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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cologne
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cologne
The Archdiocese of Cologne (Latin: Archidioecesis Coloniensis; German: Erzbistum Köln) is an archdiocese of the Catholic Church in western North Rhine-Westphalia and northern Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany.
The Electorate of Cologne - not to be confused with the larger Archdiocese of Cologne (see map on the left) - was one of the major ecclesiastical principalities of the Holy Roman Empire. The city of Cologne as such became a free city in 1288 and the archbishop eventually moved his residence from Cologne Cathedral to Bonn to avoid conflicts with the Free City, which escaped his jurisdiction.
After 1795, the archbishopric's territories on the left bank of the Rhine were occupied by France, and were formally annexed in 1801. The Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of 1803 secularized the rest of the archbishopric, giving the Duchy of Westphalia to the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt. Cologne was, however, reestablished as the seat of a Roman Catholic archbishop in 1824, and is an archdiocese to the present day.
Tags: Archdiocese of Cologne, Archidioecesis Coloniensis, Erzbistum Köln, Cologne
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More Cologne Travel Tips
Founded by the Romans in 38 B.C., Cologne (Köln) lies on the Rhine river, and is the fourth largest city in Germany. Besides visiting the awesome Gothic Cathedral, visitors will want to explore the city’s even older Romanesque churches, as well its…
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