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Popular Points of Interest in and near Wittenberg
Wittenberg UNESCO World Heritage Site
Wittenberg has many buildings associated with the lives of Martin Luther and his fellow-reformer Melanchthon. They include Melanchthon's house, Luther's room in Wittenberg, the local church and the castle church where, on 31 October 1517, Luther posted his famous
95 Theses, which launched the Reformation and a new era in the religious and political history of the Western world.
The UNESCO Committee decided to inscribe Wittenberg and the city of Eisleben on the basis of
considering that it is of outstanding universal value bearing unique testimony to the Protestant Reformation, which was one of the most significant events in the religious and political history of the world and constitutes outstanding examples of 19th century historicism.
All Saints' Church, Wittenberg
All Saints' Church, commonly referred to as Schloßkirche ("Castle church") to distinguish it from the Stadtkirche ("town church") of St. Mary — and sometimes known as the Reformation Memorial Church — is a Lutheran church in Lutherstadt Wittenberg, Germany. It is the site where The Ninety-Five Theses were posted by Martin Luther on 31 October 1517, the act that has been called the start of the Protestant Reformation.
All Saints' is also known for its 88-metre (289 ft)-tall steeple, from which one can obtain a good view of the city of Wittenberg and the surrounding countryside. A quote, "Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott" ("A mighty fortress is our God"), from one of Luther's hymns, encircles the tower.
What is your insider travel tip for Wittenberg?
Travel Insider Tips for Wittenberg
Wittenberg, officially Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is a town in Germany in the Bundesland Saxony-Anhalt, on the Elbe River. It has a population of about 50,000.
The importance of Wittenberg historically was due to its seat of the Elector of Saxony, a dignity held by the dukes of Saxe-Wittenberg and also to its close connection with Martin Luther and the dawn of the Protestant Reformation; several of its buildings are associated with the events of this time. Part of the Augustinian monastery in which Luther dwelt, first as a monk and later as owner with his wife and family, is preserved and considered to be the world's premier museum dedicated to Luther.
Things to See in Wittenberg
Wittenberg is home to numerous important historical artifacts, as well as portraits and other paintings by the Cranachs. On the doors of All Saints' Church, the Schlosskirche ("castle church" built 1496–1506) Luther nailed his 95 theses in 1517. It was seriously damaged by fire in 1760 during a bombardment by the French during the Seven Years' War, was practically rebuilt, and was later (1885–1892) restored. The wooden doors, burnt in 1760, were replaced in 1858 by bronze doors, bearing the Latin text of the theses. Inside the church are the tombs of Luther and Philipp Melanchthon, and of the electors Frederick the Wise (by Peter Vischer the Younger, 1527) and John the Constant (by Hans Vischer), and portraits of the reformers by Lucas Cranach the Younger.
St. Mary's Church, the parish church in which Luther often preached, was built in the fourteenth century, but has been much altered since Luther's time. It contains a magnificent painting by Lucas Cranach the Elder, representing the Lord's Supper (with the faces of Luther and other reformers), Baptism and Confession, also a font by Hermann Vischer the Elder (1457). In addition, there are numerous historic paintings in the church.
The ancient electoral palace is another of the buildings that suffered severely in 1760; it now contains archives.
There are also Melanchthon's house and the house of Lucas Cranach the elder (1472–1553), who was mayor of Wittenberg. Statues of Luther (by Schadow), Melanchthon and Bugenhagen embellish the town.
The spot outside the Elster Gate where Luther publicly burned the papal bull in 1520 is marked by an oak tree.
[ source: wikipedia ]
More about the History of WittenbergA settlement was mentioned first in 1180 as a small village founded by Flemish colonists under the rule of the House of Ascania. In 1260 it became the residence of the dukes of Saxe-Wittenberg, and in 1293 the settlement was granted a town charter. Wittenberg developed into an important trade centre during the following centuries, due to its location. When the Ascanians died out, Saxe-Wittenberg passed to the House of Wettin. The city became an important regional political and cultural centre at the end of the 15th century, when Frederick III "the Wise", Elector of Saxony, took up residence in Wittenberg. Several parts of the city were extended soon afterward: the second bridge over the Elbe was built from 1486 to 1490 and the castle church, the Schlosskirche, was built from 1496 to 1506. The palace was rebuilt the same time.
Wittenberg's reputation as a city protected from Allied bombing is also not historically accurate. There was on the outskirts of Wittenberg the Arado Flugzeugwerke (Arado Aircraft Factory), which produced aircraft components for Hitler's airforce. The factory was staffed by Jews, Russians, Poles, political prisoners, and even a few Americans--all prisoners engaging in forced labor. Despite the prisoner status of its workers, American and British planes bombed the factory near the end of WWII. One thousand prisoner workers were killed. The recent publication of "...und morgen war Krieg!" by Renate Gruber-Lieblich attempts to document this tragic bombing of Wittenberg.
At the end of the war, Wittenberg was occupied by Soviet forces, and became part of the German Democratic Republic in 1949. By means of the peaceful revolution in 1989, the communist regime was brought down and the city has been governed democratically since 1990.
[ source: wikipedia ]
Settled on the Elbe River, Wittenberg, officially Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is located in Saxony-Anhalt. It has a population of about 50,000. The importance of Wittenberg historically was due to its function as a seat of the Elector of Saxony and also due to its close connection with Martin Luther and the dawn of the Protestant Reformation. Several of Wittenberg's buildings are associated with the events of this time. Part of the Augustinian monastery in which Luther lived, first as a monk and later as owner with his wife and family, is preserved and considered to be the world's premiere museum dedicated to Luther. And do not forget to visit the Castle Church, where Luther nailed his 95 Theses and where he is now buried.
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