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Popular Points of Interest in and near Xanten
Xanten Cathedral /St. Victor's Cathedral
The origins of Xanten Cathedral go back
to the Saints-
ad sanctos. Legend has it that the Roman legionary Victor and his companions died as Christian martyrs in the 4th century. Pilgrims soon began to visit their memorial. A church was built around the the site of the grave, and in 1263, the foundation stone of today´s cathedral was laid on the same site. It is the largest church between Cologne and the North Sea, and is almost as important in the Rhineland as Cologne Cathedral. The interior is appropriately lavish and valuable, created by the best craftsmen and artists in the area. St. Victor's is not just the town's most prominent church, it is also the center of the close, a town within the town, where the canons lived in their own houses. Nowadays, the cathedral is not only a place of worship but also a venue for many cultural events. The monthly cathedral concerts attract an audience from across the region.
LVR Archaeological Park and Roman Museum (APX )
Roman history comes to life in the APX! In the first century B.C. the Romans set their sights on the Lower Rhineland. They erected a military camp on the Fürstenberg so that they could advance into Germania to the east of the Rhine by crossing the river Lippe. After the devastating defeat of Varus by the Germanic forces led by Arminius in 9 A.D, the river Rhine became the eastern frontier of the Roman empire. A port and a settlement developed north of the camp. About A.D. 98 Emperor Traian granted the settlement colony status, and this became Colonia Ulpia Traiana. Streets in a grid pattern, sewers, town walls, a forum, temples, baths and an amphitheatre were built, and all from stone that had to be hauled more than 100 kilometres down the Rhine.
In the Archaeological Park, some buildings have been partly reconstructed, some rebuilt and furnished to give visitors an idea of what the settlement would have been like. Original remains of Roman buildings can also be seen. Watch archaeologists working on their excavations, have a look at Roman
living roomsor take part in some of the numerous activities.
Hours: March to October: Daily 9 am - 6pm. November: Daily 9am - 5pm. December to February: Daily 10am - 4pm (closed December 24, 25 and 31).
Admission: Adults 9 € Concessions 6 €, children under 18 years free.
The Kriemhild Windmill is a historic building, one of Xanten's landmarks and a lively meeting place for locals and tourists alike. In front of the mill, rustic wooden benches provide a pleasant place to pause for a coffee and a delicious healthy snack. The mill, which is operated daily by a miller, is also a bakery selling quality organic products.
Here you can also learn how the precious wholemeal flour is produced from the corn and then turned into healthy bread. The Kriemhild Windmill is built on the city wall. The building was previously also used as a home for the night watchman, as well as a summer house and later on, an oil mill.
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Travel Insider Tips for Xanten
Xanten is a historic town in the North Rhine-Westphalia state of Germany, located in the district of Wesel. Xanten is known for the Archaeological Park (one of the largest in the world), its medieval picturesque city center with Xanten Cathedral and many museums, its large man-made lake for various watersport activities as well as high standard of living. It is visited by approximately one million tourists a year. Big events include the Xantener Sommerfestspiele (a prestigious classical music festival lasting 2 weeks every summer), the annual Xantener Montmartre where artists from all over the world show their latest works as well as the annual German sandcastle-building championship.
Things to See in Xanten
Archäologische Park Xanten
St. Victor's Cathedral with Abbey Library
[ source: wikipedia ]
More about the History of Xanten
First settlements by isolated tribes can be dated around the year 2000 BC. Around 15 BC the Roman camp Castra Vetera was created on the Fürstenberg near today's locality Birten. It was intended to be a base for campaigns into Germania and until its destruction during the uprising of the Batavians in 70 AD it was occupied by 8,000 to 10,000 legionaries, and was the main base of the Classis germanica.
In the 5th century the Franks began to settle in the area of today's Xanten, but they did not found any urban settlements. In the second half of the 8th Century a church was built on the grounds of an old cemetery of the ancient Roman colony and called Sanctos (super Rhenum) (also mentioned as ad Sanctum). The name of "place of saints" was derived from the assumed grave of the martyr Viktor of Xanten and is the source of today's city name of Xanten. After the establishment of a convent to the south, what became today's town centre grew into existence.
On November 28, 1988 Xanten, received the title of a Staatlich anerkannter Erholungsort (state-recognized leisure city) as the first such city in the governmental district of Düsseldorf (Düsseldorf vacation rentals | Düsseldorf travel guide). Between 1990 and 2004 the number of inhabitants rose from 16.930 to about 22000. Xanten is twinned with Geel/Belgium, Saintes/France and Salisbury in the United Kingdom.
[ source: wikipedia ]
Xanten is a historic town in the North Rhine-Westphalia state of Germany, located in the district of Wesel. Xanten is known for the Archaeological Park (one of the largest in the world), its medieval picturesque city center with Xanten Cathedral and many museums, its large man-made lake for various watersport activities as well as high standard of living.
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