[ source: Flickr ]

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Popular Points of Interest in and near Trier

  • Roman Catholic Diocese of Trier
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Roman Catholic Diocese of Trier

    The Roman Catholic diocese of Trier is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church in Germany. As former archbishopric and Electorate of Trier it was one of the most important as both an ecclesiastical principality of the Holy Roman Empire, and as a diocese of the church. Unlike the other Rhenish dioceses — Mainz and Cologne, Trier was the former Roman provincial capital of Augusta Treverorum. Given its status, Trier has always been the seat of a bishop since Roman times, one of the oldest dioceses in all of Germany. The diocese was elevated to an Archdiocese in the time of Charlemagne, and was the metropolitan for the dioceses of Metz, Toul and Verdun. After the victory of Napoleon, the archdiocese was lowered to a diocese and is now a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Cologne. The diocesan cathedral is the Cathedral of Saint Peter.

  • Cathedral of Saint Peter (Trierer Dom)
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Cathedral of Saint Peter (Trierer Dom)

    The Cathedral of Saint Peter is the oldest cathedral in Germany and the seat of the Roman Catholic Archbishop Bishop of Trier. The edifice is notable for its extremely long life span under multiple different eras, each contributing some elements to its design, including the center of the main chapel made of Roman brick laid under the direction of Saint Helen, resulting in a cathedral added on to gradually rather than rebuilt in different eras. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

    The Cathedral Information Office offers tours through the Cathedral and the Church of Our Lady or through the excavations under the Cathedral Information Office.

    Hours: April 1 to October 31: daily 6:30am - 6pm. November 1 to March 31: daily 6:30am - 5:30pm.

  • Christmas Market in Trier

    Christmas Market in Trier

    First, it's just the Christmas music, climb a little later the alluring scents of sausages, mulled wine and roasted almonds on the nose. And then when you get near the imposing cathedral of Trier, one stands in the middle of one of the most beautiful Christmas Markets of the Moselle.

    Within the old city of the oldest city in Germany waiting for the visitors nearly 100 small wooden houses decorated for Christmas.

    The historic buildings of the medieval Trier create a romantic backdrop for the traditional Christmas market.

    In these small huts traditional wooden toys from the far-off Erzgebirge , glittering ornaments for the Christmas tree, candles and handmade crafts from the region will be offered.

    But all the culinary delights of the holiday season will be sold: Christmas cookies, all kinds of roasted nuts, fruit cakes, spices for Christmas cookies and a very old-fashioned delicacy, candied fruits, with or without chocolate icing.

    In the midst of the market, two children's carousel with wooden horses turn next to a huge Christmas pyramid and also provide for children's eyes shining like the Punch and Judy show.

    And if we are honest - why visitors flock there each day? Surely not just to buy gifts - correctly - these are all 'the delicacies like sausage in a bun, sweet cakes, colorful cotton candy, candied apples and the Regional Schwenkbraten - a roasted pork filled with onions from an open fire. Most popular of course are the "Kröbbelsche" .- crispy potato pancakes with apple sauce.

    A particular specialty is the white mulled wine from the Mosel, served in the small colorful Santa boots - hot, sweet and spicy.

    And if it still seems a little snow, the bells of the numerous churches in the Trier inner city ring and spread its warm light the candles - then comes guarantees the right mood for Christmas.

  • Alter Krahnen (Trier)
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Alter Krahnen (Trier)

    Der Alte Krahnen (alte Schreibweise mit 'h'), auch Trierer Alter Moselkran genannt, ist ein Hafenkran in Trier. Der Steinbau aus dem Jahre 1413 steht am heutigen Krahnenufer auf der rechten Moselseite.

    Von der Bauweise her ist er ein Turmdrehkran mit zwei Treträdern (Durchmesser: 4,16 m; Antrieb durch je zwei Windenknechte), Doppelausleger (anfangs mit einem Auslegearm ausgerüstet, seit 1778 mit einem zweiten Ausleger als Balanceelement), drehbarem Kegeldach über vertikale Holzachse ("Kaiserbaum", 12 m) auf Eisenzapfen und Kettentrommel mit Kette und einfachem Flaschenzug. Seine Tragfähigkeit wird auf ein bis zwei Tonnen geschätzt. Er hat, obwohl er mehr als hundert Jahre älter ist, Ähnlichkeit und Parallelen zum gleichnamigen "Alten Krahnen" von Andernach, einem ebenfalls aus Stein errichteten Rheinkran in spätgotischem Stil.

    Das aus Eiche gebaute „Getriebe“ des Kranhauses wurde dendrochronologisch auf 1778 und 1863 datiert.

    Der Alte Krahnen ist sowohl ein kulturhistorisches, industrielles und wirtschaftliches Wahrzeichen der Stadt Trier. Mit dem Danziger Krantor aus dem 14. Jahrhundert (erstes Krantor von 1367) gehört der "Alte Krahnen" zu Trier zu den ältesten Hebeeinrichtungen dieser Art im ehemals deutschsprachigen Raum, von denen es allein am Rhein und seinen Nebenflüssen mehr als 30 im 16. Jahrhundert gab.

  • Spangdahlem Air Base
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Spangdahlem Air Base

    Spangdahlem Air Base (IATA:SPM, ICAO: ETAD, former code EDAD) is a United States Air Force base located near the small German town of Spangdahlem, approximately 30 km NNE of the city of Trier, Rhineland-Palatinate.

    Units

    Spangdahlem is home of the 52d Fighter Wing which maintains, deploys and employs Lockheed Martin Block 50 F-16CJ and Republic A/OA-10 aircraft and TPS-75 radar systems in support of NATO and the national defense directives. The commander of the 52d Fighter Wing is Colonel David J. Julazadeh. In total 4.800 military personnel, 840 German nationals and 200 US Contracters are working at the base.

  • Saint Paulin Church
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Saint Paulin Church

    Saint Paulin Church (German: St. Paulinskirche) is a Baroque church in the city of Trier, Germany. Constructed between 1734 and 1753, the interior was designed by Johann Balthasar Neumann. The ceiling of the nave features a painting by the artist Christoph Thomas Scheffler. The tomb of the saint after which the church is named, Paulinus, is located in the church's crypt.

    Based in Germany's oldest city with a significant Roman history, three church buildings have stood on the site since the 4th century.



What is your insider travel tip for Trier?

Travel Insider Tips for Trier

Trier Overview

Trier, in the Rhineland-Palatinate region of Germany, is the country's oldest city, dating from Roman times. Trier is rich in ruins from the Roman Empire (protected by UNESCO), such as the Porta Nigra gate, the Roman baths (the Kaiserthermen), and a Roman theater which used to host 20,000 spectators.

Getting Around

Walking is the best way to travel around the city, though a vehicle is good when visiting the stadium. Also there is a scenic overview up the hill by the stadium where you can see the entire city. The city tours take you up there.

Things to See

Trier is rich in ruins from the Roman Empire (protected by UNESCO), such as the

  • Porta Nigra gate
  • the Roman baths (the Kaiserthermen)
  • a Roman theater which used to host 20,000 spectators.
  • Geburtshaus von Karl Marx is where Karl Marx was born, in 1818.
  • Judengasse an a former Jewish Street, that now houses different bars.
  • Trier Cathedral incorporates part of a church built by Emperor Constantine and contains the relic of the Holy Robe.
  • The Liebfrauenkirche is one of the earliest Gothic buildings in Germany.
  • Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Trier, one of the most important archeological museums in Germany
  • Open air museum Roscheider Hof, an ethnological museum of the Saar-Mosel-region. About 5 km south from the city center.

How to get to Trier

By plane

By train

Trains leave hourly from Trier to Saarbuecken, Koblenz and Cologne (Cologne vacation rentals | Cologne travel guide). Timetable and ticket information could found at http://www.db.de/site/bahn/en/start.html

By car

Trier is connected by the European motorway E44 from Luxembourg city (~50 km) via Trier to Koblenz (~100 km), E422 from Trier to Saarbrücken (~100 km).

Trier is connected to the Autobahn A6. This city is about one hour from Kaiserslautern (Kaiserslautern vacation rentals | Kaiserslautern travel guide) or two hours from Mannheim (Mannheim vacation rentals | Mannheim travel guide).

By boat

There are some cruise trips from Koblenz to Trier. However: they are expensive.

[ source: Wikitravel ]

More about the History of Trier

According to the Gesta Treverorum, the city was founded by Trebeta, an Assyrian prince, centuries before ancient Rome. The Roman Empire subdued the Treveri in the 1st century BC and established Augusta Treverorum (Lit: August (Regal, noble) [City] of the Treveri) in 30 BC. The city later became the capital of the Roman province of Gallia Belgica, as well as the Roman prefecture of Gaul. The Porta Nigra counts among the Roman architecture of the city. A residence of the Western Roman Emperor, Roman Trier was the birthplace of Saint Ambrose.

The Franks occupied Trier from the Roman administration in 459 AD. In 870 it became part of Eastern Francia, which developed into the Holy Roman Empire. Relics of Saint Matthias brought to the city initiated widespread pilgrimages. The bishops of the city grew increasingly powerful, and the Archbishopric of Trier was recognized as an electorate of the empire, one of the most powerful states of Germany. The University of Trier was founded in the city in 1473.

In the 17th century, the Archbishops and Prince-Electors of Trier relocated their residences to Philippsburg Castle in Ehrenbreitstein, near Koblenz (Koblenz vacation rentals | Koblenz travel guide). A session of the Reichstag was held in Trier in 1512, during which the demarcation of the Imperial Circles was definitively established.

In the 17th and 18th centuries, Trier was sought after by France, who invaded during the Thirty Years' War, the War of the Grand Alliance, the War of the Spanish Succession, and the War of the Polish Succession. France succeeded in finally claiming Trier in 1794 during the French Revolutionary Wars, and the electoral archbishopric was dissolved. After the Napoleonic Wars ended in 1815, Trier passed to the Kingdom of Prussia. Karl Marx was born in the city in 1818.

As part of the Prussian Rhineland, Trier developed economically during the 19th century. The city rose in revolt during the revolutions of 1848 in the German states, although the rebels were forced to concede. It became part of the German Empire in 1871.

Trier was heavily bombed and bombarded in 1944 during World War II. The city became part of the new state of Rhineland-Palatinate after the war. The university, dissolved in 1797, was restarted in the 1970s, while the Cathedral of Trier was reopened in 1974. Trier officially celebrated its 2,000th anniversary in 1984.

[ source: Wikipedia ]

Trier, in the Rhineland-Palatinate region of Germany, is the country's oldest city, dating from Roman times. Trier is rich in ruins from the Roman Empire (protected by UNESCO), such as the Porta Nigra gate, the Roman baths (the Kaiserthermen), and a Roman theater which used to host 20,000 spectators. Other notable sites in Trier are Karl Marx's birthplace and the Rhenisches Landesmuseum, one of the most significant archaeological museums in Germany.

Where to stay in Trier?

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