[ source: Wikipedia ]

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Viernheim Overview

Viernheim lies in the Rhine rift, and although it also lies in Hesse, it is bounded on the west, south and east by Baden-Württemberg. North of the Viernheim woods, in Lampertheim (Lampertheim vacation rentals | Lampertheim travel guide), begins the Hessisches Ried (Ried vacation rentals | Ried travel guide). East of Viernheim lies the town of Weinheim (Weinheim vacation rentals | Weinheim travel guide), which is where the district’s namesake Bergstraße begins, and which also marks the beginning of the Odenwald. The town lies roughly 10 km northeast of Mannheim (Mannheim vacation rentals | Mannheim travel guide), 10 km west of the Rhine and 10 km east of the Bergstrasse. Viernheim is divided into several sections. It has been the local, everyday speech and town expansions, though, that have yielded most of the divisions. They therefore have no precisely defined bounds. The Stadtkern, or town core, is made up of the Innenstadt and the Altstadt lying around it. Among the other neighbourhoods are the Nordstadt, the Nordweststadt, the Tivoli , Hinter den Zäunen, Gewerbegebiet Eins and the new development that has sprung up over the last few years, Bannholzgraben, east of Janusz-Korczak-Allee. Moreover, there are also the Sportgebiet West, the two outlying centers which are each made up of only one road, Neuzenlache and Ziegelhütte.

Things to See in Viernheim

Museums and galleries

  • Heimatmuseum
  • Kunstverein Viernheim
  • Kunsthaus Viernheim
  • Humboldt-Galerie
  • Europäisches Fotozentrum für junge Fotografie

Churches

  • St. Apostel Kirche
  • St. Marien Kirche
  • St. Hildegard
  • Marienkirche

[ source: wikipedia ]

More about the History of Viernheim

Viernheim grew out of a Carolingian king’s court. Viernheim had its first documentary mention in 777 in the Lorsch (Lorsch vacation rentals | Lorsch travel guide) codex, the Lorsch Abbey’s book of documents. Through donations, it ended up in the Abbey’s ownership. In 1232, the Abbey’s holdings were given to the Archbishops of Mainz (Mainz vacation rentals | Mainz travel guide), but only in 1308 did Viernheim pass to Mainz. In 1439, however, the town was pledged to the Schönau Abbey, who in turn sold it to Electoral Palatinate. After the Thirty Years' War, it passed back to Mainz, and thence under the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss in 1803 to the Grand Duchy of Hesse, out of which came the People's State of Hesse in 1918. Once in the People's State, the town was assigned first to the Amtsvogtei of Lorsch. When Landratsbezirke – another kind of administrative division – were created in 1821, Viernheim was assigned to Heppenheim. From 1832 to 1839 came a spell under Bensheim’s jurisdiction. From 1848, the town then belonged to Heppenheim district, which in 1938 was merged with Bensheim (Bensheim vacation rentals | Bensheim travel guide) district to form today’s Bergstraße district. In 1948, Viernheim was granted town rights by the newly founded Land of Hesse.

During the 19th century the tobacco industry gained some importance, since several small tobacco manufacturers were founded. Rolling cigars provided additional income for farmers or peasants and their families during the winter.

Until the end of the 19th century, Viernheim was a farming village. Bad harvests and widespread hunger in 1852 led to 458 inhabitants emigrating in this year to North America. With industrialization and the opening of the Oberrheinische Eisenbahn (a regional narrow-gauge railway still serving a roughly triangular route among Weinheim (Weinheim vacation rentals | Weinheim travel guide), Mannheim (Mannheim vacation rentals | Mannheim travel guide) and Heidelberg) in 1887, the town began to become more of a workers’ residential community as many inhabitants found work in the factories in nearby Mannheim and Weinheim. Many workers, however, kept farming as a sideline. The location of industry in Viernheim itself began with the opening of the Weinheim-Worms railway (now mostly derelict) in 1905, and further strengthened after the Second World War, bringing along with it a sharp rise in population. Given the town’s favourable road links to three Autobahnen, it grew into a midsize industrial town. In 1994 came its designation as a Brundtland Town, and its attendant participation in an energy conservation pilot project.

During the Second World War, Viernheim did not suffer severe damage, since the town had no strategic or industrial importance. So the Viernheim railway station served for a while as Mannheim station, after the Mannheim Central Station was destroyed in an air-raid in 1942.

[ source: wikipedia ]

Viernheim is a midsize industrial town on Mannheim’s outskirts and is found in the Rhine Neckar agglomeration and economic area. It is the second biggest town in Bergstraße district in Hesse, Germany. Since 1994 it has also borne the title Brundtlandstadt, as it has been taking part in an energy conservation pilot project.

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