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Popular Points of Interest in and near Oranienburg

  • Oranienburg Palace
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Oranienburg Palace

    Oranienburg Palace (German: Schloss Oranienburg) is a schloss located in the town of Oranienburg in Germany. It is the oldest Baroque schloss in the Margraviate of Brandenburg and built in a Dutch style.

  • Oranienbaum, Germany
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Oranienbaum, Germany

    Oranienbaum (help·info) is a former town and a former municipality in the district of Wittenberg, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. Since 1 January 2011, it is part of the town Oranienbaum-Wörlitz. It is situated south of the Elbe, east of Dessau.

    The former settlement of Nischwitz was renamed in 1673 after Countess Henriette Catherine of Nassau, a scion of the House of Orange-Nassau (Dutch: Oranje-Nassau) and princess consort of the then ruling Prince John George II of Anhalt-Dessau. From 1683 on she had the Oranienbaum Palace erected according to plans by the Dutch architect Cornelis Ryckwaert. The parks are today included into the Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2000.



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Travel Insider Tips for Oranienburg

Oranienburg is a town in Brandenburg, Germany. It is the capital of the district of Oberhavel.

Oranienburg is a town in Brandenburg, Germany. It is the capital of the district of Oberhavel.

Geography

Oranienburg is a town located on the banks of the Havel river, 35 km north of the centre of Berlin.

[ source: wikipedia ]

More about the History of Oranienburg

The original name of Oranienburg was Bötzow. The town was founded in the 12th century and was first mentioned in 1216. Albert the Bear is believed to have ordered the construction of a castle on the banks of the Havel. Around the castle there was a settlement of traders and craftsmen.

In 1646, Friedrich Wilhelm I of Brandenburg married Louise Henriette of Orange-Nassau (German: Oranien-Nassau). She was so attracted by the town of Bötzow, that her husband presented the entire region to her. The princess ordered a new castle to be built in the Dutch style and called it Oranienburg or Schloss Oranienburg. In 1653, the town of Bötzow was renamed Oranienburg.

One of the first Nazi concentration camps was built in Oranienburg in 1933. In 1935 it was replaced by the Sachsenhausen concentration camp which continued to operate until the end of the Nazi regime; 100,000 people were killed in Sachsenhausen before the liberation of the camp by the Soviet Red Army in 1945.

Oranienburg was also the center of Nazi Germany's nuclear energy project and according to military historian Antony Beevor, the launching of the Battle for Berlin by Stalin was motivated by his desire to acquire that facility.[2] It has also been claimed that the preemptive destruction of these facilities by the USAAF Eighth Air Force on March 15, 1945, was done so as to prevent it from falling into Soviet hands.

[ source: wikipedia ]

Oranienburg is a town in Brandenburg, Germany. It is the capital of the district of Oberhavel.

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