Eberbach Abbey - one the largest and most active monasteries in Germany
Categories: Sightseeing, Cultural and History
[ source: Wikipedia]
Eberbach Abbey, a former Cistercian monastery located in the Rheingau area near the town of Eltville am Rhein (Eltville am Rhein vacation rentals | Eltville am Rhein travel guide), was established by Bernard of Clairvaux in 1136. The abbey was the first Cistercian monastery on the eastern branch of the Rhine River. It quickly became one of the largest and most active monasteries in Germany, and it was instrumental is the founding of a variety of daughter abbeys in the region.
At the height of its growth, Eberbach Abbey had about 100 monks and over 200 lay brothers who lived and worked here. The abbey was a major financial success, thanks to the cultivation of vineyards and the making of wine on its property. The Eberbach Abbey church contains the graves of 14 members of the family of the Counts of Katzenelnbogen (Katzenelnbogen vacation rentals | Katzenelnbogen travel guide), one of whom is credited with having planted the first Riesling vines in Germany. During the Middle Ages, the abbey had the largest vineyard in Europe with 300 hectares of fields.
Eberbach Abbey might have continued to expand, if fighting associated with the Thirty Years' War had not severely damaged the site. Many precious items were plundered from the church and library, and all of the monks fled the abbey. Only twenty returned in 1635 to rebuild the institution. By the 1700s, Eberbach Abbey was again a financial success, but this period was curtailed by the French Revolutionary Wars. In 1803, the abbey was permanently dissolved. The abbey passed to the state of Prussia in 1866, and it then went through several uses. It functioned as a lunatic asylum until 1873 and then as a prison until 1912.
Today, wine is still produced on abbey land, and Eberbach Abbey continues to draw people to its location. Due to its impressive and intact collection of Romanesque and early Gothic structures, the abbey is considered one of the most important architectural sites in the state of Hesse. American filmgoers might recognize the site as the location used in the filming of The Name of the Rose, which was popular in the U.S. in the mid-1980s. Visitors to Eberbach Abbey can take wine tours of the vineyard, participate in a variety of tours of the abbey itself (regular, group, audio, children, thematic, architectural), and dine in the abbey's restaurant. The abbey also offers rentable spaces for weddings, banquets, receptions, conferences, etc.
Eberbach Abbey is also the primary venue for the Rheingau Musik Festival, an international summer music event. The festival provides an array of experiences, including classical music, children's concerts, jazz, readings, and wine tastings. Performances tied to the music festival take place in various buildings around the abbey's property.
[ source: wikipedia.org ]
About this Article
This travel guide has been written by Rachel Hildebrandt.
Starting with her first trip to Germany at the age of 16, Rachel has traveled, worked, and studied in Germany extensively. Although her first encounter with German culture was in Lower Saxony, since that time the focus of her subsequent work as a freelance historian and translator has shifted eastward. Building on her graduate studies in Dresden, Rachel has worked for a variety of German foundations as a historian and translator, and is currently pursuing research pertaining to the Sorbs in Lusatia (eastern Saxony).
Find and book quality Germany Vacation Rentals and Holiday Apartments ...
By State: Aargau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Baden-Wurttemberg, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bavaria, Berlin (region), Bern (Canton), Brandenburg, Bremen (region), Burgenland (Austria), Canton of Jura, Canton of Uri, Carinthia (Austria), Fribourg (Canton), Geneva (Canton), Glarus, Graubünden, Hamburg (region), Hesse, Lower Austria, Lower Saxony, Lucerne (Canton), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Neuchâtel, Nidwalden, North Rhine-Westphalia, Obwalden, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Salzburger Land (Austria), Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schaffhausen (Canton), Schleswig-Holstein, Schwyz (Canton), Solothurn, St. Gallen (Canton), Styria (Austria), Thurgau, Thuringia, Ticino, Tyrol (Austria), Upper Austria, Valais, Vaud, Vienna (Austria), Voralberg (Austria), Zug (Canton), Zürich (Canton), [ + ] more ...
Location, Map, and Driving Directions
[ view larger map ]
More Germany Travel Related Articles
- Unique German food you should not miss out on
- Kloster Andechs
- Cycling, Hiking, And Skiing In Germany
- Kloster Banz (Banz Monastery)
- The-Military Concierge Company's Guide to Oktoberfest
- Christkindlmarkt and Kripperlmarkt in Munich
- Bad Kreuznach History
- Spielbank Bad Homburg - A Night of Gambling in Bad Homburgs only Casino
- Amusement Park Geiselwind - Fun and Action for the Whole Family
Nearby Destinations Where You Can Find Nice Germany Vacation Rentals
Located on the river Main, Frankfurt is the financial capital of Europe and the transportation center of Germany. Frankfurt is the place of residence of the European Central Bank and the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. Furthermore, it hosts some of the world's… [ + ] More Details
Related: Frankfurt Vacation Rentals
Darmstadt is a city in the Bundesland (federal state) of Hesse in Germany, located in the southern part of the Rhine Main Area. The city of Darmstadt was founded by the Counts of Katzenelnbogen in 1330, though settlement in the area is known to have… [ + ] More Details
Related: Darmstadt Vacation Rentals
Wiesbaden is one of the oldest spa towns in Europe. Its name literally means meadow baths. At one time, Wiesbaden boasted 27 hot springs. Fifteen of the springs are still flowing today. In the north are vast forest areas, which cover 27.4% of the urban… [ + ] More Details
Related: Wiesbaden Vacation Rentals
With a population of almost 200,000, Mainz is located on the western bank of the Rhine River, opposite the confluence of the Main River with the Rhine. Mainz was a politically important seat of the Prince-Elector of Mainz under the Holy Roman Empire,… [ + ] More Details
Related: Mainz Vacation Rentals
Erbenheim is a borough of Wiesbaden, capital of the federal state of Hesse, Germany. It was incorporated into Wiesbaden on April 10, 1928. The population is around 9,000. [ + ] More Details
Related: Wiesbaden-Erbenheim Vacation Rentals
Feedback, comments, questions?
If you have visited here please share your experiences with our readers on Facebook. Or, if you have other cool trip suggestions and would like to contribute a travel guide here, please drop me an email. We also are encouraging free-lancers, travel guide writers or publishers who have great Germany related content to send us an email and get in touch with us.
Ask a Local for special travel insider tips!
We make it easy for you to post your travel questions and get them answered by local residents and our property owners in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. This way you get unqiue travel tips, personalized to your needs. Just type in your destination in the search box and go to your desired destination guide. From there look for the "Ask a Local" box, type in your question and submit. Typically you'll get 2-3 responses within less than 24 hours.
Download free eBook: 10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation!
Register for our free monthly Germany travel newsletter and download as a gift this valuable eBook: "10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation" - written by Bettina Kraft, owner of the Live Like a German site.
[ + ] More Details
Add the "Best of Live Like a German" to your web site or blog!
Get the Best of Live Like a German badge, which shows the latest Germany travel tips, popular vacation packages, special trip plans, and a selection of travel guides. It can be integrated easily into your web site or blog.
[ + ] More Details