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Holidays in Stuttgart - The Stuttgart Travel Guide
[ source: Flickr]
Stuttgart is the capital of Baden-Württemberg, Germany with with a population of 590,000 or so.
Stuttgart was founded in the 10th century; its name is a modern version of the original Stutengarten (
mare's garden). Presently it is the 6th largest city in Germany. It is most famous for its automotive industry - both Porsche and Mercedes-Benz have their headquarters in Stuttgart and both have car museums.
Stuttgarters are amazingly friendly people who will forgive you if German isn't your first or second (or any) language. If you do speak German well: beware of their dialect - Schwäbisch German can differ from other forms of German (be prepared to hear the word
gell a lot!) They love to practice other languages (especially English). Stuttgart is a big city with a small-town atmosphere.
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Things to See in Stuttgart
- Mercedes-Benz factory, Sindelfingen (Sindelfingen vacation rentals | Sindelfingen travel guide) (S-bahn to Boblingen, then catch the courtesy bus). The heart of Mercedes-Benz manufacture, and well worth the visit. There are some 40,000 employees on site, including 9,000 in research & development alone! You need to book ahead through your Mercedes dealer.
- Technical museum: Mercedes-Benz Museum, Mercedesstraße 137/1, Bad Cannstatt (S-Bahn: "Neckarpark (Mercedes-Benz)"). Newly built in 2006 in an astonishing architecture. Frequently visited and really very cool.
- Technical museum: Porsche Museum, Porscheplatz 1, Zuffenhausen (S-Bahn: S6 to "Neuwirtshaus (Porscheplatz)", see timetable etc.)
- State gallery: Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, Konrad-Adenauer-Str. 30-32
- Contemporary arts museum: Kunstgebäude, "Art Building"
- Modern art museum: Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, Kleiner Schlossplatz 1
- Historical art museum: Württembergisches Landesmuseum, Altes Schloss, Schillerplatz 6
- Ethnological museum: Lindenmuseum, Hegelplatz 1, features a small but impressing collection of masks from the pacific
Wilhelma, zoological and botanical gardens, Neckartalstraße, Bad Cannstatt (More information and arrival see Wilhelma)
Definitely a must for families. But watching monkeys and weird flowers in this old place can be fun for young adults, too. (Unless you feel pity for the locked up creatures.)
A fascinating astronomical journey, projected by optical high tech equipment: Carl Zeiss Planetarium
Stuttgart used to be an impressive town but was hugely destroyed during World War II and only few buildings were rebuilt to classical elegance. The 50's still were post-war, in the 60's and 70's architectural things didn't matter at all and in the 80's and 90's with major insurance companies and banks building monuments of bad taste in the inner city, the aesthetic situation wasn't really improving.
Here are some of the exceptions:
- Altes Schloss, Old Palace (1300-1500)
- Stiftsfruchtkasten, Collegiate Storehouse (1393)
- Alte Kanzlei, Old Chancellery (16th century)
- Prinzenbau, Princes' Building (1605-1715)
- Neues Schloss, New Palace (1700-1800)
- Solitude Schloss Solitude, Solitude Palace (1700-1800)
- Wilhelmspalais, King William's Palace (1834-1840)
- Königsbau, King's Building (1850)
- Markthalle, Market Hall (1910)
- Staatstheater (Grosses Haus), State Theater (1912)
- Hauptbahnhof, Main Railway Station (1920)
- Weissenhofsiedlung, (1927)
- Liederhalle, Culture and Congress Centre, (1956)
- Staatsgalerie, State Gallery (1977)
Towers and scenic outlooks
- Fernsehturm Stuttgart, TV Tower (1954-1956), world's first TV tower built from reinforced concrete and prototype for all modern TV towers, with a beautiful view over Stuttgart. The Stadtbahn U15 to Ruhbank (Fernsehturm) gives you a wonderful view of the city. Entrance is € 5 per person and is worth it for the near-fairground quality of the ride in the lift to the top. There's a nice cafe at the top which serves fresh food and drinks.
- Grabkapelle Württemberg (Burial chapel Württemberg)
- Killesbergturm (Killesberg Tower) - A recently built tower in the
Killesberg Park(see also
green Uunder Parks & Gardens), north of the city center
- Bismarckturm, a small tower northwest of the city center, not far from Killesberg Tower
- Hauptbahnhof - The tower of the Hauptbahnhof is a free climb (to the Mercedes-Benz symbol at top), granting awesome views of Königstraße and the city.
Stuttgart has one airport, located in Leinfelden-Echterdingen (Leinfelden-Echterdingen vacation rentals | Leinfelden-Echterdingen travel guide). Various airlines including low cost airline TUI serve direct flight connections between Stuttgart and major German and European cities. It will not be difficult to book a flight to Stuttgart from outside Europe connecting through a major hub such as London Heathrow or Paris Charles de Gaulles. Fares usually don't differ if you fly into Frankfurt (Frankfurt vacation rentals | Frankfurt travel guide), Munich (Munich vacation rentals | Munich travel guide), Hamburg (Hamburg vacation rentals | Hamburg travel guide) or Stuttgart. Lufthansa has an agreement with Deutsche Bahn/German rail and your commuter flight from Frankfurt could actually be a train ride. This is very convenient if you head for Stuttgart CBD.
You'll most likely want to go to the center of Stuttgart but are now standing somewhat outside at the airport in Leinfelden-Echterdingen. The best way is the Public Transport which is clean, cheap and safe.
- The S-Bahn line S2 or S3 will bring you to Stuttgart's center within 27 minutes (see Timetable from station
Hauptbahnhof). Tickets can be purchased at vending machines at the level below the airport and above the platform. Tickets should be validated at orange boxes on the platform before boarding the train.
- Several bus lines head for other destinations.
- Taxis will be waiting at the airport and are the fastest connection to SAP in Walldorf.
- To call airport's taxi service: Phone +49 (0) 711/ 9 48-44 09
- To call Stuttgart's Taxi Central: Phone: +49 (0) 711/ 56 6061.
The main station (Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof) is located in the very center of Stuttgart. Timetables for trains and booking are available on the webpages of Deutsche Bahn AG. For getting on from Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof and around in the city of Stuttgart itself, see Public Transportation below.
The state highways A8 and A81 form a cross near Stuttgart (
Stuttgarter Kreuz). The City is located in the upper right quarter of that cross. West/east-Highway A8 passes Stuttgart slightly to the south, north/south-highway A81 passes slightly to the west. Generally, follow the sign
Stuttgart Zentrum to get to the center of Stuttgart (and try to not lose yourself in a suburb district: there are smaller towns all over the place melted together to form Stuttgart.)
Smaller but important routes from the center of Stuttgart to the areas outside are the B10 (to the east: Esslingen (Esslingen vacation rentals | Esslingen travel guide), Göppingen), B14 (to the southwest: 'Stuttgarter Kreuz', Sindelfingen, Böblingen) and B27 (to the south: airport, Tübingen (Tübingen vacation rentals | Tübingen travel guide), Reutlingen (Reutlingen vacation rentals | Reutlingen travel guide), to the north: Ludwigsburg).
- During rush hours, all streets in the region will be a mess! Avoid 07:30 to 9:30 o'clock and 16:30 to 18:30 o'clock.
- Highway A8 between Stuttgart-Karlsruhe is always a potential traffic-jam during worktime.
- Never ever drive during rush hours near 'Pragsattel' (traffic node, connecting the northern suburbs). It will ruin your day!
[ source: Wikitravel ]
Travel Insider Tips for Stuttgart
Yes,there is very good view of Stuttgart and surroundings from the Television tower. A similar pictureque view can also be had from Weisteige.The Zahnrad bahn is another attraction.
Shared by Krishan Kapoor, Jul 2010
This is my second home !! Love and miss Stuttgart .
Shared by Andrea Houghton, Oct 2009
If you're near Stuttgart, the Long Night at the Museums is tomorrow night; tons of museums are open from 7 til 2, for one admission price (15 E), with shuttles for transport from museum to museum. Google for more info...see you there! :)
Shared by Susan Ratliff, Mar 2010
I like Stuttgart for the Volksfest. Kind of like Oktoberfest, but better. Instead of crowds of people from all countries except Germany, the crowds at Volksfest are pure German. Beer tents, rides, and beer, lots of it. The pure German experience.
Shared by Ian Lazaretti, Sep 2009
I love Stuttgart. We stayed in Leonberg, just west of Stuttgart this last trip. Didn't make it into town, but I was able to wangle a side-trip to the Porsche museum :-)
Shared by Glen Ferguson, Oct 2009
Go to see the Mercedes Benz factory!
Shared by Emili Kuchler, Mar 2010
My birthtown...:-) you definitely have to go on top of the Fernsehturm... Say hello to Pferdle und Äffle...:-)
Shared by Sebastian Buohler, Jun 2010
Loved Stuttgart, lived in Bad Canstatt and worked in Kornwestheim and Boeblingen. . .lots to see and do! Went to the Mineral Bad quite a bit on snowy Sunday afternoons!
Shared by Anne MacKinnon Munns, Sep 2010
yes, the f-turm and the MERCEDES MUSEUM!! AN AMAZING BUILDING, FILLED WITH AMAZING CARS!!!
Shared by Pat Gust Tasker, May 2010
Jawohl, finally. My hometown. You will love it, lots to do but close to nature...just beautiful. Eine Reise wert!!!
Shared by Inge De Rubeis, Jun 2010
Popular Points of Interest in and near Stuttgart
The New Palace (German: "das Neue Schloss", which may also be translated as New Castle) is a building which stands on the south edge of Schlossplatz, the central square in Stuttgart, Germany. The castle is built in late Baroque style.
From 1746 to 1797 and from 1805 to 1807, it served as a residence of the kings of Württemberg. (At other times, the Ludwigsburg Palace, a few miles to the north was the favoured residence of the royal family). The palace stands adjacent to the Old Castle.
The castle was almost completely destroyed by Allied bombing during the Second World War and was reconstructed between 1958 and 1964. During this time most of the inside of the castle was also restored and the building was used by the Baden-Württemberg State Parliament. Today it is used by the State Ministries of Finance and Education. Public tours of the building are only permitted by special arrangement.
Schlossplatz stands next to two other popular squares in Stuttgart: Karlspatz to the south and Schillerplatz to the south west. The future German President, Richard von Weizsäcker was born in the New Castle on April 15, 1920.
Nippenburg is a ruined castle located in Schwieberdingen, Germany. The oldest records of Nippenburg date to 1160, which makes it one of the oldest castles in the region of Stuttgart. In the seventeenth century the castle was positioned favorably lying on a mountain spur over-half the Glemstals and built in direct proximity to the manor-house lock Nippenburg. In the following centuries the castle was heavily quarried and abandoned. The ruins are with high walls and fortifications as well as a substantial scrub. In the 1980s the building was partially restored to its 1483 condition.
The Old Castle (German: Altes Schloss) is located in the centre of Stuttgart, the capital of the German State of Baden-Württemberg. It dates back to the 10th century.
The first castle dated back to around 950 when Stuttgart was a settlement for breeding horses. In the 14th century it became the residence of the sovereign Counts of Württemberg. In the 16th century dukes Christopher and Ludwig ordered it to be converted into a Renaissance castle. Moats around the castle were removed in the 18th century.
In 1931, the castle was severely damaged by a fire and before it could be reconstructed it was damaged by bombing in the Second World War. The castle was finally renovated in 1969.
Today the Old Castle is home to the Württemberg State Museum.
King Charles I of Württemberg and his wife Olga are buried beneath the castle church. The inner courtyard houses a monument to Eberhard I. The Old Castle stands adjacent to its replacement, the New Castle, which was built in the late 18th century.
On the Karlsplatz side of the Old Castle is a museum dedicated to the memory of Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg a former resident of Stuttgart who attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler on 20 July 1944.
The Hegel House (German: Hegelhaus) is a museum in Stuttgart, Germany, located in the house where the philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was born.
Born in 1770, Hegel lived in Stuttgart for the first 18 years of his life; he died in Berlin in 1831. The Hegel House is on Eberhardstraße, and dates from the 16th century.
The ground floor contains an exhibition about Stuttgart during Hegel's lifetime. Another exhibition is devoted to Hegel's life story, and includes his famous beret and his Stammbuch (an early form of friendship book). A third room contains a text collage of key quotations from Hegel, and various editions of his works in different languages.
The Kunstmuseum Stuttgart is a contemporary and modern art museum in Stuttgart, Germany, built and opened in 2005.
The Kunstmuseum Stuttgart museum's collection comes from the previous "Galerie der Stadt Stuttgart". The city's collection goes back to a gift from the Marchese Silvio della Valle di Casanova in 1924.
It contains one of the most important collections of the work of Otto Dix and also works from Willi Baumeister, Adolf Hölzel, Dieter Roth, and others.
The Landesmuseum Württemberg (Württemberg State Museum) is the main historical museum of the Württemberg part of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It emerged from the 16th century “Kunstkammer” (art chamber) of the dukes, later kings, of Württemberg who resided in Stuttgart. As a museum it was founded in 1869 by King William I.
The Linden Museum (German: Linden-Museum Stuttgart. Staatliches Museum für Völkerkunde) is an ethnological museum located in Stuttgart, Germany.
The museum traces its origins to the collection of objects amassed by the Verein für Handelsgeographie (Association for Trade Geography) in the 19th century. The namesake of the museum is Karl Graf von Linden (1838–1910) who, as president of the Stuttgart Verein für Handelsgeographie, took an interest in assembling and organizing the collection, and invited explorers of the caliber of Sven Hedin and Roald Amundsen to Stuttgart.
In 1911, the collection was established as a private museum and its current building was constructed. After suffering extensive damage during World War II, the building was restored in the 1950s and the municipality became its custodian. Since 1973, the museum has been jointly administrated by the city of Stuttgart and the state of Baden-Württemberg.
The State Museum of Natural History Stuttgart (German: Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart), abbreviated SMNS, is one of the two state of Baden-Württemberg's natural history museums. Together with the State Museum of Natural History Karlsruhe (Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Karlsruhe) it is one of the most important repositories for state-owned natural history collections.
Exhibitions are shown in two buildings, both situated in the Rosenstein park in Stuttgart: the Löwentor Museum (German: Museum am Löwentor) houses the paleontology and geology exhibitions, while the Museum Rosenstein in Rosenstein Palace focuses on biology and natural history. Every year, the SMNS is visited by about 110,000 people.
The Neue Staatsgalerie in Stuttgart, Germany, was designed by the British firm James Stirling, Michael Wilford and Associates, although largely accredited solely to partner James Stirling. It was constructed in the 1970s and opened to the public in 1984. The building has been claimed as the epitome of Post-modernism.
The new gallery occupies a site next to the old Staatsgalerie. A car park is located below the building. The building incorporates warm, natural elements of travertine and sandstone in classical forms, to contrast with the industrial pieces of green steel framing system and the bright pink and blue steel handrails. The architect intended to unite the monumental with the informal.
The building's most prominent feature is a central open-top rotunda. This outdoor, enclosed space houses the sculpture garden. It is circumvented by a public footpath and ramp that leads pedestrians through the site. This feature allows the public to reach the higher elevation behind the museum from the lower front of the building's main face.
The Porsche Museum is an automotive museum in the Zuffenhausen district of Stuttgart, Germany on the site of carmaker Porsche.
The new Porsche museum stands on a conspicuous junction just outside Porsche Headquarters in Zuffenhausen. The display area covers 5600 square metres featuring around 80 exhibits, many rare cars and a variety of historical models.
The museum was designed by the architects Delugan Meissl. The exhibition spaces were designed by HG Merz who was also involved in the building of the award winning Mercedes-Benz Museum.
The Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart (lat: Dioecesis Rottenburgensis-Stutgardiensis) is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in Germany. The diocese is located in the Württemberg part of the German State of Baden-Württemberg.
The Diocese of Rottenburg was established in 1821 through the Papal Bull De salute animarum. With the enthronement of the first bishop, Johann Baptist von Keller, on May 20, 1828, the formation of the diocese was complete. In 1978, the diocese changed its name to the current form of Rottenburg-Stuttgart.
The State Library of Württemberg (German: Württembergische Landesbibliothek or WLB) is a large library in Stuttgart, Germany, which traces its history back to the ducal public library of Württemberg founded in 1765. It holds c. 3.4 million volumes and is thus the fourth-largest library in the state of Baden-Württemberg (after the university libraries of Freiburg, Heidelberg and Tübingen). The WLB owns an important collection of medieval manuscripts as well as one of the largest bible collections in the world.
The WLB is one of two state libraries of Baden-Württemberg, the other being the Badische Landesbibliothek (BLB) at Karlsruhe. One of the library's main purposes is to collect and archive written literature from and about the Regierungsbezirk (state subdivision) Tübingen and Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart, i.e. roughly the former land of Württemberg. The library is entitled to a legal deposit of every work published in Baden-Württemberg (before 1964: in Württemberg).
The WLB has also been part of the Stuttgart University library system since 1967. As an academic library, it is responsible for the humanities sections of the University of Stuttgart as well as for the Stuttgart College of Music and the Stuttgart Academy of Arts.
While the library offers many catalogues online (including a Baden-Württemberg bibliography), it does not yet make its collections available in digitized form at all.
The Stadtbücherei Stuttgart is the public library of the city of Stuttgart.
From 1965 on, the Central Library of Stuttgart has been located in the Wilhelmspalais in Stuttgart. This building was built 1834 - 1840 by Giovanni Salucci. It was the place of residence of King Wilhelm II. In 2011 the Central library moved to the newly built Stadtbibliothek am Mailänder Platz.
The Landesarboretum Baden-Württemberg (16.5 hectares) is a historic arboretum now maintained by the University of Hohenheim. It is located next to the Botanischer Garten der Universität Hohenheim, the university's botanical garden, on Garbenstrasse in the Hohenheim district of Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
The arboretum was begun as a landscape garden in the years 1776-1793 by Karl Eugen, Duke of Württemberg, on a site southwest of Schloss Hohenheim. It contained two major collections - a botanical garden of plants from the Württemberg region, and an arboretum of North American trees (the Exotischer Garten) - which by 1783 contained a total of 120 species. After the Duke's death in 1793, the garden was opened to the public, and during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was used for cultivation of seedlings for the Duke's gardens, study of exotic trees for local forestry, and student botanical studies.
The garden suffered substantial losses in 1930-31, after which its nursery was demolished and the garden returned to approximately its original state. In 1953 the former Exotischer Garten became the Landesarboretum Baden-Württemberg. Its collections were substantially enhanced beginning in 1996 when an adjacent 7.4 hectares were devoted to a new Hohenheimer Landschaftsgarten (Hohenheimer Landscape Garden), with first trees were planted in 1997 and an additional 200 plants added in 1998. Plantings have continued since.
Today's arboretum comprises two linked sections, the old Exotischer Garten and the newer Hohenheimer Landschaftsgarten. Together they contain about 2450 taxa of deciduous and coniferous woody plants, representing 270 species from over 90 plant families. Particularly noteworthy are historic specimens dating to the arboretum's creation, including tulip trees planted in 1779, oaks (1790), and yellow buckeye (1799).
Together with the neighboring Collegiate Church, the Old Palace (Altes Schloss) is the city's most ancient remaining monument. Parts of the foundation walls date back to the 10th Century, when the palace was constructed as a simple moated fortress in the year 941. More than once over its eventful history it has been rebuilt, besieged and destroyed by war. During the 16th Century, a Renaissance palace grew up out of the former moated fortress. The greater part of the building was reduced to dust and rubble in intensive air raids on Stuttgart in the summer of 1944. The rebuilding of the Old Palace took until 1969.
Since 1948, the Old Palace, itself a symbol of Wüttemberg's state history, has housed the Landesmuseum Württemberg, the outstanding state history museum. The Palace Chapel, which was constructed in the mid 16th Century, is among one of South Germany's oldest Protestant places of worship.
Hours: Tuesday - Sunday 10am - 5pm.
Admission: Adults 4.50 €, Concessions 3 €, children under 14 years free.
The New Palace (Neues Schloss) stands proudly at the heart of the State Capital Stuttgart. This late Baroque building was one of the last big city palaces to be built in Southern Germany, and is reminiscent of the magnificent French palaces of the 17th Century.
It was Duke Karl Eugen who commissioned architects Nikolaus Friedrich Thouret, Leopold Retti and Philippe da la Guepière as well as Reinhard Ferdinand Heinrich Fischer to construct the three-winged palace complex along the lines of the celebrated Palace of Versailles between the years 1746 and 1807. The residence of the Kings of Württemberg was destroyed in World War II and later rebuilt. Today, the New Palace houses the Ministries of Financial Affairs and Education, and is also used by the State Government to receive important visitors and for state occasions ; it is only available to tour by special arrangement. Tel. +49-(0)711-6673-4331 (State Property and Building Surveyor's Office in Stuttgart) or email email@example.com.
[ source: Wikimedia ]
The inscription over the entrance to the vault which houses the double Carrara marble sarcophagus translates as
Love never dies. The tomb is the resting place of Queen Katharina, who died at an early age, and King Wilhelm I who was buried here in 1864. The then Crown Prince Wilhelm and his cousin Katharina Pawlowa, Grand Duchess of Russia, were married in 1816. Katharine died just three years later at the age of 30. Wilhelm had the Sepulchral Chapel built for his adored wife on Württemberg Mountain, which had formerly been the site of the ancestral castle of the Württembergs (11th Century).
Inside the chapel, built in the Classicist style, the wall niches are occupied by colossal statutes of the four Evangelists. Court sculptor Johann Heinrich Dannecker produced these statues with the aid of his pupil Theodor Wagner using Carrara marble. The Sepulchral Chapel was used from 1825 to 1899 for Russian Orthodox worship. Still today, the Russian Orthodox community attends the
Service on Württemberg Mountain here every Whit Monday. The Chapel affords a glorious view over the idyllic winegrowing district of Uhlbach and the Neckar Valley with Stuttgart Harbour.
Hours: March 1 - November 1: Sunday and bank holidays 10am - 12pm, 1 - 6pm. Friday, Saturday 10am - 12pm, 1 - 5pm, Wednesday 10am - 12pm.
Admission: Adults 2.20 €, Concessions 1.10 €.
The modern Mercedes-Benz Museum in Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt brings 120 years of automotive history to life. 1500 exhibits - including 160 vehicles - illustrate the development of the automobile from the very first horseless carriage to the modern limousine. Fascinating exhibits on view include for instance the very first Daimler automobile dating back to 1886, the legendary
Silver Arrow or the
Popemobile used to convey Pope John Paul II.
Hours: Tuesday - Sunday 9am - 6pm.
Admission: Adults 8 €, Concessions 4 €.
[ source: Wikimedia ]
Wilhelma, built as a royal palace, is now a zoo in Stuttgart. It is Europe's only large combined zoological and botanical garden and is home to over 8,000 animals from over 1,000 different species and countless exotic plants from over 5,000 species. The zoo is famous for keeping all four kinds of great apes, all in families with offspring, as well as for its aquarium featuring animals and plants from all over the world. The botanical gardens are renowned for containing Europe's biggest magnolia grove. It was also the home of the polar bear Wilbär.
The Wilhelma was originally a royal palace, in Moorish Revival style. After the second world war, it was gradually converted to its present day use. Besides animals and plants, the Wilhelma is therefore also worth visiting for its architecture.
Hours: The park is open every day of the year. The gates are always opened at 8:15 am. Depending on the month the park closes at different times, from 4 - 6pm (earlier in Winter).
Admission: Adults 12 €, Concessions 6 €, Family Tickets available.
The new Porsche museum stands on a conspicuous junction just outside Porsche Headquarters in Zuffenhausen. The display area covers 5600 square meters featuring around 80 exhibits, many rare cars and a variety of historical models. The museum design is based on a model by HG Merz who was also involved in the building of the award winning Mercedes-Benz Museum.
Hours: Tuesday - Sunday from 9am to 6pm.
Admission: Adults 8 €, Concessions 4 €, Children under 14 years free.
The history of Stuttgart's Stiftskirche, or Collegiate Church, spans back to the 10th or 11th century. Evidence discovered in the altar area points towards a presence on the site from the early Romanesque period. A Romanesque village church was constructed on the same site in around 1175. The original church continued to evolve, with new extensions added, and other sections demolished and increased in size. A particularly striking feature of the church, and one of Stuttgart's best known landmarks, are its two contrasting towers.
Solitude Palace lies on the heights southwest of Stuttgart with a magnificent view of the lowlands. Built in the years between 1764 and 1769, it is the center of an entire complex which, as an expression of the royal will to build in the fading rococo, is considered one of the outstanding architectural ensembles of the 18th century in the German Southwest.
With its three wings arranged around a central open space, its preserved interior fittings and a number of items of original furniture, this palace evokes a sense of the splendour of its heyday. The eleven rooms on show in the palace are notable for their mix of Rococo to Classicist styles. During the transformation phase from one epoch to the next, it was perfectly acceptable to display the two different styles side by side. Today, this popular destination for day trippers with its Palace Restaurant is home to an academy for young artists.
Hours: Open by guided tour only; April 1 - October 31: Tue - Sat 9am - 12pm, 1:30 - 5 pm. Sunday and bank holidays 9am - 5pm. November 1 - March 31: Tue - Sat 1:30 - 4 pm, Sunday and bank holidays 10am - 4pm.
Admission: Adults 3.30 €, Concessions 1.70 €, Families 8.20 €.
The Staatstheater Stuttgart (Stuttgart State Theatre) are a multi-branch-theatre with the branches Oper Stuttgart (Opera Stuttgart), Stuttgart Ballet (Stuttgarter Ballett) and Stuttgart Drama Theatre (Schauspiel Stuttgart) in Stuttgart, Germany.
Designed by the noted Munich architect, Max Littmann, who won a competition to create new royal theatres, the building was constructed between 1909 and 1912 as the Königliche Hoftheater, royal theatres of the Kingdom of Württemberg with a Grosses Haus and a Kleines Haus.
In 1919 the theatres were renamed the Landestheater, and later, the Staatstheater. The Small House was destroyed by bombing during the Second World War and, today, the site is occupied by a new Kleines Haus designed by Hans Volkart, which opened in 1962.
The Grosses Haus is one of only a few German opera houses to survive the bombing of the Second World War. Between 1982 and 1984, extensive renovations restored it to its original condition and it now seats 1,404. In 2001 the theatre buildings were renamed Opernhaus and Schauspielhaus.
The Wilhelmspalais is a Palace located on the Charlottenplatz in Stuttgart-Mitte. It was the living quarters of the last Württemberg King Wilhelm II. It was destroyed during World War II and between 1961 and 1965 reconstructed in modern style. Nowadays, the central library of the Stadtbücherei Stuttgart is situated in this building.
Wilhelma, built as a royal palace, is now a 30-hectare (74-acre) zoo and botanical garden in the northern suburbs of Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is Europe's only large combined zoological and botanical garden, and is home to over 8,000 animals representing more than 1,000 different species, as well as more than 5,000 species of plants.
The upper section of the zoo includes an impressive stand of sequoia trees.
The zoo immediately adjoins a public park to its west, laid out in the 'English landscape style' of rolling grass and informal groups of trees. In landscape terms this perfectly complements the landscape of the zoo.
Wirtemberg Castle was the ancestral castle of the rulers of Württemberg on the Württemberg mountain, located 411 m above sea level in the current municipality of Rotenberg in Stuttgart, between Bad Cannstatt and Esslingen am Neckar. Between 1080 and 1819 three castles with this name existed at the location.
The castle was replaced by the classical Württemberg Mausoleum in 1820-24.
Hohenzollern Castle (German: About this sound Burg Hohenzollern is a castle about 50 kilometers (31 mi) south of Stuttgart, Germany. It is considered the ancestral seat of the Hohenzollern family, which emerged in the Middle Ages and eventually became German Emperors.
The castle is located on top of Berg (Mount) Hohenzollern at an elevation of 855 meters (2,805 ft) above sea level, 234 m (768 ft) above surrounding Hechingen and nearby Bisingen to the south, both located at the foothills of the Schwäbische Alb. It was originally constructed in the first part of the 11th century.
When the family split into two branches, the castle remained the property of the Swabian branch, which was dynastically senior to the Franconian/Brandenburg branch which eventually acquired an imperial throne. The castle was completely destroyed after a 10-month siege in 1423 by the imperial cities of Swabia. A second, larger and sturdier castle was constructed from 1454 to 1461 and served as a refuge for the Catholic Swabian Hohenzollerns during wartime, including during the Thirty Years' War. By the end of the 18th century, however, the castle was thought to have lost its strategic importance and gradually fell into disrepair, leading to the demolition of several dilapidated buildings. Today, only the chapel remains from the medieval castle.
Castle Solitude in Stuttgart, Germany (German: Schloss Solitude), was built as a hunting lodge between 1764 and 1769 under Duke Karl Eugen of Württemberg. It is not a true castle, but rather a rococo palace. Since 1956 the area is part of the urban district of Stuttgart-West. The castle is located on a high plain between the towns of Leonberg, Gerlingen and Stuttgart. The castle offers views to the north over Weilimdorf, Korntal and Ludwigsburg.
Schloss Solitude was originally designed to act as a refugium, a place of quiet, reflection and solitude (thus the name). Construction of the castle was plagued by political and financial difficulties. Karl Eugen had taken Württemberg into the Seven Years' War on the losing side against Prussia. The building exceeded the budget allocated by the duchy of Württemberg. Further, political wrangling between the duke and influential Stuttgart land barons led to the duke moving temporarily from Stuttgart to Ludwigsburg. In the long run, the castle was prohibitively expensive to keep just as a temporary residence. In 1770 it housed a high school founded by Duke Eugen. In 1775, the Karlsschule academy moved to Castle Solitude. It served as an academy of arts, a military academy, and later a general university for children of the elite. Eventually, maintenance costs led to its closure as a school after the Duke's death late in the 18th century. Between 1972 and 1983, the Federal Republic of Germany restored the castle.
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More about the History of Stuttgart
The first known settlement of Stuttgart was around the end of the 1st century AD with the establishment of a Roman fort in the modern district of Cannstatt on the banks of the river Neckar. Early in the third century the Romans were pushed by the Alamanni back past the Rhine and the Danube. Although nothing is known about Cannstatt during the period of Barbarian Invasion it is believed that the area remained inhabited as it is mentioned in Abbey of St. Gall archives dating back to 700 AD.
In the 18th century, Stuttgart temporarily surrendered its residence status after Eberhard Ludwig founded Ludwigsburg (Ludwigsburg vacation rentals | Ludwigsburg travel guide) to the north of the city. In 1775, Karl Eugen requested a return to Stuttgart, ordering the construction of the New Castle.
In 1803, Stuttgart was proclaimed capital of Württemberg Kurfürstentum (ruled by a Prince-elector) until Napoleon Bonaparte's breakup of the Holy Roman Empire in 1805 when Stuttgart became capital of the Kingdom of Württemberg. The royal residence was expanded under Frederick I of Württemberg although many of Stuttgart's most important buildings, including the Wilhelm Palace, Katharina Hospital, the State Gallery, the Villa Berg and the Königsbau were built under the reign of King Wilhelm I.
During the Cold War, Stuttgart became home to the joint command centre of all United States military forces in Europe, Africa and the Atlantic (US European Command, EUCOM). EUCOM is still headquartered there today.
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