History of Ulm

Categories: Sightseeing, Cultural and History

Saint Georges Catholic church
Saint Georges Catholic church

[ source: Wikipedia]

The city of Ulm (Ulm vacation rentals | Ulm travel guide) is primarily known today as the home of the church with the tallest steeple in the world and as the birthplace of Albert Einstein. However, the history of Ulm, located in Baden-Wuerttemberg on the banks of the Danube River, extends far beyond these two facts. The first settlement in this region dates to about 5000 BC, but the city of Ulm itself was first established ca. 850. The city's prominence grew quickly over the next few centuries, and in 1181, Frederick Barbarossa conferred on Ulm the status of a Free Imperial City, answerable directly to the Holy Roman Emperor, not to intermediary princes or kings.

During the Middle Ages, the history of Ulm was linked to its prominence as a city of traders and craftsmen. In 1377, work on the Ulm Minster began. Reflecting the wealth of Ulm's citizenry, the church was financed by the citizens themselves, not the Roman Catholic hierarchy, symbolizing the autonomy of the citizens over and against the Church. This endeavor is all the more impressive when one considers that the huge church was designed to accommodate 20,000 congregants. In the 15th and 16th centuries, the history of Ulm became associated with its high-quality textiles, which were traded all across Europe. This period is considered Ulm's golden age. The city declined in subsequent centuries as the trading patterns across Europe shifted and as the Thirty Years' War ravaged the area.

In 1803, Ulm lost its historical status as a free city after the French Revolutionary Wars, and was absorbed into Bavaria. The city was shifted to Wuerttemberg in 1810. In the mid- 1800s, large-scale military fortifications were constructed at Ulm to provide a stronghold against future, possible French attacks.

During World War II, a camp for political opponents of the Nazi regime was operated on the edge of Ulm between 1933 and 1935. The only other major impact of the war came with the RAF bombing raids of the city in 1944 and 1945. The most destructive attack occurred in December 1944, and the raid killed about 700 residents and destroyed about 80% of the medieval city center. Of the 12,756 buildings in this area, only 1,763 were undamaged by the end of the attack.

The city was rebuilt in the 1950s and 1960s, and today there is much for visitors to see here. And take my word for it - the view from the Ulm Minster steeple will stay with you forever!

[ source: wikipedia.org ]



About this Article

Rachel Hildebrandt

This travel guide has been written by Rachel Hildebrandt.

Starting with her first trip to Germany at the age of 16, Rachel has traveled, worked, and studied in Germany extensively. Although her first encounter with German culture was in Lower Saxony, since that time the focus of her subsequent work as a freelance historian and translator has shifted eastward. Building on her graduate studies in Dresden, Rachel has worked for a variety of German foundations as a historian and translator, and is currently pursuing research pertaining to the Sorbs in Lusatia (eastern Saxony).

Find and book quality Germany Vacation Rentals and Holiday Apartments ...

By Vacation Theme: Alpine Villages, Beach Vacations, Farm Vacations, German Castles, Historic Old Towns, Lake Vacations, Metropolitan Cities, Small Villages, Spa Towns, Themeparks, [ + ] more ...

By State: Aargau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Baden-Wurttemberg, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bavaria, Berlin (region), Bern (Canton), Brandenburg, Bremen (region), Burgenland (Austria), Canton of Jura, Canton of Uri, Carinthia (Austria), Fribourg (Canton), Geneva (Canton), Glarus, Graubünden, Hamburg (region), Hesse, Lower Austria, Lower Saxony, Lucerne (Canton), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Neuchâtel, Nidwalden, North Rhine-Westphalia, Obwalden, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Salzburger Land (Austria), Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schaffhausen (Canton), Schleswig-Holstein, Schwyz (Canton), Solothurn, St. Gallen (Canton), Styria (Austria), Thurgau, Thuringia, Ticino, Tyrol (Austria), Upper Austria, Valais, Vaud, Vienna (Austria), Voralberg (Austria), Zug (Canton), Zürich (Canton), [ + ] more ...


Location, Map, and Driving Directions

Location: Ulm, Germany

[ view larger map ]

Related Links

Stadt Ulm Homepage

www.ulm.de/






Nearby Destinations Where You Can Find Nice Germany Vacation Rentals

Tübingen

Tübingen

Tübingen's scenic location between the forests, the Swabian Jura (Schwäbische Alb), and the river Neckar make it a beautiful locale in southwest Germany. The city dates back to 1078 and is remarkably well-preserved. The old town, which lies along the…  [ + ] More Details

Related: Tübingen Vacation Rentals


Lichtenstein (Reutlingen)

Lichtenstein (Reutlingen)

Lichtenstein is a municipality in the Tübingen administrative region (Regierungsbezirk) in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It lies at the foot of the Swabian Alb (plateau).  [ + ] More Details

Related: Lichtenstein (Reutlingen) Vacation Rentals


Rottenburg am Neckar

Rottenburg am Neckar

Rottenburg am Neckar (until July 10, 1964 only Rottenburg) is a medium-sized town in the administrative district (Landkreis) of Tübingen in Baden-Württemberg. It rests about 50 km southwest of the provincial capital Stuttgart and about 12 km southwest…  [ + ] More Details

Related: Rottenburg am Neckar Vacation Rentals


Leinfelden-Echterdingen

Leinfelden-Echterdingen

Leinfelden-Echterdingen is a young town in the district of Esslingen, in the state Baden-Württemberg, which is not only famous as a wine grower region. The town was created in 1975 after the administrative reform from the formerly independent communities…  [ + ] More Details

Related: Leinfelden-Echterdingen Vacation Rentals


Esslingen

Esslingen

Esslingen am Neckar is a city in the Stuttgart Region of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany, capital of the District of Esslingen as well as the largest city in the district. It is located on the Neckar River, about 14 km southeast of Stuttgart city…  [ + ] More Details

Related: Esslingen Vacation Rentals



Feedback, comments, questions?

Bettina Kraft

If you have visited here please share your experiences with our readers on Facebook. Or, if you have other cool trip suggestions and would like to contribute a travel guide here, please drop me an email. We also are encouraging free-lancers, travel guide writers or publishers who have great Germany related content to send us an email and get in touch with us.

Subscribe to the latest Germany travel guide articles in a reader (RSS)

Ask a Local for special travel insider tips!

We make it easy for you to post your travel questions and get them answered by local residents and our property owners in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. This way you get unqiue travel tips, personalized to your needs. Just type in your destination in the search box and go to your desired destination guide. From there look for the "Ask a Local" box, type in your question and submit. Typically you'll get 2-3 responses within less than 24 hours.

Download free eBook: 10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation!

Download free eBook: 10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation!Register for our free monthly Germany travel newsletter and download as a gift this valuable eBook: "10 Tips on how to Live Like a German during your Germany Vacation" - written by Bettina Kraft, owner of the Live Like a German site.
[ + ] More Details

Add the "Best of Live Like a German" to your web site or blog!

Best of Live Like a German Badge

Get the Best of Live Like a German badge, which shows the latest Germany travel tips, popular vacation packages, special trip plans, and a selection of travel guides. It can be integrated easily into your web site or blog.
[ + ] More Details