Categories: Sightseeing, Cultural and History
[ source: Wikipedia]
The Worms (Worms vacation rentals | Worms travel guide) Cathedral is considered one of the members of the great Romanesque trio of imperial cathedrals along the Rhine River. In addition to the cathedrals at Speyer (Speyer vacation rentals | Speyer travel guide) and Mainz, these cathedrals are worthwhile destinations for anyone interested in the early architecture of the German Empire. The Worms Cathedral is considered one of the finest examples of High Romanesque architecture in Germany. It is located on the highest hill in the city. This site had been the location of a settlement since 3000 BC, and later it was the site of a Roman administration center and a temple.
Already in the 7th century, early efforts were being made to Christianize the area. The original cathedral was built on this site in 614 AD. This small structure was replaced in the 11th century by a significantly larger Romanesque church, some sections of which are preserved in the current cathedral. This structure was expanded greatly into the present form of the Worms Cathedral, which was built between 1130 and 1181. The cathedral is 110 meters long and 27 meters wide. The towers that flank the main facade are of varying heights; the western towers are 58 meters tall, and the eastern towers are 65 meters tall. The Worms Cathedral was damaged by Swedish soldiers during the Thirty Years' War and by French troops in 1689 during the Nine Years' War. Most of Worms was destroyed during this latter war, and then soon after, the Worms Cathedral received a new Baroque high altar, designed by the renowned architect Balthasar Neumann. The damage to the Worms Cathedral did not end in the 1700s. World War II brought extensive destruction to the city of Worms and to the cathedral specifically. Worms was a strong point for German troops at the end of the war. They fought hard here, and as a result, the RAF heavily bombed the city in February and March 1945. The Worms Cathedral was damaged during the bombing raids, but it was again restored after the war.
Two significant historical events occurred in the Worms Cathedral. In 1048, Bruno of Egisheim-Dagsburg was elected pope (Leo IX) here. Also, the famous Diet of Worms in 1521, where Martin Luther was ordered to recant his teachings (and where he refused to do so), took place here.
[ source: wikipedia.org ]
About this Article
This travel guide has been written by Rachel Hildebrandt.
Starting with her first trip to Germany at the age of 16, Rachel has traveled, worked, and studied in Germany extensively. Although her first encounter with German culture was in Lower Saxony, since that time the focus of her subsequent work as a freelance historian and translator has shifted eastward. Building on her graduate studies in Dresden, Rachel has worked for a variety of German foundations as a historian and translator, and is currently pursuing research pertaining to the Sorbs in Lusatia (eastern Saxony).
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