[ source: 43046 ]

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Travel Insider Tips for Salzburg

Salzburg (/ˈsɔːlzˌbɜrɡ/, /ˈsɔːltsˌbɜrɡ/, /ˈsɑːlzˌbɜrɡ/, /ˈsæltsˌbɜrɡ/, /ˈzɑːltsˌbɜrɡ/ or /ˈzæltsˌbɜrɡ/; German pronunciation: [ˈzalt͡sbʊɐ̯k] ( listen); Austro-Bavarian: Såizburg; literally: "Salt Fortress") is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg.

Salzburg (/ˈsɔːlzˌbɜrɡ/, /ˈsɔːltsˌbɜrɡ/, /ˈsɑːlzˌbɜrɡ/, /ˈsæltsˌbɜrɡ/, /ˈzɑːltsˌbɜrɡ/ or /ˈzæltsˌbɜrɡ/; German pronunciation: [ˈzalt͡sbʊɐ̯k] ( listen); Austro-Bavarian: Såizburg; literally: "Salt Fortress") is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg.

Salzburg's "Old Town" (Altstadt) has internationally renowned baroque architecture and one of the best-preserved city centres north of the Alps. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. Host to three universities and a large population of students, Salzburg is noted for its attractive setting and scenic Alpine backdrop.

Salzburg was the birthplace of 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. In the mid‑20th century, the city was the setting for parts of the musical and film The Sound of Music.

Geography

Salzburg is on the banks of the Salzach River, at the northern boundary of the Alps. The mountains to Salzburg's south contrast with the rolling plains to the north. The closest alpine peak, the 1,972‑metre-high Untersberg, is less than 16 kilometres from the city centre. The Altstadt, or "old town", is dominated by its baroque towers and churches and the massive Festung Hohensalzburg. This area is surrounded by two smaller mountains, the Mönchsberg and Kapuzinerberg, which offer green relief within the city. Salzburg is approximately 150 km east of Munich, 281 km northwest of Ljubljana, Slovenia, and 300 km west of Vienna.

Climate

Salzburg is part of the temperate zone. The Köppen climate classification specifies the climate as continental (Dfb). Due to the location at the northern rim of the Alps, the amount of precipitation is comparatively high, mainly in the summer months. The specific drizzle is called Schnürlregen in the local dialect. In winter and spring, pronounced foehn winds regularly occur.

[ source: wikipedia ]

More about the History of Salzburg

Traces of human settlements have been found in the area dating to the Neolithic Age. The first settlements at Salzburg were apparently begun by the Celts around the 5th century BC.

Around 15 BC the separate settlements were merged into one city by the Roman Empire. At this time the city was called Juvavum and was awarded the status of a Roman municipium in 45 AD. Juvavum developed into an important town of the Roman province of Noricum. After the collapse of the Norican frontier, Juvavum declined so sharply that by the late 7th century it had become a "near ruin".

The Life of Saint Rupert credits the 8th-century saint with the city's rebirth. When Theodo of Bavaria asked Rupert to become bishop c. 700, Rupert reconnoitered the river for the site of his basilica. Rupert chose Juvavum, ordained priests, and annexed the manor Piding. Rupert named the city "Salzburg". He traveled to evangelise among pagans.

The name Salzburg means "Salt Castle". It derives its name from the barges carrying salt on the Salzach River, which were subject to a toll in the 8th century, as was customary for many communities and cities on European rivers. The Festung Hohensalzburg, the city's fortress, was built in 1077 and expanded during the following centuries.

[ source: wikipedia ]

Salzburg -literally: "Salt Fortress") is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg.

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