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Eifel (region)

The Eifel is bordered by the river Moselle in the south and the Rhine in the east. In the north it is limited by the hills of the High Fens (Hohes Venn), in the west by the Ardennes of Belgium and Luxembourg.

The Eifel consists mainly of Devonian slates, sandstones and limestones, laid down in an ocean south of the Old Red Continent and folded and overthrust in the Variscan orogeny. The Eifel geological structures like main folds and overthrusts can be traced in a SW-NE-dircection far beyond the Rhine valley.

There are several distinct chains within the Eifel. The northernmost parts are called Ahr Hills (German: Ahrgebirge) and rise north of the Ahr river in the district of Ahrweiler. South of the Ahr is the High Eifel (Hohe Eifel), with the Hohe Acht (747 m) being the highest mountain of the Eifel. In the west, on the Belgian border, the hills are known as Schneifel (originally Schnee-Eifel or Snowy Eifel), rising up to 698 m. Also in the west, by the Belgian and Luxembourg border, the region is known as Islek (Aquilania). The southern half of the Eifel is lower. It is cut by several rivers running north-south towards the Moselle. The largest of these is the Kyll, and the hills on either side of this river are called the Kyllwald. In the south the Eifel is concluded by the Voreifel above the Moselle.

[ source: wikipedia ]

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