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- Cultural & History
- Don't do this
- Evening - Going out
- Getting Around
- Local Events
- Local Food Specialties
- Local Travel Tips
- Points of Interest
- Sports & Leisure
Where can one get a great breakfast in the morning?
Are there any cultural highlights, museums?"Are the tapestries of the Carnival of Venice by Johann Joseph Scheubel II still on the walls of the Residence Palace in Wurzburg? We have the painted cartoons of five of them in our museum. " (posted 03/09/2016)
Ideas for 2-3 activities and daytrips?
Good restaurants for dinner?
Typical tourist activities or places that one should NOT do, as they are not worthwhile doing.
Things can do to make it a fun and memorable evening?
How to get around and find best means of local transportation?"I have cancer and very low on energy to walk around and I would like to visit old town Wurzburg. Please tell me how big the old town is, and if there is any other method to get around old town aside from walking, for example, are there mini trams?" (posted 01/13/2015)
Where to find good quality groceries?
Are there any special local events?"I will be in Wurzburg in July 2015 and will be looking for band concerts...preferably brass bands or blasmusik. Any to be found?" (posted 02/18/2015)
Are there any local food specialties one should try out?"We were stationed in Wurzburg 1959-1961, & an unforgettable food was produced during Fasching only ( as far as I recall) We have tried to find here in USA any of the same... & futile search. Told now that each small area of Germany makes different sausages . Unsure of specific name of -type - of the incredible seasonal treat. It was long, thin, peppery, & in a small bun. Can you advise ? THANKYOU !" (posted 10/21/2015)
What makes this destination special? Why should one spend some time here during vacation?"4 of us will be in Würzburg on Tuesday May 6 for the full day as we are on a viking river cruise. We are wanting to visit a few wineries for a tour and tastings. The vineyard trail to marienberg fortress also sounded good. Any suggestions for which wineries would be open or good to tour? We dock at Friedrich Koenig-Strasse. Any recommendations for making the most of our day and checking out local wines would be very appreciated. Thank you. Gerri" (posted 04/07/2014)
Is there a good local deli or restaurant with lunch menu?
Are there any points of interest or local attractions?"My doubt is about a thing called "forest steps" in Wurzburg. Is this real?" (posted 06/05/2014)
What are good places to go for shopping?
Any sporting activites and recommendations to stay active?
Questions around the weather, different seasons, ...
Popular Points of Interest in and near Würzburg
Museum im Kulturspeicher Würzburg
The Museum im Kulturspeicher Würzburg is a municipal art museum located at Veitshöchheimer Strasse 5, Würzburg, Germany. It is open daily except Monday; an admission fee is charged.
The museum opened in 2002 within a converted river-side warehouse that provides 3,500 m² of exhibit space in 12 rooms. It contains two distinct collections: the municipal art collection, founded in 1941 as the Städtische Gallerie and originally located in Hofstraße; and the Peter C. Ruppert Collection of European concrete art from World War II to the present day.
The municipal collection exhibits regional art, primarily from Franconia and Southern Germany, ranging from Biedermeier-style portraits and landscapes of the first half of the 19th century, through German impressionism and painters of the Berlin Secession, including Robert Breyer, Philipp Franck, Walter Leistikow, Joseph Oppenheimer, and Max Slevogt, as well as members of the Weimar Saxon-Grand Ducal Art School including Ludwig von Gleichen-Russwurm and Franz Bunke. It also includes works by Bauhaus painter Hans Reichel and works from the estate of sculptor Emy Roeder, as well as about 30,000 graphics works.
The Ruppert collection includes concrete art from 22 European countries, incorporating a broad spectrum of materials and media, exhibited within six galleries (1,850 m² total area). Artists include Max Bill, John Carter, Andreas Christen, Ralph Eck, Christoph Freimann, Gerhard von Graevenitz, Erwin Heerich, Malcolm Hughes, Norbert Kricke, Richard Paul Lohse, Maurizio Nannucci, Nausika Pastra, Henry Prosi, Bridget Riley, Peter Sedgley, and Anton Stankowski.
Würzburg Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral dedicated to Saint Kilian. It is the seat of the Bishop of Würzburg. With an overall length of 105 metres it is the fourth largest Romanesque church building in Germany and a masterpiece of German architecture from the Salian period.The present cathedral, built from 1040 onwards by Bishop Bruno of Würzburg, is the third church on the site: the previous two, built in about 787 and 855, were respectively destroyed and severely damaged by fire. After Bruno's accidental death in 1045, his successor Adalbero completed the current building in 1075.
The cathedral contains numerous works of art, of which the following are of special note: baptismal font (1279), by Meister Eckart of Worms; impressive series of tombs and epitaphs of bishops, including the monumental effigies of the prince-bishops Rudolf II von Scherenberg (1495) and Lorenz von Bibra (1519), both by Tilman Riemenschneider; seven-armed candelabra by Andreas Moritz; Schönborn Chapel by Balthasar Neumann; crypt with cycle of stained glass by Georg Meistermann.
The original castle on the Marienberg, a hill which was first settled in the late Bronze Age, was probably a small fort built early in the 8th century by the Franconian-Thuringian dukes, together with a church which in 741 became the first church of the Würzburg bishops. From 1200 an unusually large castle was built, which was extended during the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
Following the storming of the castle in 1631 by the Swedes, Prince-Bishop Johann Philipp von Schönborn built a circle of massive bastions to protect the Marienberg. In 1945 the fortress was almost completely burned out, and its reconstruction was only completed in 1990. On the first floor of the Princes' Building Museum (administered by the Bavarian Palace Department), is the Bibra Apartment with valuable furniture, tapestries and paintings, the Princes' Hall with early Gothic arcatures and the large Echtersche family tapestry, as well as a treasury and vestment chamber from the era of the prince-bishops. On the second floor is the Main-Franconian Museum documenting the history of the fortress and town. The 1,300 sqm Princes' Garden is accessible from the castle courtyard: it was reconstructed in 1937-38 on the basis of plans dating from the early 18th century.
Hours: Princes' Building: March 16 - October: 9 am-6 pm. Museum: April through October, Tuesday – Sunday 10am -5pm, November through March, March, Tuesday – Sunday 10am – 4pm. closed November-15 March.
Admission: Combination ticket for Tour and Museum: Adults 5 €, Concessions 4 €.
[ source: City of Würzburg ]
Old Main Bridge
Würzburg's Old Main Bridge (Alte Mainbrücke) was built 1473–1543 to replace the destroyed Romanesque bridge from 1133. It was adorned from 1730 on in two phases with well-known statues of saints and famous persons. A similar impressive bridge is the Charles Bridge in Prague. From the old bridge you will enjoy fantastic views of the fortress
Marienberg,the pilgrimage church
Käppeleand the famous vineyards in the area.
Käppele Church Pilgrimage church
The Stations of the Cross leading to this baroque masterpiece of a church (built 1748-1750 by Balthasar Neumann) are worth the trip all by itself. The stairs leading to the church are lined by plane trees and the stations are all pieces of art. The church itself boasts magnificent frescos and stucco works, as well as a miracle hall with votive donations. Ascending the 352 steps to the church is rewarded with a fantastic view of the Fortress Marienberg, the city and the Main River valley.
Church of our Lady (Marienkapelle)
Late Gothic period hall church; construction started in 1377 and was finished in 1480 with the erection of a church tower. Elaborate ornamentation, especially in the arches of the doorways (figures of Adam and Eve by Tilman Riemenschneider – the originals are now on display in the Mainfränkisches Museum, replaced by replicas from 1975). Interior was replaced after fire damage in 1945. The altar features four panels with paintings from 1514. Famous
Beautiful Madonna(around 1420) and
Silver Madonna(17th century). Numerous tombs of Franconian knights and citizens of Würzburg, including the tomb of Konrad von Schaumberg (died 1499) by Riemenschneider and the tomb of the great Baroque architect Balthasar Neumann (1687-1753) at the market gate.
The Romantic Road (German: Romantische Straße) is a "theme route" devised by promotion-minded travel agents in the 1950s. It describes the 350 kilometres (220 mi) of highway between Würzburg and Füssen in southern Germany, specifically in Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg, linking a number of picturesque towns and castles. In medieval times it was a trade route that connected the center of Germany with the south. Today this region is thought by many international travellers to possess "quintessentially German" scenery and culture, in towns and cities such as Nördlingen, Dinkelsbühl and Rothenburg ob der Tauber and in castles such as Burg Harburg and the famous Neuschwanstein. The Romantic Road is marked along the way with brown signs.
Würzburg Residence UNESCO World Heritage Site
The UNESCO committee note:
This magnificent Baroque palace – one of the largest and most beautiful in Germany and surrounded by wonderful gardens – was created under the patronage of the prince-bishops Lothar Franz and Friedrich Carl von Schönborn. It was built and decorated in the 18th century by an international team of architects, painters (including Tiepolo), sculptors and stucco-workers, led by Balthasar Neumann.
There are over 40 palace rooms to visit, with a rich array of furniture, tapestries, paintings and other 18th century treasures. Neumann's world-famous staircase, roofed by an unsupported vault, was decorated in 1752/53 by the Venetian Giovanni Battista Tiepolo with a ceiling fresco representing the four continents. The painting, measuring 18 x 30 metres, is one of the largest frescos ever created.
Hours: April - October: 9am - 6pm, November - March: 10am - 4:30pm.
Admission: 7 € Adults, 6 € Concessions.
Würzburger Stein is a vineyard in the German wine region of Franconia that has been producing a style of wine, known as Steinwein since at least the age of Charlemagne. Located on a hill overlooking the Main river outside the city of Würzburg, the vineyard is responsible for what may have been the oldest wine ever tasted. In addition to being one of Germany's oldest winemaking sites, at 85 hectares (210 acres), the vineyard is also one of Germany's largest individual plots.
Today the vineyard is one of the warmest sites in the Franconia wine region and is planted primarily to Riesling and Silvaner.
The two primary grapes of Würzburger Stein are Riesling and Silvaner. As one of the warmest vineyards sites in Franconia, Würzburger Stein is one of the few vineyards in the region where Riesling is widely grown. The Rieslings from the vineyard are described as having "piquant" acidity that balances the fruitiness of the grape and helps contribute to a characteristic long finish that wines from this vineyard tend to exhibit. The Silvaners tend to be full-bodied and highly aromatic.
Botanischer Garten der Universität Würzburg
The Botanischer Garten der Universität Würzburg (9 hectares) is a botanical garden maintained by the University of Würzburg. It is located on Mittlerer Dallenbergweg, Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany, and open daily; admission is free.
The garden was first established in 1696 as a medicinal plant garden in what is now the Julius Hospital's park in today's city center. Its first catalog, published in 1722, listed 423 types of plants including 52 from the region, as well as from the Mediterranean (127 varieties), South Africa (64), Asia (29), Central and South America (26), North America (21), and Atlantic islands (7). Its first greenhouse was built in 1722, with three additional greenhouses added in 1739-41; all were replaced by four new greenhouses in 1787-89. During the late 18th century, however, most of the medicinal plant garden was converted to ornamental gardens, and by 1791 only 3000 m² remained for medicinal plants. This space was intensively cultivated, however, and contained over 6000 species.
In 1833 the garden was reorganized by Linnaean taxonomy, and in 1854 was administratively assigned to the university proper rather than being held jointly with the hospital. As part of this new arrangement, the garden moved in 1854 onto university grounds, then moved again in 1873 to a site near the former Physics Institute, now marked by the X-ray Monument honoring the 1895 discovery of X-rays by Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen. Beginning in 1960 the garden moved to its current location in the city's outskirts, with the plant collections relocated in 1968 to a 7.5 hectare garden, opening ceremony in 1971, and in 1978 an addition of a further 1.5 hectares.
What is your insider travel tip for Würzburg?
Podcast: A Germany Vacation in Würzburg with Live Like a German
Listen to our special Live Like a German podcast (in German). This podcast is titled "A Germany Vacation in Würzburg with Live Like a German." Episode 1: Today our guest is Gisela Schüttler, one of our trusted property owners in Würzburg. Gisela has lived now for over 20 years in Würzburg and therefore knows the area and surroundigs very well. She shares sightseeing tips in Würzburg, interesting insider travel tips, where to go and what do there, local Würzburg specialities to try and much more (moderated by Reiner Kraft)
In this podcast we're interviewing our Live Like a German property owner Gisela Schüttler:
I'm born and raised in Rothenburg odT. There, I've worked with pleasure at Kathe Wohlfahrt's Christmas market and the Crime Museum - since history is my hobby.
Then I decided in 1990 but to start a training course as a geriatric nurse. I moved to the beautiful cathedral town of Würzburg am Main. There, I also met my husband, who was born in Port Said, Egyptian, Wael Abd El Khalek and learned to love him and got married then. 5 years ago, we were then able to realize the dream of starting our own rental of apartments in Wuerzburg am Main.
I am also passionate about showing travelers Würzburg as a tour guide. "Travel With Care" for seniors was one of my ideas. This way I can combine my work and hobby. One of my popular theme tours is in Volkach am Main with the pilgrimage church "Maria im Weingarten" and the altar of Our Lady of Thilmann Riemenschneider.
LLAG: Hello, this is Reiner Kraft from Live-Like-a-German. Our guest today is Gisela Schüttler. Gisela has been living in Würzburg for twenty years; of course, she knows the area very well. Following our theme “Holidays in Germany” we have collected a few questions. Mainly, we want to hear more about Würzburg, get some travel tips for things to do in Würzburg.
First of all, Hello, Gisela, it’s a pleasure to have you help us today. Let’s start with this. So, you have been living here for twenty years, you offer vacation apartments – since when have you been offering those?
G: Hello, my name is Gisela. I had worked in tourism in Rothenburg ob der Tauber already, at Käthe Wohlfahrt’s Christmas market. I’ve always had that desire to also rent vacation apartments, in Würzburg. We have been doing that for the last five years. The apartment, in a multi-apartment building with four floors is on the edge of town. There is a foot path leading to the winery Knoll, on the one hand. On the other hand, it only takes 15 minutes to get to the tram stop and into the inner city. I really liked that.
LLAG: So, the apartment is in a nice location, it’s a great base from which to start on adventures.
G: Yes, right.
LLAG: Great. So, what are the special attractions of Würzburg, let’s say, for a start, for someone from Germany who’s looking to go somewhere for a long weekend?
G: First of all, the weather..
LLAG: The weather? Sounds…
G: … the weather. Würzburg is one of the German areas richest in sunshine and with the least rainfall – and that’s one half of what makes for a trip or vacation right there. Then, it is surrounded by vineyards. Würzburg is in the valley of the Main, the beautiful river, and is just simply beautiful.
LLAG: Sounds good already. Let’s think of international guests, who may first think of places like Munich or Heidelberg, which are well-known… Würzburg is probably less known. What are the reasons why a foreign traveler should come visit Würzburg?
G: Well, Würzburg is located right in the center of Germany, 8 hours to Holland, great autobahn connection into Switzerland and towards the North, to Berlin. Würzburg is right in the middle and thus great as a starting point for excursions, also to Rothenburg ob der Tauber, to Nuremberg, to Bamberg, and also to the small, beautiful towns in the Frankenland.
LLAG: So, a nicely central position getting the visitor quickly in all directions.
LLAG: A few more questions… So, we have a visitor staying in your vacation apartment. What possibilities do they have, for example, looking for fresh bread rolls or to go out for breakfast?
G: Okay, well, the visitor could easily stretch out and go for the ten-minutes’ walk to the nearby bakery which has all the many usual offers, Kaiser rolls, rye rolls, which the German bakery has.
LLAG: Sounds good. What’s the name of the bakery?
G: That… there are a few. There’s Bäckerei Schiffer, Bäckerei Müller, and more.
LLAG: So, are they all good or is there one you’d recommend in particular?
G: Well, it is… I’d actually recommend heading for the supermarket in Kupsch. They also have a nice counter for breads, and you can also get the various other things, for example Schickemack, rose hip marmalade, or…
LLAG: What was that? Could you repeat that…
G: [laughing] Schickemack, Schickemack it’s called ...
LLAG: Okay, so, that’s a specialty…?
G: Yes, indeed. Or you could have some Obatzda, which is a cheese spread of Camembert…
G: … that cheese is also a specialty.
LLAG: Okay, great.
G: Or Franconian sausages. Landjäger. Gutsleberwurst [liver worst]. All sausage specialties from the Swabian pig.
LLAG: And that’s all to be found in that supermarket, it has a butcher’s, it really has everything…
G: Yes, just so.
LLAG: How far is the supermarket from the apartments?
G: Well, it’s 15 minutes.
LLAG: So, should I take a car or can one…
G: Oh, it’s a pretty nice walk; that’s okay. Our part of town – it was a part of the vineyards only 150 years back. Then, the railway was built and living quarters for the railway workers were needed – and this part of town was built.
LLAG: What was the name of the district again?
G: It’s called Kombühl.
LLAG: Kombühl, okay. … Sounds good. So, one can go for a nice walk and also get all the various tasty things.
G: Yes, exactly. The path is just a bit downhill heading out, and thus going uphill when heading back.
LLAG: How about midday, if I want to head into town. What can I do in town, in the inner city?
G: In the inner city… As I mentioned, it’s just some 10 minutes by tram into town. You could go see the cathedrals [Dom and Münster], St. Mary’s chapel, the Residence, trek up to the fortress… You may know that, the Würzburg Residence, from driving by on the autobahn… it’s visible from afar.
LLAG: How about shopping?
G: S. Oliver, the well-known [clothing] company got its start in Würzburg and it is now a really important industry/store here.
LLAG: Ah, yes. All here. Sounds good. So, one can really do various things, go shopping… How about in the evenings, if one had a long day and is now looking to go out for dinner. What are the options?
G: Well, you can take the foot path to the Knoll vineyard, have a “schobben”, a glass of wine…
G: Or you can also eat very well there, at restaurant Reisers am Stein, a top chef who has his restaurant there. If you take the tram into town, there are many wine pubs (Weinstuben) where you can relax, get to talking with the locals. Or the Bürgerspital or Juliusspital… they, all those hospitals also have Weinstuben.
LLAG: Sounds great. Any particular wines which one should try?
G: Well, the main wine of Franconia is the Silvaner. Silvaner, wine of the Franks. To some, it is rather too tart. Then, I’d recommend the Bacchus, the lovely-sweet “women’s wine”… [laughs]
LLAG: Okay, sound good. I heard about those before, the good Franconian wines. How about day trips, excursions – what would be two, three examples of things one could do?
G: Well, for a day trip, I’d recommend heading to the synagogue in Veitshoechheim on the Main river or Kitzingen on the Main river with their centuries-old cemeteries – it’s really interesting and also a major part of Main-Franconian culture.
LLAG: How far is that?
G: Oh, that’s just five.. ten kilometers….
LLAG: So, pretty close then.
G: Yes, quite close-by.
LLAG: Other things?
G: Or… you can go to the Tauber valley, the Madonnenländchen – all about St. Mary, patron and protector of Franconia – with many beautiful churches. For those with children who might want to have space to run around, it may be interesting to visit the beech forests in the Handtal valley and go for a walk there… take a break and have a snack…
LLAG: Sounds interesting. Many possibilities…
G: Yes, or go for a bike tour along the Main.
LLAG: Oh, that sounds good, too. Is it possible to rent bikes?
G: Well, we don’t offer that ourselves, but I know my way, know where to get bikes…
LLAG: Which is?
G: Well, there are bikes for rent at the train station now.
LLAG: So, one could choose a bike there and then go for a nice bicycle tour down the Main river…
G: Yes, yes.
LLAG: Good. While we are talking about sports… let’s think of the more active vacationer who wants to move. Bikes are good. What else could they do?
G: Well, they could… there are sports pools, nice …also a nice outdoors pool, “Erlebnisbad”, also offering many fun activities, including for children.
LLAG: Sounds good. Is that close-by as well?
G: Yes, it’s also all… Würzburg is a small larger town. From our district, it’s all easy to reach.
LLAG: Good. That was the “Erlebnisbad”?
G: Erlebnisbad Nautiland.
LLAG: Nautiland, alright.
G: Or you could go for walks through the vineyard hills; that’s also beautiful.
LLAG: Yes, sounds good. So, how about the people on vacation who like to learn more of culture and history… You mentioned a few churches already, or historic buildings in the inner city. Maybe summarize some things that are interesting for that…
G: Uhm, you mean…?
LLAG: Historic.. churches or castles or…
G: Well, Würzburg is … with the Residence, the fortress, St. Mary’s chapel, the cathedral … Würzburg is well-endowed with baroque works of art all built around 1700. There was heavy destruction in the war but it’s all… most… rebuilt.
LLAG: Well, sounds interesting and I guess it’s all easy to reach.
LLAG: Okay, what else? … Festivals are always interesting; local highlights and events. What are the most popular events in the course of the year?
G: Well, it all starts with the Africa Festival in May. It’s a very popular festival, lots of fun, with great bands. Then, there’s the Kiliani folk festival. Half the year, from April to October, there are all the wine festivals. The Volkacher Weinfest in Volkach. The wine festival of Veitshöchheim, the one of Würzburg… Always a good spot for sitting down to enjoy a good glas of wine…
LLAG: To finish, let’s come back to the topic of the vacation apartments. You have two apartments on offer. We’ve heard of their great location, but how about things that make them special, stand apart?
G: Well, one thing to note is that they are close by the university clinics. Those clinics host specialists in many disciplines, and so we often have relatives use our apartments who will visit someone in the clinic during the day and relax at night in our beautiful and spacious apartments.
LLAG: How big are the apartments?
G: The larger one has 90 sq.m; pretty big. Large living room and two bedrooms lying opposite of each other. Every bedroom has two beds, and the one of them is large enough to offer space for two more guest beds.
LLAG: Definitely enough room…
G: Oh, yes. And a highlight: it’s all original 70’s… nice bathroom with red tiles.
LLAG: Ah yes, those are still known. How about internet access; is that available?
G: Yes, we have internet connectivity. It’s provided.
LLAG: Wi-Fi or…?
G: Yes, Wi-Fi.
LLAG: That’s very good, of course. So, guests can, if they bring their notebook, quickly go online and check a few things.
G: It’s possible, yes.
LLAG: Good. For the end… Lots of tips you’ve got, many ideas. When guests come to you, can they profit from them, can you give them advice, do you have special services to offer? Maybe you’d like to say a few words about that sort of thing?
G: For one, I can offer breakfast service, delivering fresh bread rolls and a dailynewspaper, the Main Post, to the door.
LLAG: Great. That Main Post, is that a typical Würzburg newspaper?
G: Yes, exactly, that’s our typical, regional newspaper.
LLAG: And I’m guessing that the guests can also get all the travel tips we’ve been talking about, plus ask if they have questions.
G: Yes, so… I’m very much interested in history and work as tourist guide in Volkach, on the Main river’s bend, in the pilgrimage church Maria im Weingarten with the altar by Tilmann Riemenschneider. Of course, it would be my pleasure to accompany our guests on excursions and sightseeing in the area. American guests walking in their ancestor’s footsteps are particularly welcome; I really enjoy showing them the Frankenland, its synagogues, churches, cemeteries…
LLAG: Great. I’m convinced guests will feel right at home in the apartments you offer and will have a great time given all that Würzburg has to offer.
G: Thank you.
LLAG: Well, that’s all, really. Let me just thank you one more time, Gisela, for all the advice and…
G: Thank you.
LLAG: … and till soon.
G: Yes, thank you.
Travel Insider Tips for Würzburg
To help you start planning your visit to Würzburg, here are some of the highlights, which will make your trip all the more memorable:
- No stay in Würzburg is complete without a visit of the Würzburg Residence, a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of the most important castles in Europe. It also has magnificent gardens, inviting you to stroll around and take in the impressive architecture of the palace (see www.residenz-wuerzburg.de)
- Würzburg has the oldest Mozart Festival in Germany with plenty of opportunities to satisfy your cultural cravings. For more information check out www.mozartfest-wuerzburg.de
- Plan a trip to the Hotel Till Eulenspiegel to visit their charming pub and enjoy a freshly pulled beer with traditional Franconian delicacies (see www.hotel-till-eulenspiegel.de/bierkeller/)
- Have you ever wondered how letters are printed to paper and how newspapers are created? Visit the print center of the Mainpost and join one of their free tours (see www.mainpost.de/zeitung/betriebsbesichtigung/art8259,2440110
- To keep the kids happy, take them on a trip to Tierpark Sommerhausen, 14km southeast of Würzburg. This wildlife park which is home to numerous farm animals also hosts a petting zoo, offers pony riding and has a cafe for you to grab a snack or even celebrate your child’s birthday. Find out more at www.tierparksommerhausen.de/
So there you go, Würzburg is awaiting your visit and we’re sure you won’t be disappointed. Give yourself at least 3-4 days to explore the town or extend your stay to see more of Franconia. We have a number of fantastic vacation apartments in Würzburg, which will give you an opportunity to Live Like a German in Würzburg.
Würzburg is a city in the region of Franconia which lies in the northern tip of Bavaria, Germany. The regional dialect is Franconian. The city of Würzburg is not included in the district of Würzburg, but is its administrative seat. Its population is 131,320 as of 2006.
Würzburg is mainly known as an administrative center. Its largest employers are the Julius-Maximilians-University which is one of the oldest universities in Germany, first founded in 1402, and the municipality. The largest private employer is world market leader Koenig & Bauer, a maker of printing machines. Würzburg is also the capital of the German wine region Franconia which is famous for its mineralic dry white wines, especially from the Silvaner grape.
Arts and Architecture in Würzburg
Notable artists that lived in Würzburg include poet Walther von der Vogelweide (12th and 13th centuries), philosopher Albertus Magnus and painter Mathias Grünewald. Two artists who made a lasting impression were sculptor Tilman Riemenschneider (14601531), who was also mayor and participated in the Peasants' War, and Balthasar Neumann (16871753), Baroque architect and builder of the Würzburg Residence, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its interior was decorated by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and his son, Domenico.
Many of the city's "100 churches" survive intact with styles ranging from Romanesque (Würzburg Cathedral), Gothic (Marienkapelle), Renaissance (Neubaukirche), Baroque (Stift Haug Kirche) to modern (St Andreas).
Würzburg hosts the Mainfranken Museum, with artifacts from prehistory until modern times, a Museum of the cathedral, galleries for ancient and modern art, and the "Kulturspeicher" from 2002. Notable festivals include the Afrika Festival in May, the Mozartfest, in June/July and the Kiliani Volksfest in mid July.
Things to See
- Würzburg Residenz: The vast complex on the eastern edge of the town was commissioned by two prince-bishops, the brothers Johann Philipp Franz and Friedrich Karl von Schönborn. Its construction between 1720 and 1744 was supervised by several architects, including Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt and Maximilian von Welsch. Although much of it destroyed during WWII, it has been completely rebuilt as it was before the war. However, it is associated mainly with the name of Balthasar Neumann, the creator of its famous Baroque staircase. Its main sights are:
- Hofkirche: The church interior is richly decorated with paintings, sculptures and stucco ornaments. The altars were painted by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo.
- Treppenhaus: The largest fresco in the world adorns the vault of the staircase by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. For many years the staircase appeared on a Deutschmark bill.
- Kaisersaal: The centerpiece of the palace, emperor's chamber which testifies the close relationship between Würzburg and the Holy Roman Empire.
- The Fortress Marienberg is the castle on a hill across the Old Main Bridge, overlooking the whole town area as well as the surrounding hills.
- Würzburg's Old Main Bridge (Alte Mainbrücke) was built 1473-1543 to replace the destroyed Romanesque bridge from 1133. It was adorned from 1730 on in two phases with well-known statues of saints and famous persons. A similar impressive bridge is the Charles Bridge in Prague.
- Among Würzburg's many notable churches are the Käppele, a small Baroque/Rococo chapel by Balthasar Neumann on a hill opposite to the fortress and the Dom (Würzburg Cathedral). The Baroque Schönborn Chapel, a side-chapel of the cathedral has interior decoration made of (artificial) human bones and skulls. Also in the cathedral are two of Tilman Riemenschneider's most famous works, the tomb stones of Rudolf II von Scherenberg (1466-1495) and Lorenz von Bibra (1495-1519). Look for replicas of the statues of Adam and Eve by Riemenschneider at the entrance to the Marienkapelle (on the market square). The Neumünster is a Romanesque minster church with a Baroque façade and dome. Among the Baroque churches in the inner city are Stift Haug, St. Michael, St. Stephan and St. Peter.
- The Julius Spital is a Baroque hospital with a courtyard and a church built by the prince bishop Julius Echter. Its medieval wine cellar, together with those of the Würzburg Residence and the Bürgerspital are one place to taste the Frankenwein. With an area under cultivation of 1.68 square kilometres, the Julius Spital is the second largest winery in Germany.
- The Haus zum Falken next to the Marienkapelle, with its splendid facade, is an achievement of the Würzburg rococo period and accommodates a tourist office.
- The Stift Haug was built in the years 16701691 and was the first Baroque church in Franconia. It is the most important building of the Italian architect Antonio Petrini.
[ source: Wikipedia ]
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Würzburg is well-known as the northern end of the Romantic Road, the scenic travel route stretching south into the Bavarian Alps. Since many people prefer to travel the trail from north to south, Würzburg will be the starting destination - find out more about Würzburg and the Romantic Road.
More about the History of Würzburg
By 1000 BC a Celtic fortification stood on the site of the present Fortress Marienberg. It was Christianized in 686 by Irish missionaries Kilian, Colman and Totnan. The city is first mentioned as Vurteburch in 704. The first diocese was founded by Saint Boniface in 742. He appointed the first bishop of Würzburg, Saint Burkhard. The bishops eventually created a duchy with its center in the city, which extended in the 12th century to Eastern Franconia. The city was the seat of several Imperial diets, including the one of 1180, in which Henry the Lion was banned from the Empire and his duchy was handed over to Otto of Wittelsbach.
The first church on the site of the present Würzburg Cathedral was built as early as 788, and consecrated that same year by Charlemagne; the current building was constructed from 1040 to 1225 in Romanesque style. The University of Würzburg was founded in 1402 and re-founded in 1582.
During World War II, on March 16, 1945, about 90% of the city was destroyed by some 225 Lancaster bombers in 17 minutes by a British air raid. Most of the city's churches, cathedrals, and other monuments did not survive, while the city center, dating from medieval times, was totally destroyed in a firestorm in which some 5,000 people perished. During the next 20 years, the buildings of historical importance were painstakingly and accurately replicated. The citizens who rebuilt the city immediately after the end of the war were mostly women (Trümmerfrauen = Rubblewomen). Men were either dead or POW. Relatively, Würzburg was destroyed more completely than was Dresden in a firebombing the previous month.
Since the end of the war, Würzburg has been host to the US Army's 3rd Infantry Division, 1st Infantry Division, US Army Hospital and various other US military units who have maintained a presence in Germany. The local Würzburg economy benefited greatly from the US military presence. However, these units are due to withdraw from Würzburg by 2008 which brings an end to over 60 years of US military presence in Würzburg.
Würzburg is a city in the region of Franconia, which lies in the northern tip of Bavaria. Its population is 131,320 as of 2006. Würzburg is mainly known as an administrative center. The city’s largest employers are the Julius-Maximilians-University which is one of the oldest universities in Germany, first founded in 1402, and the municipality. Würzburg is also the capital of the German wine region Franconia, which is famous for its mineralic dry white wines, especially from the Silvaner grape. Among the sites to see in the city, do not miss out on the Würzburg Residenz, a vast Baroque palace complex designed by the notable architects Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt and Balthasar Neumann.
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