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Explore Germany: Brandenburg

Brandenburg

Brandenburg is one of the sixteen states of Germany. It lies in the east of the country and is one of the new federal states that were re-created in 1990 upon the reunification of the former West Germany and East Germany. The capital is Potsdam. Brandenburg surrounds but does not include the national capital Berlin.

Historically, Brandenburg was an independent state, the Margraviate of Brandenburg, which grew to become the core of independent Prussia and later the German state of Prussia. About a third of historic Brandenburg (land east of the Oder River) was annexed by Poland following the establishment of the new Oder-Neisse border in 1945 by the Allies. This region was historically known as East Brandenburg. The federal state of Brandenburg is named after the town of Brandenburg an der Havel.

Brandenburg is bordered by Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in the north, Poland in the east, the Freistaat Sachsen in the south, Saxony-Anhalt in the west, and Lower Saxony in the northwest.

The Oder River forms a part of the eastern border, the Elbe River a portion of the western border. The main rivers in the state itself are the Spree and the Havel. In the southeast, there is a wetlands region called the Spreewald; it is the northernmost part of Lusatia, where the Sorbs, a Slavic people, still live. These areas are bilingual, i.e., German and Sorbian are both used.

Brandenburg is known for its well-preserved natural environment and its ambitious natural protection policies which began in the 1990s. 15 large protected areas were designated following Germany's reunification. Each of them is provided with state-financed administration and a park ranger staff, who guide visitors and work to ensure nature conservation. Most protected areas have visitor centers.

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Popular Destinations - Brandenburg

  • Brandenburg an der Havel
    [ source: Flickr ]

    Brandenburg an der Havel

    Brandenburg an der Havel is a town in the state of Brandenburg, Germany. It is located on the banks of the Havel river. Although the town of Brandenburg is less known than the state of Brandenburg, it provided the name for the medieval Bishopric of Brandenburg,…  [ + ] More Details

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  • Rangsdorf
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Rangsdorf

    Rangsdorf is a municipality in the district of Teltow-Fläming in Brandenburg in Germany. It has a airfield, from where on 20 July 1944 Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg flew in his unsuccessful attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler at Wolfsschanze.  [ + ] More Details

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  • Hohenleipisch
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Hohenleipisch

    Hohenleipisch is a lovely village, surrounded by cherry orchards and plantations, in the state of Brandenburg. From here you can wander in the Niederlausitzer Nature Park, or take a day-trip to the famous National Park called the “Saxon Switzerland.”…  [ + ] More Details

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  • Senftenberg
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    Senftenberg

    Senftenberg is a town in southern Brandenburg, Germany, capital of the Oberspreewald-Lausitz district. It is situated on the river Schwarze Elster and the Senftenberger Lake, approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) northwest of Hoyerswerda, and 35 kilometres…  [ + ] More Details

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  • Teltow
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Teltow

    Teltow is a town in the Potsdam-Mittelmark district, in Brandenburg, Germany. Market place and St Andrew's It is part of the agglomeration of Berlin, once separated by the Berlin Wall, today with no recognizable border dividing the small town from its…  [ + ] More Details

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  • Seelow
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Seelow

    Seelow is a German town, seat of the Märkisch-Oderland, a district of Brandenburg.  [ + ] More Details

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  • Rheinsberg
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    Rheinsberg

    Rheinsberg is a town in the county Ostprignitz-Ruppin in Brandenburg on the Rhine and a nationally recognized resort. Rheinsberg is one of the largest municipalities by area in Germany. Famous was the Rheinsberg Rheinsberg book: A picture book for lovers…  [ + ] More Details

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  • Schwerin (bei Teupitz)
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Schwerin (bei Teupitz)

    Schwerin is a municipality in the district of Dahme-Spreewald in Brandenburg in Germany.  [ + ] More Details

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  • Velten
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Velten

    Velten is a town in the Oberhavel district of Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated 10 km southwest of Oranienburg, and 24 km northwest of Berlin.  [ + ] More Details

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  • Calau
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Calau

    Calau (German pronunciation: [kaːlaʊ], Sorbian: Kalawa) is a small town in the Oberspreewald-Lausitz district, in southern Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated 14 km south of Lübbenau, and 27 km west of Cottbus. Calau is also called the home of the…  [ + ] More Details

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Browse our comprehensive collection of Germany travel guides organized by destination, with detailed, personal destination guides for many different locations in Germany. Our combination of vacation rentals and travel guides will let you truly 'Live like a German' during your Germany vacation.

Most Popular Destinations in Germany

Germany has numerous cities of interest to tourists; these are the top nine travel destinations:

Berlin - the reunified and reinvigorated capital of Germany; known for its division during the Cold War - and the Berlin Wall. Today its a metropolis of diversity with elegant clubs, galleries and traditional restaurants. It is also a haven for shoppers.

Bremen - one of the most important cities in northern Germany, its old town will be of interest to travelers who want a slice of history.

Cologne - Germany's fourth-largest city. Cologne was founded by the Romans and is 2000 years old with its huge cathedral, Romanesque churches, and archaeological sites. Cologne also well known for its carnival and its Christopher-Street-Day parade. Don't forget to try the local cuisine and of course the local beer, called "Kölsch".

Dresden - once called Florence on the Elbe, and world-famous for its Frauenkirche and historic center which was destroyed during the war, the city offers more than what the average traveller can expect: Great festivals, all kinds of cultural entertainment, vibrant night life, and surrounded by beautiful natural vistas. Dresden hosts the Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden (Dresden State Art Collections) which is one of the world's most impressive museums and collections. The art collections consist of eleven museums, of which the Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister and the Grünes Gewölbe are the most well-known.

Dusseldorf - Germany's capital of fashion, the capital city of North Rhine-Westphalia offers a wide scale of fascinating new architecture. Right along the shores of river Rhine, the "Altstadt" and the "Medienhafen" are among the best places in Germany to enjoy a vibrant nightlife. Being one of the country's wealthiest cities, the atmosphere is very pleasant. Germans call it "the only metropolis ending with -dorf (German for village)".

Frankfurt - Germany's leading financial center, transportation hub, seat of the European Central Bank (ECB), international trade fair center (Book Fair, Motor Show), hub of multicultural activity (30% Immigrants), and site of numerous world-class museums and theaters. It is also Germany's only city with enough skyscrapers to have a skyline.

Hamburg - Germany's second-largest city, famous for its harbour as well as its liberal and tolerant culture. Don't miss the Reeperbahn with its night clubs and casinos. Hamburg is also popular for its many musicals.

Hannover - One of Germany's newer tourist cities, having hosted various international events in recent times.

Munich - Bavaria's beautiful capital city and Southern Germany's primate city. Third largest city in Germany, Munich is the site of the famous Oktoberfest and the gateway to the Alps.

Nuremberg - Second largest city in Bavaria, after WW2 over 90% of the old-town was destroyed. Today it has already been reconstructed, including the Gothic Kaiserburg Castle (Emperor's Castle of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation). You can also visit the Nazi party rally grounds, the Documentation Centre and Courtroom 600 - venue of the Nuremberg Trails.

[ source: Wikitravel ]

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