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Popular Points of Interest in and near Wunsiedel

  • Fichtelgebirge Museum
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Fichtelgebirge Museum

    The Fichtelgebirge Museum (German: Fichtelgebirgsmuseum) is a regional museum in Wunsiedel, formerly the 'capital' of the Sechsämterland and the county town (Kreisstadt) in the Fichtelgebirge mountains of central Germany.

    Formerly important trades, such as those of the whitesmith and the potter, were superseded during the 19th century by new industries. This generated a desire in the Fichtelgebirge region in 1907 to protect old trade skills and a museum was founded by the Fichtelgebirge Club. Since 1964 it has been located in a wing of the Sigmund Wann Hospital (Spital), founded in the 15th century and which acted as a nursing home. In the 1980s other hospital buildings were converted and the museum attached. In 2004 the last two houses were opened. In the first new building a 'Blue Dyeworks/Blue Printers', 'Children's World/Play World' and museum warehouse accessible to the public have been created. In the second new building is the museum library and workshops and offices. In a further nine houses the museum has well over 2500 m² of exhibition area.

    The north wing houses the Prehistoric, Geology, Mineralogy and Mining Departments. Its centrepiece is a mineral collection of about 2000 individual rocks and crystals, that come mainly from the Fichtelgebirge, the northern Upper Palatine Forest, the Münchberg Gneiss Massif and the Franconian Forest. In the south wing are the Regional and Cultural History departments. Of particular note is the collection of painted furniture from the 18th and 19th centuries from the Fichtelgebirge. There is also information about the author Jean Paul (1763–1825) and the political assassin Karl Ludwig Sand (1795–1820) – both born in Wunsiedel.

  • Bernstein Castle
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Bernstein Castle

    Bernstein Castle is a historical building in Bernstein im Burgenland, Austria, first mentioned in the 13th century.

    In 860 the whole region was part of the archbishopric of Salzburg. Erimbert, a liege of the archbishopric, handed over the Pinka to one Jacobus. The village name Rettenbach was not mentioned yet, but the old Slavic name of the nearby hamlet Grodnau (meaning "the village belonging to the castle") is a sign of the existence of a nearby castle, identifiable with castle Bernstein.

    Since 1199 the castle was part of Hungary. It is not exactly known when the castle was handed over to Frederick II, Duke of Austria, and how long it was his property; but in 1236 Béla IV of Hungary conquered the castle. Some years later (in 1260) he gave it to count Henry II of Güssing.

    In 1336 the counts of Güssing and Bernstein were defeated by the Hungarian King Charles Robert of Anjou, and the castle of Bernstein became part of the Hungarian Kingdom. In 1388 the castle was given to the Kanizsai family. In 1482 it became property of Matthias Corvinus of Hungary for a short time; in 1487 Hans von Königsberg received the castle from Emperor Frederick III.

    In 1529 the Turks besieged the castle, but they were not able to capture it. Another unsuccessful siege by the Turks followed in 1532. On that occasion the ring of bastions was erected in order to change the castle into a refuge.

    In 1604 castle Bernstein was unsuccessfully besieged for weeks by a combined army consisting of Hungarians, Turks, and Tatars under the leadership of Stephen Bocskay. Due to an explosion of the gunpowder storeroom, in 1617 Ludwig Königsberg ordered the rebuilding of the Gothic inner part of the castle in Baroque style. The keep and towers were eliminated. A short time later (1644) Ehrenreich Christoph Königsberg sold the sovereignty and the castle to Count Ádám Batthyány. In 1864 Gustav Batthyány sell the castle to his manciple Edward O'Egan, whose heirs finally sold the castle to Eduard von Almásy. His family currently owns the castle. In 1953 a part of the castle was turned into a hotel.

  • Luisenburg Rock Labyrinth
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Luisenburg Rock Labyrinth

    The Luisenburg Rock Labyrinth (German: Luisenburg-Felsenlabyrinth) is a felsenmeer made of granite blocks several metres across and is part of the Großes Labyrinth Nature Reserve near Wunsiedel in Germany. For a long time its formation was believed to have been caused by natural disasters such as earthquakes. Today it is known that processes such as weathering and erosion over a long period are much more likely to have been responsible for the formation of the rock labyrinth.

    The well-rounded shapes of the individual blocks were formed by woolsack weathering in the tropical, humid climate of the Tertiary period. Over the course of time they were left behind as the ground around was eroded; they became unstable and began to shift. This resulted in the jumble of rocks with wild, romantic paths through the narrow clefts and steep steps.

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Travel Insider Tips for Wunsiedel

Wunsiedel Overview

Wunsiedel is a town in Bavaria, Germany. It is located in the Fichtelgebirge mountains, at the bottom of the Kösseine Plateau. Wunsiedel is the seat of the Wunsiedel district.

Wunsiedel and Rudolf Hess

In the late 1980s, the cemetery of Wunsiedel became rather infamous for bearing the grave of Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess, who had died in a Berlin (Berlin vacation rentals | Berlin travel guide) prison on August 17, 1987. In the following years, neonazi groups organized memorial marches on each August 17. The number of participants rose from 120 in 1988 to more than 1,100 in 1990. The gatherings faced strong protests both from the civil population and from the antifascist movement. In fear of open violence between the two groups, the marches were eventually banned in 1991.

Under the impression of the situation having cooled down, the Bavarian Administrative Court permitted the gatherings again in 2001. The result was unexpected though: Neonazi groups managed to amass more and more people, the peak being reached in 2004, when over 4,500 Nazi-Skinheads from all over Europe assembled in Wunsiedel. 2004 the local initiative Wunsiedel ist bunt, nicht braun (Wunsiedel is colourful, not brown) managed a noteworthy counter-demonstration with about 800 participants, decorating the city with rainbow flags and spraying the neonazis with confetti. The initiative later received the Bündnispreis for engagement and bravery by the German federal ministers Otto Schily and Brigitte Zypries.

In 2005, the memorial march was for the first time banned on the basis of article 130 of the German crime code, outlawing incitement of the people. A complaint against the banning was rejected by the Federal Constitutional Court. Nevertheless, more than 2,500 people met on August 20, 2005, to celebrate a Day of Democracy in Wunsiedel.

[ source: Wikipedia ]

More about the History of Wunsiedel

Wunsiedel was first mentioned in 1163. In 1285, Burgrave Frederick III of Nuremberg (Nuremberg vacation rentals | Nuremberg travel guide) received fiefdom over the town by King Rudolph I of Germany. In 1326, Wunsiedel was incorporated as a city by Burgrave Frederick IV.

In the Middle Ages, Wunsiedel played an important role in tin mining and the production of tin plates. In 1613, it became capital of the Sechsämterland – an area comparable in size to the modern district Wunsiedel im Fichtelgebirge.

Wunsiedel was a part of the Margraviate of Ansbach-Bayreuth until 1791 when the last margrave abdicated and the region was placed under Prussian administration. In 1810, it became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria.

Birthplace of Karl Ludwig Sand (October 5, 1795) who later went on to assassinate Auguste Kotzebue-a famous German playwright. Kotenzubue's death was a direct result of his published ridicule of the student associations in general, however focusing harshest comments on the newly formed Burschenschaften. In addition, the affluent writer was appointed as Russia's "ambassador" (by Russia) making his death a certainty. In his role as ambassador, Kotzebue was accused as being a "spy" while his role as editor of a literature review magazine brought him accusation of outright plagiarism. In 1817 at the Wartburg Castle gathering of students, the burning of his published works with those of other "enemies" bought him to the attention of the young Karl Sand. In retrospect, a case for Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome, as a complicating factor, could probably be made as Karl Sand witnessed, helplessly, the drowning of his good friend just months prior to the murder.

Wunsiedel received its current appearance in a neoclassic style after a conflagration in 1834, destroying two-thirds of the city.

After World War II Wunsiedel was part of the American Zone and a Fluchtlingssuchstelle was installed at the Landratsamt at the Bezirksamtstrasse 8.

[ source: Wikipedia ]

Wunsiedel is a town in Bavaria, Germany. It is located in the Fichtelgebirge mountains, at the bottom of the Kösseine Plateau. Wunsiedel is the seat of the Wunsiedel district.

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