Flossenbuerg Castle

Categories: Sightseeing, Cultural and History

Flossenbuerg Castle
Flossenbuerg Castle

[ source: Wikipedia]

The town of Flossenbuerg is located in the Bavarian Forest, near the border of the Czech Republic. The first written reference to the town dates from 948, but Flossenbuerg Castle was not completed until 1107. Although only ruins reachable by a footpath remain today, Flossenbuerg Castle once commanded a prominent location on top of a hill overlooking the city. Of particular note due to the name's significance, Flossenbuerg Castle was a stronghold of the Hohenstaufen family. Between 1138 and 1254, this family was the ruling family of Swabia, an area that now falls within northern Bavaria. The most famous member of the Hohenstaufen line was Frederick I Barbarossa (1122-1190), who was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 1155. Besides Frederick Barbarossa, two other members of the Hohenstaufen family achieved the status of Holy Roman Emperor.

Even though visitors do trek up the hill to view the castle ruins, more of them seek out Flossenbuerg because of its dark history during the Third Reich. Between 1938 and 1945, the town was the site of the Flossenbuerg Concentration Camp. The camp was constructed by the Schutzstaffel (SS) and was completed in May 1938. During its years of operation, over 96,000 prisoners were housed here, and approximately 30,000 inmates never returned home again. Most of the prisoners at Flossenbuerg came from the German-0ccupied eastern territories, and many inmates were used to work the SS-owned quarries in the surrounding countryside. Numerous prisoners died because of the harsh punishments and work conditions that were associated with their stints in the camp. Among the most famed inmates executed at Flossenbuerg were Rev. Dietrich Bonhoeffer, military jurist Dr. Karl Sack, and Admiral Wilhelm Canaris, all of whom were involved in the final assassination plot against Hitler, the so-called 20 July plot in 1944, which also caused the execution of Claus von Stauffenberg and numerous others. The Flossenbuerg camp was liberated on April 23, 1945 by the U.S. 90th and 97th Infantry divisions.



About this Article

Rachel Hildebrandt

This travel guide has been written by Rachel Hildebrandt.

Starting with her first trip to Germany at the age of 16, Rachel has traveled, worked, and studied in Germany extensively. Although her first encounter with German culture was in Lower Saxony, since that time the focus of her subsequent work as a freelance historian and translator has shifted eastward. Building on her graduate studies in Dresden, Rachel has worked for a variety of German foundations as a historian and translator, and is currently pursuing research pertaining to the Sorbs in Lusatia (eastern Saxony).

Find and book quality Germany Vacation Rentals and Holiday Apartments ...

By Vacation Theme: Alpine Villages, Beach Vacations, Farm Vacations, German Castles, Historic Old Towns, Lake Vacations, Metropolitan Cities, Small Villages, Spa Towns, Themeparks, [ + ] more ...

By State: Aargau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Baden-Wurttemberg, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bavaria, Berlin (region), Bern (Canton), Brandenburg, Bremen (region), Burgenland (Austria), Canton of Jura, Canton of Uri, Carinthia (Austria), Fribourg (Canton), Geneva (Canton), Glarus, Graubünden, Hamburg (region), Hesse, Lower Austria, Lower Saxony, Lucerne (Canton), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Neuchâtel, Nidwalden, North Rhine-Westphalia, Obwalden, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Salzburger Land (Austria), Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schaffhausen (Canton), Schleswig-Holstein, Schwyz (Canton), Solothurn, St. Gallen (Canton), Styria (Austria), Thurgau, Thuringia, Ticino, Tyrol (Austria), Upper Austria, Valais, Vaud, Vienna (Austria), Voralberg (Austria), Zug (Canton), Zürich (Canton), [ + ] more ...


Location, Map, and Driving Directions

Location: Burg Flossenbürg, 92696 Flossenbürg, Germany

[ view larger map ]




Nearby Destinations Where You Can Find Nice Germany Vacation Rentals

Weiden in der Oberpfalz

Weiden in der Oberpfalz

Weiden in der Oberpfalz is a district-free city in Bavaria, Germany. Weiden is also known as Max Reger Stadt (City of Max Reger). Reger (1873 - 1916) was a well-known German composer who lived and studied in the city. Many hiking and outdoor activities…  [ + ] More Details

Related: Weiden in der Oberpfalz Vacation Rentals


Grafenwöhr

Grafenwöhr

Grafenwöhr is a town in the district Neustadt (Waldnaab), in the region of the Oberpfalz in eastern Bavaria, Germany.  [ + ] More Details

Related: Grafenwöhr Vacation Rentals


Flossenbürg

Flossenbürg

Flossenbürg is a municipality in the district of Neustadt an der Waldnaab in Bavaria in Germany. The state-approved leisure area is located in the Bavarian Forest and borders the Czech Republic in the east. During World War II, the Flossenbürg concentration…  [ + ] More Details

Related: Flossenbürg Vacation Rentals


Erbendorf

Erbendorf

With a population around 5,500, Erbendorf is a charming spa town in the Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz) region of Bavaria. Here you can hike or bike along numerous marked trails, explore the nearby Luisenburg Rock Labyrinth, historic Marktredwitz, or take…  [ + ] More Details

Related: Erbendorf Vacation Rentals


Fuchsmühl

Fuchsmühl

Fuchsmühl is a spa town on the edge of the Steinwald Nature Preserve in northeastern Bavaria, just 32 miles from the Czech Republic. We offer two quiet and comfortable vacation apartments from where you can explore the granite rock-formations of the…  [ + ] More Details

Related: Fuchsmühl Vacation Rentals



Feedback, comments, questions?

Bettina Kraft

If you have visited here please share your experiences with our readers on Facebook. Or, if you have other cool trip suggestions and would like to contribute a travel guide here, please drop me an email. We also are encouraging free-lancers, travel guide writers or publishers who have great Germany related content to send us an email and get in touch with us.

Subscribe to the latest Germany travel guide articles in a reader (RSS)

Ask a Local for special travel insider tips!

We make it easy for you to post your travel questions and get them answered by local residents and our property owners in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. This way you get unqiue travel tips, personalized to your needs. Just type in your destination in the search box and go to your desired destination guide. From there look for the "Ask a Local" box, type in your question and submit. Typically you'll get 2-3 responses within less than 24 hours.

Download free eBook: 10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation!

Download free eBook: 10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation!Register for our free monthly Germany travel newsletter and download as a gift this valuable eBook: "10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation" - written by Bettina Kraft, owner of the Live Like a German site.
[ + ] More Details

Add the "Best of Live Like a German" to your web site or blog!

Best of Live Like a German Badge

Get the Best of Live Like a German badge, which shows the latest Germany travel tips, popular vacation packages, special trip plans, and a selection of travel guides. It can be integrated easily into your web site or blog.
[ + ] More Details