Dresden Grosser Garden
Categories: Sightseeing, Cultural and History
[ source: Wikipedia]
Considered by many to be the green heart of Dresden (Dresden vacation rentals | Dresden travel guide), the Grosser Garten is the largest park in the city. This Baroque period garden, which covers 2 square kilometers, is located in the middle of the city. Funded by the Saxon royal family, the Dresden Grosser Garten was established in 1676. A palace is situated at the center of the garden. Built in 1683, the palace was designed by Johann Georg Starcke and is considered a masterpiece of early Baroque architecture with copious elements borrowed from Italian Renaissance buildings. Initially, the palace functioned as the setting for the Saxon court's summer festivities.
In 1815, the park was opened to the public. Around this time, the Dresden Grosser Garten was redesigned in accord with fashionable English landscape park principles. In the late 1800s, new public leisure activities were added to the park, specifically the Dresden Zoo and the Dresden Botanical Garden.
In the bombing of Dresden in 1945, all of the buildings and the park itself were completely destroyed. Reconstruction of the popular public park began shortly after the war's end, and a miniature railway for children was constructed in the Dresden Grosser Garten in 1950. Today, the park also contains a puppet theater and an open air theater, making it a popular destination during the warm summer months. Interestingly, the miniature railway train, which operates during the summer months, is actually driven by children volunteers. Children in the 4th and 5th grades are trained by park employees to drive the locomotive in its route through the park, and every year thousands of children and adults enjoy the train's leisurely course through the Grosser Garten.
The most recent addition to Dresden's Grosser Garten is the Volkswagen Transparent Factory, located in the northwest corner of the garden. The factory was designed by Gunter Henn and was opened in 2002. Volkswagen uses the facility for the production of the Phaeton, a luxury sedan. Often considered a striking structure, the Transparent Factory's walls are made completely of glass, and its floors are of maple. The factory produces no toxic byproducts or contaminants that could impact the Dresden Grosser Garten. Volkswagen has also planted several hundred trees on the factory's grounds, adding yet more greenery to this already lush park.
[ source: wikipedia.org ]
About this Article
This travel guide has been written by Rachel Hildebrandt.
Starting with her first trip to Germany at the age of 16, Rachel has traveled, worked, and studied in Germany extensively. Although her first encounter with German culture was in Lower Saxony, since that time the focus of her subsequent work as a freelance historian and translator has shifted eastward. Building on her graduate studies in Dresden, Rachel has worked for a variety of German foundations as a historian and translator, and is currently pursuing research pertaining to the Sorbs in Lusatia (eastern Saxony).
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