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Harz

The Harz has a length of 110 kilometers (68 mi), stretching from the town of Seesen in the northwest to Eisleben in the east, and a width of 35 kilometers (22 mi). It occupies an area of 2,226 square kilometers (859.5 sq mi), and is divided into the Upper Harz (Oberharz) in the northwest, which is up to 800 m high apart from the 1,100 m high Brocken massif, and the Lower Harz (Unterharz) in the east which is up to around 400 m high and whose plateaus are capable of supporting arable farming. The districts of the Upper Harz are Goslar and Osterode (both in Lower Saxony), whilst the Lower Harz is on the territory of Harz and Mansfeld-Südharz districts (both in Saxony-Anhalt). The Upper Harz is generally higher and features fir forests, whilst the Lower Harz gradually descends into the surrounding area and has deciduous forests interspersed with meadows.

The dividing line between Upper and Lower Harz follows approximately a line from Ilsenburg to Bad Lauterberg, which roughly separates the catchment areas for the Weser (Upper Harz) and Elbe (Lower Harz). Only on the southeastern perimeter of the Upper Harz, which is also called the High Harz (Hochharz) (Goslar, Osterode and Harz districts), does the mountain range exceed 1,000 m above NN on the Brocken massif. Its highest peak is the Brocken (1,141 m), its subsidiary peaks are the Heinrichshöhe (1,044 m) to the southeast and the Königsberg (1,023 m) to the southwest. Other prominent hills in the Harz are the Acker-Bruchberg ridge (927 m), the Achtermannshöhe (925 m) and the Wurmberg (971 m) near Braunlage. In the far east, the mountains merge into the East Harz foothills (Harz district, Saxony-Anhalt), which are dominated by the Selke Valley. Part of the south Harz lies in the Thuringian district of Nordhausen.

The Harz National Park is located in the Harz; the protected area covers the Brocken and surrounding wilderness area. Approximately 600,000 people live in towns and villages of the Harz mountains.

[ source: wikipedia ]

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Popular Destinations - Harz

  • Quedlinburg
    [ source: Flickr ]

    Quedlinburg

    Quedlinburg is a town located north of the Harz mountains, in the district of Harz in the west of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. In 1994 the medieval old town was set on the UNESCO world heritage list. Until 2007 it was the capital of the district of Quedlinburg.  [ + ] More Details

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  • Goslar
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    Goslar

    Goslar is a historic town in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is located on the northwestern slopes of the Harz mountain range. The Old Town of Goslar and the nearby Mines of Rammelsberg are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.  [ + ] More Details

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  • Wernigerode
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    Wernigerode

    Situated on the scenic German Timber Frame Road in Saxony Anhalt, Wernigerode commands a lovely spot on the Holtemme River on the northern edge of the Harz Mountains. The city is known throughout the region for its brandy, lager, cigars, and dyes. Wernigerode…  [ + ] More Details

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  • Stecklenberg im Harz
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Stecklenberg im Harz

    Stecklenberg is a nationally recognized resort and belongs to the administrative community in the Harz district of the state of Saxony-Anhalt.  [ + ] More Details

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  • Thale
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    Thale

    Thale is a secluded town in the legendary Harz mountains in Saxony-Anhalt. Hike up the Bode river valley to the Hexentanzplatz (Witches' Dancing-place) and admire the dramatic scenery of this beautiful and romantic area (little known to westerners before…  [ + ] More Details

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  • Burgdorf, Wolfenbüttel
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Burgdorf, Wolfenbüttel

    Burgdorf is a municipality in the district of Wolfenbüttel, in Lower Saxony, Germany.  [ + ] More Details

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  • Osterwieck
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Osterwieck

    Osterwieck is a historic town in the Harz district, in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt. It is situated on the river Ilse, north of Wernigerode and the Harz mountain range. On 1 January 2010 the municipalities of the former Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Osterwieck-Fallstein…  [ + ] More Details

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  • Ilsenburg
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Ilsenburg

    Ilsenburg is a town in the district of Harz, in Saxony-Anhalt in Germany. It is situated under the north foot of the Harz Mountains, at the entrance to the Ilse valley with its little river, the Ilse, a tributary of the Oker, about six 6 miles (9.7 km)…  [ + ] More Details

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  • Gieboldehausen
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Gieboldehausen

    Gieboldehausen is a municipality in the district of Göttingen, in Lower Saxony, Germany.   [ + ] More Details

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  • Vienenburg
    [ source: Wikipedia ]

    Vienenburg

    Vienenburg is a town in the district of Goslar, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated in the north of the Harz mountain range on the river Oker, approx. 10 km (6.2 mi) northeast of Goslar. Other neighbouring municipalities are Bad Harzburg in the…  [ + ] More Details

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Most Popular Destinations in Germany

Germany has numerous cities of interest to tourists; these are the top nine travel destinations:

Berlin - the reunified and reinvigorated capital of Germany; known for its division during the Cold War - and the Berlin Wall. Today its a metropolis of diversity with elegant clubs, galleries and traditional restaurants. It is also a haven for shoppers.

Bremen - one of the most important cities in northern Germany, its old town will be of interest to travelers who want a slice of history.

Cologne - Germany's fourth-largest city. Cologne was founded by the Romans and is 2000 years old with its huge cathedral, Romanesque churches, and archaeological sites. Cologne also well known for its carnival and its Christopher-Street-Day parade. Don't forget to try the local cuisine and of course the local beer, called "Kölsch".

Dresden - once called Florence on the Elbe, and world-famous for its Frauenkirche and historic center which was destroyed during the war, the city offers more than what the average traveller can expect: Great festivals, all kinds of cultural entertainment, vibrant night life, and surrounded by beautiful natural vistas. Dresden hosts the Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden (Dresden State Art Collections) which is one of the world's most impressive museums and collections. The art collections consist of eleven museums, of which the Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister and the Grünes Gewölbe are the most well-known.

Dusseldorf - Germany's capital of fashion, the capital city of North Rhine-Westphalia offers a wide scale of fascinating new architecture. Right along the shores of river Rhine, the "Altstadt" and the "Medienhafen" are among the best places in Germany to enjoy a vibrant nightlife. Being one of the country's wealthiest cities, the atmosphere is very pleasant. Germans call it "the only metropolis ending with -dorf (German for village)".

Frankfurt - Germany's leading financial center, transportation hub, seat of the European Central Bank (ECB), international trade fair center (Book Fair, Motor Show), hub of multicultural activity (30% Immigrants), and site of numerous world-class museums and theaters. It is also Germany's only city with enough skyscrapers to have a skyline.

Hamburg - Germany's second-largest city, famous for its harbour as well as its liberal and tolerant culture. Don't miss the Reeperbahn with its night clubs and casinos. Hamburg is also popular for its many musicals.

Hannover - One of Germany's newer tourist cities, having hosted various international events in recent times.

Munich - Bavaria's beautiful capital city and Southern Germany's primate city. Third largest city in Germany, Munich is the site of the famous Oktoberfest and the gateway to the Alps.

Nuremberg - Second largest city in Bavaria, after WW2 over 90% of the old-town was destroyed. Today it has already been reconstructed, including the Gothic Kaiserburg Castle (Emperor's Castle of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation). You can also visit the Nazi party rally grounds, the Documentation Centre and Courtroom 600 - venue of the Nuremberg Trails.

[ source: Wikitravel ]

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