100 Churches of Würzburg
Categories: Family and Kids, Sightseeing, Cultural and History
Photo of Cathedral and city hall taken by Guliyev at de.wikipedia
[ source: Wikipedia]
Church Tour of Würzburg (Würzburg vacation rentals | Würzburg travel guide)
Würzburg Is beautifully situated along the Romantic Road in Northwest Bavaria. The city straddles the serene Main River in what is known as the Franconian wine region. Scattered throughout the city is an array of architecturally diverse churches that were erected throughout the centuries; there are so many of them that the city is actually known as the city of "100 churches". With a mix of baroque, renaissance, gothic, romanesque and modern building styles along with sculptures from some of Germany and Italy's finest sculptors, Würzburg will surly have something for everyone to be captivated by.
Gothic Marienkapelle Church
Starting with the largest of the churches, the Marienkapelle is a late gothic period church constructed between 1377 and 1480. There are several works of sandstone from master sculptor Tilman Riemenschneider, one of the most prolific wood and stone sculptors from the late gothic period. The Marienkapelle is the final resting place for many Franconian knights and citizens; including the tomb of Konrad von Schaumberg, which was done by Riemenschneider and the tomb of the great baroque architect Balthasar Neumann, which is housed at the market gate.
Neumünster (Neumünster vacation rentals | Neumünster travel guide)
This church is a prime example of Romanesque design and construction. Built in the 11th century, this church was constructed over the stone coffin of St. Kilian, the Irish missionary murdered here in the year 689. The baroque facade was added between 1710 and 1716.
The Stift Haug is and example of Italian baroque architecture constructed circa 1670 and designed by Antonio Petrini. It is the first major baroque church in Franconia. It is a massive white building with darker colored domes on top that was completely renovated between 2003 and 2005.
St. Kilian Cathedral (Dom St. Kilian)
Known as the Abbey of the Holy Redeemer, St. Kilian Cathedral was a Benedictine monastery constructed circa 1050. It is the fourth largest Romanesque basilica in Germany with a baroque stucco interior that was added circa 1700. On the pillars of the church are the prince-bishops' tombstones carved out of red marble by Riemenschneider. This four-towered cathedral is a perfect example of the architectural style during the time of the Salian Kings. Attached to the cathedral is the Schönborn Chapel by Balthasar Neumann. It should be noted that the church is closed for renovations until December 2012.
Marienkirche (St. Mary's Church)
The blue-domed church is located in the Marienberg (Marienberg vacation rentals | Marienberg travel guide) fortress, which was built on the site of the first church in Germany circa 706. The church itself was built in the 11th century in baroque styles.
While visiting the Residenz in Würzburg be sure to check out the Hofkirch Chapel in the south wing. Bring your wedding dress and you can get hitched!
Käppele (Pilgrimage Church)
Build between 1748 and 1750 by Balthasar Neumann. This church boasts magnificent fresco and stucco works. Life-size stations of the cross line the church and were designed and sculpted by P. Wagner between 1767 and 1778. Make sure that after climbing the 352 stairs you turn around and soak in the view of the Marienberg Fortress.
About this Article
This travel guide has been written by Cynthia Kozak.
Cynthia Kozak is a freelance writer, editor and transcriptionist currently living abroad in her Vario truck. Boundlessly curious, she is an avid traveler always looking forward to the next destination.
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