Berlin Cathedral

Categories: Sightseeing, Cultural and History

Berlin Cathedral
Berlin Cathedral

[ source: Wikipedia]

Anyone who has taken a walking tour of the Spree Island with its wonderful museums has seen towering above the cityscape the dome of the Berlin (Berlin vacation rentals | Berlin travel guide) Cathedral. This Protestant church is the largest in the city, and the ecclesiastical history of this site is varied. The history begins in 1465, when the St. Erasmus Chapel, located in the newly built castle of Coelln in the Spree, was elevated to a collegiate church. In 1747, Frederick the Great commissioned Johann Boumann the Elder to build a new Baroque church north of the castle. Within less than a century, the church was significantly renovated. The famous German architect Karl Schinkel was in charge of the renovation, and by 1822, the church had a new neoclassical appearance both inside and out.

Despite the expenditure, the discussion of a new cathedral arose within only a few years. Although Schinkel developed designs for the new Berlin Cathedral, these remained unrealized. The new cathedral was to be built in the Lustgarten, but it was not until the 1880s that work on the new church actually commenced, according to a design by Julius Carl Raschdorff. In 1893, the old cathedral was torn down. The new Berlin Cathedral, built in a baroque-influenced Italian High Renaissance style, was consecrated in 1905.

In its large scale and significance, the Berlin Cathedral was conceived of as a Protestant counterbalance to St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. The dome rises 114 meters above street level, dominating everything around it. The exterior and interior of the church are decorated with scenes from the New Testament and from the history of the Reformation. At the time of its construction, the Berlin Cathedral was criticized for being too opulent.

World War II exacted a heavy toll on the Berlin Cathedral. In 1940, an air raid resulted in the destruction of the altar windows. Four years later, an incendiary bomb caused a major fire to ravage the structure. A provisional roof was installed in 1948, but the reconstruction of the church first began in 1975. This renovation project was achieved through the joint support of the German Protestant Church and the federal government of West Germany. In 1993, the Sermon Church was reopened for services, and in 2002, the last of the dome mosaics were unveiled.

[ source: wikipedia.org ]



About this Article

Rachel Hildebrandt

This travel guide has been written by Rachel Hildebrandt.

Starting with her first trip to Germany at the age of 16, Rachel has traveled, worked, and studied in Germany extensively. Although her first encounter with German culture was in Lower Saxony, since that time the focus of her subsequent work as a freelance historian and translator has shifted eastward. Building on her graduate studies in Dresden, Rachel has worked for a variety of German foundations as a historian and translator, and is currently pursuing research pertaining to the Sorbs in Lusatia (eastern Saxony).

Find and book quality Germany Vacation Rentals and Holiday Apartments ...

By Vacation Theme: Alpine Villages, Beach Vacations, Farm Vacations, German Castles, Historic Old Towns, Lake Vacations, Metropolitan Cities, Small Villages, Spa Towns, Themeparks, [ + ] more ...

By State: Aargau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Baden-Wurttemberg, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bavaria, Berlin (region), Bern (Canton), Brandenburg, Bremen (region), Burgenland (Austria), Canton of Jura, Canton of Uri, Carinthia (Austria), Fribourg (Canton), Geneva (Canton), Glarus, Graubünden, Hamburg (region), Hesse, Lower Austria, Lower Saxony, Lucerne (Canton), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Neuchâtel, Nidwalden, North Rhine-Westphalia, Obwalden, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Salzburger Land (Austria), Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schaffhausen (Canton), Schleswig-Holstein, Schwyz (Canton), Solothurn, St. Gallen (Canton), Styria (Austria), Thurgau, Thuringia, Ticino, Tyrol (Austria), Upper Austria, Valais, Vaud, Vienna (Austria), Voralberg (Austria), Zug (Canton), Zürich (Canton), [ + ] more ...


Location, Map, and Driving Directions

Location: Lustgarten 1, 10178 Berlin, Germany

[ view larger map ]




Nearby Destinations Where You Can Find Nice Germany Vacation Rentals

Berlin-Wannsee

Berlin-Wannsee

Wannsee is a lovely neighborhood in the southeast of Germany’s capital. Surrounded by lakes and rivers, Wannsee offers visitors a relaxing place to "come home" after a full day of sightseeing in downtown Berlin.   [ + ] More Details

Related: Berlin-Wannsee Vacation Rentals


Berlin-Mitte

Berlin-Mitte

Mitte is the first and most central borough of Berlin (Mitte is German for middle). Mitte encompasses Berlin's historic core and is a must-see area for anyone wanting to get to know this German metropolis. Until 2001, Mitte was itself an autonomous district.…  [ + ] More Details

Related: Berlin-Mitte Vacation Rentals


Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg

Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg

In a city rich with diversity and culture, Berlin's Prenzlauer Berg is one of the city's hottest districts. Since Reunification, the neighborhood has been popular among university students, but this popularity has resulted in an increase in property…  [ + ] More Details

Related: Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg Vacation Rentals


Berlin

Berlin

Berlin is the capital city of Germany, and with a population of 3.4 million within its city limits, it is the country's largest city. It is the second most populous city and the eighth most populous urban area in the European Union. Berlin is a major…  [ + ] More Details

Related: Berlin Vacation Rentals


Potsdam

Potsdam

Potsdam has several claims to national and international notability. Until 1918, it was the residence of the Prussian kings. Potsdam is also important due to its architectural and landscape history. Around the city there are a series of interconnected…  [ + ] More Details

Related: Potsdam Vacation Rentals



Feedback, comments, questions?

Bettina Kraft

If you have visited here please share your experiences with our readers on Facebook. Or, if you have other cool trip suggestions and would like to contribute a travel guide here, please drop me an email. We also are encouraging free-lancers, travel guide writers or publishers who have great Germany related content to send us an email and get in touch with us.

Subscribe to the latest Germany travel guide articles in a reader (RSS)

Ask a Local for special travel insider tips!

We make it easy for you to post your travel questions and get them answered by local residents and our property owners in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. This way you get unqiue travel tips, personalized to your needs. Just type in your destination in the search box and go to your desired destination guide. From there look for the "Ask a Local" box, type in your question and submit. Typically you'll get 2-3 responses within less than 24 hours.

Download free eBook: 10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation!

Download free eBook: 10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation!Register for our free monthly Germany travel newsletter and download as a gift this valuable eBook: "10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation" - written by Bettina Kraft, owner of the Live Like a German site.
[ + ] More Details

Add the "Best of Live Like a German" to your web site or blog!

Best of Live Like a German Badge

Get the Best of Live Like a German badge, which shows the latest Germany travel tips, popular vacation packages, special trip plans, and a selection of travel guides. It can be integrated easily into your web site or blog.
[ + ] More Details