Mainz Travel Tip:
The Mainzer Zitadelle (Citadel of Mainz) is situated at the fringe of the Old Town near Mainz Römisches Theater station. The fortress was constructed in 1660 and was an important part of the Fortress Mainz.
The Jakobsberg hill, where the citadel was constructed, had been occupied by a Benedictine abbey during the middle ages (since 1050). Halfway up the hill, the amphitheater of the Roman settlement of Mogontiacum, which has been recently excavated, must also have been visible at that time. The Jakobsberg hill, however, had not been integrated in the ring of the defensive city walls of the town and this flank of the city was therefore only slightly protected. This position immediately at the gates of the town opened a strategic gap, as an aggressor could use the hill for a raid into Mainz or for a cannonade. The construction of the "Schweickhardtsburg" fortress under the supervision of cathedral vicar Adolph von Waldenburg during the years 1620-29 provisionally filled this gap and integrated the hill into the system of city walls. The name of the irregularly pentagonal fortification honors the reigning monarch of that time, the prince-elector Johann Schweikhard von Kronberg.
[ Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zitadelle_Mainz ]
Tags: Mainzer Zitadelle, Citadel of Mainz, Mainz
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With a population of almost 200,000, Mainz is located on the western bank of the Rhine River, opposite the confluence of the Main River with the Rhine. Mainz was a politically important seat of the Prince-Elector of Mainz under the Holy Roman Empire,…
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