History of Freiburg

Categories: Sightseeing, Cultural and History

Universität Freiburg
Universität Freiburg

[ source: Wikipedia]

Located on the edge of the beloved Black Forest, Freiburg is one of the oldest university cities in Germany. The history of Freiburg begins in 1120, when it was founded at a strategic juncture of trade routes between the Mediterranean and North seas and between the Rhine and Danube rivers. In the thirteenth century, conflict arose between the citizens of Freiburg and the city's ruling duke. The Freiburgers openly expressed their displeasure by bombarding and destroying the count's castle with catapults. After a series of events which included the murder of the count's brother (who was also the Bishop of Strasbourg), the Freiburgers purchased their freedom from the count in 1368 for 15,000 silver marks. This payment is significant since it reflects the wealth of the city, which was built on the income generated by the local silver mining industry. After purchasing its independence, the city aligned itself with the House of Habsberg, which accorded Freiburg a fair amount of freedom.

The history of Freiburg shifts significantly in 1457, when Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet was established by the Habsbergs, becoming the second university founded in the Austrian-Habsberg territory and Germany's fifth oldest university. In 1620, the university was given to the Jesuits to counteract any Reformation-inspired tendencies that might appear in the faculty. In 1899, the university became noteworthy as the first Germany university to allow the matriculation of a female students.

Besides the university, other events also shaped the history of Freiburg during this period. In 1520, the city ratified a new set of legal reforms, which were considered the most progressive reforms of that era. The Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) also had a huge impact on the city, whose population was reduced from 10,000 - 14,000 to 2,000. After 1697, the city changed hands numerous times between France and Austria, reflecting the contended nature of the land in this part of the German lands. During World War II, the city was heavily bombed by both the Luftwaffe (accidentally) in 1940 and the RAF (purposely) in 1944.

Prominent residents of Freiburg have included Martin Heidegger, Walter Benjamin, Hannah Arendt, and Wolfgang Schaeuble.

[ source: wikipedia.org ]



About this Article

Rachel Hildebrandt

This travel guide has been written by Rachel Hildebrandt.

Starting with her first trip to Germany at the age of 16, Rachel has traveled, worked, and studied in Germany extensively. Although her first encounter with German culture was in Lower Saxony, since that time the focus of her subsequent work as a freelance historian and translator has shifted eastward. Building on her graduate studies in Dresden, Rachel has worked for a variety of German foundations as a historian and translator, and is currently pursuing research pertaining to the Sorbs in Lusatia (eastern Saxony).

Find and book quality Germany Vacation Rentals and Holiday Apartments ...

By Vacation Theme: Alpine Villages, Beach Vacations, Farm Vacations, German Castles, Historic Old Towns, Lake Vacations, Metropolitan Cities, Small Villages, Spa Towns, Themeparks, [ + ] more ...

By State: Aargau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Baden-Wurttemberg, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bavaria, Berlin (region), Bern (Canton), Brandenburg, Bremen (region), Burgenland (Austria), Canton of Jura, Canton of Uri, Carinthia (Austria), Fribourg (Canton), Geneva (Canton), Glarus, Graubünden, Hamburg (region), Hesse, Lower Austria, Lower Saxony, Lucerne (Canton), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Neuchâtel, Nidwalden, North Rhine-Westphalia, Obwalden, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Salzburger Land (Austria), Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schaffhausen (Canton), Schleswig-Holstein, Schwyz (Canton), Solothurn, St. Gallen (Canton), Styria (Austria), Thurgau, Thuringia, Ticino, Tyrol (Austria), Upper Austria, Valais, Vaud, Vienna (Austria), Voralberg (Austria), Zug (Canton), Zürich (Canton), [ + ] more ...


Location, Map, and Driving Directions

Location: Schwarzwaldstraße 183, 79117 Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany

[ view larger map ]




Nearby Destinations Where You Can Find Nice Germany Vacation Rentals

Freiburg im Breisgau

Freiburg im Breisgau

Freiburg im Breisgau is a city in Baden-Württemberg, on the western edge of the Black Forest. It straddles the Dreisam river, on the foothills of the Schlossberg. Because of its scenic beauty, relatively warm and sunny climate, and easy access to the…  [ + ] More Details

Related: Freiburg im Breisgau Vacation Rentals


Triberg im Schwarzwald

Triberg im Schwarzwald

Triberg is a small town in the heart of the Black Forest which is famous for its waterfalls. Ride the Black Forest Railway with its breathtaking views and 39 tunnels, or just indulge in one of the many sporting and recreational opportunities that surround…  [ + ] More Details

Related: Triberg im Schwarzwald Vacation Rentals


Titisee-Neustadt

Titisee-Neustadt

Titisee-Neustadt is a city in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. The town is a spa known for its Kneipp hydrotherapeutic and curative methods. Furthermore, it is a winter sport center.  [ + ] More Details

Related: Titisee-Neustadt Vacation Rentals


Breisach am Rhein

Breisach am Rhein

Situated along the Rhine River on the French and German border lies the city of Breisach. Home to Europe's largest producing wine cellar and the beautiful late Gothic cathedral, St. Stephansmünster.   [ + ] More Details

Related: Breisach am Rhein Vacation Rentals


Kirchzarten

Kirchzarten

Situated in Baden-Württemberg, Kirchzarten has a population of about 10,000 residents. The town is located in the southern Black Forest near the Southern Black Forest Nature Park. This is a perfect departure point for those travelers seeking outdoors…  [ + ] More Details

Related: Kirchzarten Vacation Rentals



Feedback, comments, questions?

Bettina Kraft

If you have visited here please share your experiences with our readers on Facebook. Or, if you have other cool trip suggestions and would like to contribute a travel guide here, please drop me an email. We also are encouraging free-lancers, travel guide writers or publishers who have great Germany related content to send us an email and get in touch with us.

Subscribe to the latest Germany travel guide articles in a reader (RSS)

Ask a Local for special travel insider tips!

We make it easy for you to post your travel questions and get them answered by local residents and our property owners in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. This way you get unqiue travel tips, personalized to your needs. Just type in your destination in the search box and go to your desired destination guide. From there look for the "Ask a Local" box, type in your question and submit. Typically you'll get 2-3 responses within less than 24 hours.

Download free eBook: 10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation!

Download free eBook: 10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation!Register for our free monthly Germany travel newsletter and download as a gift this valuable eBook: "10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation" - written by Bettina Kraft, owner of the Live Like a German site.
[ + ] More Details

Add the "Best of Live Like a German" to your web site or blog!

Best of Live Like a German Badge

Get the Best of Live Like a German badge, which shows the latest Germany travel tips, popular vacation packages, special trip plans, and a selection of travel guides. It can be integrated easily into your web site or blog.
[ + ] More Details