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Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is a brackish inland sea, allegedly the largest body of brackish water in the world (other possibilities include the Black Sea and Hudson Bay). The Baltic Sea occupies a basin formed by glacial erosion during the last few Ice Ages.

The Baltic Sea's salinity is much lower than that of ocean water (which averages 3.5%, or 35‰), as a result of abundant freshwater runoff from the surrounding land; indeed, runoff contributes roughly one-fortieth its total volume per year, as the volume of the basin is about 21,000 km³ and yearly runoff is about 500 km³. The open surface waters of the central basin have salinity of 6 to 8 ‰. At the semi-enclosed bays with major freshwater inflows, such as head of Finnish Gulf with Neva mouth and head of Bothnian gulf with close mouths of Lule, Tornio and Kemi, the salinity is considerably lower. Below 40 to 70 m, the salinity is between 10 and 15 ‰ in the open Baltic Sea, and more than this near Danish Straits.

[ source: wikipedia ]

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Popular Destinations - Baltic Sea

  • Kiel
    [ source: Flickr ]

    Kiel

    With its roots reaching far back into the shadows of Viking history, Kiel is the largest city in Schleswig-Holstein. Due to its location on the Baltic coast, the city is a major maritime center, and the Kiel Canal is the busiest artificial waterway in…  [ + ] More Details

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  • Lübeck
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    Lübeck

    With a long and proud history, Luebeck's past as a dominant city in the Hanseatic League continues to be felt today. In 1987, UNESCO named Luebeck's city scape as World Heritage Site. Over 1,800 buildings, alleys, and streets lie within this district,…  [ + ] More Details

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  • Warnemünde
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    Warnemünde

    If you are yearning for a little time on a beach, Warnemuende might fit the ticket. This seaside resort in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern lies on the Baltic Sea, north of Rostock. The 800-year-old town is one of the most important harbors in Germany for cruise…  [ + ] More Details

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  • Travemünde
    [ source: Flickr ]

    Travemünde

    Have you been longing to travel up to one of Germany's numerous northern beaches? If so, Travemuende might offer just what you are looking for! This community on the Baltic Sear began as a coastal fortress, constructed in the 12th century. It was soon…  [ + ] More Details

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  • Kuhlungsborn
    [ source: Flickr ]

    Kuhlungsborn

    Located less than 20 miles from the much larger city of Rostock, Kuehlungsborn is a seaside resort on the Baltic Sea. It is actually the largest seaside town in Mecklenburg and one of the oldest seaside resorts established in Germany, dating from the…  [ + ] More Details

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  • Rostock
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    Rostock

    Rostock is the largest city in the north German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Rostock is located on the Warnow river; the quarter of Warnemünde, 12 km north of the city centre lies directly on the coast of the Baltic Sea.  [ + ] More Details

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  • Schleswig
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Schleswig

    Schleswig is a town in the northeastern part of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is the capital of the Kreis (district) Schleswig-Flensburg. It has a population of about 27,000, the main industries being leather and food processing.   [ + ] More Details

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  • Poel Island
    [ source: Flickr ]

    Poel Island

    Poel is an island in the Baltic Sea. Blessed by good air, clean water, fine beaches and sheltered harbours, it is a popular recreational destination.  [ + ] More Details

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  • Flensburg
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Flensburg

    Flensburg is an independent town in the North of the German state Schleswig-Holstein. Flensburg is the center of the region Southern Schleswig. After Kiel and Lübeck it is the third largest town in Schleswig-Holstein.  [ + ] More Details

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  • Lütjenburg
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Lütjenburg

    Luetjenburg is a town of the district of Ploen, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is located approx. 18 km (11.2 miles) northeast of Ploen, and 30 km (18.6 miles) east of Kiel.  [ + ] More Details

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Browse our comprehensive collection of Germany travel guides organized by destination, with detailed, personal destination guides for many different locations in Germany. Our combination of vacation rentals and travel guides will let you truly 'Live like a German' during your Germany vacation.

Most Popular Destinations in Germany

Germany has numerous cities of interest to tourists; these are the top nine travel destinations:

Berlin - the reunified and reinvigorated capital of Germany; known for its division during the Cold War - and the Berlin Wall. Today its a metropolis of diversity with elegant clubs, galleries and traditional restaurants. It is also a haven for shoppers.

Bremen - one of the most important cities in northern Germany, its old town will be of interest to travelers who want a slice of history.

Cologne - Germany's fourth-largest city. Cologne was founded by the Romans and is 2000 years old with its huge cathedral, Romanesque churches, and archaeological sites. Cologne also well known for its carnival and its Christopher-Street-Day parade. Don't forget to try the local cuisine and of course the local beer, called "Kölsch".

Dresden - once called Florence on the Elbe, and world-famous for its Frauenkirche and historic center which was destroyed during the war, the city offers more than what the average traveller can expect: Great festivals, all kinds of cultural entertainment, vibrant night life, and surrounded by beautiful natural vistas. Dresden hosts the Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden (Dresden State Art Collections) which is one of the world's most impressive museums and collections. The art collections consist of eleven museums, of which the Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister and the Grünes Gewölbe are the most well-known.

Dusseldorf - Germany's capital of fashion, the capital city of North Rhine-Westphalia offers a wide scale of fascinating new architecture. Right along the shores of river Rhine, the "Altstadt" and the "Medienhafen" are among the best places in Germany to enjoy a vibrant nightlife. Being one of the country's wealthiest cities, the atmosphere is very pleasant. Germans call it "the only metropolis ending with -dorf (German for village)".

Frankfurt - Germany's leading financial center, transportation hub, seat of the European Central Bank (ECB), international trade fair center (Book Fair, Motor Show), hub of multicultural activity (30% Immigrants), and site of numerous world-class museums and theaters. It is also Germany's only city with enough skyscrapers to have a skyline.

Hamburg - Germany's second-largest city, famous for its harbour as well as its liberal and tolerant culture. Don't miss the Reeperbahn with its night clubs and casinos. Hamburg is also popular for its many musicals.

Hannover - One of Germany's newer tourist cities, having hosted various international events in recent times.

Munich - Bavaria's beautiful capital city and Southern Germany's primate city. Third largest city in Germany, Munich is the site of the famous Oktoberfest and the gateway to the Alps.

Nuremberg - Second largest city in Bavaria, after WW2 over 90% of the old-town was destroyed. Today it has already been reconstructed, including the Gothic Kaiserburg Castle (Emperor's Castle of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation). You can also visit the Nazi party rally grounds, the Documentation Centre and Courtroom 600 - venue of the Nuremberg Trails.

[ source: Wikitravel ]

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