Categories: Sightseeing, Cultural and History
[ source: Flickr]
„Warum ist es am Rhein so schön ?" - Why is it so beautiful along the Rhine?...
It is a question that painters, poets and travelers from all parts of the world have been wondering for centuries.
A place like Rheinfels Castle could easily be the reason for the Rhine valley's legendary standing.
The Loreley in the Middle Rhine Valley is one of the best-known locations, and Rheinfels Castle stands not far from it, high above St. Goar.
Rheinfels Castle was built by the lord of Katzenelnbogen (Katzenelnbogen vacation rentals | Katzenelnbogen travel guide) in the 13th century to form a toll station, with his Katz castle controlling the other bank of the river.
Any ship passing by here had to pay what became known as the double toll fee of St. Goar, which made the lords of Katzenelnbogen rich and enabled them to continue further construction work on the castle.
The mighty castle was never forcefully taken. In the 17th century, all of 4000 soldiers defended Rheinfels Castle against more than 20000 French attackers.
Only during the time of the French Revolution, when parts of today's Rhineland-Palatinate federal state belonged to France, the castle was handed over to the French, who had large parts of the castle and its fortifications blown up.
Thus, the great and grand castle was brought to ruin, which would even used as a stone quarry in the 19th century.
The remains of Rheinfels castle can still be visited today, and they are still imposing.
From St. Goar, one can drive by car or walk for about half an hour to get to the castle. There is also a colorful 'castle express', a small train which carries passengers up there.
The castle can either be explored on one's own with just a map of the way through it and its underground passages, or on guided tours.
Rheinfels Castle's Top Three
- The view - when the weather is nice, the view from the terrace is phantastic, reaching far into the Rhine valley, the Taunus and the Hunsrück.
- The subterranean world - Just don't forget to bring a flashlight! The subterranean paths and cellars are truly dark.
- It may sound crazy, but the toilets are another highlight. Historical and highly modern, we guarantee that you have not seen something like them before.
About this Article
This travel guide has been written by Gaby Leeser.
Ich bin studierte Volkskundlerin und gelernte Fernsehreporterin , reise sehr gerne beruflich und privat durch Deutschland und verbringe meinen Urlaub seit Jahren nur in Ferienhäusern oder Ferienwohnungen.
Beruflich habe ich sowohl für das ZDF und den SWR gearbeitet, aber auch für verschiedene private TV Sender - daneben habe ich mich immer mehr auf Recherchen zu den unterschiedlichsten Themen spezialisiert.
Ansonsten lebe ich mit Mann und Foxterrier in Mainz , sammle alte Kochbücher , backe eigenes Brot und fahre mit meinen kleinen grünen MG gerne in die nähere und weitere Umgebung um Neues zu entdecken und stundenlang mit meinem Hund spazieren zu gehen.
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- March 19th 2011 until October 29th 2011, daily from 9.00 a.m. until 6.00 p.m.
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