[ source: Wikipedia ]

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Pforzheim Overview

Pforzheim is a town of nearly 119,000 inhabitants in the state of Baden-Württemberg, southwest Germany at the gate to the Black Forest. It is world-famous for its jewelry and watch-making industry. Because of that it gained the nickname "Goldstadt" or Golden City. It has an area of 98 km² and is situated between the cities of Stuttgart (Stuttgart vacation rentals | Stuttgart travel guide) and Karlsruhe (Karlsruhe vacation rentals | Karlsruhe travel guide) at the confluence of three rivers (Enz, Nagold (Nagold vacation rentals | Nagold travel guide) and Würm) and marks the frontier between Baden and Württemberg, being located on Baden territory. Pforzheim is located on the Bertha Benz Memorial Route.

Pforzheim is located at the northern rim of the eastern part of the Black Forest (Schwarzwald) and the rim of the hilly country of the Kraichgau, in an open valley at the confluences of the rivers Würm and Nagold and the rivers Nagold and Enz. Due to its location, this city is also called the "three-valleys town" (Drei-Taeler Stadt) or the "Gateway to the Black Forest" (Pforte zum Schwarzwald / Porta Hercinia). The early settlement (in fact much earlier than the current centers Stuttgart and Karlsruhe) by the Romans, who constructed a ford through the river, shortly past the confluence of the three rivers, for their military highway, is also due to this extraordinary geography. Due to this location, Pforzheim later on became a center for the timber-rafting trade which transported timber from the Black Forest via the rivers Wuerm, Nagold, Enz and then the Neckar and Rhine to, among other destinations, the Netherlands for use in shipbuilding.

Things to See in Pforzheim

Municipal Theater of Pforzheim (opera, operetta, musical, drama)

Archeological Site Kappelhof - Roman and medieval excavation objects

Civic Museum Eutingen

Museum on the German Democratic Republic (former east Germany)

The Center of Fellow-Countrymen Associations (Landsmannschaften; especially those from eastern Europe)

The Pforzheim Minerals Museum

The Pforzheim Gallery (paintings)

Reuchlinhaus

The House of Culture Osterfeld (Osterfeld vacation rentals | Osterfeld travel guide) (a sociocultural center: theater, music, dance, cabaret, musical, arts, exhibitions etc.)

The Old and New City Hall

The Archive Building (Archivbau)

The Copper Hammer (Kupferhammer; a traditional water-powered sledge hammer which was used for metal forming)

The Enz Flood-Plains Park (Enzauenpark; a park to walk, play or cycle along the river Enz)

[ source: wikipedia ]

More about the History of Pforzheim

A settlement was established by Roman citizens at the Enz river near the modern Altstädter Brücke (old town bridge) in 50 AD. Archeological surveys have unearthed several items from that period which are kept and displayed in the Kappelhof Museum. The settlement was located where the Roman military road connecting the military camp Argentorate (nowadays Strasbourg in France) and the military camp at Cannstatt (now a suburb of Stuttgart) at the Upper Germanic Limes border line of the Roman Empire crossed the Enz river. This place was known as Portus (river crossing, harbor), which is believed to be the origin of the first part of the city's name "Pforzheim". A Roman milestone (the so-called 'Leugenstein') from the year 245 and later excavated at nowadays Friolzheim shows the exact distance to 'Portus'; it is the first document about the settlement.

After major bombing in World War II, Pforzheim was gradually rebuilt, giving Pforzheim a quite modern look. In September 1951 the Northern Town Bridge (Nordstadtbrücke) was inaugurated (the ceremony was attended by then Federal President Prof. Dr. Theodor Heuss). Jahn Bridge followed in December 1951, Werder Bridge in May 1952, the rebuilt Goethe Bridge in October 1952, and the rebuilt Old Town Bridge was inaugurated in 1954.

[ source: wikipedia ]

Pforzheim is a town of nearly 119,000 inhabitants in the state of Baden-Württemberg, southwest Germany at the gate to the Black Forest. It is world-famous for its jewelry and watch-making industry. Because of that it gained the nickname "Goldstadt" or Golden City. It has an area of 98 km² and is situated between the cities of Stuttgart and Karlsruhe at the confluence of three rivers (Enz, Nagold and Würm) and marks the frontier between Baden and Württemberg, being located on Baden territory. Pforzheim is located on the Bertha Benz Memorial Route.

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