. Greetings from Oppenheim
Answer provided by Klaus Schreder on 05/20/2015
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Travel Insider Tips for Oppenheim

Oppenheim Overview

The town lies on the Upper Rhine in Rhenish Hesse between Mainz (Mainz vacation rentals | Mainz travel guide) and Worms (Worms vacation rentals | Worms travel guide). It is the seat of the Verbandsgemeinde of Nierstein-Oppenheim.

In Oppenheim, wine was given hefty publicity by Mayor Dr. Heinz Scheller after he took office in 1935: For him, the only suitable city for sponsoring the town’s wine was none other than the capital, Berlin (Berlin vacation rentals | Berlin travel guide). The town of Ansbach (Ansbach vacation rentals | Ansbach travel guide) and the city of Osnabrück (Osnabrück vacation rentals | Osnabrück travel guide) followed. To revive this wine sponsorship and to give thanks for the commitment to the town of Oppenheim, the Governing Mayor of Berlin, Klaus Wowereit, was “knighted” on 11 March 2006 by Mayor Marcus Held, earning the title Wine Knight (Weinritter).

Things to See in Oppenheim

Saint Catherine’s Church (Katharinenkirche) with its stained glass (the Oppenheim Rose), the most outstanding Gothic ecclesiastical building on the Rhine between Cologne (Cologne vacation rentals | Cologne travel guide) and Strasbourg

Landskron Castle’s ruins (lovely view over the Rhine rift an of the other church buildings in Oppenheim, also a venue for festival plays and other cultural events)

The Old Town with its marketplace

Town Hall from 1621 (and before it a column from Landskron Castle’s hall, which reputedly came from the Ingelheim Imperial Palace)

Former town fortifications with Gautor, Rheintorpforte, clocktower and town wall remnants, and unique museums

Oppenheimer Kellerlabyrinth (“Oppenheim Cellar Labyrinth”) under the Old Town. On changing levels underground passageways, stairways and rooms link the houses and facilities with each other. In the Old Town’s heart, about where the Town Hall is, are all together roughly 650 m of cellar passageways open to visitors and largely preserved in their historical state. It is believed, though, that even what has been opened to the public is only about 3% of the total cellar area. The exact extent of the underground passageways is still not known with any great certainty, despite investigations commissioned by the town, but the length is at least 40 km. Guided tours through this unique underground labyrinth are offered all year by the town’s tourism and festival play bureau. There are likewise town tours and night watchman tours.

Town Museum and the underground labyrinth, is the German Viticultural Museum (Deutsches Weinbaumuseum) with the region’s oldest winepress from the Geistermühle, a centuries-old mill in Flonheim.

[ source: wikipedia ]

More about the History of Oppenheim

In 765, the Frankish village had its first documentary mention in the Lorsch (Lorsch vacation rentals | Lorsch travel guide) codex in connection with a donation by Charlemagne to the Lorsch Abbey, to which in 774 further parts of Oppenheim eventually went. In 1008, Oppenheim was granted market rights. In October 1076 Oppenheim earned special importance in the Investiture Controversy. At the princely session of Trebur and Oppenheim, the princes called on King Henry IV to undertake the "Walk to Canossa". After Oppenheim was given back to the Empire in 1147, it became in 1225 a Free Imperial City during the Staufer emperor Frederick II’s time. At this time, the town was important for its Imperial castle and the Burgmannen who lived there.

In the 14th century, the town was pledged to Electoral Mainz (Mainz vacation rentals | Mainz travel guide), and beginning in 1398 it belonged to the territory of Electoral Palatinate. In 1621, the Oppenheim town chronicle reports a meteorite impact on the edge of town that unleashed a great fire in which the Oppenheim Town Hall was almost utterly destroyed. The Electoral Oberamt archive, too, was lost in the fire, and so it was moved to Mainz.

On 14 September 1620, Spanish troops overran the town in the Thirty Years' War. The Spaniards occupied Oppenheim until 1632. In 1688, French troops overran the town in the Nine Years' War (1688-1697). On 31 May 1689, Landskrone Castle and the town were utterly destroyed by the French under General Mélac. Until 1797, Oppenheim remained an Electoral Palatinate holding. After being in French hands, Oppenheim passed in 1816 to the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt. It remained Hessian until 1945.

[ source: wikipedia ]

Oppenheim is a town in the Mainz-Bingen district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. The town is well known as a wine town, the site of the German Winegrowing Museum and particularly for the wines from the Oppenheimer Krötenbrunnen vineyards.

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