Categories: Sightseeing, Cultural and History
[ source: Wikipedia]
The Kohlmarkt is the central market square in Braunschweig (Braunschweig vacation rentals | Braunschweig travel guide) and is part of the medieval city center. The first written reference to the Kohlmarkt dates from 1342, but the name was in circulation much earlier. By 1000, this location was occupied by the Kohlmarkt settlement, which took its name from the use of the square as a place to store and sell coal. The Kohlmarkt was formed by the intersection of two long-distance trade routes. This was, thus, an ideal location for the storage of items and the the overnight accommodation of traders.
Although it began as a smaller space, the Kohlmarkt in Braunschweig was expanded in 1544 when St. Ulrici church (consecrated in 1036) was demolished after the Reformation. Evidence of archaeological excavations of the site in the 1980s can still be seen here, such as the outline of the church's location in the pavement. Several prominent buildings are located on Braunschweig's Kohlmarkt. These include the House of the Golden Star (a stone building from the 1890s that replaced a much-mourned, demolished, half-timbered landmark from 1356), the House of the Rose (with its rose-decorated facade from 1590), and the House of the Sun (a medieval building that was replaced in the 1790s). Also of interest is the fountain in the middle of the square. A fountain was already located here in 1391, but the current one dates from 1869.
The Kohlmarkt in Braunschweig is centrally located for business endeavors. It is situated in the middle of a pedestrian zone, and is the site of various popular events and gatherings. Every Friday night, light installations illuminate the facades along the Kohlmarkt, drawing visitors and residents alike to enjoy the city after dark. Starting at 10:30 pm, the illuminations are accompanied by music piped into the square through loud speakers, and the lights are coordinated with the beat and tempo of the music to create a lovely interactive presentation of light and music. The only other city in Europe to offer such a light spectacle is Brussels. Make sure to coordinate your visit of Braunschweig's Kohlmarkt with this unique experience!
[ source: wikipedia.org ]
About this Article
This travel guide has been written by Rachel Hildebrandt.
Starting with her first trip to Germany at the age of 16, Rachel has traveled, worked, and studied in Germany extensively. Although her first encounter with German culture was in Lower Saxony, since that time the focus of her subsequent work as a freelance historian and translator has shifted eastward. Building on her graduate studies in Dresden, Rachel has worked for a variety of German foundations as a historian and translator, and is currently pursuing research pertaining to the Sorbs in Lusatia (eastern Saxony).
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