Categories: Sightseeing, Cultural and History
Kriegsverbrechergefängnis Spandau entrance
[ source: Wikipedia]
The colorful history of the Spandau Prison in Berlin (Berlin vacation rentals | Berlin travel guide) covers almost a century in time. Constructed in the Spandau borough of Berlin in 1876, the prison was originally a military detention center. It was subsequently used for civilian prisoners starting in 1919 and had a capacity of 600 inmates. In the 1930s, Berlin-Spandau (Berlin-Spandau vacation rentals | Berlin-Spandau travel guide) Prison became a holding area for the enemies of the Nazis. The Gestapo tortured and abused those held here. After the first concentration camps were opened in 1933, those held by the Nazis in "protective custody" in Spandau were transferred to a camp.
After World War II, the Berlin-Spandau Prison was operated by the Four-Power Authorities to house Nazi war criminals convicted at the Nuremberg (Nuremberg vacation rentals | Nuremberg travel guide) Trials. Although the Four Powers anticipated housing several hundred individuals in Spandau Prison, this never became a reality. Only seven war criminals were held here: Karl Doenitz (10 years), Konstantin von Neurath (15), Baldur von Schirach (20), Albert Speer (20), Erich Raeder (life), Walter Funk (life), and Rudolf Hess (life). Only four of the seven prisoners served full sentences, since the other three were released due to poor health. Spandau offered the use of a garden to the prisoners, which became the highlight of their lives while there. This was especially true for the architect Speer, who was allowed to create an elaborate landscape complete with intricate beds and winding paths. Between 1966 and 1987, Hess was the only inmate in the Spandau Prison. His sole companion during these two decades was the prison warden, who became friends with Hess. In 1987, Hess died in what was ruled a suicide at the prison.
After Hess's death, the decision was made demolish the Berlin-Spandau Prison to keep the site from becoming a Neo-Nazi shrine. The site was converted to a parking lot and a shopping center to obliterate all signs of the structure from the landscape. All materials from the prison were ground to powder and were either dropped into the North Sea or buried at the RAF Gatow air base.
[ source: wikipedia.org ]
About this Article
This travel guide has been written by Rachel Hildebrandt.
Starting with her first trip to Germany at the age of 16, Rachel has traveled, worked, and studied in Germany extensively. Although her first encounter with German culture was in Lower Saxony, since that time the focus of her subsequent work as a freelance historian and translator has shifted eastward. Building on her graduate studies in Dresden, Rachel has worked for a variety of German foundations as a historian and translator, and is currently pursuing research pertaining to the Sorbs in Lusatia (eastern Saxony).
Find and book quality Germany Vacation Rentals and Holiday Apartments ...
By State: Aargau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Baden-Wurttemberg, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bavaria, Berlin (region), Bern (Canton), Brandenburg, Bremen (region), Burgenland (Austria), Canton of Jura, Canton of Uri, Carinthia (Austria), Fribourg (Canton), Geneva (Canton), Glarus, Graubünden, Hamburg (region), Hesse, Lower Austria, Lower Saxony, Lucerne (Canton), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Neuchâtel, Nidwalden, North Rhine-Westphalia, Obwalden, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Salzburger Land (Austria), Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schaffhausen (Canton), Schleswig-Holstein, Schwyz (Canton), Solothurn, St. Gallen (Canton), Styria (Austria), Thurgau, Thuringia, Ticino, Tyrol (Austria), Upper Austria, Valais, Vaud, Vienna (Austria), Voralberg (Austria), Zug (Canton), Zürich (Canton), [ + ] more ...
Location, Map, and Driving Directions
[ view larger map ]
More Germany Travel Related Articles
- Scenic Routes In Germany
- Alemannic Fasnet
- Skiing Jenner-Königsee
- Europe's Top 25 Castles
- Visit the most romantic castle in Heidelberg
- Potsdam Night of Castles
- Churches, chapels and a cloister in Miltenberg
- Obermain Therme (Hot Springs Mineral Spa) in Bad Staffelstein
- The Beauty of Bad Kissingen
- New Castle Herrenchiemsee
Nearby Destinations Where You Can Find Nice Germany Vacation Rentals
Wannsee is a lovely neighborhood in the southeast of Germany’s capital. Surrounded by lakes and rivers, Wannsee offers visitors a relaxing place to "come home" after a full day of sightseeing in downtown Berlin. [ + ] More Details
Related: Berlin-Wannsee Vacation Rentals
Mitte is the first and most central borough of Berlin (Mitte is German for middle). Mitte encompasses Berlin's historic core and is a must-see area for anyone wanting to get to know this German metropolis. Until 2001, Mitte was itself an autonomous district.… [ + ] More Details
Related: Berlin-Mitte Vacation Rentals
In a city rich with diversity and culture, Berlin's Prenzlauer Berg is one of the city's hottest districts. Since Reunification, the neighborhood has been popular among university students, but this popularity has resulted in an increase in property… [ + ] More Details
Berlin is the capital city of Germany, and with a population of 3.4 million within its city limits, it is the country's largest city. It is the second most populous city and the eighth most populous urban area in the European Union. Berlin is a major… [ + ] More Details
Related: Berlin Vacation Rentals
Potsdam has several claims to national and international notability. Until 1918, it was the residence of the Prussian kings. Potsdam is also important due to its architectural and landscape history. Around the city there are a series of interconnected… [ + ] More Details
Related: Potsdam Vacation Rentals
Feedback, comments, questions?
If you have visited here please share your experiences with our readers on Facebook. Or, if you have other cool trip suggestions and would like to contribute a travel guide here, please drop me an email. We also are encouraging free-lancers, travel guide writers or publishers who have great Germany related content to send us an email and get in touch with us.
Ask a Local for special travel insider tips!
We make it easy for you to post your travel questions and get them answered by local residents and our property owners in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. This way you get unqiue travel tips, personalized to your needs. Just type in your destination in the search box and go to your desired destination guide. From there look for the "Ask a Local" box, type in your question and submit. Typically you'll get 2-3 responses within less than 24 hours.
Download free eBook: 10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation!
Register for our free monthly Germany travel newsletter and download as a gift this valuable eBook: "10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation" - written by Bettina Kraft, owner of the Live Like a German site.
[ + ] More Details
Add the "Best of Live Like a German" to your web site or blog!
Get the Best of Live Like a German badge, which shows the latest Germany travel tips, popular vacation packages, special trip plans, and a selection of travel guides. It can be integrated easily into your web site or blog.
[ + ] More Details