Cologne Cathedral – a Monument of Christianity
Categories: Sightseeing, Cultural and History
Cologne Cathedral by night
[ source: Wikipedia]
exceptional work of human creative genius the Cologne (Cologne vacation rentals | Cologne travel guide) Cathedral has been inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage List (List vacation rentals | List travel guide) in 1996. The grand cathedral is one of the best—known architectural monuments in Germany and a Gothic masterpiece.
After the foundation stone was laid on 15th August 1248 by Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden, the Cologne Cathedral took
with interruptions more than 600 years to complete this spectacular cathedral. The choir was already consecrated in 1322. However, after the initially rapid progress, construction work gradually came to a standstill and by the year 1560 only a torso had been built. Only with the emerge of the Romantic movement in the 19th century and its admiration for the Middle Ages, the work eventually resumed. In the first half of the century two towers and other substantial parts of the cathedral were added and finally, in 1880, the completion of the Cologne Cathedral was celebrated as a national event. During World War II the cathedral was hit by bombs 14 times and suffered severe damages. It took until 1956 until the substantial repair works were finalized.
Holding the largest reliquary in the Western world, the Cologne Cathedral has been a major pilgrimage destination for centuries. The Sarcophagus of the Magi, a large gilded sarcophagus dating to around 1200, contains three golden—crowned skulls believed to belong to the Three Wise Men, whose 2000—year—old bones were discovered at the opening of the shrine in 1864. Furthermore, you can find the Gero Cross near the sacristy, which is the oldest large crucifix north of the Alps and the earliest—known large free—standing Northern sculpture of the medieval period.
The Cologne Cathedral is a testament of the enduring strength of Christianity in modern Europe and leaves a lasting impression with every visitor.
[ source: wikipedia ]
About this Article
This travel guide has been written by Kathrin Wagner.
She grew up in a small town in Bavaria and then studied Media studies, Literature and History in Erlangen and Munich. As a student she already spent half a year in London and moved back there after graduation in 2006. She is still living in London, where she works in publishing.
Find and book quality Germany Vacation Rentals and Holiday Apartments ...
By State: Aargau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Baden-Wurttemberg, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bavaria, Berlin (region), Bern (Canton), Brandenburg, Bremen (region), Burgenland (Austria), Canton of Jura, Canton of Uri, Carinthia (Austria), Fribourg (Canton), Geneva (Canton), Glarus, Graubünden, Hamburg (region), Hesse, Lower Austria, Lower Saxony, Lucerne (Canton), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Neuchâtel, Nidwalden, North Rhine-Westphalia, Obwalden, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Salzburger Land (Austria), Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schaffhausen (Canton), Schleswig-Holstein, Schwyz (Canton), Solothurn, St. Gallen (Canton), Styria (Austria), Thurgau, Thuringia, Ticino, Tyrol (Austria), Upper Austria, Valais, Vaud, Vienna (Austria), Voralberg (Austria), Zug (Canton), Zürich (Canton), [ + ] more ...
Location, Map, and Driving Directions
[ view larger map ]
Daily from 6 am until 7.30 pm
The city's famous landmark and unofficial symbol. It is a Gothic church, started in 1248, and completed in 1880. In 1996, it was designated a World Heritage site; it houses the Shrine of the Three Holy Kings that supposedly contains the relics of the…
More Germany Travel Related Articles
- Hot Water Below Brings Pleasures Above in Germany
- Germany Travel Myths Debunked: With the strong Euro a Germany trip is very expensive
- Samba Festival in Coburg: Enjoy hot rhythms and sexy dancers
- Escaping Berlin: Autumn colours from a Spreewald canoe
- Holidays in the Ammergauer Alps, magical variety
- Love Parade (Techno music festival) in Duisburg
- Best Christmas Markets throughout north and north-west Germany
- How Is the Weather in Berlin?
- Asparagus - The Queen of German Vegetables
- Visiting Legoland Germany
Nearby Destinations Where You Can Find Nice Germany Vacation Rentals
Founded by the Romans in 38 B.C., Cologne (Köln) lies on the Rhine river, and is the fourth largest city in Germany. Besides visiting the awesome Gothic Cathedral, visitors will want to explore the city’s even older Romanesque churches, as well its… [ + ] More Details
Related: Cologne Vacation Rentals
Brühl is a city in Germany, located 20 km south of Cologne, in the Rhein-Erft-Kreis. The town of Brühl was the residence of the Prince Bishops of Cologne. In the 18th century the Prince Bishop Clemens August replaced a former ruined castle and built… [ + ] More Details
Related: Brühl Vacation Rentals
Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. Located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia, it was the capital of West Germany from 1949 to 1990 and the official seat of government of united… [ + ] More Details
Related: Bonn Vacation Rentals
If you swear by the German knives in your kitchen, then perhaps you should consider a trip to Solingen, North Rhine-Westfalia. This so-called "City of Blades" has a long and distinguished history of knife and sword making, and today it is home of the… [ + ] More Details
Related: Solingen Vacation Rentals
Rodenkirchen is a southern borough of Cologne (Köln) in Germany. It has about 100,000 inhabitants and covers an area of 54.56 square kilometres (21.06 mile²). The borough includes the districts Bayenthal, Godorf, Hahnwald, Immendorf, Marienburg, Meschenich,… [ + ] More Details
Related: Rodenkirchen Vacation Rentals
Feedback, comments, questions?
If you have visited here please share your experiences with our readers on Facebook. Or, if you have other cool trip suggestions and would like to contribute a travel guide here, please drop me an email. We also are encouraging free-lancers, travel guide writers or publishers who have great Germany related content to send us an email and get in touch with us.
Ask a Local for special travel insider tips!
We make it easy for you to post your travel questions and get them answered by local residents and our property owners in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. This way you get unqiue travel tips, personalized to your needs. Just type in your destination in the search box and go to your desired destination guide. From there look for the "Ask a Local" box, type in your question and submit. Typically you'll get 2-3 responses within less than 24 hours.
Download free eBook: 10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation!
Register for our free monthly Germany travel newsletter and download as a gift this valuable eBook: "10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation" - written by Bettina Kraft, owner of the Live Like a German site.
[ + ] More Details
Add the "Best of Live Like a German" to your web site or blog!
Get the Best of Live Like a German badge, which shows the latest Germany travel tips, popular vacation packages, special trip plans, and a selection of travel guides. It can be integrated easily into your web site or blog.
[ + ] More Details