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Where can one get a great breakfast in the morning?
Are there any cultural highlights, museums?
Ideas for 2-3 activities and daytrips?
Good restaurants for dinner?
Typical tourist activities or places that one should NOT do, as they are not worthwhile doing.
Things can do to make it a fun and memorable evening?
How to get around and find best means of local transportation?
Where to find good quality groceries?
Are there any special local events?
Are there any local food specialties one should try out?
What makes this destination special? Why should one spend some time here during vacation?"We 3 adults, 1 child ( 4 yr) planning to visit Rugen Island for 2/3 days. We will travel from frankfurt to Hamburg 1st & then after a few days from Hamburg to Rugen Island by train only. Please advise a 2 day travel things at rugen island keeping in mind we have to depend on public transport there." (posted 08/06/2014)
Is there a good local deli or restaurant with lunch menu?
Are there any points of interest or local attractions?
What are good places to go for shopping?
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Questions around the weather, different seasons, ...
Popular Points of Interest in and near Rügen
A gord is a medieval Slavonic fortified settlement, also occasionally known as a burgwall or Slavic burgwall after the German name for these sites. The ancient peoples were known for building wooden fortified settlements. The reconstructed Centum-satem isogloss word for such a settlement is g'herdh, gordъ, related to the Germanic *gard and *gart (as in Stuttgart etc.). This Proto-Slavic word (*gordъ) for town or city, later differentiated into grad (Cyrillic: град), gard, gorod (Cyrillic: город), etc.
Similar strongholds were built during the late Bronze and early Iron Ages by the people of the Lusatian culture (ca. 1300 BC – 500 BC), and later in the 7th - 8th centuries CE in modern-day Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic and eastern Germany. These settlements were usually founded on strategic sites such as hills, riverbanks, lake islands or peninsulas.
A typical gord was a group of wooden houses, built either in rows or in circles, surrounded by one or more rings of walls made of earth and wood, a palisade and/or moats. Some gords were ring-shaped, with a round, oval or occasionally polygonal fence or wall surrounding a hollow. Others, built on a natural hill or a man-made mound, were cone-shaped. Those with a natural defense on one side, such as a river or lake, were usually horseshoe-shaped.
Jasmund National ParkThe Jasmund National Park is a nature reserve in the northeast of Rügen island. It is famous for the largest chalk cliffs of Germany, the so called Königsstuhl (king's chair). These cliffs are up to 161 m high above the Baltic Sea. This landscape was formed during the ice age, when mile high glaciers tore massive blocks of chalk from under the earth’s surface and propelled them into vertical positions. Strata of other materials dating back to the same prehistoric era are found pressed between the chalk blocks. The undisturbed beech forests behind the cliffs are also part of the national park.
Kings Chair (Koenigsstuhl) National Park Visitors Center
Directly on the Koenigsstuhl (Kings Chair), a major landmark of Ruegen, the visitors center offers a 2,000sqm exhibition which, combining natural elements with modern technology, reveals the secrets of the Jasmund National Park . During your
trip through timea lot of exciting exhibits awaits you, to touch and try, giving an astonishing insight in the history of this area. Take a walk beside the Baltic Sea, track down mice and badgers underground or enchant yourselves to experience in the mirror wood…
Flyaround the Jasmund national park in 15 minutes from an eagle’s perspective via the multi-vision-cinema. There is also an adventure course outside.
Hours: Easter - October 31: open daily 9am - 7pm. November 1 - Easter open daily 10am - 5pm.
Admission: Adults 6 €, Children 6-14 years) 3 €, Family Card 12 €, Children under 6 years are free.
The Racing Roland - Rügensche Kleinbahn
The Racing Roland, one of Rügen's main attractions, is a steam-powered narrow gauge railway that runs from Putbus by way of Binz and Baabe to Göhren . It serves several holiday destinations, mainly the bathing resorts in Rügen's Southeast.
Pricing: Depending on length of journey, prices range from 1.60 € - 8 € for Adults, and .80 € - 4 € for Children. Family cards range from 3.20 € - 16 €.
Castle Ralswiek (Schloss Ralswiek)
This Neo-Renaissance castle was built in 1893 for Graf Douglas, and is distinguished by its extraordinary exterior. But it is well worth taking a look inside the castle too, as the original decor has largely been preserved. The well-known Art Nouveau painter and architect, Henry van de Velde also contributed to the design.
Restored to its original splendour, the castle re-opened in the spring of 2002 as a fully operational hotel and restaurant. The abundant variety of flora makes the castle grounds one of the island’s horticultural sensations. Standing on the flight of steps, surveying the open-air stage of the famous Störtebeker Festspiele and the great Jasmund bodden landscape, you can’t help feeling like the grand old dukes of yore.
Castle Spyker (Schloss Spyker)
This sturdy fortress looks back on 750 years of history, which makes it the oldest extant secular building on the island of Rügen. Castle Spyker was the home of the legendary General Field Marshal Carl Gustav Graf von Wrangel und zu Salmis, in the service of the Swedish crown, later to become the General Governor of Pommerania. The worthy count lived, worked and died here between the years of 1648 -1676. He made his castle into the little gem it is today, rebuilding it in the lines of another of his castles at Gripsholm. It has certainly played its part in the history books. Even today, the castle's hallmark red facade is reflected in the blue waters of Lake Spyker in the middle of the dreamlike landscape of the Jasmund Bodden. In 1652, C. G. v. Wrangel had the early baroque stucco ceiling built into the
bel-étagefirst floor. This is the only such ceiling on the Baltic coast, and the beauty of the sculptures combining Greek mythology with scenes from rural life never fails to astonish. Today the castle serves as a hotel and conference/concert venue.
Putbus - Rügen's "white city"
Putbus was founded by Count and Lord, later Prince and Lord Wilhelm-Malte zu Putbus as his town of residence. Wilhelm-Malte also introduced sea bathing to Germany at Lauterbach which is about 2 km from Putbus. The former Schloss was destroyed by the East German régime after World War II but its orangery and stables survive in the very beautiful park. The town is also notable for the small theatre and the Crown Prince's residence (now a tourist office and museum). The town is connected to the rest of Rügen by the narrow gauge steam railway known as Rasender Roland and by good roads and cycle tracks.
The former royal residence with its 29 little districts stretches all along the Rügen Bodden. As ordered by Prince Wilhelm Malte in the days of yore, eight local elders and protectors of historical monuments are charged with the task of ensuring the classic look of the city centre is preserved.
The whitewashed houses with their rose bushes are a treat for the eye. The Prince had intended Putbus to become his official summer residence and a spa town of note.
A visit to the theatre in Putbus is an absolute must. Built in 1819 and extensively renovated in 2002, the theatre is once again open for business.
Putbus park is a further attraction, complete with mellow hills covered in fruit trees, rolling lawns and meandering paths, an orangerie, a church, the royal family’s mausoleum, the Rosencafe and much more.
Ernst Moritz Arndt Tower (Rugard Turm)
The way from the market square up to the highest point in Bergen , the thickly wooded Rugard, is a beautiful walk. The Ernst Moritz Arndt-tower is 27 metres high and has a glass cupola. The tower was built in honour of one of the most famous sons of Rügen, the poet and historian Ernst Moritz Arndt. The tower was finished in 1877, with donations from the local population. A winding staircase twists up 80 stairs to the three panorama platforms and the glass cupola. The view from this height of 118m sweeps across vast stretches of the island, and right out to sea.
Between 700 and the middle of the 12 century, there was a Slavic fort on the Rugard. The foundations of this fortress have been preserved to this day. The Rugard is a very popular tourist attraction with a busy café at the foot of the tower.
Rügen's neighboring island of Hiddensee has preserved some of the charm that attracted so many artists, writers, actors, thinkers and scientists in the first half of the 20th century. Breathtaking landscape, a beach that stretches as far as the eye can see, and NO CARS! A ferry crosses to and fro between the island and Schaprode on Rügen, several times a day, all year round. The island can be explored by foot, bicycle, or horse and carriage hires. Restaurants, shopping, and cultural attractions can be found by visiting Hiddensee's website.
The Jaromarsburg was a cult site for the Slavic tribe of Rani dedicated to the god Svantovit and used from the 6th to the 12th century. It was located on the northeastern tip of the German Baltic Sea island of Rügen near Cape Arkona, and was protected on two sides by the cliffed coast and from the land side by a Slavic burgwall. The name of the temple hill is derived from the Rani prince, Jaromar I, who became a vassal of the Danish king, Valdemar I in 1168 after the Rügen was conquered by Denmark.
At Cape Arkona in recent centuries, sections of the cliff tops have continually collapsed into the sea, which is why the remnants of the Jaromarsburg today mainly comprise the castle ramparts. Based on a loss of 10 to 20 metres per century, it is believed that the current area within the ramparts represents only a third of the original total. As a result for several years urgent archaeological excavations have taken place, which have uncovered the site of the Svetovid temple, which had been thought for a long time had been lost to coastal collapse. It is a rectangular area that was completely free of artifacts, but to find around which, however, articles were discovered that may have been offerings, including parts of broken weapons. This is consistent with the historical account by Saxo Grammaticus, who states that the priests inside the temple were not even allowed to breathe within its confines, so as not to defile it.
Binz is the largest seaside resort on the German island of Rügen. It is situated between the bay of Prorer Wiek and the Schmachter See in the southeast of the island. To the north of Binz stretches the Schmale Heide (the "narrow heath"), a tongue of land which joins the Muttland region of Rügen to the Jasmund peninsula. The land to the south and east of Binz is hilly, reaching a height of over 100 metres above sea level.
Binz lies on the eastern coast of the island of Rügen between the bay of Prorer Wiek and the lake of Schmachter See. North of Binz is the Schmale Heide, a neck of land that links the Muttland - Rügen's central region - with the peninsula of Jasmund. East and south of the municipality, the land is rolling, in the southeast, in the Granitz, the land climbs to just over 100 m above sea level. The resort of Prora belongs to Binz.
Sassnitz (German pronunciation: [ˈzasnɪts]) (before 1993 in German: Saßnitz) is a town on the Jasmund peninsula, Rügen Island, in the Federal State of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. The population as of 2007 was 10,747.
It is a well-known resort town, and is a gateway to the nearby Jasmund National Park with its unique chalk cliffs. Sassnitz is home of Rügen's only zoo, the Sassnitz Wildlife Park. The decommissioned British submarine HMS Otus was purchased by a German entrepreneur and towed to Sassnitz to be a floating museum. Sassnitz area is most popular for its famous chalk rocks (Kreidefelsen) which inspired artists like Caspar David Friedrich.
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Travel Insider Tips for Rügen
Rügen or Rugia is Germany's largest island. It is located in the Baltic Sea off the coast of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Rügen makes up the vast part of the Rügen District, which also includes the neighboring islands Hiddensee and Ummanz, as well as several small islands. Rügen is located in one of the most popular holiday and recreation areas within Germany, comprising such seaside resorts as Binz and Sellin (Sellin vacation rentals | Sellin travel guide) and has more tourists per resident than any other location in Germany.
Rügen is one of the most requested holiday destinations in Germany. The island has many popular seaside resorts along the eastern coast, such as Binz, as well as quieter locations in the west. Several of the holiday resorts are accessible via a historic narrow gauge railway employing steam locomotives, called Rügensche Kleinbahn. Tourists come both to enjoy the beaches and to explore the island's diverse landscape.
The most popular locations are Binz, Sellin, Sassnitz (Sassnitz vacation rentals | Sassnitz travel guide) and Bergen (Bergen vacation rentals | Bergen travel guide) auf Rügen as well as Cape Arkona (Cape Arkona vacation rentals | Cape Arkona travel guide).
[ source: Wikipedia ]
Things to See in Rügen
Popular seaside resorts are the Schaabe beaches between Altenkirchen and Juliusruh, including Drewoldke, Glowe (Glowe vacation rentals | Glowe travel guide) and Breege, and the eastern beaches between Sassnitz (Sassnitz vacation rentals | Sassnitz travel guide) and Göhren (Göhren vacation rentals | Göhren travel guide), including Neu Mukran, Prora (Prora vacation rentals | Prora travel guide), Binz, Sellin (Sellin vacation rentals | Sellin travel guide), and Baabe. The latter are accessible via a historic narrow gauge railway employing steam locomotives, called Rügensche Kleinbahn.
Wood covered Stubbenkammer hills on Jasmund with interesting chalk cliff formations and the wood covered Granitz hills with the Jagdschloß palace
More about the History of Rügen
Many traces of their life can be found today. Rügen became a Slavic principality, stretching from the Recknitz to the Ryck River, with the political center in the ancient town of Charenza, and a religious center in the fortified temple of Svantevit at Cape Arkona (Cape Arkona vacation rentals | Cape Arkona travel guide), the northernmost point of Rügen. In 1168 the area was conquered by Denmark and became the Danish Principality of Rugia. The principality underwent Christianisation and German settlement in the course of the Ostsiedlung. The former monarchs became Danish princes of Rügen. In 1325, Rügen was inherited by the Duchy of Pomerania.
Rügen was a part of Swedish Pomerania from 1648 to 1815; afterwards it became a part of the Prussian Province of Pomerania. In 1816 the first bathing resort was founded at Putbus (Putbus vacation rentals | Putbus travel guide). Later more resorts were established, and Rügen remained the most famous holiday resort of Germany until World War II.
In 1936 the first bridge connecting Rügen (Rügendamm, recently with a second bridge, Rügenbrücke) with the mainland was constructed, replacing the former ferry shuttles. The Nazis added a large resort: Prora (Prora vacation rentals | Prora travel guide), planned by the Strength Through Joy organisation, which aimed to occupy people's free time. However, Prora was never completed. Rügen was a major summer holiday destination in the German Democratic Republic. Rügen remained a holiday island after German reunification; it has now surpassed Sylt (Sylt vacation rentals | Sylt travel guide) as the most popular German island again.
Rügen or Rugia is Germany's largest island. It is located in the Baltic Sea off the coast of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Rügen is located in one of the most popular holiday and recreation areas within Germany, comprising such seaside resorts as Binz and Sellin and has more tourists per resident than any other location in Germany.
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